Military Review

Plans for the modernization of Russian air defense by 2020

64
By the end of 2020, air defense units of the Russian Armed Forces will be re-equipped with long-range anti-aircraft missile systems C-300B4, medium-range Buk-M3 and short-range Tor-M2, as well as anti-aircraft missile systems and portable air defense systems of a new generation, the head of the air defense forces Alexander Leonov told reporters on Thursday.




The ongoing improvement of the armed forces of the Russian Federation will lead to a radical change in the state of Russian air defense by creating a closed echeloned defense by the end of 2020. The basis for this modernization is the upgrade of the air defense material and technical base. In the land segment, it primarily includes the latest developments of the domestic defense industry - the C-300В4, Buk-М3, Tor-М2, Verba and many others.


ZRK 9K317M "Buk-M3"



LAW "Tor-MXNUMU" ("Tor-M2-1U")


Plans for the modernization of Russian air defense by 2020

LAW "Strela-10MN"



MANPADS 9K333 "Willow"


Retooling on modern models of equipment, the share of which should be more than 2020% by the end of 70, will lead to an increase in the combat capabilities of the air defense forces by half.
Photos used:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/, http://occator.livejournal.com/
64 comments
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  1. Teberii
    Teberii 12 January 2017 09: 45
    +10
    The good news is 3 years left.
    1. vlad66
      vlad66 12 January 2017 09: 51
      +11
      Quote: Teberii
      The good news is 3 years left.

      The colleague's news is good. good To live what I agree with a colleague:
      Quote: 79807420129
      and our deadlines are shifting and the budget is being cut.

      hi request
      1. Observer2014
        Observer2014 12 January 2017 10: 11
        +8
        vlad66 hi
        The colleague's news is good. good To live what I agree with a colleague:
        Come on. We’ll live. We still have a lot of unfinished business in this world. I will not list everything. But from personal to global in bulk, these very affairs laughing hi
        1. cniza
          cniza 12 January 2017 10: 14
          +10
          Something tells me - this is throwing in a piece of information for public use and for our "partners", but how, where and what will actually be - not everyone needs to know.
          1. Scoun
            Scoun 12 January 2017 10: 46
            +5
            Quote: cniza
            where and what will actually be - not everyone needs to know.

            And today I got information .... I think that it’s not a fake .. Bright Memory to the Hero.

            The hero’s father, in a conversation with a journalist of Realnoe Vremya, said that part of the circumstances of Marat’s death near Palmyra was forbidden to disclose. And only slightly opened the curtain of this mystery:


            - He was alone against 200 Ishilovites (supporters of an international terrorist organization banned in Russia). They had tanks and armored personnel carriers, and he only had an assault rifle, three guns (by the way, a calculation of four servicemen relies on one gun - ed.) And grenades ... And he gave battle. And he shoots accurately - he was able to knock out several tanks and armored personnel carriers. When the help arrived and the attack was repelled, he was found still alive. He, all wounded, held a grenade in his hand without a check, and the earth was burning around. Apparently, he wanted to undermine himself if the Ishilovites approached. Ours took a grenade, threw it to the side to explode. Only then did his son pass out and fall face down into the fire.

            http://warfiles.ru/show-140936-podvig-kapitana-v-
            sirii-marat-ahmetshin-protiv-200-igilovcev.html

            People need to know their Heroes. I hope that VO will publish this article so that people do not post on different branches.
          2. Tusv
            Tusv 12 January 2017 11: 33
            +2
            Quote: cniza
            but how, where and what will actually be - not everyone needs to know

            Palyu Old for the adversary. The country's air defense is divided into two parts. VKSnaya and Troops. This article is about Voyskova. Radish horseradish is not sweeter. So sit in your pentagons and smash the bullshit on
            1. bouncyhunter
              bouncyhunter 12 January 2017 12: 58
              +7
              I repeat:
              As long as the Russian soldier has bullets, matches, moonshine - eat the spindle, NATO soldiers, the Pentagon trembles with fear!
    2. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 12 January 2017 10: 06
      +7
      Why didn’t he say anything about the S-400. They are deployed 18 regiments / 37 divisions / 296 PU in January 2017. By 2020, it is planned to acquire 56 S-400 air defense divisions.
      1. igorspb
        igorspb 12 January 2017 10: 14
        +18
        Because everything listed in the article is military air defense, air defense of the Ground Forces, and the object, to which the S-400 belongs, is "another" air defense)))))

