Military Review

Religion of the blooming plum and sharp sword warriors (part of 1)

85
A branch of a plum in hand -
Happy New Year I go to congratulate

Old acquaintances ...
(Sika)


Neighbor need to know. This rule allows you to make life easier for yourself ... and for your neighbor, well, but in the end ... “just live well!” And it seems to be easy. Go to visit him, take a closer look, be observant and tolerant, that is, remember the parable about the straw and the log and, most importantly, act against your neighbor as you would like others to do in your attitude. Trite, is not it? But quite difficult, if you think about it. And it also says: “Those who live in a glass house should not throw stones at others' houses!” And this was also very correctly noted.

Religion of the blooming plum and sharp sword warriors (part of 1)

Japanese warrior monk - Suha. In principle, the same samurai, only in a specific shoe and a headdress ... Well, also nagitata ... At the samurai it was weapon women.

So Japan is our neighbor, but ... what do we know about this country? That is, we know a lot. More than, say, most average Japanese people know about us. But ... knowing more, we have more chances to understand them, and to understand ... it means a lot.


Famous in Japan, the series “One Hundred Views of the Moon” was created by the artist Yoshitoshi Tsukioka in the traditional Japanese woodcut technique. She is considered the main work of this master, and her popularity in Japan is extremely high. "One hundred species of the moon" was published the last seven years of his life, in the period from 1885 to 1892 year. It includes exactly one hundred sheets with a variety of subjects, which are united by only one detail - the moon, which, one way or another, is visible on each engraving. Here, for example, woodcut "District Gon." What is shown here? And the scene is clear and familiar to every Japanese scene from the play of the Kabuki Theater "Chusingura." Young Osi Rikiya sends a letter with 47 Ronin's news to Ichiriki's tea house in Kyoto, in which Osi Yuranosuke's father discusses how to avenge the death of his mother.

For example, we argue a lot about the distinctive culture of the Japanese, but where did it go from - this is their original culture and how did it originate? What was their religion, and what role did it play in shaping the Japanese nation? Well - the questions of religion are always interesting, and the religion of a warrior nation is especially interesting, and therefore, in the light of the current foreign policy events between our countries, we will just tell readers about this in depth.


Moon patrol Sato Tasimitsu on reconnaissance at the Kamo River near Kyoto, before the attack on Honnoji Temple in 1582. Tashimitsu and his father, Sato Karanosuke, served Aketi Mitsuide (1526-1582), who attacked his overlord Oda Nobunaga and killed him.

Archeological data unequivocally indicate that the most ancient Japanese belief was what they themselves call Shinto, and we are Shintoism. That is, it is ... animism, totemism and magic, fused into one whole, and speaking briefly - believing in the spirits living in this world around us. These perfumes - kami, have different powers and a lot of them. There are kami lakes and creek, waterfall and stone, wood and forest. That is why it is wrong to translate the word kamikaze, as it translates from us - “the wind of the gods” or “the divine wind.” This is the "wind of spirits." And the gods in Shinto also exist, just like dragons and all sorts of mystical entities, just kami are present everywhere and the gods have to deal with them just as well. In general, it was a typical pagan pantheon with a developed cult of nature. Something similar took place among the Babylonians, who, besides the main gods, saturated the world around them with a multitude of demons, something similar happened to the northern peoples, it was just that the ancient Japanese had a lot of kami and had to be constantly remembered.

However, when feudalism began to flourish in Japan, Shinto’s uncertainty began to slow down in some way. The warriors were separated into a separate estate, and they needed a more “comfortable” religion for them than for commoners. It seems that such religion was Buddhism brought from China, but ... again, it suited more for the peasants than for the warriors. Nature, including spiritual, does not tolerate emptiness. Therefore, it is not surprising that within the framework of the same Buddhism in Japan, the teachings of his Zen sect, or Zenxu, began to spread. From Japanese "Zen" can be translated as "immersion in silent contemplation" with the aim of mastering external and internal spiritual forces in order to achieve "enlightenment." The founder of the Zen sect (Chinese. - "Chan", Skt. - "Dhyana") consider the Buddhist priest Bodhidharma (Jap. Bodai Daruma), who began to preach his teachings originally in India, and then moved to China. And now two Buddhist monks brought Ezai (1141 - 1215) and Dogen (1200 - 1253) from Zen Buddhism to China to Japan, who began to preach it.

But it gained popularity among the warriors. Why? The fact is that the spread of Zen Buddhism coincided with the establishment of the shogunate system in the country, when the warriors worshiped "the sacred land" (jodo) - an analogue of the Buddhist paradise - or Buddha Amida. The teaching of the Buddhist sect “jodo” was extremely simple, which was very popular with the soldiers of that time. It was founded by a Buddhist monk Honen-syonin in the XII century. and it became attractive, above all, among the popular working masses, who very much wanted to believe in their own rebirth in paradise after death. Jodo supplanted most other Buddhist sects in Japan, so its followers owned up to 30% of all temples, priests and monks in Japan, and its very essence was extremely simple. Like any religion, its purpose was to "salvation." Here are just ways to salvation were different. So, a supporter of "Jodo", in order to "escape", it was necessary to pronounce the name of the Buddha Amida ("Nam Amida Butsu!" - "I bow to the Buddha Amida!"). The monks of “jodo” explained - it does not matter who you are: a bad or good person, in order to “be saved” (that is, “to be born again in the future, but more worthily”), you only need to repeat and repeat this prayer. As everyone understands this, it was a religion, very convenient for slaves and masters. She did not change anything in their relationship, but allowed the slave to sublimate on the idea of ​​salvation and ... endure her slavery and beyond! Yes, for peasants and other commoners such a religion was good. But not for warriors!

They understood that a simple appeal to the Buddha Amida in this life does not give them anything, but develops apathy and apathy in people, but what kind of a warrior is he if he does not have a strong will? A samurai first of all had to instill his will in the most persistent way, to develop self-control and composure necessary for any professional warrior in the first place, be it a campaign against the Ainu, fighting the old aristocracy from Kyoto or suppressing the peasant uprisings.

So Zen preachers appeared on historical the arena in Japan is very on time. They argued that only continuous work on oneself, the goal of which is to educate in oneself the ability to highlight the essence of the problem, then the ability to concentrate on solving it in order to go to the intended goal, is very important. And not only in monastic life, but also in worldly life. It was then that Zen Buddhism became the spiritual foundation of the samurai caste; and the number of his followers began to grow steadily. In historical terms, the relationship between Zen Buddhists and the samurai estate began to be established under the regents of Hojo in Kamakura. Eisai, just the very first Zen Buddhist preacher, could not have expected success in Kyoto, since there were strong sects such as Teidai and Singon. In addition, they enjoyed the patronage of the imperial house and the highest aristocracy. But in Kamakura, such difficulties simply did not exist, since the influence of these sects did not spread there at all, which is why Zen Buddhism spread completely freely among the samurai of the house of Taira and the house of Minamoto.


Moon over mountain Inaba. In this scene from the Chronicles of Taiko, Konosita Tokiti (1536-1598), the former son of a peasant, who later became known as Toyotomi Hideyoshi, climbs a rock at the impregnable castle of the Saito clan on Inaba Mountain. With this feat and began a brilliant career Hideyoshi, who took the name of Taiko (Drum).

