Military Review

Soldier Marshal

52
"There is no worst crime in the Red Army, except for betrayal and refusal of service, like assault, foul language and rudeness, that is, cases of humiliation of human dignity."
Marshal of the Soviet Union K. K. Rokossovsky


“I thought many times why everyone who somehow knew Rokossovsky treated him with unlimited respect. And the answer was only one suggestion: while remaining demanding, Konstantin respected people regardless of their rank and position. And this is the main thing that attracted him. ”
Marshal of the Armored Forces M.Ye. Katukov

"Rokossovsky was not afraid at the front, they loved him."
N.A. Antipenko


120 years ago, 9 (21) December 1896, the future outstanding Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, commander of the Victory Parade in Moscow in 1945, was born Konstantin Rokossovsky. Konstantin Rokossovsky is one of the best, and possibly the best, commander of the Great Patriotic War.

Born in Warsaw in a working-class family. Father - Pole Xavier Jozef Rokossovsky (1853 — 1902), descended from the impoverished noble family of Rokossovsky, an auditor of the Warsaw Railway. Mother - Belarusian Antonina (Atonida) Ovsyannikov. Later, due to the constant distortion of the patronymic, Konstantin Rokossovsky became known as Konstantin Konstantinovich. His father died early and Konstantin worked from a young age: as a pastry chef, then as a dentist, as a stone cutter.

For self-education, Konstantin read a lot of books in Polish and Russian. “From early childhood,” recalled Konstantin Konstantinovich, “I was fascinated by books about war, military campaigns, battles, bold cavalry attacks ... My dream was to try everything that was said in the books myself.” And his dream came true to the fullest.

The beginning of the military path

At the very beginning of the First World War, he volunteered (hunter) to the 5 th Dragoon Kargopol 5 Cavalry Regiment. He fought on the Western and South-Western fronts. He proved himself a good fighter in equestrian intelligence, for which he was awarded the St. George Cross of 4 degree and was promoted to the corporal. In 1915, in a battle near the city of Ponevezh, Rokossovsky attacked a German artillery battery, was presented to the St. George Cross of the 3 degree, but did not receive the award. In the battle for the railway station, the Troshkuns, along with several dragoons, secretly captured the German military field trench, and on July 20 was awarded the St. George Medal of the 4 degree.

During the war, Konstantin was an excellent intelligence officer; in 1916, he acted as part of a partisan detachment (so called special reconnaissance and sabotage units created from volunteers) formed from dragoons. May 6 received the St. George 3 Medal for the attack of the German outpost. In March, 1917 was promoted to junior non-commissioned officer. Rokossovsky continued his military service and 21 was awarded the St. George Medal of the 2 degree in November. The dragoons chose Rokossovsky as a squadron and then as a regimental committee that decided the life of the regiment. In December 1917, Konstantin Rokossovsky joined the Red Guard. He served in the Kargopol Red Guard cavalry detachment, as an assistant chief of the detachment.

Soldier Marshal

Junior non-commissioned officer K. Rokossovsky. 1917 year

In the Red Army during the Civil War he commanded a squadron, a separate battalion and a cavalry regiment. Rokossovsky participated in the suppression of counter-revolutionary uprisings, in the suppression of anarchist and Cossack speeches, he fought on the Eastern front with the Czechoslovakians and the White Guards. In the summer of 1921, commanding the Red 35 Cavalry Regiment, in the battle near Troitskavask defeated the 2 Brigade of General B. P. Rezukhin from the Asian Equestrian Division, General Baron von Ungern-Sternberg, and was seriously wounded. For this fight Rokossovsky was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In October, 1921 was appointed commander of the 3 Brigade of the 5 Kuban Cavalry Division. In October, 1922, due to the re-formation of the 5 division into a separate 5-th Kuban cavalry brigade, was voluntarily appointed to the position of commander of the 27-th cavalry regiment of the same brigade. In 1923-1924 participated in the battles against the White Guard detachments that had entered the territory of the USSR, in Transbaikalia.

His certification noted: “It has a strong will, energetic, resolute. Has dashingness and composure. Sustained Able to take a useful initiative. The situation understands well. Smart. In relation to his subordinates, as well as to himself, he is demanding. He loves military affairs ... He was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner for operations on the Eastern Front against Kolchak and Ungern. Tasks organizational nature performed carefully. In view of the non-receipt of special military education, it is desirable to send him to the courses. The posts of the regiment are quite consistent. ”

Before the Great War

After graduating from 1925 in August, the cavalry advanced training courses for commanders served in Mongolia as an instructor for a separate Mongolian cavalry division. From January to April, 1929 passed advanced training courses for top commanders at the Academy. M. V. Frunze. In 1929, commanding the 5-th Separate Kuban Cavalry Brigade, participated in the battles on the CER. From 1930, the commander of the 7 th Samara, and then 15 th Separate Kuban cavalry divisions. In 1935, he received the title of divisional commander. From 1936, the Rokossovsky commanded the 5 Cavalry Corps in Pskov.

