Machine-building plant "Arsenal"
The key element of Liana is a network of satellites of the Lotos-S and Pion-NKS families, which are assembled at the Arsenal Machine-Building Plant (St. Petersburg). Their primary function is intelligence and target designation. For example, the “Peony” is able to follow armored vehicles from a height of thousands of kilometers, acting as a gunner in a missile attack of objects. The first satellite of the system went into space in 2010 year.
The key to effective operation of the Liana system is the timely launch of satellites into orbit in order to maintain the orbital grouping of military spacecraft. Currently, the entire constellation, including the Liana satellites, has at least 140 devices for various purposes.