An important reason that prompted the samurai to do exactly the teachings of Zen, was ... its exceptional simplicity. The fact is that according to his doctrine, the “truth of the Buddha” cannot be conveyed either in writing or orally. Accordingly, all didactic aids or instructions cannot reveal the truth, and therefore are false, and all comments are flawed. Zen is above all types of verbal form of expression. Moreover, expressed in words, it loses the properties of Zen. Hence the main thesis of all theorists of Zen Buddhism that it cannot be called a teaching, since the logical knowledge of the world is absolutely impossible. One can achieve the desired only through intuition, which, by contemplation alone, can lead a person to comprehend the "true heart of the Buddha."

Very comfortable religion, isn't it? No need to waste time reading religious books. Although books and Buddhist texts were used by Zen Buddhists, but only as a means of propaganda. Moreover, the man himself could not independently understand Zen and needed a mentor. However, most of all, Zen fell in love with the samurai because he developed composure, will, and composure, that is, everything that was needed for a professional soldier. For a samurai, it was considered very important not to flinch (both externally and internally) in front of an unexpected danger, to maintain under all circumstances clarity of mind and the ability to be aware of your actions. In practice, the samurai should have iron willpower, rush fearlessly at the enemy, without paying attention to anything, for the main goal of the warrior is his destruction. Zen also taught that a person should be cool and very restrained, no matter what happens. Anyone who professed Zen Buddhism should not have paid attention, even to insults, that for the warriors of the “noble” class it was, of course, not easy at all, but it helped to develop self-control and will.

Another quality that Zen instilled in the soldiers was unquestioning obedience to its master and, of course, to his military leader. There are many stories from the time of feudal Japan, which tell about this feature of the then Japanese knights. For example, in the story about one daimyo it is said that he, along with the remnants of his defeated squad, was on the edge of a high cliff, and from all sides surrounded by enemies. The daimyo did not want to surrender and gave the command “Follow me!”, After which he threw himself on a horse into the abyss. And all of his samurai immediately followed him, not for a second thinking about the meaning of the order of the commander. And after all, all this is a consequence of education in the Zen system - having received the order of the elder, act without hesitation!

The human being in the world in Zen was considered only an appearance: “Shiki-Soku-Dze-ku” - “Everything in this world is illusory” - said Zen Buddhists. The world is illusory and ephemeral, it is only a manifestation of the universal “nothing” from which everything was born, so everything goes there, or rather, it is born and leaves continuously. That is why Zen Buddhism taught man not to cling to life, and, of course, that is why not to be afraid of death. But it was precisely contempt for death in Zen that attracted samurai to him.

The concept of the ephemeral nature of being and the illusory nature of the world around us (mujo), however, connected everything that was short-term and rapid with such a concept as beauty. Everything short-lived, flowing, or very short in time (for example, plum blossoms in the snow, dew drops under the sun, etc.) was defined as a visible manifestation of this “moment between past and future”. That is, it was argued that it is precisely brevity that is beauty! In accordance with this statement, a person's life was also considered more beautiful than it was shorter, especially if the life he lived was bright and memorable. Hence the contempt of the samurai for death and the development of "art" to die beautifully.

Another element of the theory of "easy death" was caused by the influence of Chinese Confucianism. A man should have moral purity, a sense of duty, a spirit of self-sacrifice. That's when he became a “worthy husband.” Therefore, the Japanese were taught from childhood to die for the emperor, their master, explained the morality of the principle of sacrificing for them all. That is the question “Would you be able to lie with a grenade under a tank?” For a Japanese child never stood. He could not, and was simply obliged to do this, that's all. After all, death for the sake of fulfilling one’s duty was regarded as “real death.


Mountain moon after the rain. Soga no Goro Tokimune (XII century) together with the elder brother Dzuro killed the murderer of their father, Kudo Suketsune. Since it happened in a shogun's camp on the slopes of Mount Fuji, the law was broken. Dzuro died in a fight, and Goro was captured and taken to the shogun, who immediately ordered him to be beheaded. The artist specially depicted a cuckoo flying in front of the moon, because it was one of the symbols of the transience of all things.

Hence, by the way, the plots of most Japanese fairy tales for children. For example, such a “fairy tale” - the stepmother wished in the winter fresh fish and sent her stepson to get it. And it is clear that she is “bad” and did it out of malice. The child from the tales of the Brothers Grimm, of course, would have found a way to deceive her, and there “on the shovel and in the oven!” But the Japanese boy went to the river, saw the fish frozen into the water, undressed, melted the ice with the warmth of his body (!) And brought the fish stepmother! Another time, the boy saw that his parents were disturbed in a dream by mosquitoes. He undressed and lay down next to them flew on him. After all, his father should go serve the lord tomorrow morning!

The samurai, who used the dogmas of Buddhism and Confucianism, naturally adapted them to their professional needs. The cult of death for the sake of glory, the spirit of self-sacrifice for the service of the master — were surrounded by an aura of glory. And it is from here that the harakiri custom arose. This was due to the fact that the professional warrior all the time was balancing on the edge between life and death. Therefore, the samurai cultivated in themselves a disregard for earthly existence.


Moon clean snow on the river Asano. A chicaco girl rushes into the waters of the Asano River in the hope that her death will convince government officials to release her father. But her death did not make any impression on the authorities, and as a result her father died in prison. But how beautiful she died!

There are many rebirths, Buddhism taught. And if so, then the death of an individual, according to Buddhists, does not mean a final end, and he will be reborn in future lives. Therefore, a person should obediently submit to the “great law of retribution,” that is, karma (go), or fate, which determines only the degree of his sinfulness in the past life, and in no case complain about life now. Everything is determined, everything is weighed, payment is coming for everything!

This explains the death of so many Japanese soldiers in battles with a smile on their face and the words of Buddhist prayer on their lips. A man - and all samurai knew it from childhood - had to die completely calmly, as if falling asleep, having pious thoughts and, of course, with a smile on his face, so as not to bring unpleasant moments to those around him. Groans, unwillingness to die and part with loved ones and their lives were considered as unworthy behavior and violation of the "etiquette of death". That is, Zen-Buddhism brought up such an attitude to questions of life and death, when the concept of self was simply absent, as well as the fear of death and thoughts about its benefits and adversities.

Of course, the feudal lords who were served by the samurai benefited from this attitude to life. A person who is not afraid of death is boundlessly devoted to his overlord, embraced by the idea of ​​constant spiritual feat — an ideal soldier. That is why similar qualities were cultivated not only in Japan, but also by all totalitarian regimes. “Death for the Fuhrer,” “death for Stalin,” death for the emperor ”are all convenient forms of manipulating people. Such people are easy to manage in battle, they do not surrender, well, the honor of a samurai and moral imperative will not allow him to retreat and flee from the battlefield, the order of a commander for him is a law that must be fulfilled, not reasoning, and at any cost to disgrace and dishonor neither your name nor your race.

It was the basics of Zen teaching that formed the basis of the code - bushido. War for the sake of the interests of the suzerain respected "the transformation of the highest ideal in the case." Bushido, as was said in the Hagakure, was recognized by the Japanese knighthood as a doctrine of a direct and fearless desire to return to eternity.