In 1937, he was expelled from the CPSU (b) “for the loss of class vigilance” and was dismissed from the Red Army “due to official mismatch”. In August, 1937 was arrested on charges of having links with the Polish and Japanese intelligence services, becoming a victim of false testimony. Two and a half years spent under investigation. Despite the pressure, Rokossovsky did not give false testimony either to himself or to others. 22 March 1940 of the year Rokossovsky was released due to the termination of the case, at the request of C. K. Timoshenko to I. Stalin, and rehabilitated. Konstantin Konstantinovich is fully restored in his rights, in office and in the party, and sent to improve his health at a resort in Sochi. In the same year, with the introduction of general ranks in the Red Army, he was given the rank of Major General. After the leave, Rokossovsky is appointed at the disposal of the commander of the Kiev Special Military District (KOVO), Army General G. K. Zhukov, and is headed by the 5 th Corps Corps. From November 1940 was the commander of the 9-m mechanized corps of the Kiev Special Military District, which began to be formed in KOVO.

Great Patriotic War

Rokossovsky’s tremendous military talent was fully revealed in the Great War. On the morning of June 22, 1941, Konstantin Konstantinovich raised his corps on a combat alert, and having made a multi-kilometer march, he immediately went into battle. The head of the operations department of the headquarters of the Southwestern Front I. Kh. Baghramyan recalled: “The third day of the war was coming to an end. An increasingly alarming situation developed on the Southwestern Front. The threat, in particular, loomed over Lutsk, where the 15th mechanized corps of General I.I. Karpezo needed urgent support, otherwise tank the wedges of the enemy could cut and crush him. Part of the 87th and 124th rifle divisions surrounded by the enemy near Lutsk were also waiting for help. And when we were racking our brains at the front headquarters on how to help out the Lutsk group, the main forces of the 131st motorized and advanced detachments of the tank divisions of the 9th mechanized corps commanded by K.K. arrived there. Rokossovsky. Reading his report on this, we literally did not believe our eyes. How did Konstantin Konstantinovich manage this? After all, his so-called motorized division could only follow ... on foot. It turns out that the decisive and initiative commander of the corps on the first day of the war took all the vehicles from the district reserve in Shepetivka at their own peril and risk — and there were about two hundred of them — put the infantry on them and moved in front of the corps with a combined march. The approach of its units to the region of Lutsk saved the situation. They stopped the enemy tanks that had broken through and rendered significant assistance to the formations withdrawing in a difficult situation. ”

Until July 11, Konstantin Konstantinovich continued to command the 1941 Mechanized Corps on the South-Western Front. Corps fought with the enemy in the battle of Dubno-Lutsk-Brody. Despite the shortage of tanks and transport, the troops of the 9 th mechanized corps during June - July 9, the German forces exhausted the active defense, retreating only by order. For his success, the general was introduced to the 1941-th Order of the "Red Banner".

July 11 1941 was appointed commander of the 16 Army on the Western Front. July 17 Rokossovsky arrived at the headquarters of the Western Front, however, due to the deteriorating situation, he was assigned to lead the task force to restore the situation in the Smolensk region. Rokossovsky with a group of officers collected the remnants of the 19, 20 and 16 armies, leaving the encirclement. Konstantin Konstantinovich recalled: “In a short time, a decent number of people gathered. There were infantrymen, gunners, signalers, sappers, machine gunners, mortar gunners, medical workers ... There were quite a few trucks at our disposal. They are very useful to us. Thus, in the course of the fighting, a formation began in the Yartsevo area of ​​the formation, which received the official name "General Rokossovsky's group". Rokossovsky's group contributed to the liberation of the Soviet armies surrounded in the Smolensk region. On August 10, it was reorganized into the 16 Army (of the second formation), and Rokossovsky became the commander of this army; 11 September 1941 received the rank of lieutenant general.

The troops under his command participated in the battle of Moscow 1941-1942. At the beginning of the Moscow battle, the main forces of the 16 Army of Rokossovsky got into the Vyazemsky "boiler", but the management of the 16 Army, which the troops of the 19 Army transferred, was already taken to the rear. Rokossovsky's new 16 Army was ordered to cover the Volokolamsk sector, and Rokossovsky again had to gather his troops. Rokossovsky intercepted troops on the march; at his disposal a separate cadet regiment, created on the basis of the Moscow Infantry School. Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 316-th Infantry Division, Major-General I. V. Panfilov, 3-th Cavalry Corps, Major-General LM M. Dovator. These troops will enter history, glorifying himself fierce battles with the enemy.

As Rokossovsky later wrote: “In connection with the breakthrough of the defense in the area of ​​the 30 Army and the withdrawal of units of the 5 Army, the troops of the 16 Army fighting for every meter, in fierce battles were driven back to Moscow at the turn: north of Krasnaya Polyana, Kryukovo, Istra, and at this turn in fierce battles, finally stopped the German offensive, and then going into a general counterattack, together with other armies, conducted according to the plan of Comrade Stalin, the enemy was defeated and thrown far from Moscow. ”

It is worth noting the iron will of the Soviet commander. He never doubted success and victory. And this iron will was passed on to all his comrades. At the same time, he tried hard to beat the enemy at the cost of the least of his own victims. In the hardest 1941 in October, in an interview with a Red Star correspondent, he said with conviction: “When fighting near Moscow, you need to think about Berlin. Soviet troops will definitely be in Berlin. ” Rokossovsky also possessed an intuition, in fact, the gift of foresight. He almost always unmistakably guessed the intentions of the enemy, preempted them and, as a rule, emerged victorious. This was noted by many of his contemporaries.


