On January 24, the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Rogozin, made the second (after Ulyanovsk) working trip in the rank of Deputy Prime Minister. This time - to Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant. It was largely exploratory in nature, but allowed to reveal a lot of problems, to eliminate which the new chairman of the Military Industrial Commission made a number of constructive decisions.
Arriving at the plant, Dmitry Rogozin, first of all met at the Museum stories Izhmash with the creator of the world-famous family of machine guns and machine guns, Mikhail Kalashnikov, and handed the legendary designer the Gratitude of the Russian government, and also offered to volunteer to become his adviser. Mikhail Timofeevich accepted this offer.
New Izhmash and not only him
But, of course, the main purpose of the visit of the Deputy Prime Minister was to understand and understand what developments our army needed, to determine the prospects for domestic small arms, to give the green light to its best models. True, many millions of AKs of various modifications made back in the Soviet period have accumulated in the warehouses. And this can not be ignored.
Most of the time Dmitry Rogozin spent in the shops, trying to find the vector of the continued existence of the plant and its withdrawal from the pre-crisis state. At the same time, the chairman of the military-industrial complex carefully reviewed the exposition presented by a number of leading Russian enterprises producing modern weapons.
Rogozin believes that it is possible to talk a lot about the development of strategic nuclear forces, other key areas of ensuring the country's military security, but in anti-terrorist operations, local conflicts, our soldiers, special forces have to use conventional weapons. The life of the defenders of the Motherland depends on him. Therefore, it must be effective.
Izhmash demonstrated all the most popular samples of its products: sniper (CB-98, CB-338) and sports (in particular, “Biathlon”) rifles, hunting rifles (for example, “Saiga”), submachine guns, grenade launcher GP-34, high-precision projectiles "Kitolov" and "Krasnopol", various modifications of the Kalashnikov assault rifle and the Nikonov AN-94 assault rifle. Rogozin responded positively about many things he saw, including the Orsis sniper rifle, produced by Promtechnologii.
The vice-premier - by the way, the first high-ranking representative of the Russian leadership - was shown an Izhmash initiative development - an 5 generation machine gun. The chief designer of the enterprise, Vladimir Zlobin, told Dmitry Rogozin in detail about all the significant improvements that would make the weapon meet modern requirements.
This is the latest novelty of the plant. In 2011, the assembly was completed and the tests of the first prototype with the working title AK-12 began. And to implement the project (without any instructions from above), Izhevsk designers under the direction of Zlobin started in June 2011. They managed to significantly improve the parameters of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, adapting it to the modern conditions of warfare and at the same time retaining the unique characteristics of Mikhail Timofeevich's brainchild: simplicity of design, highest reliability, operational durability, relatively low production cost.
One of the features of the product will be its modularity: AK-12 is created as a basic platform, on the basis of which further 20 order will be developed for various modifications of civilian and military small arms for firing cartridges from 5,45x39 to 7,62x51 millimeters.
The AK-12 has a significantly improved ergonomics: the main controls (fuse, fire switch, magazine latch, shutter stop) are accessible with one hand holding the machine. Picatinny slats are integrated into the weapon for installation of additional equipment: optical, collimator and night sights, range finders, grenade launchers, flashlights, target indicators and other “equipment”, which will allow you to effectively use AK-12 at any time of the day. Also, the machine has acquired a folding telescopic butt, height-adjustable lining and butt plate. The AK-12 reloading handle can be installed both on the right and on the left, which will make it convenient to use both right-handed and left-handed.
Izhmash’s General Director, Maxim Kuzyuk, told the Observer of the “Military-Industrial Courier” that even the butt of the weapon has its own ergonomics and is regulated by the removal. The reliability and simplicity of a well-known Kalashnikov assault rifle were added with increased shooting accuracy and reduced recoil force, and a combined sight appeared.
Among the innovations - three modes of fire: single shots, with a cut-off of three shots and automatic. The muzzle device has been modified to allow the use of barrel grenades, including foreign ones. Added the ability to change the rate of fire from 600 rounds per minute to 1000. Some samples will have a quick-change barrel. Composite materials have significantly reduced the weight of the AK-12. This is essentially a generation 5 weapon, which will not yield to any foreign counterpart.
Currently, new shops are being developed: box-shaped 30- and 60-charging, drum-type on 95 cartridges. A window will appear in them to visually monitor the remaining ammunition.
When creating AK-12 uses the latest technology in the field of coatings and materials. The machine gun is intended for sale abroad, however, in terms of its key parameters, it meets the modern requirements of the Russian Ministry of Defense for automatic weapons. If there is a state order, the plant is ready to supply AK-12 to Russian troops and special forces.
Dmitry Rogozin showed a keen interest in the machine, noting that the designers are working in the right direction, asked to invite him to the state tests. According to preliminary estimates, they can begin at the end of 2012 - the beginning of 2013 of the year. Already, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia paid serious attention to AK-12, requesting an automatic machine for trial operation.
It is not enough to survive, it is necessary to develop
Vice Prime Minister tried military weapons in action. In the dash of Izhmash, he fired a series of shots from Yarygin and Strike pistols, the Vityaz submachine gun, the CB-338 and T5000 sniper rifles, Kalashnikov and Nikonov machine guns. I highly appreciated the special carbine - 18,5-mm KS-K (the combat modification of the popular "Saygi-12"), the AN-94 submachine gun (for ease of operation and high accuracy of shooting), the prototype Strike pistol from designer Dmitry Streshinsky. According to Rogozin, this is a very interesting development that will be supported. It, by the way, passed successful testing in our special services.
