Military Review

Chinese defense goes into innovation gap

Chinese defense goes into innovation gapAt the end of October, a delegation of the Academy of Military Sciences of the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA) visited Moscow on an official visit to 2016. During the visit, a Russian-Chinese scientific seminar was held on the theme “Military Reforms. Experience and lessons. Leading scientists of the Research Institute (Military stories) The Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the PLA Academy of Military Sciences discussed issues of past and present military reforms in Russia (USSR) and China. The article discusses the main directions of modern military policy and military construction of the PRC.


The reforms in the PLA began from its inception. In November 1949, the first major reorganization of the PLA took place, the Air Force was created. In April 1950, the Navy was created. Also in 1950, the governing structures of artillery, armored troops, air defense forces, public security forces, and workers' and peasant militia were created. Later, chemical defense troops, railway troops, communications troops, the Second Artillery Corps (nuclear missile forces) and others were created.

During the 1950-s with the help of the Soviet Union, the PLA was transformed from a peasant army into a modern one. Part of this process was the creation of 13 military districts in the 1955 year.

Since the victory in the civil war and the formation of the People's Republic of China, the PLA number has steadily declined, although it remained the largest in the world. The number of military districts was also reduced: in 1960, their number was reduced to 11, during the reform of 1985 – 1988 - to 7. At the same time, the level of training of troops and technical equipment was constantly improving, and the combat potential of the Chinese army grew.

One of the “four upgrades” announced by Zhou Enlai in 1978 was the modernization of the armed forces. During it, the army was reduced, its supply of modern equipment was improved.

Since the 1980-ies, the People’s Liberation Army of China has changed significantly. Before that, it was mainly a land one, since the “main threat from China” was considered “the threat from the north” by the USSR. In 1980, independent Taiwan, supported by the United States, and the conflict in the South China Sea over the Spratly Islands, became the main focus of concentration. The shape of the army changed - there was a gradual transition from the massive use of infantry to the actions of a few, well-equipped highly mobile units in cooperation with the Air Force and Navy. Deng Xiaoping stressed that the PLA should focus more on quality, not quantity. In 1985, the army was reduced by a million people, and in 1997, by another half a million, to 2,5 million.

The PRC closely follows the world military conflicts and takes into account the experience of innovations. At the same time, the experience of military reforms in the USSR (Russia), European countries and the USA is being actively studied. The PLA is no longer preparing for large-scale ground operations, but is being improved to participate in high-tech local conflicts, perhaps far beyond the borders of China. Increasing attention is being paid to mobility, intelligence, information and cyber war. PLA adopts weaponpurchased in Russia - the latest destroyers, airplanes, anti-aircraft systems, as well as numerous samples of its own production - Jian-10 fighters, Jin-class submarines, Liaoning aircraft carrier, Tanks Type-99 and many others.

The military reforms and the modernization of the PLA affected the qualitative composition of the army, especially the officers in terms of their rejuvenation, the introduction of new military ranks. The military education system was reformed. Instead of 116 military schools, several dozen new types of educational institutions appeared - the University of National Defense, the Command Institute of the Ground Forces, the Military Pedagogical Institute, the Military Economic Institute, the Military Institute of International Relations, etc. The leadership of the Armed Forces set and successfully solved the task - by 2000, all the officers had to have a higher education.

Now the military service system combines compulsory and voluntary service, being in the people's militia and service in the reserve. The period of compulsory military service is reduced in all forms of the Armed Forces to two years. The extra urgent 8 – 12 years earlier were abolished, and contractual service was introduced for a period of not less than three years and no more than 30.

The pace of reform of the Chinese army gradually increased from the end of the 2000s. A powerful breakthrough was made in the equipment of the PLA. At present, the People’s Republic of China is taking unprecedented steps in reforming its Armed Forces. The implementation of the plans contributes to the growth of economic potential. The reforms and modernization of the Armed Forces are considered by the military-political leadership of the PRC as an integral part of social and economic development. If only recently the goal of transforming the Armed Forces in China was to achieve superiority over the countries of the Asia-Pacific region in order to ensure the regional security of the country, then at present the role of military force in protecting national interests is considered in a global context. PLA soldiers participate in UN peacekeeping operations and in international humanitarian missions, the Chinese Navy joins the international fight against piracy in the Gulf of Aden.

The PRC strategy in the field of military security provides for a wide range of political, economic and military measures. According to the military-political course chosen by the CPC, the reform of the PLA should ensure the security and national unity of the country. This, in turn, involves not only protecting China’s land, sea and airspace, but also ensuring the country's security at all levels in its strategic development.

