Military Review

On the effectiveness of Soviet fighter air regiments in the Great Patriotic War

9

This year the country will celebrate the 67 anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. But after so many years after the termination of that terrible war, stories its full of white spots. One of such white spots is the history of the Soviet fighter aviation, or rather its main tactical formation - fighter regiments. What have we known about them for over 60 years? At first, back in Soviet times, everywhere you could find only information about the regiments in which A.I. fought Pokryshkin and I.N. Kozhedub, sometimes even without mentioning regiment numbers. Moreover, when it came to Kozhedub, for some reason everything came down to a large extent to the 176th Guards Iap, in which he had been flying since the end of August 1944. And somehow, rather modestly, as if in passing, 178 giap were mentioned, although in it he won 3/4 of his victories, took place as an ace. Sometimes information was provided about 18 giap, which, after all, still flew with the Normandy-Niemen.


Glimpsed materials and the shelf of Lev Shestakova, 9 giap, also often without a number and full name, and even more often associated with the period of defense of Odessa. Much has been written about the first Twice Hero fighter pilot Air Force SF B.F. Safonov, but also, as a rule, the number and full name of the regiment were not mentioned. As a kind of breakthrough, the edition in 1972 of the book about the combat route of the 16 Air Force, in which a large number of numbers of air regiments, their honorary titles and awards was mentioned, is now remembered. Over the past 20 years, of course, there has also been some progress for the better: thanks, first and foremost, to aviation enthusiasts, and not to professional military historians, monographs appeared on the history of a number of fighter air regiments of the Great Patriotic War - 32 and 40 Guards; 402 iap, some more parts. But the fact is that it is a drop in the ocean. Few people know that according to the lists of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces, the Army in the period from 812 to 22.06.41 and from 9.05.45 to 9.08.45 in various periods of hostilities was 3.09.45 fighter regiments of the Air Force, Air Defense and Aviation Navy. The figure is impressive, especially since most of them are little known to many who are interested in both the history of aviation and the history of the Second World War, in particular. It was these considerations that in 420-s made me, bit by bit, getting from the poor to the truthful and complete information of the then sources, to start collecting and systematizing everything connected with the Soviet fighter aviation, first of all with its main tactical combat formation - fighter regiments, and try sometime to get enough complete and accurate information. And over time, if God gives, then make it all accessible to anyone interested in the history of aviation, as well as military history and the history of the Second World War.

After getting acquainted with Mikhail Bykov, who later grew into a friendship, he was the first in our country to gather and systematize tremendous information about the Soviet aces of the Great Patriotic War and, as a result, released a wonderful, I’m not afraid of this word, work: “Soviet Aces 1941-1945. Victory Stalin falcons, born creative union. The result of this alliance is many years of working with archival documents, primarily in the Central Department of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation (Podolsk), and, practically, by 95-97 percent ready material for the reference book on fighter regiments of the 1941-1945 years the composition of the Army. I want to say at once that there will not be a number of regiments that existed at that time, but were not mentioned in the lists of units that were part of the Active Army (for example, 167 iap, the entire war was in SAVO). And, in fact, it will be a brief history of each regiment from the moment of its formation until the moment of its disbandment, including a number of regiments that stopped their history just recently, in the 2009 year, during the so-called military reforms. The emphasis, of course, will be on the period of the war, the full combat path of the regiment will be given, all its awards and honorary names with numbers and order dates, the types of aircraft on which each regiment flew, the results of combat work (the number of combat sorties, air battles, planes shot down and destroyed on the ground, other equipment destroyed during the ground attack, their losses in materiel and personnel). If any regiment participated in the pre-war (oz. Hassan, Khalkhin-Gol, the Soviet-Finnish war, etc.) or post-war conflicts (Korea), then information about this and the results of combat activities will also be given in full. This directory will not contain air regiments that were formed in the post-war period, beginning with the 1949 year and up to the 80-s of the 20-th century. The book will provide a brief historical background on 420 fighter regiments. Why brief? - Because the full story of almost every regiment will draw on a full-fledged monograph of several hundred pages, namely: the 172 Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Air Force of the SC, which reached the 9 of May of 1945 of the year; 92 air defense IA regiment, who fought on the Soviet-German front; 74 Fighter Aviation Regiment, which took part in hostilities, but disbanded in 1941-1943; 45 regiments who fought with Japan in August 1945, but did not participate in the battles on the Soviet-German front; The 37 regiments of the Navy Air Force IA, i.e. all four fleets, which in different periods of World War II were fighting. Naturally, this work will, finally, in a more or less complete form, answer this question, which has been wondering for many years to those who are more or less involved in the history of aviation and military history in general, as about the effectiveness of fighter regiments because the destruction of enemy aircraft in the air is one of the main tasks of the IA. In addition to full information on the results of the combat work of each regiment, as an application, the ratings of fighter air regiments of the Air Force of the Spacecraft and Air Defense of the Soviet-German front will be placed according to the number of enemy aircraft destroyed, primarily, of course, the air. This is not about battles with Japan in August 1945, because naval fighters. If we talk about 5 victories of the Air Force and Air Defense, then 3 of them are behind the regiments that were transferred from the West in the summer of 45. Now about the naval regiments: while there are some difficulties in a number of, first of all, the Baltic and also the Black Sea air regiments, in terms of the full picture of the results of their combat work in the war, which, in turn, does not allow making the final rating with sufficient reliability. the rating list "will include 338 fighter air regiments of the Air Force and Air Defense (172 Air Force regiments of the spacecraft," surviving "until May 9, 45th; 92 air defense regiments and 74 regiments disbanded during the war). , since a number of regiments, primarily the air defense, as well as several disbanded ones, did not have victories.At least, to date, not a single operational and reporting document has been found indicating the victories of the pilots of these air regiments. and how these lists were compiled, I will tell in part 338. I will also publish the rating lists themselves with a number of comments (more detailed than will be given in the appendix that is being prepared for work).