The commander of the 16 Army, Lieutenant-General K. K. Rokossovsky with his headquarters in the Istra region. From left to right: Major General of Artillery V. I. Kazakov, member of the Military Council Divisional Commissar A. A. Lobachev, Army Commander Lieutenant-General K. K. Rokossovsky, Chief of Staff Major-General M. S. Malinin

During the defensive battles near Moscow, Rokossovsky successfully conducted an operation to defeat the German forces in the direction of Volokolamsk, Istra, and Ostashkovo. For the battle of Moscow K. K. Rokossovsky was awarded the Order of Lenin. 8 March 1942, Rokossovsky was seriously injured by a shell fragment (right lung, liver, ribs and spine were affected). Rokossovsky was treated until May 23 1942 g, then again headed the 16 th army.

From July 1942, Mr. K. K. Rokossovsky - commander of the troops of Bryansk, and from September - the Don fronts. Under his command, the fronts participated in the Battle of Stalingrad. With his participation, a plan of Operation Uran was developed to encircle and destroy the enemy group advancing on Stalingrad. During the counter-offensive near Stalingrad, the Don Front troops, together with the troops of the South-Western and Stalingrad fronts, broke through the defenses of the German army and surrounded the Don and Volga rivers, including a group of 330 thousand men. The headquarters commissioned the Don Front, led by Rokossovsky, who received the rank of colonel general on January 15 on January 1943. At the beginning of 1943, the front forces liquidated the opposing grouping of field marshal von Paulus. 28 January 1943, Rokossovsky was awarded the newly established Order of Suvorov.


Commander of the Don Front, Lieutenant-General Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky at an observation post in the Marinovka area

From February 1943 KK Rokossovsky - commander of the Central Front, who took part in the Battle of Kursk 1943 and the Battle of the Dnieper in August-October 1943. In April 1943 was given the rank of army general. The glory of Konstantin Konstantinovich already rattled on all fronts, he became widely known in the West as one of the most talented Soviet military leaders. Rokossovsky was very popular among the soldiers.

As Marshal A.M. Vasilevsky noted: “I want to say a few warm, heartfelt words about the common favorite of the Red Army, Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky .... This is one of the outstanding commanders of our Armed Forces ... .. Commanding a number of fronts, and always in highly responsible areas, Konstantin Konstantinovich with his hard work, great knowledge, courage, bravery, tremendous efficiency and constant care for his subordinates gained extraordinary respect and ardent love. I am happy that I had the opportunity during the Great Patriotic War to witness the commanding talent of Konstantin Konstantinovich, his enviable calm in all cases, the ability to find a wise solution to the most difficult issue. I have repeatedly observed how the troops under the command of Rokossovsky brutally beat the enemy, sometimes in extremely difficult conditions for them. ”

Other Soviet commanders also spoke about the love of soldiers for Rokossovsky. Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces A. Kh. Babajanyan noted: “When telling about the meeting with K. K. Rokossovsky, and I had several of them, I want to emphasize once again the charm of Konstantin Konstantinovich, who generated deep sympathy for him not only among those he had direct official contact with him, but also among the broad masses of soldiers. Rokossovsky remembered and personally knew hundreds of people, cared for them, never forgot about those who are worthy of encouragement and reward, knew how to delve into the affairs and concerns of commanders, knew how to listen to everyone sympathetically. ”

Marshal of Artillery V.I. Kazakov: “Konstantin Konstantinovich possessed ... precious qualities that had a great influence on those around him ... He was unusually simple and genuinely modest, sensitive and fair. A man of high culture, he was able to patiently listen to everyone, immediately highlight the main idea in the judgments of the interlocutor and use the knowledge of the collective in the interests of the cause. ”


Commander of the Don Front, Army General K. K. Rokossovsky in Stalingrad after victory

After the Battle of Kursk, Rokossovsky successfully conducted the Chernigov-Pripyat, Gomel-Rechytsa, Kalinkovich-Mozyr and Rogachev-Zhlobin operations by the Central (since October 1943 of the renamed Belarusian) front. From February 1944, the Rokossovsky commander of the troops of the 1 of the Belarusian Front, who participated in the Belarusian operation. Here the talent of the commander was manifested in the application of two powerful blows by the troops of the front in converging directions. Operation Bagration has become one of the best strategic operations of the Great War. As part of the Belarusian operation, Rokossovsky successfully conducts the Bobruisk, Minsk and Lublin-Brest operations.