        It would be correct to call the article "Plans for the modernization of the air defense of the Russian Army ..." but zhurnalyugi, they are ... Like without clarification, the article sounds worse ...
        1. Lord of the Sith
          Lord of the Sith 12 January 2017 10: 22
          +4
          That's for sure! Well then, once the air defense, where is the S-350?
          1. igorspb
            igorspb 12 January 2017 10: 32
            +1
            It is made))))
            1. just exp
              just exp 12 January 2017 12: 29
              +1
              not manufactured, it has the same rockets as the redoubt, and they have problems. solve problems with missiles, go to the series and air defense systems.
          2. alexmach
            alexmach 12 January 2017 10: 43
            +2
            Here is a great question. Stuck in development, as I understand it.
          3. 75 hammer
            75 hammer 12 January 2017 11: 00
            0
            Read the info, which is in the public domain about S-300V4 and S-350 (export) and everything will fall into place. Speaking specifically with S-350 with a small letter I write.
            1. Tusv
              Tusv 12 January 2017 12: 11
              0
              Quote: Hammer 75
              s-350 (export) and everything will fall into place. Speaking specifically with S-350 I write with a small letter.

              The export development of the S-350 KM-SAM is called.
      2. NEXUS
        NEXUS 12 January 2017 10: 48
        +4
        Quote: Lord of the Sith
        Why didn’t he say anything about the S-400. They are deployed 18 regiments / 37 divisions / 296 PU in January 2017. By 2020, it is planned to acquire 56 S-400 air defense divisions.

        I also did not see information about the S-350 and S-500 ... Or is a surprise being prepared for the adversary?
      3. evge-malyshev
        evge-malyshev 12 January 2017 11: 02
        +2
        Quote: Sith Lord
        Why didn’t he say anything about the S-400.

        S-400 - VKS, S-300 and the rest - military air defense.
        1. Parsec
          Parsec 12 January 2017 14: 17
          +1
          Quote: evge-malyshev
          S-300 and the rest - military air defense.

          S-300Vx - military air defense. x-digit.
  2. 79807420129
    79807420129 12 January 2017 09: 47
    +7
    Plans for the modernization of the Russian air defense forces by 2020
    Again plans, plans. request That's when they put in the troops, then you can talk, but the deadlines for us are shifting and the budget is cut. yes
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 12 January 2017 10: 46
      +2
      Quote: 79807420129
      Again plans, plans.

      "I love our plans huge,
      sweep steps fathoms ... "
      V.V.Mayakovsky
      "Let's put into practice the decisions of the XXVIII Congress of the CPSU!"
      The slogan of the second half of 1990 ...
  3. family tree
    family tree 12 January 2017 09: 51
    +1
    In the USSR, in general, it was a species, not a kind, as it is now, and its own aviation what Well, yes, since the 92nd, much has changed ... Well, for the better, so, I don’t even know ...
  4. DM51
    DM51 12 January 2017 09: 53
    +2
    Where's the S-350 and S-500?
    1. sivuch
      sivuch 12 January 2017 12: 41
      +1
      In the air defense of the country .And here - Buk M3
  5. Wedmak
    Wedmak 12 January 2017 09: 56
    +1
    Someone explain why on Verb openwork design on the pipe? It was similar on American MANPADS.
    1. kolkulon
      kolkulon 12 January 2017 10: 30
      +2
      It seems to be like a friend or foe recognition system.
    2. alexmach
      alexmach 12 January 2017 10: 45
      +1
      Container for something removable? Eyepiece? The things that he twists with his hand?
      1. Wedmak
        Wedmak 12 January 2017 11: 10
        +1
        The things that he twists with his hand?