The main sources for determining the results of the combat work of one or another regiment, both throughout the history of the Second World War in general, and by victories in particular, can be divided into 3 groups.

1. The first group included the 172 regiment of the Air Force KA, which "survived" until 9 May 1945. In this group, everything is relatively simple and clear, because 31.05.1945 was also issued by the Air Force KA Directive No. XXUMX, which obliged all aviation regiments and individual air squadrons of all aircraft crews to submit 639734 to the Organizational-Mobilization Directorate of the Air Force KA "Summary of formation and combat work in war" by the end of June. Each regiment and a separate air squadron were supposed to give complete information, already clarified, because all the hostilities were completed, all the results were summed up, and the counts on the combat work done for the whole war, with a breakdown for each year of the war, were provided. The document was only called a “brief note”, but in fact it presented a multi-page report that included several sections: participation on fronts; combat work (the number of sorties divided by the types of tasks performed); the number of destroyed enemy aircraft (in the air and on the ground); the number of destroyed other equipment and manpower of the enemy; their own loss of aircraft (combat and non-combat) with the division into types and brands; their loss of personnel; the amount and types of ammunition consumed; the number of restored engines and aircraft; Awarded with orders and medals of the USSR personnel (as of the beginning of June 1945). The document was prepared in 4 copies, one copy each, respectively, to the regiment, to the division, to the Air Army or the District Air Force, to the KA Air Force Headquarters. But there are certain difficulties. The fact is that not all regimental and divisional funds of the TsO MO have these certificates, but they are fully available in the army funds, except for what reasons 3,4 and 7 air armies, as well as in the Air Force KA headquarters. But! The documents of the Air Force headquarters of the spacecraft to this day are not declassified, they have not yet been removed from the neck "owl." secretly. " As a result, on the 21 regiment of 172, which were part of the units indicated by me of the three air armies, I still could not see brief references, although I know where they are. The fact is that the documents of the funds of the Main and Central Administrations of the Ministry of Defense can be declassified only by representatives of these departments (in this case, the General Staff of the Russian Air Force). Last time was in the summer of 2006. After the start of the so-called reform of the Armed Forces, in 2007 and later years, there was simply no one to deal with this issue, they shortened the people. And the archive itself has not yet received the right to declassify these documents, its powers end at the front-line level. Therefore, for the twenty-one regiments, the data was formed on the basis of Historical Forms, although, as practice has shown, most of the forms of the regiments, percent 75-80, are still not entirely accurate, since information was entered in stages, even during the conduct of hostilities, when not all data were specified. As an example, the 157 form iap: step-by-step maintenance of it gives when summing up 320 victories, while at the same time concluding the section "participating in battles and campaigns" without any reference to anything and without any other numbers, a record suddenly appears - over the years of war shot down the enemy's 422 !!!

2. The second group included the 92 Fighter Aviation Regiment. Here, too, at first glance, everything is quite simple: 4.07.1945 issued the Air Force Fighter Aviation Directive No. 1420956 Directive "On the Outcomes of Combat Activity for the Great Patriotic War." Each regiment and compound had to submit final reports to the headquarters of the air defense fighter aircraft in the prescribed form. The form was significantly different from the brief information in the Air Force KA, but allowed in full measure to judge the combat work done. But in this group of regiments the problem is that not all the regimental and compound funds have these reports, but only on the order of 60-65 percent. But there are no funds of air defense associations of the times of the war, as well as the Fund of the IA headquarters of the Air Defense Forces, there is only the post-war fund of the Air Defense Forces of the country starting from 1961, (of course, it is still classified today). Therefore, with respect to the remaining 35-40 percent of the regiments, they had to use data from historical forms, as well as operational documents and current reporting of the connections that included the indicated shelves.