The success of the operation significantly exceeded the expectations of the Soviet command. As a result of the two-month offensive, Belarus was completely liberated, a part of the Baltic states was repulsed, and the eastern regions of Poland were liberated. The German Army Group Center was almost completely defeated. In addition, the operation threatened Army Group North in the Baltic States. 29 June 1944 was awarded the diamond star of the Marshal of the Soviet Union to Army General Rokossovsky, and July 30 was the first Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

From November 1944 until the end of the war K.K. Rokossovsky - commander of the 2 of the Byelorussian Front. Subordinate troops took part in the East Prussian, East Pomeranian operations, during which large German groups were defeated in East Prussia and Pomerania. During the Berlin offensive, the troops of the 2 of the Belorussian Front under the command of K.K. Rokossovsky pinned down the main forces of the 3 of the German Panzer Army, depriving it of the opportunity to participate in the battle for Berlin, and defeated the enemy's Stettin grouping. The withdrawal of Soviet troops on the Baltic coast did not give the German command the opportunity to transfer troops from Courland from Germany to defend Germany. In preparing and conducting these operations, he creatively applied the most important principles of Soviet military art: he resolutely massaged forces and means in the directions of the main attacks, boldly maneuvered reserves and at the same time always took into account the strengths and weaknesses of the enemy, eliminating the pattern in the fighting.

31 March 1945 Marshal Rokossovsky was one of the first Soviet commanders "for the skilful leadership of major operations, which resulted in outstanding success in defeating the German fascist troops," was awarded the Order "Victory". 1 June 1945, Rokossovsky was awarded the second Gold Star medal. 24 June 1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union K.K. Rokossovsky, by Stalin’s decision, commanded the Victory Parade in Moscow. “I took the command of the Victory Parade as the highest award for all my many years of service in the Armed Forces,” the Marshal said at a Kremlin reception in honor of the parade participants.


Soviet commanders G. K. Zhukov, K. K. Rokossovsky, V. D. Sokolovsky, M. S. Malinin and British Field Marshal Montgomery march through the streets of Berlin after the award ceremony

Further service

From July 1945 to 1949, by order of the Supreme Commander, Rokossovsky - Commander-in-Chief of the Northern Group of Forces in Poland. In October 1949, at the request of the Government of the Polish People’s Republic (NDP) and with the permission of the Soviet government, Rokossovsky left for Poland, where he was appointed Minister of National Defense and Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the NDP. In Poland, he was awarded the military rank of "Marshal of Poland". He did a lot of work on rearmament, structural reorganization of the Polish army, raising defenses and combat readiness in the light of modern requirements, while maintaining its national identity. In the interests of the army in Poland, communications and communications were modernized, and the military industry was created. In April, 1950 introduced a new Charter for the internal service of the Polish Army. Training was based on the experience of the Soviet Army. For training officers opened the Academy of the General Staff. K. Sverchevsky, Military Technical Academy. J. Dombrowski and the Military-Political Academy. F. Dzerzhinsky. He also served as Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Poland, was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the PUWP Central Committee and a member of the Seimas.

After the death of President Boleslav Beruta (12 in March 1956), who died under mysterious circumstances in Moscow (possibly eliminated as a supporter of Stalin), the anti-Stalinist Wladimir Gomulka was elected the first secretary of the PUWP. The conflict between Rokossovsky's supported Stalinists and anti-Stalinists in the PUWP led to Rokossovsky being removed from the Politburo of the PUWP Central Committee and the Ministry of National Defense as a "symbol of Stalinism." October 22 in a letter to the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party, signed by N. S. Khrushchev, the Soviet side agreed with this decision. Rokossovsky left for the USSR and did not come to Poland anymore.

Returning to the USSR, Rokossovsky was appointed deputy minister of defense, and from July 1957, the chief inspector, deputy minister of defense. From October 1957, he commanded the troops of the Transcaucasian Military District. In 1958-1962 - Deputy Minister and Chief Inspector of the USSR Ministry of Defense. In April, 1962 Khrushchev suggested that Rokossovsky write an article about Stalin in the spirit of the resolution of the 20th CPSU Congress on the “personality cult”. But the marshal resolutely refused to perform this slander, and the next day he was removed from office.

Since April, 1962 Rokossovsky in the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, where he did much to study the experience of the past war and the scientific and technological revolution in military affairs. Author of a number of military theoretical works on the history of the Great Patriotic War.

3 August 1968, Rokossovsky died of prostate cancer. Urn with ashes of K.K. Rokossovskogo buried in the Kremlin wall on Red Square in Moscow.