This quick-fire pistol of instant use for the enemy, the Deputy Prime Minister stressed, surpasses all existing models: “If the world knows six types of mechanisms in the manufacture of pistols, then the seventh type is used in this. And this is Russian know-how. ”
According to the chairman of the military industrial complex, in the production of weapons, the main emphasis now has to be placed on modularity, interchangeability of parts, reliability, and resistance to environmental influences. Not enough attention is paid to the attachment of weapons: lanterns, sights. Even the shape and quality of the holster must be changed.
Meanwhile, it turned out that in order for Izhmash not only to survive, but also to develop, its further technical modernization and re-equipment of the machine park are necessary. We managed to do something in this regard five years ago - immediately after the execution of the Venezuelan contract - with the money raised for supplying 500 thousands of machines to Caracas.
It is very important to find a solution that would give a signal for the receipt of state defense order funds to the plant. But not a single problem, Rogozin is convinced, will not be able to cope without the faith and support of the people. He recalled a long-standing anecdote, which again became relevant. Optimists today are learning English, pessimists are Chinese, and realists are Kalashnikov assault rifles. True, in NATO, the former permanent representative of the Russian Federation under the North Atlantic Alliance said, they do not know that Kalashnikov is a real living person. But he is our pride, AK is a Russian brand, placed even on the emblems of some countries. Americans in Afghanistan prefer to use AK, and not M-16. Therefore, our task is to grow new Kalashnikovs.
Izhmash also has its own plans for optimizing the factory territory, using it to create an industrial park, producing automotive components for Izhavto (a project with Nissan), deploying warehouses and, possibly, trading platforms that will give considerable financial returns. As a result of the modernization, about 100 thousand square meters can be released, which will also ensure the flow of money to improve and increase production. Due to savings and own funds, the plant is ready to allocate about 200 million rubles a year for modernization. But the flow of funds under the Federal Target Program is expected only from 2014 year. Therefore, Izhmashevs have one request: to reduce these deadlines.
Dmitry Rogozin met with the work collective of the company and promised that he would contribute to his further fruitful work.
“I hope that by March 1 we will adopt the Federal Targeted Program for the Development of the Defense Industry Complex and, in particular, Izhmash until the year 2020,” the Deputy Prime Minister said. - It will contain a new ideology of technical re-equipment of the industry, funds for the modernization of production. Izhmash needs modern equipment and it will appear. We will not be able to reduce the cost of production if we produce it on the machines of the “times of Ochakov and the subjugation of the Crimea”.
It is necessary to involve private business managers in solving these problems. At the same time, it is also necessary to know the true owners of enterprises: “We want to deal with real shareholders and owners. They are obliged to bear full responsibility for the fate of enterprises, to actively participate in the implementation of the GOZ ”.
All this will reduce the cost of production, will provide conditions for raising the level of wages, which in the defense industry should be higher than in the civilian sector. So it was before, so it will be now. We need to think about R & D before 2015 year. They can not be stopped if they meet the requirements of the LG, new challenges.
“This is my program, which is supported by Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin,” Rogozin said. “And although I still have a period of“ marriages to the defense industry, ”I see prospects, I believe in success. The plant will live. But from easy temptations to buy foreign weapons and military equipment, we need to leave. In this we simply must find mutual understanding with the Ministry of Defense. ”
Revive the country through the revival of "defense"
The Vice Prime Minister held a branch meeting in Izhevsk on the development of small arms in the Russian Federation, where his endeavors were supported by the presidential plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in the Volga Federal District Mikhail Babich, President of the Udmurt Republic Alexander Volkov, heads of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the Rostekhnologii State Corporation, director leading enterprises of the domestic defense industry complex.
As a result, effective measures were identified, designed to respect the interests of both the customer and the consumer. The main idea, approved by all: the weapons produced in our country must meet the realities of today, be effective on the battlefield. And it should be assessed by officers and soldiers. Therefore, under the auspices of the Military Industrial Commission, a laboratory will appear where the designers will deal not with the generals, but with military officers, instructors of the special forces of the GRU, FSO, etc. “Oboronka” is not Odessa Privoz, the Deputy Prime Minister emphasized. “Everything in it should be subordinated to the state defense order.”
Personnel problems will be solved. Already in February, a meeting with rectors of higher technical educational institutions of Russia will be held in Moscow to form a completely different level of cooperation between universities and the defense industry, so that the design bureaus and enterprises can involve teachers, students and postgraduates in common work.
“I don’t want to hear any more moans of the Russian people in the face of the complaints of the directors corps,” Rogozin snapped. “All the problems that are raised by the directors should get their permission immediately.”
The government in this matter will not be silent. For example, when there are no orders, special working groups will be created to find specific ways out of the impasse. It is also good that some enterprises are now undergoing procedures for cleansing their legal status or bankruptcy. These are wellness processes associated with their revival. And in the near future, the plants will be our partners in the state defense order.
Rogozin also promised to launch a merciless fight against the unlicensed production of domestic weapons abroad: “We bulldoze counterfeit compact discs, fulfilling the demand of international organizations. Why, then, where copyright is respected, is it so easy to look at the illegal use of the Russian Kalashnikov brand, including our little brothers from the former socialist camp? And some even win tenders for the production of AK. This should not be. The civilized world must pay every penny for our brand. ”
The creation of new types of weapons will lead the development of new materials, alloys, will cause a multiplier effect. So, it is possible and necessary to revive Russia as a whole through the revival of the country's military-industrial complex, in which modern dual-use technologies and specialists have been laid and still remain. True, there is not much time left for this.