It is clear that, as in any religion, there were contradictions in Zen. So, Buddhism forbids any killing. In Buddhism, it is included in the five "great" sins, which also includes theft, adultery, lies and drunkenness. But since life, on the contrary, constantly demanded the opposite, a form of "redemption" was invented - generous donations to temples, monastic vows after a certain time devoted to ... murders.

To be continued ...
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  1. Nicholas C.
    Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 06: 38
    +11
    Vyacheslav, about your old religious topic: "Shpakovsky teaches the Russian Orthodox Church of morality."
    Quote: kalibr
    ... even before Peter (!) main focus in church confession there was ... eliciting the details of the intimate life of the penitent and only at the end it was necessary to "ask about the story of gold and kun". 80% asked how, when and how "he corrupted his virginity, for everyone can be fornication", monks - "did he not look with lust at holy icons", and so on. Very interesting about all this is written in the article "Fornication is everyone" in the material in the magazine Rodina. It is on the Web and can be read. Essentially it is there was propaganda of vice and perversions, for another woman did not even hear about this and did not even think about it, but ... she learned from the questions of the priest and had to answer "sinful, priest." And is this "living faith"? Stupidity!
    Again:
    Quote: kalibr
    the main direction in church confession ... was the propaganda of vice and perversions!

    This is not the first time you have published this time, this time you are not referring to A. Nevzorova, and on an article in the journal "Homeland". The hitch is that it is not in the public domain on the Web. And you know exactly how to give the correct links. Therefore, you would like us to read not the article itself, but what they write in connection with it. It turns out that a howl and a Sabbath of liberalism have been raised on the Web, in my opinion, which variously and arbitrarily “quotes” this article again without correct links, putting the meaning they need into commenting on “quotes”. Sec. Minorities teach the Church morality and call for accountability. All according to Orwell.

    I will note. Confession is a voluntary affair necessary for the confessor himself. The priest does not force to admit anything, does not press and does not condemn. What a person wants to confess is what he says. The priest can recall what sins are possible for a certain age, can help with the concept of sin. Some priests list all the sins that exist on the topic: in word, deed, thought ...
    What the Church actually does in this regard. First of all, help believers in the fight against mortal sins. Moreover, fanaticism is not provided. For example, with all the known sin of gluttony they are fighting fasting. However, children, the elderly, pregnant, sick, traveling, warriors ... fasting is not necessary. Only if possible. It’s not even so important what to eat and what not. The main thing: to get enough without excesses, you can not enjoy the food.
    With the sin of voluptuousness (lust) is similar. Only sin is more terrible, because his condemnation is also supported by the commandment "do not commit adultery." What the church does for this is less known. intimate affair. However, the goal is the same. Sexual relations only with his wife in a church marriage and only for procreation, and not for pleasure.
    Shpakovsky, “vice and perversions” among Orthodox believers are infinitely small in comparison with your contingent. Try to learn.
    Or maybe you do not need the truth? Isn’t you writing for her? You Russian Orthodox Church slander is much more important. Is not it? Why on earth do you unbelievers invade with your, to put it mildly, not very pure condemnations, thoughts and propaganda fictions into the personal lives of believers, into the affairs of the church? The Orthodox will understand without you.

    PS. Reference. "If anyone lies with a man as with a woman, then both of them have done an abomination: let them be put to death, their blood on them." - Leviticus 20:13
    For your supporters in your praised West, the “correct” translation of the Bible has already been made, where these and other previously “incorrectly translated” words have been corrected:
    oleglurie-new.livejournal.com/152475.html

    PPS It seems that something similar happened, and when the first Romanovs, with the help of the Jesuits, corrected “wrong words” in the Bible.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Nicholas C.
        Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 08: 08
        +5
        Vyacheslav do not bother. The last time you sent it to the Internet, without giving a link, and not to the library. And it's not that in that article. And in what you wrote - your quotes are given.
        Two times I read the same thing from you. The first time you referred to the famous Russophobe Alexander Nevzorov, the second time to this article to hide behind the authority of the magazine. An article in a magazine has a completely different meaning.

        Writing that the Orthodox Church has changed something ... when believers went to the stake for minimal changes. Make more appropriate statements.
        1. kalibr
          10 January 2017 08: 24
          +1
          Well, now I'm sending to the library what's wrong with that. The main thing is to send somewhere so that I myself will look ...
          1. Nicholas C.
            Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 08: 45
            +6
            Once again about the religion and morality of Shpakovsky.
            You, Vyacheslav, after all, by training a school teacher, you graduated from the local pedagogical institute, and by the age of 34 you have defended your candidate. Now your frequent last argument: I am a historian, and you are nobody. Interested in. I looked at the topic of your dissertation: "Party leadership in the scientific and technical work of students of the Middle Volga during the ninth five-year plan, 1971-1975" from 1988g. Found analogues:

            1. from 1984g. Kozlovskoy G.E. “The activity of the party organizations of the Middle Volga region on the ideological and political education of student youth in the conditions of developed socialism. 1971-1975 (Based on materials from the Kuibyshev, Penza and Ulyanovsk Regions) www.dissercat.com/content/deyatelnost-partiinykh-
            organizatsii-srednego-povolzhya-po-ideino-politic
            heskomu-vospitaniyu-

            2. from 1985g. Blagodareva A.I. "The activities of the party organizations of the Lower Volga region on the communist education of student youth during the ninth five-year period (1971-1975)" www.dissercat.com/content/deyatelnost-partiinykh-
            organizatsii-nizhnego-povolzhya-po-communisticheshes
            komu-vospitaniyu-stu
            3. etc.
            Readers with an inquiring mind can independently find a couple of differences (or scientific novelty) and try to guess where science and its separate discipline are history. I will not hide, it is impossible to guess. As a person who lived at that time, I will assume that such topics were received and issued for protection not only by anyone, but by people in some way special. How is it that Vyacheslav, the party (CPSU) and the KGB believed you, you made such a somersault, changed your shoes in the air, and now you spit on them and what gives you the only support, still feeds you. Real science does not tolerate betrayal and betrayal of its beliefs. Remember Galileo: “But still she is spinning,” or better yet, Copernicus.
            However, you could not professionally engage in history, apparently, did not compete with more literate fellow countrymen. Your workplace is not related to science. "Communication Management and PR" - yes. The story you are doing just as an amateur (but for the money). There is a forum where your colleagues, including knowing you for a long time, already on three pages tell how: www.tforum.info/forum//index.php?showtopic=25347&
            page = 3
            “A plagiarist, practically a thief, a“ business man from history, ”who does not really understand anything, and all his activities have one purely mercantile goal -“ to cut the dough in an easy way, ”and, preferably, using someone else's labor and stolen materials. " - these are the most cultured words addressed to you there.
            Vyacheslav, explain.
            1. kalibr
              10 January 2017 09: 01
              +2
              It is very good that you have shown such interest and have discovered so many things. Wonderful. But ... these are all words! Remember, it doesn’t matter what they say about you. It matters to whom you pay and who pays you. So empty is all that you write, empty! The meaning is completely different!
        2. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 08: 26
          +7
          dear Nikolai S. it’s useless to get sources, Slavik Shpakovsky to say the least, a dreamer and manipulator who does not disdain some juggling! hithe sad thing is that such unprincipled liars are allowed to be taught at universities! hi
          1. kalibr
            10 January 2017 08: 31
            +1
            And you did not answer me about the dugout? And the sources ... let him seek. A modern person should be able to search for information. This is part of the training and education program for modern Russian citizens. That is, do not take on faith what they give, but look for the materials they need themselves.
            1. Nicholas C.
              Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 16: 12
              +4
              Quote: kalibr
              And the sources ... let him seek.