        He "spins up" the container with the refrigerant. All sights are placed on the left side of the launch tube.
        1. KVIRTU
          KVIRTU 12 January 2017 13: 58
          0

          More precisely, a NPC, a ground-based power source.
          The picture is slightly incorrect - nitrogen is not compressed - liquefied (Dewar vessel).
          1. kapitan92
            kapitan92 12 January 2017 14: 59
            +4
            Quote: KVIRTU
            More precisely, a NPC, a ground-based power source.
            The picture is slightly incorrect - nitrogen is not compressed - liquefied (Dewar vessel).

            Compressed nitrogen is used.
            When deciding on the firing of a visually observable target, the anti-aircraft gunner by turning the NBP tilt lever to the NAKOL position activates the NBB 9B238.
            The refrigerant from the cylinder enters the TGSN cooling device and the battery tilt mechanism, which enters the mode and energizes the pipe elements, the PM electronic unit and the TGSN. The gyro rotor is accelerated and arrested with its optical axis aligned with the aiming line (100 times lower than the axis of the tube).
            The single-acting ground power supply unit (NLP) 9B238 is designed to provide electric power to the complex and TGSN refrigerant when preparing the rocket for launch and during launch.
            NBP consists of:
            from a cylinder filled with compressed nitrogen;
            • electric batteries with solid (at ambient temperature) electrolyte.
            Main characteristics of NBP 9B238:

            nitrogen pressure in the cylinder, kgf / cm2 350
            • weight, kg 1,3
            • time to enter the mode, s (at -20  to С <+50) 1
            (at -50  to C <-20) 1,3
            • operating time not less, from 30;
            • output voltages, V ± 20 and ± 5.

            The cylinder is designed for long-term storage of compressed nitrogen at a pressure of 350 kgf / cm2 and is a metal spherical container.
            A hollow rod is placed in the cylinder cavity, one end of which ends with a fitting through which the cylinder is refilled and gas (nitrogen) is released upon opening the cylinder. A battery is screwed onto the other end of the shaft. Inside the hollow shaft there is a striker for actuating the battery.
            The battery consists of electrochemical elements connected in a mixed series-parallel circuit with pyrotechnic heaters placed between them.
            As positive electrodes, metallic calcium (Ca) is used, nickel (Ni) is used as negative electrode, and potassium chloride (KCl) and lithium (LiCl) salts are used as electrolyte.
            The battery terminals (0, +20, -20, +5, -5 V) are connected by conductors to the contacts of the connector, which serves for the electrical connection of the battery with the pipe.
            1. KVIRTU
              KVIRTU 12 January 2017 16: 07
              +1
              I apologize, you are right: the compressed nitrogen in the head is liquefied (learn the materiel, as in that joke)

              The device of the photoresistor of the main channel.
              A photoresistor is a semiconductor with the property of photoconductivity, i.e., the ability to generate electron-hole pairs upon absorption of thermal photons. The spectral sensitivity of the photoresistor is determined by the material and temperature of the semiconductor.

              An indium antimonide single crystal cooled to a temperature of 77 K (–196 ° C) is used as a photoresistor of the main channel to increase the spectral sensitivity in the region of 5 μm.

              The cooling system of the main channel photoresistor works on the principle of throttling compressed nitrogen gas until it enters the liquid phase with tkip = –196 ° C. As a nitrogen source, compressed to 350 atm, a tank of a ground-based power source is used. When a rocket is in the launch tube, the cylinder is connected by a gas pipeline to a "spray" type micro-refrigerator.

              Liquid nitrogen from the outlet of the microcooling washes the base of the photoresistor and impregnates the packing of the liquid nitrogen accumulator, providing the required temperature of the photoresistor for a given time.
            2. V.ic
              V.ic 12 January 2017 20: 16
              0
              Quote: kapitan92
              The gyro rotor is accelerated and arrested with its optical axis aligned with the aiming line

              Is it? All my life I believed that "curing" only means to mechanically brake the rotor with subsequent fixation!
              Here, for example: http://books.ifmo.ru/file/pdf/635.pdf
              "The signal to release and turn on the engine is supplied from the block
              gyrocompass power supply by turning the type of work switch to
              "Job".
              In case of a malfunctioning automatic locking mechanism
              emergency arrestor. In this case, rotation from the flywheel 32
              is transmitted to the threaded washer 35, which makes it extend
              arrestor 36 up and presses the CE towards sponge 4. Emergency arrestor
              use only in case of failure of the automatic arrestor.
              Operation of a gyrocompass with an emergency stop is prohibited. "
              Correct if I'm wrong ...
    3. kapitan92
      kapitan92 12 January 2017 10: 49
      +3
      Quote: Wedmak
      Someone explain why on Verb openwork design on the pipe? It was similar on American MANPADS.