3. And finally, the third group consisted of the 74 regiment disbanded during the war. This is the most difficult group, primarily due to the fact that the funds of many regiments are completely absent or contain only documents of party and Komsomol organizations. Also for the 1941-1942 period, it is also characterized by the fact that the funds of the formations, which included regiments with an insufficiently developed system of monthly reporting on the results of combat work, were not entirely complete. Therefore, for the third group, we had to use many sources - these were operational reports, reports of various structures (formations, air forces of the armies and fronts, air groups), submissions for conversion into guards or for awarding part of the order, reserve documents of aviation divisions and air regiments (due to the fact that that in 1941-1942, because of the practice of completing the shelves of young people not firing and throwing them without proper training into battle, where the shelves burned down like a match, for one to three weeks, after which the remaining 2-3 of the aircraft and XNU The MX-1 pilots were transferred to another regiment, and the control and regimental headquarters were again sent to the reserve regiment for re-staffing, as a rule, the command of these regiments made reports on short-term stays on the front for the reserve regiment, and, in some cases, award documents on regiment commanders, as sometimes the only source of obtaining a more or less complete picture, for example, 4 iap. As a result, this group of regiments still has certain gaps in the completeness of information on the results of combat work.

Now, when the main sources are identified, from which the final data were taken, which served also for the preparation of the rating list of regimental effectiveness, it is possible to proceed to the rating itself. It is composed according to the principle of decreasing the number of victories: the number of the regiment is given (in case it is a guards regiment, then its number is given in brackets before the conversion; just as if the regiment changed the number); then comes the number of downed enemy aircraft; the next figure, in parentheses, is the total number of enemy aircraft destroyed, including those destroyed and on the ground; and the last figures indicate the total number of sorties made by the pilots of this regiment. If necessary, then there are additional comments.


1.5 giap (129 iap) - 657 (739), 15464
2.402 ip - 591 (810), 13511
3.16 giap (55 iap) - 587 (618), 13681
4.15 ip - 537 (580), 10360; approx. - in the "Winter War": shot down 1 aircraft, committed 509 b / departure
5.129 giap (27 iap) - 521 (546), 11296
6.32 giap (434 iap) - 519 (538), 9002
7.9 giap (69 iap) - 507 (558), 15237
8.4 iap - 472 (547), 10774; approx. - in the “Winter War”: there are no downed enemy planes, 2590 b / c accomplished.
9.728 ip - 466 (490), 11109
10.43 ip - 459 (509), 13251
11.66 giap (875 / 429 / 160 iap) - 451 (451), 9055
12.177 giap (193 iap) - 443 (463), 10418
13.866 ip - 440 (463), 9272
14.111 giap (13 iap) - 433 (448), 9651
15.40 giap (131 iap) - 431 (468), 14864
16.29 giap (154 iap) - 429 (458), 13061; ca. - a) in the spring of 1950 in the People's Republic of China: 2 of the aircraft was shot down, X / NUMX was committed b / departure; b) the war in Korea: 80 planes shot down, xNUMX used b / number of sorties.
17.100 giap (45 iap) - 429 (447), 8223
18.104 giap (298 iap) - 423 (437), 10676
19.274 ip - 423 (454), 9872
20.32 ip - 412 (412), 10242
21.18 giap (6 iap) - 407 (427), 12704; approx. - war in Korea: 96 aircraft shot down, X / NUMX (departure / departure) committed.
22.28 giap (153 iap) - 406 (511), 14303; ca. - a) "Winter War": no downed aircraft, committed 1064 b / departure; b) the war in Korea: 36 planes shot down, more than 700 b / c committed.
23.21 giap (38 iap) - 398 (402), 10549; ca. - "Winter War": shot down 12 aircraft, committed 1869 b / departures.
24.86 giap (744 iap) - 393 (433), 10865
25.115 giap (146 iap) - 391 (445), 8895
26.176 giap (19 iap) - 389 (445), 8522; ca. - a) "Winter War": shot down 3 (5), committed 3646 b / departure; b) the war in Korea: 107 planes shot down, more than 3000 b / c committed.
27.812 ip - 389 (505), 7562
28.159 ip - 387 (387), 8681
29.3 giap (155 iap) - 384 (384), 19825
30.63 giap (169 iap) - 382 (382), 5871; approx. - All publications indicate 392 shot down the aircraft, but neither a brief reference, nor the source. This is not confirmed by the form.
31.30 giap (180 iap) - 381 (385), 9661
32.150 giap (183 iap) - 379 (396), 6487
33.291 ip - 376 (425), 7894
34.85 giap (2 iap) - 375 (398), 13683
35.178 giap (240 iap) - 372 (375), 5883
36.156 giap (247 iap) - 371 (385), 13021
37.73 giap (296 iap) - 369 (387), 13781
38.163 ip - 366 (366), 7960
39.67 giap (436 iap) - 359 (359), 8836
40.42 giap (8 iap) - 357 (370), 10109; ca. - brief information is missing in the regiment, division and 4BA funds; Based on the data from the "Journal of the registration of flight combat work."