One of the most outstanding creators of the Great Victory, Rokossovsky summed up his leadership activities: “The greatest happiness for a soldier is the knowledge that you helped your people defeat the enemy, defend the freedom of the Motherland, return peace to it. The consciousness that you have fulfilled your duty as a soldier is a heavy and noble duty, above which there is nothing on earth! ”

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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 21 December 2016 06: 13 New
    11
    Many thanks for the story of Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik 21 December 2016 08: 44 New
      +6
      real talent, Marshal of the people! soldier
      1. bug_1
        bug_1 21 December 2016 09: 38 New
        +3
        I agree .. the best! and why do we have the rest of the Kodla generals in the army 90% consisted of morons, shooters and massacre ... ???
        1. Uncle Murzik
          Uncle Murzik 21 December 2016 11: 58 New
          +8
          bug_1 why are you carrying liberal fantasies, well, in general, it will become with you! It is not for you and not for me to judge generations of winners, including generals! soldier
          1. Nicholas C.
            Nicholas C. 21 December 2016 13: 39 New
            +5
            In 1943, the partisan detachment in which my father fought was included in the 65th army, commanded by one of the closest associates K.K. Rokossovsky P.I.Batov. In the calculation of an 82mm mortar, then a 45mm cannon, two years of combat days passed. The war ended, and my father was 18 years old, so he was not demobilized, but left for another 4 years - someone needs to serve. To the question: "Where did you end the war" - answered: "In the Baltic states." Only when he specially studied the combat path of the Rokossovsky fronts and the 65th army in particular (since 1942, it has always been a part of the Rokossovsky front, regardless of which front it commanded) I realized that I had in mind a completely different Baltic.

            "In July 1942, K. K. Rokossovsky arrived to command the Bryansk front. Both the soldiers and generals breathed a sigh of relief, feeling the hand of an experienced organizer of troops. From the fall of 1942 until the end of the war, I had a chance to serve under the command of this outstanding commander. Imagine what kind of it was good luck to get the opportunity to work alongside him and his military comrades in the front headquarters for several months [author writes about 1942].
            All employees of the department considered the service with Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky a large school. He did not like loneliness, sought to be closer to the activities of his headquarters. Most often, we saw him at the operators or in the work room of the chief of staff. He will come and ask what the comrades are working on, what difficulties are encountered, will help with advice, and will offer to consider this or that situation. All this created a surprisingly pleasant working atmosphere, when there was no constraint or fear to express one's opinion, which was different from the older ones. On the contrary, everyone wanted to think bolder, bolder to act, bolder to speak. One of the great features of the commander was that in the most difficult conditions he not only knew how to appreciate the useful initiative of his subordinates, but also caused it with his tireless energy, demanding and humane treatment of people. To this must be added the personal charm of a man of broad military knowledge and a great soul. Strict noble appearance, fit, pensive, serious facial expression, with a disposable smile in blue, deep-seated eyes. Premature wrinkles on the young face and gray hair on the temples said that he suffered a lot in life. Speech is laconic, movements are restrained, but decisive. Extremely clear in the formulation of combat missions for subordinates. Attentive, sociable and simple ...
            KK Rokossovsky himself spent most of his time in combat areas, he and the commanders climbed out the entire front line and formed the opinion of what every division commander is capable of. He soon knew many regiment commanders so much that he could give certification without looking at the documents. The pointless attacks were over. A systematic training of staffs of all degrees in private operations began. The actions of the 211st division, which captured the Sutolka station, received great approval. Having chosen the direction after careful reconnaissance, on the 211st night, people were digging a trench, in the morning they skillfully masked the passed section, again digging in the dark, approached the enemy 25 meters and took the station without suffering any losses.
            Personal verification by the commander of advanced units and formations is a powerful means of educating and building up troops. Of course, the checks are different. Front-line officers also know such cases when a large boss arrives at the front line, leads everyone into awe and departs, leaving the soldiers and officers in the most dejected condition. In Rokossovsky, on the other hand, the form of expression of will corresponded surprisingly well with the democratic nature of our army. This, if you will, was his strength and the most profound source of authority. People loved him, they were drawn to him, as a result, an inexhaustible source of martial art was always opened before the commander ...
            Sometimes, they came to the guardsmen - and right to the trenches. The commander sat down with the fighters, talk began about life, about correspondence with relatives, and went to military issues, on which the successful solution of combat missions depended. Comrades who believe that a soldier is not able to assess the state of things at the front are deeply mistaken. From the moment the ammunition is concentrated on the firing positions, he already knows that important events are brewing, and makes up his mind about their development. Know how to listen to the soldier and learn new forces, new thoughts for a more purposeful leadership of the troops ...
            The commander in every possible way encouraged the promotion of proactive fighters who showed good sense. He demanded - look for talented people and teach while there is time. "

            Batov P.I. "In campaigns and battles."
        2. Alekseev
          Alekseev 21 December 2016 16: 37 New
          +6
          Quote: bug_1
          and why do we have the rest of the Kodla generals in the army 90% consisted of morons