      I asked myself the same question and could not find the answer. On some frames, this openwork design is not present on others.

      In this video, it is not.
      1. Wedmak
        Wedmak 12 January 2017 10: 54
        0
        On some frames, this openwork design is not present on others.

        That's it. At the Stingers, she was still in the form of plates. On arrows and needles, it did not seem to be. Not like cooling. And some antenna is also somehow not very, strange shape.
        1. kapitan92
          kapitan92 12 January 2017 11: 26
          +4
          Quote: Wedmak
          On some frames, this openwork design is not present on others.

          That's it. At the Stingers, she was still in the form of plates. On arrows and needles, it did not seem to be. Not like cooling. And some antenna is also somehow not very, strange shape.

          This is a mount for a target simulator (+ power supply). There are different TPKs, in this video there is a simulator without launching a rocket, in other frames there is a training TPK with an expelling charge. That is why the tubes in the article in this "color" were probably taken from the commercial.
          1. kapitan92
            kapitan92 12 January 2017 11: 33
            +3
            Quote: kapitan92
            This mount is for simulating a target (+ power supply). There are different TPKs,

            In battle, through the Bosphorus.
            1. Vadim237
              Vadim237 12 January 2017 13: 32
              0
              What is this "Abu - Abdi" on our ship with MANPADS?
              1. kapitan92
                kapitan92 12 January 2017 13: 56
                +3
                Quote: Vadim237
                What is this "Abu - Abdi" on our ship with MANPADS?

                On the large landing craft "Caesar Kunikov" it was decided to scare the Turks while passing the Bosphorus.
          2. Parsec
            Parsec 12 January 2017 14: 11
            +1
            Quote: kapitan92
            That is why the tubes in the article in this "color" were probably taken from the commercial.


            Khaki / protective - combat; yellow - training-active from the simulator; silver - overall weight model; black is inert.
    4. KVIRTU
      KVIRTU 12 January 2017 14: 18
      0

      Not strong in languages. Maybe someone will translate about this radaro antenu.
      1. KVIRTU
        KVIRTU 12 January 2017 16: 22
        +1
        IFF: Identification Friend or Foe
        Those. definition of friend or foe, all the same interrogator
        Similar Stinger Antenna
        1. kapitan92
          kapitan92 12 January 2017 20: 08
          +3
          Quote: KVIRTU
          IFF: Identification Friend or Foe
          Those. definition of friend or foe, all the same interrogator
          Similar Stinger Antenna

          I do not agree with you! The Russian interrogator has the designation 1L14

          Here the requestor is clearly visible (box below)
  6. alstr
    alstr 12 January 2017 09: 56
    0
    Unfortunately, just rearming is not enough. The deployment of new air defense units is also necessary. Moreover, both missile and aviation, electronic warfare, radar review, etc.
  7. cannabis
    cannabis 12 January 2017 10: 08
    +1
    Wait three years before the deadline, and NATO planes are already training along our borders to overcome air defense at very low altitudes. Now! Daily.
    1. Alexey-74
      Alexey-74 12 January 2017 10: 22
      0
      ours are not far behind in this ...............
    2. igorspb
      igorspb 12 January 2017 10: 42
      0
      Why am I not so sure that our air defense men are "resting" at this moment - so the training is mutual ...
  8. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 12 January 2017 10: 21
    +1
    Our air defense system - one of the best in the world, will become an "impregnable fortress" from the air for all potential "partners" by 2020
    1. cannabis
      cannabis 12 January 2017 11: 00
      +6
      Quote: Alexey-74
      "impregnable fortress"