41.897 ip - 356 (356), 9103
42.31 ip - 350 (381), 11725
43.1 giap (29 iap) - 347 (364), 11641
44.164 ip - 346 (382), 11418
45.116 ip - 340 (342), 7866
46.179 giap (297 iap) - 339 (341), 5067
47.659 ip - 337 (342), 10405
48.65 giap (653 iap) - 329 (331), 7690
49.157 ip - 326 (382), 9885
50.14 giap (7 iap) - 325 (371), 12976; ca. - "Winter War": shot down 64 (82) of the aircraft, committed 4885 b / departure.
51.152 giap (270 iap) - 319 (319), 9736
52.191 ip - 318 (339), 7311
53.151 giap (427 iap) - 315 (317), 6471
54.293 ip - 315 (315), 5453
55.233 ip - 313 (313), 6870
56.213 giap (508 iap) - 311 (311), 5306
57.116 giap (563 iap) - 306 (306), 10174; approx. - the mention in all publications of the 316 downed aircraft does not correspond to the brief reference, in the historical form also the total value of the downed aircraft by period is equal to 307.
58.2 giap (526 / 23 ip) - 303 (327), 7739; ca. - "Winter War": shot down 2 (2) of the aircraft, committed 529 b / departure.
59.64 giap (271 iap) - 302 (333), 7374
60.72 giap (485 iap) - 302 (362), 8347; ca. - The war in Korea: 15 aircraft shot down, more than 200 b / h was committed.
61.181 giap (239 iap) - 301 (346), 10187
62.41 giap (40 iap) - 299 (340), 14140
63.88 giap (166 iap) - 296 (357), 8037
64.106 giap (814 iap) - 296 (314), 8730
65.263 ip - 288 (398), 7542; approx. - brief information is missing in the regimental, divisional and 4BA funds; data from the sources. a form in which separate summaries of the war are given on the basis of a brief summary of the activities and activities of 401 and OH, which was reformed into 263 and 16.08.41.
66.112 giap (236 iap) - 284 (284), 11692
67.163 giap (249 iap) - 282 (287), 21026
68.91 ip - 281 (300), 7674
69.21 iap - 279 (293), 13478; approx. - brief information is missing in the regimental, divisional, and 3BA funds, the results are based on the interim results of the combat operation of the 259 IAD.
70.92 ip - 279 (286), 11285
71.89 giap (12 iap) - 278 (289), 7279
72.66 ip - 274 (278), 5828
73.148 ip - 272 (306), 7088; approx. - "Winter War": shot down 3 (3) of the aircraft, committed 1120 b / departure.
74.159 giap (88 iap) - 268 (342), 18193
75.774 ip - 267 (268), 5819
76.845 ip - 267 (282), 7116; approx. - brief information is missing in the regiment, division and 4BA funds; Compiled on the basis of operad.document and ist. form.
77.212 giap (438 iap) - 265 (274), 6754
78.133 ip - 262 (267), 6233
79.347 ip - 262 (268), 8316
80.107 giap (867 / 268 ip) - 257 (257), 6753; ca. - the brief information takes into account the results of the work of the regiment from December 1942 - 221 downed and 6297 b / departure, after reshaping, but there is no data on the work of 220 in the 1942 IAD in September and about the work as 286 in Crimea in May 1942.
81.482 ip - 257 (289), 7748
82.27 giap (123 iap) - 254 (273), 7659
83.68 giap (46 iap) - 252 (307), 8737
84.162 ip - 251 (251), 11822; approx. - a brief reference was made on the basis of the results of combat work, starting with 22.02.43, after re-re-forming from sap to IAP; at the same time, the regiment's formal form covers the entire period, including and May 1942-February 1943, when the regiment was mixed
From here to the data of the help-201 downed and 8549 b / departure-added data on combat work for 1941-1942 years.
85.515 ip - 249 (258), 6717
86.176 ip - 247 (251), 8938
87.161 ip (2 -th forms.) - 246 (256), 5920
88.69 giap (10 iap) - 245 (268), 7085
89.103 giap (158 iap) - 245 (245), 6852
90.53 giap (512 iap) - 244 (272), 9129
91.56 giap (520 iap) - 242 (258), 5988
92.486 ip - 242 (264), 8346
93.265 ip - 242 (242), 6711
94.137 giap (160 iap) - 241 (288), 7627
95.287 ip - 234 (235), 6223; approx. - There is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 4BA funds; it is based on operative documents.