              I, apparently, am too difficult to write for you and your audience.
              Again. There is nothing in the article from the Rodina magazine to which you are referring, which would allow to confirm your statement:
              Quote: kalibr
              the main direction in church confession ... was the propaganda of vice and perversions!

              And this is not my problem, that you cannot confirm your dubious statement, which you tried to ascribe to a more authoritative author, with a correct link.
              As I understand it, they often remind you of what it's called.

              By the way, you indirectly blamed me for not being able to search for information.
              So I found. Before your dissertation protected at least two of the same on the same material. Now it is not surprising that you have nothing to answer the question about the scientific novelty of your "work", or about its benefits for the national economy. Then, after all, such questions were asked.
              By the way, did you refer to the work of your predecessors? (A review of the work already done on the topic you had to do).
              Sorry, I had to ask. And then too often, when you have nothing to say, you tell your opponents that you are a professional historian.
              Quote: kalibr
              It matters to whom you pay and who pays you.

              Understand. When it comes to money, in your philosophy you are able to rise to the heights of Ecclesiastes to justify your own (not Ecclesiastes), that money is more important than beliefs.
              1. kalibr
                10 January 2017 16: 52
                +1
                Something Nikolai brings you in today. Since the dissertation was approved by the Higher Attestation Commission, what questions could there be? And then, did you study at the university? Did you write your diploma? He's not nailed to you, is he? A dissertation is a qualifying work. Shows that you can work in an archive, search, generalize ... And then you can do whatever you want. Professionalism is not earned by a dissertation. And scientific publications after. And if you are already so good at using the Web, go to the website of my department and look in the "Science" section. There are all the publications of her employees and mine too. All my electronic textbooks and manuals are posted on the Web. On the Osprey website there are books in English. Obviously, this amount is where it is necessary and who considered it sufficient. So continue to be interested in further, you will learn a lot of interesting things.
                And I do not substantiate anything, including references to Ecclesiastes, I just see how the communists of my city who were "burning with flaming fire", having received lucrative offers, went to work for the regime that they denounced yesterday. I have not met those who would "go to the fire." I met those who have not yet been offered ...
                As for the links ... You found this article, didn't you, otherwise how would you know what it is about? So when I see the point of giving links, I give them, when I don't see them, I advise you to look for yourself. So you started looking and you see how many interesting things you have found for yourself! And, you see, you will find even more. But your questions led me to an interesting idea - it will be necessary to write a material about scientific work at the university in the Soviet era and about "now". After all, in 35 years I have seen and learned a lot ... I am sure it will be both useful and interesting.
                1. Nicholas C.
                  Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 17: 28
                  +5
                  Quote: kalibr
                  Since the dissertation was approved by the Higher Attestation Commission, what questions may be?

                  In vain you are so careless about this.
                  "The expert council of the Higher Attestation Commission recommended the annulment of ten academic degrees, which were at the center of a loud scandal with fictitious dissertations ... ahead of a large-scale campaign to double-check dissertations and deprive of academic degrees" - https://rg.ru/2013/02/12/stepen-site.html
                  About your professionalism "earned" is not necessary. I see it when I read it. Incl. and this:
                  Quote: kalibr
                  the main direction in church confession ... was the propaganda of vice and perversions!


                  Quote: kalibr
                  I see how the communists of my city, who were "burning with flaming fire", having received lucrative offers, went to work for the regime that they had denounced yesterday

                  They went to work because they had to eat. In the 90s there was genocide.
                  But you during the time of Yeltsin in Penza in one of your face held pickets FOR Yeltsin. Such amazing rebirth fellow countrymen have not forgotten you.
                  1. kalibr
                    10 January 2017 18: 30
                    0
                    Quote: Nikolai S.
                    In vain you are so careless about this.
                    "The expert council of the Higher Attestation Commission recommended the annulment of ten academic degrees, which were at the center of a loud scandal with fictitious dissertations ... ahead of a large-scale campaign to recheck dissertations and deprive of academic degrees" - https://rg.ru/2013/02/12/stepen- site.html

                    This does not threaten me, Nikolai, do not flatter yourself. Theses defended in Soviet times will not be reviewed! And pickets ... It was such a job! And you have a strange logic - with this ... it was possible for them to go to work for Yeltsin, but I cannot, although it was hard for everyone? But you will be active - write to the Higher Attestation Commission that you are personally dissatisfied ... based on the data of the Network, you have studied all the works, conducted a comparative analysis ... and require revision ... Let them twirl a finger at their temples. You know in 2004 the same magazine "Rodina" (not a couple for you) wanted to hook me on plagiarism and cut money. You can even find an article about it there ... And how hard you tried. And ... failed. So ... don't even try to look for devils in the censer.
                    Quote: Nikolai S.

                    I see him when I read

                    Wear glasses to see even better ...
                    1. Nicholas C.
                      Nicholas C. 10 January 2017 20: 27
                      +3
                      Quote: kalibr
                      This does not threaten me, Nikolai, do not flatter yourself. The dissertations protected in Soviet times will be revised!

                      Again, the Soviet government is saving you, Vyacheslav. And you look at her like that.
                      Quote: kalibr
                      on the basis of the data, the Network studied all the works, conducted a comparative analysis ... and require revision ... Let them twirl their fingers at their temples. You know in 2004 the same magazine "Rodina" (not a couple for you) wanted to hook me on plagiarism

                      Oh, just do not consider yourself a figure equal to serious people whose dissertations are classified, and only left fakes can be found on the Web.
                      Here is yours: http://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01000082250 What problems to get?
                      It turns out that Rodina magazine already knows you well. So, out of revenge, you wanted to attribute to their author your and Alexander Nevzorov's abomination about Orthodoxy?
                      They accused you of plagiarism. Hence, they believed that they had grounds. Not able to "hook"? Maybe the journalists, and who is on their team there, are not very familiar with the procedural order, judicial practice. Do not flatter yourself, there are those who are guided in this in such a way that Rodina magazine is no match. "Rodina", I suppose, only on its pages branded you with shame for plagiarism. And that was all.
                      1. kalibr
                        10 January 2017 20: 30
                        0
                        Quote: Nikolai S.
                        Here is yours: http://search.rsl.ru/en/record/01000082250 What problems do you get?