Since 2006, China has been implementing the “Modernization of National Defense and Armed Forces” program. Today it is safe to say that the first stage of this program, which includes the creation of fundamental bases and transformations, is nearing completion. Before 2020, the CPC expects to achieve the so-called general progress in the main areas of modernization of the Chinese Armed Forces.


In the course of the Russian-Chinese scientific seminar “Military Reforms. Experience and Lessons ”The leading researchers of the PRC in the field of military history told about the changes in military construction in the PRC at the present stage. As noted, at present, the transformation process covers not only the Chinese Armed Forces, but also many areas of society, such as politics, economy and culture.

The head of the Chinese delegation, political commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Sciences, Lieutenant General Gao Donglu, in his speech emphasized that the People’s Liberation Army of China is currently at a new stage in the development of reforms. At the present stage, the main task of reforming the Chinese Armed Forces, according to Lieutenant-General Gao Donglu, is the creation of a scientifically based and rational management system, an effective system of joint operational command, proportionally organized organizational structure of the Armed Forces, as well as increasing the combat capability of the army and problems of a political nature. Ultimately, the main task is to create a powerful army, "able to fight and win."

The Chinese side presented the report “The process of implementing military reforms and the modernization of the Chinese army. Experience and Lessons ”, which was delivered by Senior Colonel Li Shuin, Head of the European Armies Research Directorate, Foreign Armies Research Department, AVN PLA. She said that China takes into account the changes taking place on the world stage, adapts to the global trends of military reform. At the same time, the Chinese leadership believes that, following the large-scale use of information technologies in the military sphere, new forms of military and military operations may appear in the near future: “The war has already entered a new era of“ instant destruction ”. Based on these realities, lined up the goals and objectives of the military reforms undertaken by the PRC.

In the content of this task, the speaker identified four main components:

- improvement of the command and control system;

- optimization of the strength of the Armed Forces and the organizational structure;

- determining the political course of the army;

- integration of the army and society.

At the same time, the improvement of the command and control system is the most important issue, requiring the application of basic forces and providing a breakthrough in other areas.

In a report, the Chinese side commented on the update of the system of central military command bodies subordinate to the Central Military Council (PRC) of the PRC.

The General Staff, the Main Political Directorate (GPU), the General Directorate of Logistics (GUT), the General Directorate of Armaments and Military Equipment (GUVVT) were transformed into 15 military administrative units, which report directly to the highest military body - the Central Military Council (CEC), the chairman which is Xi Jinping. As a result of the changes, the Joint Headquarters, the Office of the Central Military Administration, the Political Work Directorate, the Logistics Support Directorate, the Arms Development Directorate, the Combat Training Directorate, the Defense Mobilization Directorate, the Center for Discipline Inspection, the Political and Legal Commission, the Scientific and Technical Committee, Strategic Planning Department, Reform and Acquisition Department, International Military Cooperation Department, Audit Office, and General Organization and Record Management s (Administrative Department) CRV.

According to the Chinese side, the changes will make it possible to make more rational work of the headquarters of the CA, the executive authorities of the CA, the service of the CA, more clearly distinguish between the powers of management, construction, management and control, as well as simplify the implementation of four main functions: decision-making, planning, performance and evaluation.

The speaker emphasized that when reforming the PLA, the recommendations of military science are emphasized.

The Chinese side noted the changes in the military-administrative division of the territory of the PRC.

1 February 2015, 7 military districts are transformed into 5 combat command zones (Eastern, Southern, Western, Northern and Central), which are subject to all unions and formations in their area of ​​responsibility in peacetime and wartime.

Thus, the new control system provides for the transition of the Armed Forces of China to a three-tier system of operational joint management: CWS - zone command - connections and units. In the combat command zones, respectively, the commands of the Armed Forces with the appropriate command and control structures were created: the command of the Ground Forces, the command of the Naval Forces, the command of the Air Force.

31 December The 2015 of the year was created by the headquarters of the Ground Forces, at the same time the Strategic Support Forces were created. The strategic nuclear forces ("second artillery") were renamed the Missile Forces. Thus, in China, the 5 types of aircraft have become: Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Forces, and Strategic Support Forces. At the same time, a three-level command and control system was created: CWS — a type of aircraft — parts and formations.

The logistics system of the PLA has been improved. 13 September 2016 Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping signed a decree on the establishment of the Combined Logistics Support Forces Center.