96.248 ip - 230 (241), 4826; approx. - because the regiment in October 1944 was reorganized into 9 Polish IAP, the data are based on operad documents.
97.133 giap (42 iap) - 228 (242), 9226
98.19 giap (145 iap) - 226 (233), 9941; ca. - a) "Winter War": shot down 5 (5) aircraft, committed 1125 b / departure; b) there is no brief reference in the regiment, division, and 7BA funds; it is based on a very detailed historical form.
99.211 giap (9 iap) - 226 (229), 8387
100.269 ip - 226 (243), 8118
101.139 giap (20 iap) - 224 (249), 10688; ca. - Korean War: 14 aircraft shot down, X / Numx b / c done
102.171 ip - 223 (262), 7600
103.149 giap (6 iap) - 221 (233), 7434
104.519 ip - 217 (227), 7872
105.127 iap - 216 (241), 10879; approx. - The war in Korea: 33 aircraft shot down, no exact data on w / flights.
106.149 ip - 215 (249), more than 8650; approx. - a) the brief information is not in the regiment, division and 4BA funds; it is based on the operative documents and the historical form; b) "Winter War": shot down 26 (26) aircraft, committed 425 b / departure.
107.113 giap (437 iap) - 214 (214), 7128
108.976 ip - 214 (222), 9700; approx. - a brief reference is not in the regiment, division, and 3BA funds; based on operas. 259 documents IDA and regimental form.
109.31 giap (273 iap) - 213 (219), 16677
110.180 giap (181 iap) - 213 (244), 7695
111.49 ip - 209 (218), 8173; approx. - a) there is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 4BA funds, based on operas. documents and historical form; b) "Winter War": shot down 28 (28) aircraft, committed 4466 b / departure.
112.267 ip - 209 (218), 8631
113.172 ip - 206 (206), 10793
114.611 ip - 204 (248), 7842
115.721 ip - 204 (208), 7207
116.54 giap (237 iap) - 200 (200), 7166
117.518 ip - 200 (216), 5260; approx. - Korean War: 38 airplanes shot down, no exact data about sorties
118.20 giap (147 iap) - 197 (216), 8768; ca. - a) "Winter War": no downed, committed 2030 b / departure; b) there is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 7BA funds, it is based on a very detailed historical form.
119.937 ip - 193 (238), 2629
120.57 giap (36 iap) - 190 (216), 10633
121.156 ip - 190 (235), 6470; approx. - there is no brief information in the regiment, division and 4BA funds; data from the history of the form, in which the totals for the war are given separately on the basis of brief information.
122.813 ip - 184 (234), 3950; approx. - There is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 4BA funds, based on operas. documents.
123.254 ip - 181 (199), 9800; approx. - there is no brief comparison in the funds of the regiment and the air force HVO; data is taken from the characteristics of the regiment when it is accepted into the 178 IAD Air Force HVO 26.05.1945.
124.483 ip - 178 (180), 4438
125.168 giap (737 iap) - 164 (254), 9461
126.148 giap (910 iap) - 162 (180), 4460; ca. - war in Korea: 40 aircraft shot down, X / NUMX b / c done.
127.122 ip - 161 (164), 7730
128.11 giap (44 iap) - 160 (189), 8477; ca. - "Winter War": shot down 3 (3) of the aircraft, committed 3477 b / departure.
129.192 ip - 159 (186), 4307
130.182 ip - 156 (173), more than 4457
131.101 giap (84-a iap) - 155 (260), 5834
132.431 ip - 155 (211), 7840
133.790 ip - 149 (152), 6095
134.17 ip - 147 (161), 8054; approx. - a) Soviet-Japanese war: shot down 1 aircraft, committed 78 b / departure; b) the war in Korea: 108 planes shot down, 4226 used b / number of sorties.
135.272 ip - 147 (156), 3421; approx. - there is no brief reference in the regimental and Air Force funds of the BVI; it is based on operas. documents and history forms.
136.165 ip - 146 (169), 7650
137.195 ip - 146 (173), 5861
138.761 ip - 142 (147), 7139; approx. - There is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 3BA funds, based on operas. 259 iad documents
139.979 ip - 141 (141), 8501; approx. - there is no brief reference in the regiment, division, and 4BA funds; it is compiled on the basis of operative documents and historical form.
140.760 ip - 137 (138), 5890
141.484 ip - 135 (135), 5164; approx. - There is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 4BA funds, based on operas. documents and historical forms
142.609 ip - 135 (194), 5673
143.55 giap (581 iap) - 134 (138), 3217
144.832 ip - 132 (139), 3850; approx. - In October, the 1944 regiment was reorganized into the 11 Polish IAP, based on the operative documents and the history form
145.126 ip - 131 (226), 3610
146.517 ip - 128 (138), 5299; approx. - war in Korea: 38 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data
147.179 ip - 126 (128), 8124
148.494 ip - 122 (133), 6808; approx. - war in Korea: 25 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data
149.146 giap (487 iap) - 118 (122), 13844 (here is the total number of all sorties for the war)
150.41 ip - 118 (145), 4459; approx. - Compiled on the basis of submission to the rank of Guards in June 1942 and the political additions of the regiment.