          Because it’s hard to be wooden to the waist. yes
          In order to understand something, you need to ask, read the same "Soldier's Duty" by K. K. Rokosovsky, preferably without cuts, and something else, finally, have the experience of life and service, and not repeat, like a bird, fabrications all kinds of newsmen, etc.
      2. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 21 December 2016 10: 05 New
        16
        One of the two Marshals (Rokossovsky K.K. and Golovanov A.E. - Chief Marshal of Aviation) did not betray their Supreme Commander-in-Chief I.V. Stalin, during the Khrushchev period.
        Only this fact, not to mention his other glorious exploits, speaks of the honesty and decency of the heroic Marshal Rokossovsky KK, for which he has deep respect and reverence for the whole people.
        1. Cat
          Cat 21 December 2016 18: 39 New
          +5
          Regarding decency, they say when Rokossovskiy K.K. left Poland, distributed all his property to junior officers.
        2. Ulan
          Ulan 21 December 2016 21: 29 New
          +2
          I don’t know if it’s true, but Stalin, to the only marshals, addressed Rokossovsky by his first name and patronymic as a sign of special respect and considered him "Suvorov of the Great Patriotic War." Apparently, he would be the Marshal of Victory, if the origin did not disappoint. The Marshal of Victory was supposed to be a Russian man.
          Although of course, despite the origin, Rokossovsky of course was a Russian person.
          1. vladimirZ
            vladimirZ 22 December 2016 06: 00 New
            +4
            I.V. Stalin addressed yet another Marshall on behalf of his patronymic, to Marshal Shaposhnikov Boris Mikhailovich, who was one of his main military advisers.
            Regarding the "Marshal of Victory".
            The only Marshal of Victory, who organized and actually predetermined it in the Great Patriotic War, is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of our Army, Stalin Joseph Vissarionovich.
            This was recognized by all the commanders of the Red Army, when after the Victory Parade, after consulting, they made a decision recommending that Stalin be awarded the high rank of Generalissimo of the Soviet Union. The argument of the marshals who convinced Stalin to agree with the opinion of the marshals was the phrase of one of them: "Comrade Stalin, you are Marshal and we are all Marshals, and this is unfair, does not correspond to the position that you occupied during the war, and the contribution that you made to the Victory ". Only after that did Stalin agree to accept this high rank.
            So that everything is clear with the Marshal of Victory, this is Stalin I.V.
            These are the last of the great Stalin, in order to belittle his role and erase his name from history, they invented that Victory Marshal G. Zhukov, who was only I.V. Stalin. It is impossible to repeat the invention of historical midgets, imagining themselves to be equal in size to Stalin.
            1. Ulan
              Ulan 22 December 2016 20: 18 New
              0
              Really missed, of course, also Shaposhnikov. That is about Stalin, I would say differently - he is the father of Victory, its creator.
              1. vladimirZ
                vladimirZ 22 December 2016 20: 34 New
                0
                Father, creator - it’s somehow not customary to speak in relation to the main organizer of the Red Army and its Supreme Commander during the Great Patriotic War.
                Now, if Zhukov was the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, and Stalin remained only the political leader of the country, and did not interfere in the leadership of the troops and in the planning of military operations, then it could be said that Zhukov was the Marshal of Victory. So, objectively Zhukov G.K. - One of several Marshals of World War II.
                There is only one Marshal of Victory - Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, who recognized all the Marshals of the USSR operating during the war who proposed to confer on Stalin the title of Generalissimo, the only one of all Marshals. And it costs a lot.
                The rest is all from the evil one, not objective and deceitful.
      3. ch28k38
        ch28k38 26 December 2016 15: 40 New
        0
        The son of a gentry - much more popular!
  2. EvgNik
    EvgNik 21 December 2016 07: 01 New
    +8
    Great time, great people. Refusing our past, we betray the future. The Poles have already succeeded.
    1. soldier
      soldier 21 December 2016 09: 57 New
      19
      Poland’s Minister of Defense
  3. Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich
    Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich 21 December 2016 07: 13 New
    +7
    My father was proud all his life that he served under the command of Konstantin Konstantinovich.
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 21 December 2016 07: 49 New
      +9
      Quote: Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich
      My father was proud all his life that he served under the command of Konstantin Konstantinovich.

      My dad still calls himself a rokosovets! He passed under his command from Belarus to the Elbe.
      1. Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich
        Ryabtsev Grigory Evgenievich 21 December 2016 08: 16 New
        +5
        My - from the Kursk Bulge to the stop. He died in 67. They could have fought in the same compound.
        1. Serg65
          Serg65 21 December 2016 08: 32 New
          +6
          Perhaps they fought! The father ended the war with the foreman of the 3-th battery of the 977-th zenap of the 12-th anti-aircraft artillery division of the RGK of the 70-th army.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 21 December 2016 07: 53 New
    +4
    In April 1962, Khrushchev suggested that Rokossovsky write an article about Stalin in the spirit of the decision of the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU on the "cult of personality." But the marshal resolutely refused to perform this slander, and the next day he was removed from office
    .
    ... Oh, like N.S. Khrshchev, he wanted to have his own cult .. I remember reading an article in which Marshal V.I. Chuykov tells how N.S. Khrushchev raised the morale of soldiers in the trenches of Stalingrad. The meaning of the article, without Khrushchev, Paulus did not break ..
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 22 December 2016 08: 10 New
      0
      It so happened that in the article I found out something new for myself and you didn’t think up the phrase quoted by you. Perhaps it was precisely because of this that streets appeared in Leningrad that were named after Soviet commanders other than Rokosovsky. When I get home, I need to clarify when they called
  5. V.ic
    V.ic 21 December 2016 08: 23 New
    10
    Earlier, before his arrest, he seemed to be in command of a division, having Zhukov as a regiment. He did not break down during the investigation, he did not slander anyone. There is information that, having been released from prison, in order not to freeze on the street before departure, he returned to prison, where he spent the night. What a character!
  6. Fox
    Fox 21 December 2016 09: 50 New
    +4
    grandfather respected him. he personally knew many marshals (he served in the General Staff, a special department) but he did not recall Zhukov without a mat ...
  7. Severomor
    Severomor 21 December 2016 10: 52 New
    +5
    So today comes the birthdays of the two greatest commanders (one truth is also the greatest statesman) - K.K. Rokossovsky and I.V. Stalin
    1. Knizhnik
      Knizhnik 21 December 2016 11: 52 New
      +2
      They don’t remember something about Stalin.
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 21 December 2016 17: 19 New
        +2
        Knizhnik Today, 11:52 AM ↑ New
        They don’t remember something about Stalin.