                        Well, get busy! 500 p. and they will send it to you. How can the "kpssnaya dissertation" be classified that you attribute to me all some kind of conspiracy? And yes, I honestly wrote to you "branded". But it only raised the volume of book sales. And she couldn't do more. The law is like a boomerang. I blurted something wrong - and you have a lawsuit for libel and criminal record in your biography. Then it was so-and-so, but now it is very strict with this, by the way! And counting "grounds" and having grounds are two different things, completely different, right? But about revenge is you in vain - fi, how petty, I don't stoop to such things. Now, if they succeeded, then yes - "blow for blow". And this ... people of elementary law did not know, and they were eager to hire a lawyer. However, maybe they hired and he explained everything to them that the case was dead. I see you pay great attention to words and for the umpteenth time are trying to frighten me - "do not flatter yourself!"? I work at the legal department. There are enough lawyers and lawyers in friends. So I'm not flattering myself, but I know for sure! And the words are, as I-Poon, the hero of the story "Hearts of Three," said, this is the air ... pf-f and that's it! Better do your dissertation. Find out at least what dissertations were written in the 80s on historical and party topics.
            2. M0xHaTka
              M0xHaTka 10 January 2017 19: 35
              +4
              Troll. Ordinary network troll.
              2 of the three classic phrases you have already given. it remains to add "I will calculate"
              According to the text, the information is exactly 0. And the statement is disguised with beautiful words - religion generates lack of will.
              It is a pity that I spent time on IT.
              And by the way, Shpakovsky, and who pays you money for denigrating Russia's neighbors? You are so stubbornly prolific in this field that it involuntarily raises confidence in professional activity
              1. kalibr
                10 January 2017 20: 07
                0
                Quote: M0xHaTka
                and who pays you money for denigrating Russia's neighbors?


                Usually they accuse me of denigrating just the history of Russia. And this is something new. I was even scared ... I re-read it again, here ... there is no blackening of Japan there, anything is, but this is not. But if you see it, let it be so. Many read one thing and see another.
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. kalibr
            10 January 2017 08: 37
            +1
            Yes, this is awful Murzik! Can you imagine how I fool students? This is horror! Everyone comes out completely different than they came. "Russia is lost" - that's for sure! Only one thing remains - your letter to the rector of PSU with a demand to remove, not let go and shut your mouth. And ... what if he listens to such a fiery patriot ?! Come on, this will be your wonderful contribution to the struggle for the USSR! Forward to the victory of communism under the banner of proletarian internationalism!
          4. The comment was deleted.
        3. kalibr
          10 January 2017 08: 45
          +1
          Quote: Nikolai S.
          Writing that the Orthodox Church has changed something ... when believers went to the stake for minimal changes.

          That is, the church has not changed anything since the 16 century?
        4. The comment was deleted.
    2. kalibr
      10 January 2017 07: 46
      +1
      Have you tried to take this magazine from the library and read it? All by yourself? Or do we have no libraries, and all Rodina magazines have been withdrawn from there? Straighten your seat a little, take yourself, your darling, to the library and - please, everything is there. I understand that it is easier to knock on the keyboard and read "live magazines". But knowledge requires labor. By the way, in the article about Karl the Bold you can admire the miniature with the burning of a knight and his servant convicted of sodomy. Such is the story, it was so. We were even more tolerant at that distant time. But you still find the "Motherland". This is a very interesting magazine. Here in the September issue of 16, a selection of materials on Panfilov's men, then a large article about Klochkov ... so you just need to read him regularly. That's all! And the name of the "theme" you have is wrong - no need to attribute your vision to others. It does not "teach morality", but talks about what views the church had in the past. Do you know how they have changed now? Wonderful!
      1. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 08: 43
        +5
        again, the little warrior Shpakovsky squirmed on the pope! again caught! laughing
    3. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 07: 50
      +5
      dear Nikolai S., where is the truth, and where is Slavik Shpakovsky! This man easily became an ardent liberal from the lecturers of the regional committee !!!!! belay Betrayed time, betray and twice! The law of fate, alas! ... Do not believe such and do not hope, For a lot of false, different words. Betrayed time, betray and twice!
      1. kalibr
        10 January 2017 08: 21
        +2
        Oh, Murzilka is drawn! Happy New Year! But tell me, are you not a traitor? Are you writing this from the dugout of the partisan detachment "Faithful Stalinist" or from where? You went to the barricades in 91 to defend the Emergency Committee, in 93 to defend the White House, and now you are fighting the "anti-popular regime" and pouring sand into the rubbing parts? No Yes? Of course not! You do everything as ordered from above, but here you let off steam and admire how "good" you are. That is, you cover up your insignificant essence with beautiful words. And I will honestly tell you that I will need to "betray" as many times as I want ... to God, for he is always on the side of the winners. After all, without his will and hair from the head will not fall, huh? And there is no power other than from him? So slaves in humility obey not only good masters, but also severe ones! So you continue to work for the good of the country, Chubais and others ...
        1. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 08: 41
          +6
          I, unlike you Slavik, do not trade my principles and do not invent and do not lie! One thing pleases that for people visiting VO your "fantasies", to put it mildly, are more and more obvious lol
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. The comment was deleted.
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 08: 54
              +4
              and in response to the glory of Shpakovsky, only verbal diarrhea is the place of source and reason, and in this he is lol happy new year glory !!!!! drinks
              1. kalibr
                10 January 2017 09: 02
                +1
                A scourge for a horse, a bridle for a donkey, and a stick for stupid ones.
                Do not answer the fool for his foolishness, lest you also become like him;
                but answer the fool for his foolishness, lest he become a wise man in his eyes.
          3. kalibr
            10 January 2017 08: 52
            0
            Answer, answer about the dugout ... And about 91,93 years ... And about trading in principles ... You can't trade what you don't have. People like you do not have them at all, therefore there is nothing to sell. It is said: it's not enough to know your own worth, you need to be given it! And no one will give you a price. A penny for lunch, that's all your price, Murzilka. Think about it. Write about the dugout and what you did in 91. And then I'll tell you what is most important here and about "more and more people" ...
        2. Dekabrist
          Dekabrist 10 January 2017 15: 16
          +4
          “Everyone has their own inner life, invisible to the eyes of others, their great secrets that no one will recognize, although sometimes when we create something beautiful, for a short moment we open it like a door that slams shut at night.”
          Yakumo Koizumi.
  2. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 10 January 2017 07: 38
    +4
    I advise you to watch the very poetic anime Master Mushi just revealing the beliefs of the Japanese in the dense forces of the spirit ...
    https://www.kinopoisk.ru/film/258622/
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 10 January 2017 07: 58
    +3
    Wonderful illustrations .. Something is missing:
    What a glorious chill!
    Heels against the wall
    And dozing at the height of the day.
    Looking at the actor dancing, I remember the picture,
    on which a dancing skeleton is drawn
    Lightning shine!
    As if suddenly on his face
    The feather grass swayed.
    Visit family graves
    The whole family wandered to the cemetery.
    They go, gray-haired,
    Drawing on the staves.
    Hearing the Death of Nun Juute
    Oh don't think you're one of those
    Who has no price in the world!
    Memorial Day ...
    Back to home village
    How faces have changed!
    I read my old age at them.
    Everything is like winter melons.
    1. kalibr
      10 January 2017 08: 04
      +3
      Yes, Japanese haiku are fascinating. As they say - short and clear!
      1. FID
        FID 10 January 2017 15: 03
        +4
        Do you know for sure that this is haiku?
        1. kalibr
          10 January 2017 16: 36
          +2
          He made all this from different three hundred verses ...
          1. parusnik
            parusnik 10 January 2017 16: 51
            +1
            Hmm .. I did not keep track of the spaces .. how did the whole work ...
            1. kalibr
              10 January 2017 20: 16
              +1
              And I thought that you did it on purpose ... But in general, it turned out even original!
              1. parusnik
                parusnik 10 January 2017 20: 34
                +2
                There is a favorite, I didn’t want to revive a lot .. I did not keep track. and re-read .. yes .. the original happened ..
  4. rasteer
    rasteer 10 January 2017 08: 47
    +7
    And now, two Buddhist monks brought Eisai (1141 - 1215) and Dogen (1200 - 1253) from China to Japan, Zen Buddhism, and they began to preach it.