151.53 ip - 118 (148), 3021
152.739 ip - 118 (155), 5633
153.907 ip - 118 (118), 2680
154.11 ip - 117 (117), 7288
155.38 giap (629 iap) - 116 (116), 4754
156.117 giap (975 iap) - 116 (139), 8198
157.168 ip - 114 (151), 12080
158.523 ip - 114 (115), 8325; approx. - Korean War: 102 aircraft shot down, 3821 b / c done.
159.927 ip - 113 (113), 3061
160.196 ip - 112 (112), 5022; approx. - War in Korea: 108 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data.
161.145 giap (253 iap) - 111 (136), 5600
162.428 ip - 110 (135), 3598
163.28 ip - 109 (137), 7957
164.34 ip - 109 (109), 7811
165.147 giap (630 iap) - 108 (108), 4475; approx. - War in Korea: 18 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data.
166.513 ip - 108 (108), 7274
167.522 ip - 105 (+ 6 presumably), 2127; approx. - Compiled on the basis of operad.documents.
168.900 ip - 101 (113) - 5601
169.185 ip - 100 (100), 2684
170.39 giap (731 iap) - 96 (96), 3643
171.821 ip - 92 (129), 6281; approx. - war in Korea: 45 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data
172.926 ip - 89 (89), 1659; approx. - There is no brief information in the funds of the regiment and the HVO Air Force; it is compiled on the basis of operative documents and historical form.
173.84 giap (788 / 282 ip) - 88 (88), 3025
174.306 ip - 88 (123), 3123
175.805 ip - 88 (92), 5952
176.896 ip - 88 (88), 1261; approx. - There is no brief information in the funds of the regiment and the HVO Air Force; it is based on operas. documents and history forms.
177.234 ip - 85 (85), 3241
178.16 ip - 84 (84), 4198; approx. - a) drawn up on the basis of the submission of the regiment to the rank of Guards in April 1945; b) Korean War: 26 aircraft shot down, 1762 committed b / departure
179.26 giap (26 iap) - 80 (107), 8648; ca. - "Winter War": shot down 3 (3) of the plane, committed 3477
180.67 ip - 80 (80), 4002
181.355 ip - 79 (89), 2438
182.521 ip - 79 (79), 2261
183.33 ip - 78 (132), 5188
184.177 ip - 78 (78), 4708; approx. - a) drawn up on the basis of the submission of the regiment to the rank of Guards in April 1945; b) Korean War: 24 aircraft shot down, xNUMX used b / number of sorties
185.197 ip - 77 (77), more than 1994; approx. - There is no brief information in the funds of the regiment and the HVO Air Force; documents and history forms.
186.102 giap (124 iap) - 73 (73), 5497
187.769 ip - 73 (73), 2885
188.863 ip - 72 (83), 4822
189.283 ip - 71 (80), 3982
190.152 ip - 69 (80), 4106; approx. - a) "Winter War": no downed aircraft, committed 1435 b / departure; b) there is no brief reference in the regiment, division, and 7BA funds; it is based on operas. documents and history forms.
191.530 ip - 69 (69), 1205
192.268 ip - 66 (66), more than 3515; approx. - there are no accurate data on the b / departures in the 310 IAD air defense, at the same time 9 downed in its composition of the aircraft are confirmed by all documents, up to the headquarters of the Air Defense Aircraft Information Agency.
193.768 ip - 62 (62), 3124
194.83 giap (572 iap) - 59 (59), b / departures, no accurate data.
195.170 ip - 59 (72), 2789
196.50 ip - 58 (111), 7599
197.445 ip - 56 (56), 4664
198.580 ip - 53 (66), 511
199.628 ip - 53 (55), 4730
200.12 giap (120 iap) - 51 (74), 8014
201.25 ip - 51 (51), 2503; approx. - "Winter War": shot down 45 (45) aircraft, committed 3860 b / departure.
202.352 ip - 51 (64), 3569
203.573 ip - 50 (50), more than 2959
204.848 ip - 50 (50), 1940
205.562 ip - 49 (54), 3163
206.415 ip - 48 (50), 5274; approx. - war in Korea: 28 aircraft shot down, b / departures, no exact data
207.24 ip - 46 (at least), more than 528; approx. - there are no documents in the regiment's fund, there is only data on the BR of the regiment for 1942 a year in the reports of 2 UAG Air Force SZF; for the 1941 year, no documents on the BR could be found.