        And where did you leave your eyes? Go to Opinions. Or "Chukchi is not a reader, but a writer?"
        1. Knizhnik
          Knizhnik 22 December 2016 08: 27 New
          0
          And where did you leave politeness? Where did you pick up rudeness? But thanks for the "Opinion", I'll come.
          1. Mavrikiy
            Mavrikiy 22 December 2016 10: 11 New
            0
            When they write about Stalin, I write carefully. On your komente 2 liberal snot weighs.
            As for the "Chukchi" - this is from an anecdote according to the situation, I did not call you Chukchi. Are you satisfied?
            1. Knizhnik
              Knizhnik 22 December 2016 10: 59 New
              0
              You saw the liberal snot where they do not exist, which, however, given the intensity of the struggle against the liberal trash, is not surprising. Let's consider your previous comment as "friendly fire".
              1. Mavrikiy
                Mavrikiy 22 December 2016 15: 51 New
                +1
                Quote: Knizhnik
                You saw the liberal snot where they do not exist, which, however, given the intensity of the struggle against the liberal trash, is not surprising. Let's consider your previous comment as "friendly fire".

                I apologize.
  8. Knizhnik
    Knizhnik 21 December 2016 11: 49 New
    +3
    There was a good d / movie about him. In the 37th, Rokossovsky did not give false testimony either to himself or to others ... well, imagine. He withstood, did not get angry at the authorities, returned to duty. By the way, there was a version that until the end of the war he and Zhukov had a cool relationship because of evidence allegedly given against Zhukov. As they say, later they were able to explain themselves.
  9. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 21 December 2016 12: 44 New
    +1
    about the arrest. I don’t remember where I read (but I can’t find it now), but Rokossovsky was arrested, of course not for espionage in favor of foreign intelligence., sort of as a matter of something related to his regiment command. I will not lie.
    In my opinion, Rokossovsky is not only the best commander of the Second World War, but also of world history.
    I also think that Stalin sent Zhukov to take Berlin, so that in case of what it would be possible to hang all the dogs on him, in which case, and he would protect Rokossovsky. Someone said about Rokossovsky that he was a flayer, but many say about Zhukov, and far from liberals. (This is my opinion)
    1. rvRomanoff
      rvRomanoff 21 December 2016 14: 37 New
      +4
      Stalin sent Zhukov to take Berlin because he was in a hurry. A faster G.K. Nobody would take Zhukov Berlin. And Stalin knew this perfectly.
      1. Kostya Andreev
        Kostya Andreev 21 December 2016 17: 01 New
        +4
        and where in a hurry, that would be in time for May 9?
        1. rvRomanoff
          rvRomanoff 21 December 2016 17: 55 New
          +3
          No, for your birthday. And I was very upset that Zhukov managed so quickly. He even chided the marshal, said: "It's vi, tovarisch Zhyukov, hurry up!" And the second order of victory gave him not the first, but after Vasilevsky. So that's it.
          1. Baursak
            Baursak 23 December 2016 09: 17 New
            0
            By December 21, or what ?!
  10. _my opinion
    _my opinion 21 December 2016 12: 49 New
    +3
    I can add that it was thanks to Rokossovsky that the individual trenches-cells were replaced (in the Red Army) by trenches interconnected. In short: he noticed that the soldiers are not particularly behaving when they are in individual trenches-cells and he climbed into such a trench ... after that, trenches appeared interconnected.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 December 2016 17: 49 New
      +3
      Quote: _my opinion
      I can add that it was thanks to Rokossovsky that the individual cell trenches were replaced (in the Red Army) by trenches interconnected.