      There have never been any impregnable fortresses. We need a new look and new methods of struggle. We used to say "air defense is like hair in a causal place - they cover up, but they don't protect." Decades have passed since then. What changed? A missile defense system appeared - an anti-missile defense system. But the air defense troops remained the air defense troops. Not anti-aircraft, but anti-aircraft! The name itself carries a delusion, it is impossible to fight with the air, it is possible and necessary to fight (destroy) aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles. The time of flights from the stratosphere has passed, everyone wants to survive fighting at low altitudes, sneaking up on the enemy with the algorithm of "rounding the terrain". I have no data, but I can assume that NATO has developed such assault rifles to help pilots. Given the presence of planned bombs on our opponents, this makes it possible to deliver surprise strikes from afar. Having accelerated to supersonic near the ground, make a "slide" and throw a gliding bomb into flight from a distance of 100 km? Our chiefs need to crumple their skulls over the creation of an effective ANTI-AIRCRAFT defense.
      1. Tusv
        Tusv 12 January 2017 11: 57
        +2
        Quote: cunning
        Given the presence of planned bombs on our opponents, this makes it possible to deliver surprise strikes from afar. Having accelerated to supersonic near the ground, make a "slide" and throw a gliding bomb into flight from a distance of 100 km? Our bosses need to crumple their skulls to create an effective ANTI-AIRCRAFT defense

        Yes, then we’re paramilitary. On duty we go in sneakers and sweatpants.
        Well, they called us so what? We shoot down planes and should they miss another flying evil? SHCHAZZZ
        In hypersound by the earth and from a hill for a hundred? That's cool. In the meantime, the adversary knows how to throw only 20 km. We know about this and, thanks to the glorious RTVs, we bristle with rockets already on take-off and carefully wait for a visit with expensive gifts hi
        1. cannabis
          cannabis 12 January 2017 12: 13
          +1
          Quote: Tusv
          .On duty we go in gym shoes and sweatpants.

          Tell me, how many planes can shoot down the air defense of a rifle division in one shot? And what can you say about the Amer GBU-20 bomb?
          1. Tusv
            Tusv 12 January 2017 12: 28
            0
            Quote: cunning
            Tell me, how many planes can shoot down the air defense of a rifle division in one shot? And what can you say about the Amer GBU-20 bomb?

            In general, air defense is measured by divisions. Sixteen goals for one shooting for each minimum. And the GBU-20 is an interesting bomb., And it is still necessary to fly up to 100 km. Troop Antei for 200 km strikes
            1. cannabis
              cannabis 12 January 2017 12: 31
              +2
              Quote: Tusv
              In general, air defense is measured by divisions.

              You undertake to comment on what you have no idea.
              1. Tusv
                Tusv 12 January 2017 13: 36
                0
                Quote: cunning
                You undertake to comment on what you have no idea.

                Where can we get with for 250 excellent databases on the border. Purely, for the sake of curiosity, several thousand hours in IKO
                1. 76rtbr
                  76rtbr 12 January 2017 23: 32
                  +1
                  everything was written correctly, the air defense of the motorized rifle division, and there are regiments and separate divisions, and even an anti-aircraft missile regiment, and there are anti-aircraft missile divisions in SMEs, this is not a DB with IKO for 250 hours, you will not praise yourself , Yes ?
                  1. Tusv
                    Tusv 13 January 2017 22: 34
                    0
                    Quote: 76rtbr
                    You don’t have a database with IKO for 250 hours, you will not praise yourself, nor will anyone praise yourself, right?

                    Over 250 databases at the border, an excellent border guard badge was given. So not himself, but from the KGB itself
                    1. 76rtbr
                      76rtbr 14 January 2017 04: 10
                      0
                      come on, calm down, here the conversation about the structure of the air defense division was started, and not about your badges, when it was started. things. there were a lot of such badges in the warehouse, the soldiers asked for demobilization constantly!
      2. Parsec
        Parsec 12 January 2017 14: 51
        +2
        Quote: cunning
        I have no data, but I can assume that NATO has developed such machines to help pilots.