    Well, actually Zen came to Japan in the middle of the 7th century, and the temples of the then capital Nara were the original center of its development.
    Eisai and especially Dogen contributed to his strengthening under the rule of the shogunate of the Minamoto house.
    But in Kamakura, such difficulties simply did not exist, since the influence of these sects did not spread there at all, which is why Zen Buddhism spread completely freely among the samurai of the house of Tyra and the house of Minamoto.

    Kamakura until 1185 was the base of the Minamoto house and then the capital of the Minamoto shogunate, until its fall in the 14th century.
    Tyra had nothing to do with this city.
    1. Knizhnik
      Knizhnik 11 January 2017 09: 34
      0
      +1 Championship is attributed to a certain monk Dosyo
  5. ruskih
    ruskih 10 January 2017 10: 46
    +4
    Thank you for the next series about Japan and the epigraph - congratulations. As always interesting, wonderful woodcuts and look forward to continuing.
    1. kalibr
      10 January 2017 10: 57
      +3
      The second part is likely to be tomorrow. The third one is being written ...
      1. ruskih
        ruskih 10 January 2017 11: 05
        +2
        How many different countries, peoples, but everywhere in one form or another faith in spirits was present, and is still present, such is the nature of man ....
      2. Mikado
        Mikado 10 January 2017 11: 39
        +2
        Good afternoon, honest company! hi the topic is very interesting, without knowledge of the psychology of samurai they cannot be understood as part of the story.
        I communicated somehow with a person who studied (of course, "galloping through Europe") the beliefs of the Slavs, even wrote some articles. According to him, there was a certain pantheon of gods, but the minds of people were more occupied with religious "trifles" - kikimors, goblin, brownies. That is, a direct analogy with the role of the kami in Japan.
        Turnbull had a very interesting written about the sehei from Mount Hiei. That in the 12th century they, if they disagreed with something (or, apparently, thought that little attention was paid to them), went down the mountain, entered Kyoto, carried sacred objects with them, and, apparently, shouted slogans, and shocked the population into a state of shock fellow Each monk could curse anyone who could try to stop him or notify him (and just look askance). Such an interesting system of relationships remained until at one outpost they once ran into Tyra's guard squad, who ordered the archers to open fire, after which it ended in embarrassment laughing I can be mistaken in trifles, but, approximately, somehow it was written.
        In general, we look forward to continuing! good
        1. kalibr
          10 January 2017 12: 09
          +3
          Yes, and could marble beads the size of a fist to heat on the back! Such ... servants of God they were!
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 10 January 2017 12: 18
            +3
            As Emperor Go-Shirakawa spoke with a sad face: "There are three things that are beyond my control: the dice, the waters of the river, and the monks from Mount Hiei." In general, samurai have many nuances about religion, how even a daimyou could take "tonsure" (and at the same time remain a daimyo, command troops and love women) - for example, like Kenshin. It seems to me that sohey is a separate topic for a series of articles, that is, a topic about which to write and write. You and a pen in hand! hi
        2. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 12: 09
          +4
          Mikado is you are right, to write articles about samurai you do not need to be a samurai himself, to be familiar with the concepts of honor, valor, loyalty! And the author, unfortunately, these qualities are completely absent, and he serves one master of the "golden calf"! and writes in the comments above!
          1. kalibr
            10 January 2017 12: 26
            +2
            There was no such crime for the sake of money and power that the samurai you think so well would not commit. Hideyoshi stole money from his master, given to him to buy armor, bought it for himself and ... went to another, who was warming slippers on his chest. He was also a swindler, but ... he died in the post of kwampaku, the highest after the shogun. Tokugawa Ieyasu only that all his life and was engaged in that he changed overlords. He vowed to protect Hideyoshi's son and ... killed him! He swore allegiance to the advice of the regents and ... immediately left it ... And he said that there is nothing that justifies the betrayal, except ... your victory! And in the end, he outplayed everyone and established his family’s power in Japan on 264 of the year! Honor, valor, fidelity - this is all for the lower-ranking samurai, and the higher ones looked at something else - who, whom, how much. They were not idealists (there have always been and are enough of such people, but this does not mean that you need to equal them), but pragmatists!
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 10 January 2017 12: 35
              +2
              judging by the expression of the glory of Shpakovsky, he is kalibr this is not samurai, this is a woman of easy virtue! lol Well, he knows better than Slavic! laughing
            2. Mikado
              Mikado 10 January 2017 13: 11
              +1
              Hideyoshi stole money from his master, given to him to buy armor, bought it for himself and ... went to another, who was warming slippers on his chest.

              the most important moment in his life, since this owner was Nobunaga!
          2. Mikado
            Mikado 10 January 2017 12: 58
            +4
            Let me disagree with you on something. The first comments on the article are clearly superfluous. Let's discuss the article, not the eternal problem of your relationship (which has already reached above the roof). I don’t see anything good in trying to publicly discredit my opponent, especially since I’m not related to article about.
            For God's sake, if this is an article on a different topic (given to you by Ivan the Terrible, for example), on which you do not agree in terms and views - discuss. But just not a way of dumping dirt from the Internet. It is important to hear and listen! You already go to epithets with might and main!
            You can’t quietly - write in a personal message, communicate, persuade each other. You can’t communicate at all (this also happens) - do not discuss at all.
            Once again, I emphasize my opinion: what was at the beginning of the branch today is clearly superfluous. Firstly, I do not think this is acceptable, and secondly, this is not related to the material of the article.
            According to samurai - Japanese culture can fascinate, but we must not forget that it is imprisoned for the Japanese, and there is for the japanese... We know perfectly well how the Japanese acted with the inhabitants of other nations, who were simply "unlucky enough to turn up on the arm." As Caliber rightly said, the samurai's loyalty and honesty were beneficial primarily to their daimyos, who did not shy away from any baseness. Even the Battle of Sehigahara was won through treachery. The warrior, on the other hand, did not have to think at all, others thought for him.
            with respect, hi
        3. ruskih
          ruskih 10 January 2017 13: 10
          +2
          Good afternoon, Nikolai! I will definitely look for what they wrote, interesting. And the beliefs of the Slavs, really remember yourself in an unfamiliar forest, if a person is alone, the orientation is lost and begins to drive, the thought involuntarily arises: "Goblin drives." This is how we are still connected with forest spirits, what can we say about those times.
          In general, the theme of religion and the state is endless.
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 10 January 2017 13: 24
            +1
            Good afternoon, Elena Nikolaevna! You are absolutely right. I like how it is still popular in Belarus in souvenirs - brownies, etc. And, whatever one may say, it is Belarus that has preserved most of the Old Slavic culture.
            1. ruskih
              ruskih 10 January 2017 14: 09
              +1
              Thank you so much for the comment above, I absolutely agree with you, they got ahead of me a bit, my dear men would also like to contact you.
              I love immeasurably to read your, namely informative, comments, let's be more polite to each other. Your personal relationships can be removed in personal correspondence. Yes, we are all different, we have different views on history. And with Vyacheslav Olegovich on some issues I absolutely disagree. But I think that each of us has enough negativity in life, so let's just talk a little at least on this page, share interesting information, give impetus to the search in the right direction With great respect to you.
              Nikolai, and house souvenirs, etc., mainly made in Russia, I always look at them with a smile, if it becomes easier for a person from such faith, let it be.
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 10 January 2017 14: 20
                +2
                Nikolai, and house souvenirs, etc., mainly made in Russia, I always look at them with a smile, if it becomes easier for a person from such faith, let it be.