Combined logistics support troops provide logistic support and strategic and operational support. Includes a joint logistics support base (Wuhan City) and five integrated logistics support centers. The forces of the united rear support form the backbone of the rear forces and form an integrated support system in a common command and control system for the all-round system, joint and point support of the troops.

The Chinese representatives explained that in the future the reforms of the PRC Armed Forces will be aimed at reducing the number of PLA.

In particular, the main cuts will affect the military authorities and non-combat structures. The military administration will be reduced redundant numbers of personnel at all levels, will also be reduced the number of senior positions. In the troops, the main thing is the reduction of units on outdated military equipment, in order to use the freed up staff structures to fill up the new combat capabilities of the troops.

The Chinese side expressed confidence that after the reforms, the PLA’s combat capability and its ability to decisively protect the sovereignty, the country's security and its peaceful development will significantly increase. At the same time, the PLA continues to adhere to a defensive strategy in the form of the military doctrine of "active defense" in order to protect regional and universal peace.

In his closing remarks, the head of the Chinese delegation emphasized that the reform of the armed forces of the PRC was revolutionary. The PLA is developing with an emphasis on interspecific interaction, mobility, the introduction of innovative technologies capable of ensuring the compactness of the armed forces and their constant combat readiness.

Reforms of the Chinese Armed Forces, according to Chinese military historians, are designed for the period up to 2049. Its main goal is the creation of computerized armed forces capable of successfully operating in military conflicts with the use of information technology. The main content of the modernization of the PLA at the present stage is informatization and computerization of the Armed Forces, strengthening their combat capabilities by increasing the interaction of their types during joint operations. The ultimate goal of the military reform of the CCP is to create armed forces capable of effectively carrying out nuclear deterrence, successfully operating in a modern high-tech war on a local scale, as well as during antiterrorist operations.

Summing up the seminar, Russian and Chinese military scientists came to the conclusion that the field of military reform requires careful and in-depth study; it was suggested that a joint scientific collection be published in the near future. The sides expressed a common opinion on the importance of bilateral scientific cooperation in the field of military history.


It is worth noting that the reports submitted by the Chinese side were as open as possible. Analyzing the performances of Chinese scientists, we can conclude that the reform of the armed forces of the PRC is of large scale, as it is accompanied by cardinal decisions of the military-political leadership. The mechanisms of political control over the armed forces are changing. Of the old military structures of the Chinese Armed Forces, only the Central Military Council is maintained. But from the structure that exercised the general political leadership of the military sphere, it turns into the main body, which has 15 structures of direct subordination.

The system of logistic support of the PLA is radically changed.

According to experts, the Joint Staff is weaker than its predecessor: it has lost control over the system of education and training, mobilization, strategic planning and other areas. In addition, the units in the abolished General Staff that operated in cyberspace and were responsible for maintaining the EW will most likely be transferred to the Strategic Support Forces.

Taking into account the measures of the ongoing reform, the Chinese military doctrine retains a predominantly defensive nature.

At the same time, in Beijing, the main threats to China are still considered attacks on the sovereignty of the PRC by separatist forces acting under the slogans "For Taiwan Independence", "For Independence of Eastern Turkestan" and "For Independence of Tibet". The Chinese political leadership does not neglect the buildup of the US military presence in the APR, which is pursuing a strategy of “restoring the balance of power” and exerting pressure on the PRC through bilateral treaties with the countries of the region. The increase in China’s military potential is largely due to the preventive measures that are necessary as part of countering modern American weapons systems in the Asia-Pacific region. That is why the main forces of the most advanced Navy and Air Force, China concentrates in the south of the country to solve sea and oceanic problems with possible confrontation with the United States.

China also attaches great importance to the ability of the PLA to respond quickly to suddenly arising national security tasks. Recognizing the low probability of a world war in the foreseeable future, the PRC’s military reforms are primarily aimed at the PLA’s readiness for local wars. In this regard, recently, mobile forces are actively being created in the PLA to act in local conflicts around the perimeter of the state border, as well as to support the people's armed police. They can include up to a third of the PLA composition.

It is also worth noting that the political and military leadership of China is actively involved in international cooperation on global security issues. In this area, China has created and is implementing the "Concept of security of a new type based on interstate trust." According to the provisions of the concept, mutual equal security must be built on mutual trust and cooperation between states through dialogue, on interaction in security — without interfering in the internal affairs of other states and not doing damage to third countries. Also of great importance in the concept is the promotion of the idea of ​​preventing the threat or damage by military force of the security and stability of other states.