        Since 111, the F-1964 has been using an envelope system for terrain;
        Su-24 since 1967.
      3. 11 black
        11 black 13 January 2017 15: 39
        0
        Quote: cunning
        Given the presence of planned bombs on our opponents, this makes it possible to deliver surprise strikes from afar. Having accelerated to supersonic near the ground, make a "slide" and throw a gliding bomb into flight from a distance of 100 km? Our chiefs need to crumple their skulls over the creation of an effective ANTI-AIRCRAFT defense.

        At first - planning bombs.
        Secondly - on 100 km, a bomb can be dropped only from maximum height and maximum speed.
        Thirdly, the climb rate with a combat suspension is at most 200 m / s (small +/-), that is, to go up to 10 km will take 50 seconds at least, then you need to level the machine along the course, accelerate (lifting with a combat suspension will greatly reduce speed), and only then you can throw.
        Total in the very, MOST best case for everything about everything (WITHOUT REDUCING) 70-80 seconds.

        The reaction time of C-400 is less than 10 seconds. A rocket flies at a speed of 2,1 km / s or (round to minus) 20 km in 10 seconds. It turns out 10 seconds to prepare the shot, another 50 on the road to the target, total maximum in a minute the plane, which dared to get out of the horizon, will be shot down - Do not have time to reset.
        Thirdly, who is it flying at the ground in super sound? Air resistance is great. Maybe 1 max and slip, but no more than that - most likely you don’t jump with the combat suspension at all (not sure, but still hardly). hi
        1. cannabis
          cannabis 13 January 2017 15: 48
          +1
          It's a shame for planning bombs, I won't save you! In addition, there is a type of bombing called "pitch-up". This is the kick that throws the planning boNba. Flight range GBU - 20 70 km. And then how the card will fall. At one time, our pilots, when ferrying the MIG-23 to Libya, avoided Turkish missiles "mistakenly" launched. True, they flew to Libya with black faces from overload.
    2. family tree
      family tree 12 January 2017 11: 02
      0
      Quote: Alexey-74
      Our air defense system - one of the best in the world, will become an "impregnable fortress" from the air for all potential "partners" by 2020

      Dragging a political officer, you would have to run around in the freezing weather, deploying a complexion, though, about which I what
      Crowed, shut his mouth, workplace removed.
      There is no system, there are divisions, there is a branch of service of the troops, which is part of the VKS, and even I suspect the situation of an orphan what
      There is data, so give me a slope, so as not to escalate belay
      1. prorab_ak
        prorab_ak 12 January 2017 13: 44
        +1
        Well said good .... I remember more about the political leaders ... his mouth shut-the materiel in the original)))
        And as for the comments of such politicians here .... it seems that the ratings (minuses) have already been removed, and the half-site is torn behind the general's epaulettes, in each article it is necessary to comment ... wassat
  9. Anchonsha
    Anchonsha 12 January 2017 10: 45
    +1
    Well, that’s good, plans for the rearmament by 2020 of the whole army, and especially the air defense forces, are being implemented. Now, little is happening about the positive in the world, and therefore we need to be prepared for all the unexpected. Trump is still that little thing, not comparable to a black baboon, and the jester knows that he will come to his head.
  10. dmmyak40
    dmmyak40 12 January 2017 14: 36
    +3
    Quote: cunning
    Quote: Tusv
    In general, air defense is measured by divisions.

    You undertake to comment on what you have no idea.

    And about incompetence the person who mentions the air defense of the rifle division says. Shooter, Karl! In 2017!
    1. bk316
      bk316 13 January 2017 15: 37
      +2
      Well, he also has anti-aircraft defense, turntables, drones, cruise missiles let them fly.
      Well, apparently the military air defense doesn’t need to be able to shoot down ballistic targets.
      In general, a new strategic view, so let’s stop even infantry divisions and mortar armies.
    2. cannabis
      cannabis 13 January 2017 15: 52
      +1
      Quote: dmmyak40
      mentioning the air defense of the rifle division.

      As an old infantryman, I could call the infantry division, which does not change the essence. The essence changes the difference in the capabilities of the air defense of the tank and infantry (sorry motorized rifle) divisions. Hi Karl .....