                I don’t know whose production, my relatives constantly bring from Belarus)))) this is not faith, of course, but “the roots” are always nice to touch))) no, of course, not to the point of being stubborn, like some new followers of “old Slavic cults” ...
                And with Vyacheslav Olegovich on some issues I absolutely disagree.

                and I do not always agree. But I do not think that personal hostility should take the form of persecution - the first thread of comments on the article can only be called that. Yes, and more respect for each other will never hurt. The forum was created for communication, and our communication with you all is for discussion and the pleasure of discussion.
                1. ruskih
                  ruskih 10 January 2017 15: 24
                  +2
                  "The forum was created for communication, and our communication with all of you is for discussion and pleasure from discussion."
                  Two hands for! good
                2. Uncle Murzik
                  Uncle Murzik 11 January 2017 04: 42
                  +1
                  dear Mikado is the highest valor of the samurai according to Slavik Shpakovsky not devotion and service to the master, but self-interest, profit, betrayal! something new in history! not when she did not decorate a man! hi
                  1. kalibr
                    11 January 2017 07: 35
                    +1
                    Words and deeds - things are different! You can proclaim anything. It is important that people do quietly!
  6. Rakti-kali
    Rakti-kali 10 January 2017 11: 32
    +3
    Another article of "thick" content, but almost no meaning. Moreover, it contains many errors. What a pity that since the time of the article "About Tsuba" nothing has changed for the author - sheer illiterate graphomania.
    1. kalibr
      10 January 2017 12: 08
      +1
      It will be great if you write the material without errors and submit it here. All VO readers will be very grateful to you. But here's what is strange ... You remembered the material "On Tsuba" ... And he entered the chapter in the book "Samurai", which was most meticulously reviewed by specialists of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, for a grant. Considering how reluctant our state is to give money to someone, it was much more important for them to say “no” in an aggravated way than “yes,” this is obvious. But ... they said yes, although they made comments. So besides unfounded statements, it would be nice ... to read the same absolutely "error-free" article!
      1. Rakti-kali
        Rakti-kali 11 January 2017 09: 59
        +2
        Quote: kalibr
        Considering how reluctant our state is to give money to someone, it was much more important for them to say “no” in an aggravated way than “yes,” this is obvious.

        Vyacheslav, I myself know how carelessly and irresponsibly the state distributes grants. If I had less conscience, I would have my million and a half a year without even straining too much. The product at the exit, however, would be more reminiscent of what is made from recycled material and what is customary to sell in rolls, but if the goal is "to master the means," then who would care.
        Quote: kalibr
        You remembered the material "About tsuba" ...

        Quote: kalibr
        But ... they said yes, although they made comments.

        As for this material, it was an attempt to show that:
        and. The material should be of high quality, even if it is just an article on "VO";
        b. There should not be at least gross errors in the material;
        in. It is actually not difficult to prepare such material, provided, of course, you have at least some idea of ​​what you want to describe.
        Z. S. And yes, I did not start changing the terms of the agreement, did I?
        1. kalibr
          11 January 2017 17: 45
          0
          If I had less conscience, I would have had my million and a half a year without even really straining.
          That's what everyone says! Only usually it is not their conscience that bothers them, but the absence of something else. Everyone wants to go to heaven, but "would" interfere! I know a lot of such people. I "would" write no worse, I "would" do even better, I would, I would ... Well, do it! Would, would, would ... well then I will do as I can and not looking at your "would".
          1. Rakti-kali
            Rakti-kali 13 January 2017 09: 09
            0
            The way I see nothing prevents you ... Probably a good dancer ...
  7. Dekabrist
    Dekabrist 10 January 2017 14: 51
    +3
    Yes, the battle broke out worse than between Minamoto and Tyra.
    However, leaving aside all verbal exertions, as a person who has visited Japan not as a tourist and who has talked with different Japanese people in different situations, I’ll say in vain. A series of articles on this topic has been started in vain. This is a different world. And you can write about it only by passing it through yourself. Moreover, it is far from the fact that understanding will arise. And for an audience unprepared and using other people's words to reveal this topic is a super task.
    An indicative example is Yakumo Koizumi, by the first name - Lafkadio Hearn (Hearn). He received Japanese citizenship, adopted the Japanese name Koizumi Yakumo, and spent the last years of his life in Japan. Koizumi Yakumo, being fascinated by Japan, arrived in this country in April 1890 year. With the help of an old friend, he began teaching at a school in the city of Matsue, Shimane Prefecture. He was born on the Greek island of Lefkada from the mother of a Greek woman and father of an Irishman, and Japan honored him with the highest title of his national poet. The books of Lefkady Hirn are still considered to be an unattainable peak in the description of life, cultural values ​​and traditions of the East.
    But this is solely my opinion.
    1. kalibr
      10 January 2017 16: 33
      +1
      This is not a cycle, Victor! These will be three materials compiled from different sources and provided with beautiful "pictures". No claims for any over-tasks. Why are there any super-tasks at all? There are different levels of awareness from very popular to popular science and each has its own audience. But about your stay in Japan is interesting. If it's not difficult, write in a personal note what you did there ... And then only my students went there on my tip. And this is still someone else's eyes.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 11 January 2017 16: 12
        +2
        I believe kalibr won the verbal battle with opponents completely
        in the style of Zen: calmly and with a smile on his face - smile . Keep it up! good
  8. kytx
    kytx 11 January 2017 03: 04
    +4
    "Well, and also nagitata ... For samurai, it was the weapon of women."
    bliiiin. hand face.
    no longer mastered.
    I want to see a woman who is able, for example, to wave 80cm naginata on a 1.5 meter pole.
    the fact that women preferred naginata does not mean that it is a female weapon.
    when my wife puts on my bathrobe she does not turn into a man.
    Sir Shpakovsky, read something Bazhenova, so that the club is not so cruel.
    1. kalibr
      11 January 2017 07: 31
      0
      You do not need to write nonsense! There are many woodcuts depicting women with naginatas and the Japanese perceived this as ... the norm.
      1. kytx
        kytx 11 January 2017 17: 10
        +1
        you yourself have written nonsense and persist in your ignorance. hereinafter, the article yourself is illustrated to yourself quite severely by samurai men with naginatas. There are a bunch of images of heroes with naginatas.
        The bow, spear, naginata, and the sword at the end of this list are like weapons of the battlefield.
        And do not try to move to the Edo period, there were no longer wars there, but essentially gang warfare.
        Before you write articles on such topics, you should lightly fumble in the history of the issue, which is not observed by you.
        But do not be discouraged :).
        I’ve seen foreign authors who sell books in batches, and there are such fabulous nonsense that hold on!
        1. kalibr
          11 January 2017 17: 33
          0
          Do you even know them personally? Yes? So I just published the book "Samurai. The first complete encyclopedia". It was reviewed by the staff of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, moreover, the book received a grant from the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation, this is in our days of chronic lack of money ... Before that, the book Atlas of the Samurai (Rosmen 2007) and Knights of the East (Pomatur, 2000) were published, well and a number of relevant scientific articles on this topic.
          Demonstrate at least one of my articles on this topic and I will apologize to you publicly for not knowing, but I wrote ...
          1. kytx
            kytx 11 January 2017 22: 20
            0
            "Show me at least one article on this topic and I will apologize to you publicly."
            I'm not going to measure 3.14_3.14_ with you and I don’t need an apology. How could such a thing come to mind?
            this trick is known, as are the characters who use it
            http://lurkmore.to/Сперва_добейся