The recent steps taken by the political leadership of the PRC through the SCO, ASEAN and the CIS suggest that China, trying to occupy a leading position among the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, is also trying to show the failure of the information campaign of the West aimed at creating world public opinion about "Chinese threat".

Based on the growing economic power, the PRC is improving the qualitative parameters of its defense potential based on science and advanced technologies. At the same time, the main vector of attention in this area is aimed at striving to increase the potential of nuclear deterrence, creating conditions under which the economically most developed eastern and coastal regions of the country will be covered as much as possible from air and sea attacks.

The armed forces of the People's Republic of China, a number of whose structures have not undergone major changes since the times of the Chinese Civil War 1930, will change to unrecognizable in the foreseeable future. According to Chinese scientists from the Academy of Military Sciences of the People’s Liberation Army of China, these will be the most modern armed forces on the planet in terms of innovations.

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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 14 January 2017 05: 57
    Chinese defense goes into innovation gap
    Think correctly, catch up with business without promising. Now the United States and Trump will start "reconstruction" of the army.
    Although we are "ahead of the rest of the planet," but it's time to accelerate, in terms of the amount of weapons.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 14 January 2017 07: 30
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Think correctly, catch up with a business without promising.

      They think correctly, only they are still far enough from the "innovation gap", the title of the article is too loud. Moreover, the author himself refutes himself stating: "It will be the most innovative military force on the planet." The key word will be. Yes, China’s defense industry is developing rapidly, but in many respects it is still far from the key countries of the world.
      1. Niccola Mack
        Niccola Mack 14 January 2017 08: 53
        they are still far enough from the "innovation gap",

        So far, the reports of the Chinese delegation give the impression that they are busy actively dragging cabinets and tables from place to place under loud slogans.
        The General Staff was abolished - this is bad, the logistical support has been taking shape over the years and there is nothing to wave here with a saber - you need to calmly reform it.
        All "innovations" would not have to be rolled back to more proven and viable structures.
    2. iouris
      iouris 14 January 2017 12: 01
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Although we are "ahead of the rest of the planet," but it's time to accelerate, in terms of the amount of weapons.

      "We are not for quality - we are for quantity" (A. Raikin).
      The fact is that efficiency is increasing (or dying out) exponentially, therefore, the one who first enters the new technological order, figuratively speaking, receives a machine gun against the enemy, who is armed with only a beam, arrows and an advantage in numbers.
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 14 January 2017 17: 04
        [quote = iouris]
        [/ quote] receives a machine gun against the enemy, armed with only a beam, arrows and an advantage in numbers. [/ quote]
        Well, against the "beam" go with a machine gun, as it would be more careful.
        1. iouris
          iouris 14 January 2017 23: 48
          Description in the word "ray". Of course, "bow and arrow" versus a machine gun is a terrible weapon only when it comes to the Chinese. Some frightened smart guy in the 1970s calculated that if the Chinese were shot with a machine gun, the population of the PRC would not decline.
          1. St Petrov
            St Petrov 16 January 2017 14: 52
            therefore, it is necessary to shoot not at the crowd - but at dams and power plants.

            But water and the absence of electricity will do everything quickly and on a large scale.
    3. Alf
      Alf 14 January 2017 19: 59
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      but it’s time to accelerate, in terms of quantity of weapons.

      It would also be desirable "quality".
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 14 January 2017 06: 31
    The Chinese will still show themselves in conflicts, and everything goes to this, and not in the worst way.
    1. baudolino
      baudolino 14 January 2017 09: 32
      The Chinese army is still not shelled. The last time, in my opinion, somewhere in the 80s a little shot and that’s all. So this is just a theory.
    2. iouris
      iouris 14 January 2017 12: 03
      At the initial stage of the war, 10 million Chinese surrendered. After that, an ultimatum is presented: "Surrender! Or we will all surrender."
  3. jovanni
    jovanni 14 January 2017 06: 58
    Yeah, the pace of the Chinese is impressive. Now we would not have to accept the Chinese advisers, as they once accepted the Soviet ... And not necessarily these advisers will be military ...
    1. commbatant
      commbatant 14 January 2017 22: 39
      Now we would not have to accept the Chinese advisers, as they once accepted the Soviet ... And not necessarily these advisers will be military ...