208.238 ip - 46 (46), 1952
209.266 ip - 45 (45), more than 2000
210.56 ip - 43 (47), 1671; approx. - battles at Khalkhin Gol: 153 of aircraft was shot down, 4737 was committed b / departure
211.426 ip - 41 (41), 549
212.767 ip - 41 (54), 2222
213.144 ip (740 / 283 ip) - 40 (40), 2326
214.591 ip - 40 (up to 60), 5164
215.827 iap - 39 (39), b / departures, no accurate data
216.178 ip - 38 (38), 4183
217.246 ip - 38 (38), 323
218.286 ip - 37 (37), 5048
219.743 ip - 36 (36), 2491
220.787 ip (423 iap) - 36 (36), b / departures, no accurate data
221.440 iap - 35 (44), b / departures, no accurate data
222.745 ip (425 / 161 ip) - 35 (35), 1389
223.35 ip - 34 (34), 3686
224.651 ip - 33 (33), 996
225.960 ip - 32 (32), 1848
226.163 ip (1 form-i) - 31 (declared), 310
227.417 ip (926 ip defense) - 30 (30), 1857
228.184 ip - 29 (31), 3641
229.89 ip - 28 (28), 1550
230.188 ip - 28 (35), 1492
231.194 ip - 27 (59), 1503
232.909 ip - 27 (41), 2769
233.383 ip - 26 (26), 2077
234.409 ip - 26 (26), 2674
235.792 ip - 26 (26), 314
236.441 iap - 25 (25), b / departures, no accurate data
237.773 ip - 25 (31), 2375; approx. - There is no brief reference in the regiment, division and 7BA funds, based on operas. documents and history forms.
238.894 ip - 25 (25), 1554
239.966 ip - 25 (25), 721
240.435 ip - 24 (27), 3202
241.495 ip - 24 (24), 5731
242.509 ip - 24 (24), 556
243.929 ip - 24 (24), 3401
244.23 ip - 23 (41), 2255
245.524 ip - 23 (29), 2454
246.895 ip - 23 (23), 577
247.439 ip - 22 (22), 1004
248.862 ip - 21 (23), 1029
249.961 iap - 21 (21), b / departures, no accurate data
250.295 ip - 20 (20), 586
251.401 ip defense - 18 (18), 434
252.404 ip - 18 (18), 695; approx. - Soviet-Japanese war: shot down 2 aircraft, committed 73 b / departure
253.586 ip - 18 (20), 2073; approx. - in all publications on this regiment, the number in the 38 shot down is roaming, it is also indicated in the IF, although the previous records are not confirmed there either. Moreover, it is not confirmed by operational and reporting documents of higher headquarters.
254.68 ip - 17 (17), more than 768; approx. - "Winter War": shot down 36 (42) of the aircraft, committed 5124 b / departure.
255.736 ip - 17 (17), 1756
256.753 ip - 17 (17), 207
257.762 ip - 16 (16), 1506
258.211 ip - 15 (15), 617
259.252 ip - 15 (15), more than 856
260.423 ip defense - 15 (25), b / departures, no accurate data; approx. - it is possible that 16 (26)
261.425 ip - 15 (15), 607
262.292 ip - 14 (14), 99
263.754 ip - 14 (14), 499
264.822 ip - 14 (14), more than 725
265.121 ip - 13 (15), more than 239
266.564 ip - 13 (13), 2316
267.791 ip - 13 (13), 67
268.826 ip - 13 (13), more than 2114
269.959 ip - 12 (12), 677
270.309 ip - 11 (11), 1917
271.368 ip - 11 (11), 547; approx. - taking into account the fact that the regiment is formed from headquarters, control and iae 395 sap (shot down 16 aircraft and made 849 b / departures), the final data can be combined, which will give
27 (27) downed and 1396 b / departure
272.488 ip - 11 (11), 629
273.738 iap - 11 (11), b / departures, no accurate data
274.795 ip - 11 (11), 214
275.186 ip - 10 (35), more than 377
276.416 ip - 10 (10), 275
277.605 ip - 9 (9), 355
278.32-a ip - 7 (7), b / departures-no data; approx. - possibly more
279.627 ip - 7 (7), 1173; approx. - data from the award list to the regiment commander
280.652 ip - 7 (7), 1728
281.87 ip - 6 (6), b / departures, no accurate data; approx. - there are no documents in the regiment fund about the BR, there may be more victories, because connection documents are also not complete
282.446 ip - 6 (6), 1542
283.590 ip - 6 (29), approx. 2900; approx. - until 22.05.1942, when the regiment was reorganized into 590 cap
284.730 ip - 6 (6), 1339
285.785 ip - 6 (6), 4446
286.831 ip - 6 (6), 211
287.977 ip - 6 (8), 612
288.565 ip - 5 (5), 2120
289.770 iap (439 iap 1 th form) - 5 (5), 37; ca. - data for 1942 year, after the re-formation of 439 ip 1-th form in 770 ip; data for 1941 year has not yet been found.