            you are not a researcher, you are like a child who tears off his horse’s legs sincerely thinking that he will understand how it works.
            I am very sorry that I left a comment on your article, it was frivolous on my part.
            1. kalibr
              12 January 2017 08: 46
              0
              Well, you always have to think first, and only then write. The trouble with many of our people is that they do not know their place, but are in a hurry to express their opinion, believing that it matters. But it ... doesn’t have it! But it’s good that you know how to admit your mistakes. Most do not!
              1. kytx
                kytx 13 January 2017 18: 22
                0
                well you uncle is strong to distort gee gee
        2. kalibr
          12 January 2017 18: 34
          0


          In my opinion this is a woman, at least under the picture it is written so ...
    2. rasteer
      rasteer 11 January 2017 07: 45
      +1
      Well, how could Shpakovsky not be completely wrong.
      It all depends on the historical moment until the Edo period, it was the main weapon of the monks auxiliary to the samurai and then already female.
      In the Edo period, it became primarily a weapon of female self-defense, the second sporting among the samurai, the reason for the lack of large-scale conflicts.
      At the expense of size, here, too, everything is conditional, it’s not AKs that are stamped at the factory by the thousands, in different eras and depending on the destination, its size could fluctuate within 1,2-2,5 m.
      1. Knizhnik
        Knizhnik 11 January 2017 09: 52
        +4
        the monk sokhei naginata was, in modern terms, "weapon number 1", but this does not mean that he did not have a sword.
        The samurai's weapons also included a naginata. So it is not entirely correct to call it a "female weapon".
        1. rasteer
          rasteer 11 January 2017 13: 20
          +1
          Again, I repeat in the Edo period, the monks were forbidden to carry weapons at all, and due to the lack of real combat demand for the samurai, the naginata became more like a sports equipment. Therefore, during this period, she becomes a female weapon.
          In earlier periods, military weapons were naginat that every self-respecting samurai was obliged to possess, and for military monks it turned out to be even more preferable than a spear, this is most likely due to the lack of full cavalry at the monasteries. And therefore, it has become, as it were, a visiting card of a sekh.
          In general, of course, to say that naginata is a purely female weapon is not correct, but this belief was based on its role in the Edo period.
          1. Knizhnik
            Knizhnik 11 January 2017 14: 18
            +2
            Naturally, it was about time before the Edo period; it is known that in the framework of the struggle against rebellions by the indicated period, temple armies ceased to exist.
            Interestingly, until the Edo period, in those few mentions of women with weapons, naginata appear no more often than a sword or bow.
            By the way, Ellis Amdur (Ellis Amdur), the author of books on martial arts, in his work Women Warriors of Japan. The Role of the Arms-Bearing Women in Japanese History provides such an explanation of the choice of women to naginata. In the preceding times of total wars, women were often the only defenders of houses. In his opinion, naginata is good against cavalry, because robbers often attacked horses (as you correctly noted about sahei); besides she was fit for hold enemy on foot with a sword in the distance, as in closer combat, the man’s advantage became more pronounced. So, until now, in naginat schools, a fighter with a sword acts as a likely opponent, which should be attacked (and not defended!) With a clear blow to the armor section.
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 12 January 2017 00: 42
      +1
      Here is such a girl - easily!
      1. Knizhnik
        Knizhnik 12 January 2017 09: 25
        0
        In fact, it’s rather difficult to imagine Onna-bugeysya, but generally from just from a samurai estate with her hair loose.

        I don’t know about you, but I really like the hairstyle. In the middle ages it was more
        1. kalibr
          12 January 2017 18: 30
          0
          I also really like this photo. It would be interesting to consider the logo on the cuirass ...
          1. Knizhnik
            Knizhnik 13 January 2017 08: 41
            0
            It’s hard to see, but I believe that this is Kaji-mon 梶 紋 - a mulberry tree leaf - a symbol of health, strength and prudence.

            Unfortunately, I don’t know yet who is depicted, otherwise it would be easier to identify.
  9. Knizhnik
    Knizhnik 11 January 2017 10: 23
    0
    Famous swordsmen of medieval Japan found in Zen Buddhism not only the desired ideology, but also ways to expand the scope of human capabilities (something is practiced in one form or another and in modern power structures). The famous monk Takuan was interested in the theoretical side of martial art, made acquaintances by such masters as Miyamoto Musashi. He belongs to the statement that the state of the fencer in battle is similar to meditative. The famous parable about the samurai and the master of the tea ceremony echoes this.
    1. kalibr
      11 January 2017 17: 41
      0
      That's right, only Musashi ... "sh" is not in Japanese!
      1. Knizhnik
        Knizhnik 12 January 2017 09: 14
        0
        Finally, someone found fault with this "sh". To be honest, I wanted to write "s", then I thought, suddenly they will say - here is not "s", but "w". Do you know the anecdote about Nasruddin riding a donkey? For God's sake, let it be Musashi, that's not the point. hi
        1. Knizhnik
          Knizhnik 12 January 2017 09: 35
          0
          I recalled, by the way, in the 80s during the period of keen interest in karate and other things, in books bought on the subway it was written in English transcription - mavashi, kiokushinkai, you see, since then the habit has remained laughing
          1. kalibr
            12 January 2017 18: 23
            0
            We have all the bars in Penza - sushi, cars - Mitsubishi ... Well ... what will you do ?! Just now my granddaughter is teaching Japanese, well, and I fall at the same time with her.
  10. Jääkorppi
    Jääkorppi 11 January 2017 21: 56
    +1
    The article is good, very interesting, but heaping Japanese feudalism, German fascism and communist ideology into a heap is illiterate. Calling different socio - economic formations in one word. The author opposes totalitarianism to the supposedly humane liberalism and democracy, although bourgeois, like feudal, democracy is in fact the exploitation of man by man. Request to the author or write only about Japanese culture or learn materiel. Since any attempts to evaluate certain historical events without using dialectical materialism are essentially nonsense and liberal propaganda!
    1. kalibr
      12 January 2017 08: 42
      0
      Quote: JääKorppi
      Request to the author either to write only about Japanese culture or to learn materiel.

      I always pay great attention to the requests of readers. But this is impossible. Firstly, about the materiel. I work at the Department of Philosophy and Social Communications, where the atmosphere of diamat and istmath reigns already - probably you mean it? And secondly, who likes what ... there was communist propaganda, why not be liberal? Will have to endure!