      And what do you think our Chinese comrades can teach our General Staff? The PRC has not fought for 30 years, the "breakthrough" in the military-industrial complex of the PRC took place under the "marked" when relations with the USSR improved and sanctions were imposed against the PRC in 89 after the dispersal of a student demonstration in Tan-an-myn Square. The reforms of the 90s took place mainly in terms of the reduction of the Armed Forces and the construction of the Navy, which from the "cabatage" became the naval forces operating in the seas washing the PRC, now they create an oceanic fleet, an analogue of our Strategic Missile Forces, carry out reforms of the Armed Forces with an eye to the same ones already carried out in the Armed Forces RF. Back in the 90s, the number of army rude (analogs of the Soviet OA) was reduced to 21, so-called so-called `` KGB '' were created in each coastal district and districts adjoining India, the DPRK and the ROK. "fire brigades" when out of 3-4 army groups included in this or that district, one was staffed with more modern military and military equipment than the others.

      Already for 4 years on the "wiki" there has been an update of information about the state of the PLA ground forces, i.e. its current state is not known to anyone, on other sites it is outdated, I read the latest information about the PLA and its development in the ZVO for 1996, after that I did not see any publication about the state of the PLA (including ground forces) in this magazine.

      At the moment, only two forces are fighting and carrying out reforms of the Armed Forces and the military-industrial complex on the basis of military operations - the Anglo-Saxons and the Russians, all other countries, depending on which side they support, repeat everything after them ...
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 14 January 2017 07: 08
    The main threats to China are still considered the attempts on the sovereignty of the PRC of the separatist forces, acting under the slogans "For Taiwan Independence", "For Independence of East Turkestan" and "For Independence of Tibet." The Chinese political leadership does not disregard the buildup of the US military presence in the Asia-Pacific region

    Foreign and domestic problems abound, so China, relying only on itself, and devotes such attention to its army. If there is no global conflict for another ten years, then the Americans will have to sidestep this region.
  5. knn54
    knn54 14 January 2017 07: 13
    Pupils surpassed teachers ...
    1. cap
      cap 14 January 2017 07: 53
      Quote: knn54
      Pupils surpassed teachers ...

      Well, this is of course an overkill that they surpassed. Something similar happened in the USSR Armed Forces, when D.F.Ustinov came to the leadership of the Ministry of Defense. New types of weapons required reforms in the organization of the military structure, and all that was connected with it. The Chinese are trying to solve the same problems. I think they carefully studied our experience.
      I read the article and saw nothing super-duper "innovative". They will optimize management and only. Without this, of course, they will not move forward.
    2. demiurg
      demiurg 14 January 2017 09: 07
      And for their teachers
      Hello cup raises

      Learning from those who are smarter is not ashamed.
      I am ashamed not to study.
  6. Rostislav
    Rostislav 14 January 2017 11: 04
    The reorganization of the army is little like innovation.
  7. yuriy55
    yuriy55 14 January 2017 17: 31
    I will share my observations ... I had a chance to watch ... What distinguishes a Chinese from a Russian is discipline. Even the USSR, by and large, collapsed only due to lack of discipline and order ... If the Chinese were told what to do first, and what next, then he would do so ... Russian can reduce the number of points, and this can affect the end result ... Our Chinese friends can copy, they can consistently collect ... I’ll say more, they can even come up with and do ... But, go on a break ... lol that is, invent something that is not yet in service ... request
    And, forums, tank biathlon, etc. they visit only to find out if we have come up with something new or not.
    Are they our partners or not? I don’t know, there was and still is an opportunity to prove oneself in joint operations in Syria ... Something you can’t hear, you don’t even see any inclinations, although you could offer your help ... As for combat training, it’s one thing to watch a movie how the tanks "level" the trenches and trenches, another thing is to sit in this trench and watch the tank move at you ... (9th company, episode) ... soldier
    1. iouris
      iouris 14 January 2017 18: 56
      Quote: yuriy55
      Are they our partners or not?

      And what are we partners with them? In the PRC, the Communist Party is at the head and, accordingly, the goals are the same. In the Russian Federation, the comprador bourgeoisie "rules" and, accordingly, the goals are different. China has already gone through all this. In the past and the century before last. If I were the Chinese, I would strongly suspect the Russian leadership of double-dealing.
      1. yuriy55
        yuriy55 15 January 2017 11: 33
        Quote: iouris
        What are we partners with?

        No, of course, in terms of trade - yes ... We are more interested in them as owners of vast territories and owners of mineral resources ... Although, do we ourselves know who owns our (Russian) mineral resources?
        Article 9
        1. Land and other natural resources are used and protected in the Russian Federation as the basis of life and activities of peoples living in the respective territory.
        2. Land and other natural resources may be in private, state, municipal and other forms of ownership.