290.187 ip - 4 (4), more than 368
291.403 ip - 4 (4), 111
292.429 ip - 4 (4), 1644
293.824 iap - 4 (4), b / departures, no accurate data
294.864 iap - 4 (4), b / departures, no accurate data
295.28 ip SZF - 3 (3), 817
296.42 and 1 th form; 3 (3), 234
297.199 ip - 3 (3), 781
298.248 and 1 th form; 3 (8), 625
299.722 ip - 3 (3), 595
300.833 ip - 3 (3), 707
301.876 ip - 3 (3), 306
302.908 iap - 3 (3), b / departures, no accurate data
303.348 iap - 2 (2), b / departures, no accurate data
304.481 iap - 2 (2), b / departures, no accurate data
305.931 ip - 2 (2), 391
306.963 ip - 2 (2), 673
307.11 ip (ip NKVD) - 1 (1), 1910
308.82 iap - 1 (1), b / departures, no accurate data
309.400 ip - 1 (1), 227
310.405 iap - 1 (1), b / departures, no accurate data
311.510 ip - 1 (1), 328
312.631 ip - 1 (1), more than 116
313.632 iap - 1 (1), b / departures, no accurate data
314.729 iap - 1 (1), b / departures, no accurate data
315.786 ip - 1 (1), 110
316.802 iap - 1 (1), b / departures, no accurate data
317.837 ip - 1 (1), 101
318.282 ip 1 th form-i - all destroyed 55,3800; approx. - there is no foundation for this regiment, data is taken from the award list for the regiment commander, where there is no division into planes shot down in the air and destroyed at the airdromes; it is known that at least 6 of this number were destroyed on the ground.

Still 20 fighter regiments of the total number of 338 who fought on the Soviet-German front did not have victories.

In the continuation, I will try to systematize all of what is available in terms of the effectiveness of naval fighter regiments of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet air force, the Black Sea Fleet and the Northern Fleet air force.
Author:
Originator:
http://anokhin-61.livejournal.com
9 comments
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  1. J_silver
    J_silver 30 January 2012 09: 43
    +2
    The topic is extremely interesting, it’s somehow clumsily disclosed - but it’s not just for one monograph of materials ...
  2. Strabo
    Strabo 30 January 2012 10: 08
    +1
    The topic is really necessary and useful, it is not clear why the author is trying to put such a voluminous topic into a couple of sheets. Now there is no problem to establish the combat path of any unit or compound. Most archives are available. In my opinion it was more interesting to read about a specific fact. A simple listing of the regiments does not carry information.
  3. Rico1977
    Rico1977 30 January 2012 12: 29
    +1
    Yes, there is a lot of data .. This is not for one article. It would be nice to have some more explanations. Thank you for the article
  4. 755962
    755962 30 January 2012 14: 24
    +1
    Continued with detailed publications needed! .Not like statistics Like memory!
  5. polukazak1
    polukazak1 30 January 2012 21: 24
    +1
    The thankless task is to delve into the archives. Author +. Of course, it’s even harder to find the ratio that your own — alien, especially an airplane model. If there are no problems now, to establish the combat path of the unit is half-truth. According to the award sheets, it is written in which area a particular person fought directly (again, if the award unit doesn’t at best, you know where the army or the front was at that moment), but with what weapons, for example, on which plane, the tank didn’t write it, secretly.
  6. ward
    ward 30 January 2012 22: 25
    0
    There is such a book ... The history of the Great Patriotic War in 12-ti volumes .... There are very detailed questions that interest you are described ....
    1. J_silver
      J_silver 30 January 2012 22: 29
      -1
      Bet you haven't looked at these books? Otherwise, you would not say that ...
      These are very original books and it is not in vain that such teams of authors worked on them ....
  7. Denis
    Denis 30 January 2012 23: 49
    -1
    I heard about a different calculation, some of the opponents, they say, counted the downed engines
    I can’t vouch for correctness, but it’s very similar
    1. Serjant
      Serjant 31 January 2012 22: 43
      -1
      It is a historical fact that in the Luftwaffe the calculation was carried out by engines, i.e. a downed 4-engine bomber added +4. Therefore, there were "aces of diamonds" who had more than 300 "crosses".
  8. Kaetani
    Kaetani 31 January 2012 08: 02
    0
    To the author Respect !!!

    According to some comments - scolding is easy. The matter is incredibly difficult to do.
  9. Oles
    Oles 8 November 2012 14: 46
    -2
    our air forces as they were r .. they stayed .... the Germans calmly ferried our oder in the 45th bombed pieces ..... a disgrace ... finally our air forces in the WWII sucks .. that technique, that its application .....
  10. Head Physician
    Head Physician 4 November 2017 16: 34
    +15
    Great theme
    And informative article