        Are these different, all kinds of private and other forms of ownership living in the corresponding territory? belay It seems that Gazprom has built its office in Urengoy ... belay or somewhere in the Tyumen region ... belay
        Returning to the Russian-Chinese partnership. Perhaps, based on the idea that the enemy of my enemy is my friend, it is very possible ... recourse
  8. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 14 January 2017 18: 56
    We are happy for the success of China !!! China is our ally unconditionally. Together we will win the USA !!!
    1. Cartalon
      Cartalon 14 January 2017 19: 32
      Well, win, and then what?
    2. Alf
      Alf 14 January 2017 20: 01
      Quote: Robert Nevsky
      We are happy for the success of China !!! China is our ally unconditionally. Together we will win the USA !!!

      China is not our ally, but a fellow traveler. And no one knows where China will fork in the next moment.
      1. iouris
        iouris 14 January 2017 23: 52
        The problem is not in China. No one knows what we will build in the next three years. As one Chinese comrade said, you no longer have communism, but you still do not have capitalism — what do you have ?? China will not have business with such a country.
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 15 January 2017 00: 21
          Quote: iouris
          With such a country, China will not have business

          - what a pity that China does not know about it wink
    3. Vyazemsky partisan
      Vyazemsky partisan 15 January 2017 15: 28
      Do not rely on whales, they are still those comrades! No state will fight on our side like We are with you, for our house, street, Fatherland! Always rely only on yourself, but you shouldn’t refuse help, any one, it can still play an important role, even in one battle, an episode of the war !!! As Anatoly Papanov said in the film Living and the Dead-I am not afraid to die in front of everyone, I have no right to go missing! Anyway, I recommend viewing and reading this novel!
    VOENOBOZ 15 January 2017 00: 41
    You need to keep your eyes open with all your friends.
  10. andrewkor
    andrewkor 15 January 2017 10: 29
    The most-most reforms in the PLA began after the defeat as a result of the invasion of Vietnam in February 1979.
  11. Vyazemsky partisan
    Vyazemsky partisan 15 January 2017 15: 23
    Statistics, links, words, songs, dances still mean nothing. See a good soldier in battle !!! In the meantime, they are only invited to war, but the whales stubbornly do not want this, because they know that everything that they have managed to gain over the years can be lost without developing the idea and business to the end! There are obvious shifts, it’s decent, but it’s too early to talk about some kind of total pace and success in the PLA, they can solve regional conflicts, but not without allies, but on the world stage in the global conflict they will be beaten, they’ll do it with their actions and silently make it clear themselves !!! And technology is only a third of the matter, you can have the best equipment and weapons, but without experience from a soldier and a sailor to command and staff, and even tactics, it is at least silly and adventurous to count on victory!
  12. 1536
    1536 16 January 2017 14: 59
    Why is everyone equal to someone? We traditionally develop ground forces, rocket and space forces. The Americans pay great attention to aviation and naval forces. The Chinese seem to have taken on everything at once, and this is fraught with the fact that it is impossible to grasp the immensity. We have clear threats - NATO, the United States, instability in neighboring territories, terrorism, preservation of the integrity of the state. The Americans have the idea of ​​a quirk - world domination (they clearly do not pull for "domination"), which means they need to control everything from the air and from under the water. And what do the Chinese want? They will continue to quietly squeeze out the territory in the South China Sea for a century, prepare for another war with Vietnam, "be friends" with the United States to get technologies, with us, to get raw materials, to try to reproduce these technologies at home. ... China is not going to fight. This can be seen very well. Who in their right mind would attack a country with a population of XNUMX billion? Is that the Polish officers (the Polish gentlemen went to the grave, and the youth forgot "our cavalry bayonets" and thinks that they are allowed to do everything), and the soldiers they led from the neighboring state. But this will be their last "war".
    Now one thing is on everyone's mind: our government, led by the valiant phrase "there is no money, but you are holding on there," will have time to "drive" the defense industry so that it will cease to exist, or still common sense will prevail, and, most importantly, the will of the people will not allow this "government" to do it. Alas, the space industry, most likely, can hardly be brought to the forefront. Didn't see it.
  13. Shuttle
    Shuttle 17 January 2017 14: 50
    Based on the growing economic power, China is improving the quality parameters of its defense potential based on science and advanced technologies.
    And we need growing economic power. How air is needed. If GDP does not go to the presidency, then let it go to the premieres. And let the whole world wait!