      Surely Rokossovsky made the junior command staff read and put into practice the current instructions? smile
      Because an individual cell "in an open field" has never been the basis of field defense - it was only the initial stage of the engineering equipment of positions. At the next stage, trenches and communication trenches were dug.
      Trenches can be created in battle under fire gradually from cells previously opened by fighters, or arranged in advance, before the enemy’s approach, using a large trench tool. ... Sometimes, in order to make it easier for the troops to strengthen the terrain, they first tear off the communication paths (trenches) using earth-moving machines (plows) in advance. In the presence of such ready-made message moves, the fighters tear off their cells in those places where it is more convenient for them to fire and observe ...
      (...)
      The cells, as a rule, should not immediately adjoin the connecting passage, but are brought to it by small narrow slots ... The cells should be separated from each other and from the connecting passage of the trench by at least 3-4 meters ... The connecting passage must be broken , that is, every 3-5 meters its direction changes ... Due to this arrangement of cells in the trench, cell slots and breaks in the connecting passage, fighters are better protected from machine gun fire from the flanks, from artillery and aviation fire and tank attacks. If a whole shell or aerial bomb hits a separate cell or the connecting course of the trench (which rarely happens), most fighters who are in other cells or around the turn of the connecting course will not suffer at all. With machine-gun shelling of a trench from airplanes or an attack of tanks, fighters can well hide at the bottom of the cracks. Breaks in the connecting passage interfere with the perforation of the trench

      These are quotes from the manual for soldiers and junior infantry commanders, Infantry Self-Digging, published in 1939. (author - Major S. Gerbanovsky).
      That is, after equipping individual positions, they had to be connected by moves and trenches. But in reality, the first months of the war, this was usually scored: Comrade Lieutenant. but why dig a trench - you still have to retreat? And it was only a great blood test that brought an uncomplicated thought into the heads of the survivors - more sweat, less blood: the better the position is equipped before the battle, the more chances there are to survive. Even moving away in the course of a message is better than crawling out of a cell and crawling along a bare field.
  11. To be or not to be
    To be or not to be 21 December 2016 14: 07 New
    +8
    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (Dzhugashvili, December 6 [18], 1878 (according to the official version December 9 [21], 1879), Gori, Tiflis province, Russian Empire.
  12. iouris
    iouris 21 December 2016 17: 18 New
    +3
    A handsome man, a person, the best Stalinist military leader, a soldier who has preserved his honor.
  13. Mole
    Mole 21 December 2016 17: 42 New
    +2
    Real Man: he was loved by sodates, officers and generals! In my opinion, the best general of the USSR in the Second World War. He knew how to put together a battle group at the beginning of the war from everything that came to hand, and during the offensive he tried to defeat with skill.
    1. svp67
      svp67 21 December 2016 17: 43 New
      +2
      Quote: Moth
      In my opinion, the best general of the USSR in the Second World War.

      Take it higher - the best MARSHAL.
  14. demotivator
    demotivator 21 December 2016 19: 46 New
    +3
    December 21 - the date of birth of Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Stalin) (1879) and Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky (1896). One must remember that other with a kind word on this day. At least Rokossovsky himself spoke very highly of Stalin and never said or wrote anything bad about him. When Rokossovsky returned from Poland to the USSR in 1956, Khrushchev received him and offered to write something "revealing against Stalin," the Marshal replied: "Stalin is a saint for me. You can't beat a dead lion". The next day, the marshal’s office was occupied by another owner - the freshly baked Marshal Moskalenko.
  15. Dart2027
    Dart2027 21 December 2016 22: 58 New
    +2
    A bit of humor.

    Once, Stalin was informed that Marshal Rokossovsky had a lover, and this was the famous beauty actress Valentina Serova. And, they say, what will we do with them now?
    Stalin took a pipe from his mouth, thought a little and said:
    - What we will, what we will ... We will envy!
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 21 December 2016 23: 06 New
      +1
      Quote: Dart2027
      A bit of humor

      - Firstly, it’s not true. And about Serova, and about Stalin, respectively
      - secondly, the bearded Canadian button accordion
      - but really amuses good
      1. Dart2027
        Dart2027 21 December 2016 23: 13 New
        0
        Quote: Cat Man Null
        firstly not true

        I specifically entitled
        Quote: Dart2027
        A bit of humor.
        1. Cat man null
          Cat man null 21 December 2016 23: 26 New
          0
          Quote: Dart2027
          I specifically entitled

          - so I understood ... even put a plus laughing
  16. warszawjak
    warszawjak 22 December 2016 02: 47 New
    +1
    Konstantin Konstantinovich is my fellow countryman, we were both born in Warsaw, only I was 50 years later. I was a child when he was Marshal of Poland, Minister of National Defense of Poland. The memory preserved several meetings with him (at a concert, in the pool, etc.). He was universally respected. Poles called him simply "Kostek"
    Stanislav Zmachinsky.
  17. Sasha75
    Sasha75 22 December 2016 03: 57 New
    +2
    A very interesting fate and the man himself, not many would be able to repeat his path. As his daughter told in his pocket, he always carried a small pistol like a 6.35 toy gun to shoot himself if they try to arrest him again. He was afraid not to survive the repetition of interrogations, this is the story.
    1. Knizhnik
      Knizhnik 22 December 2016 11: 38 New
      0
      I don’t know anything about torture, but my grandmother told me that my grandfather was beaten well and that he came out of prison without front teeth. I had to do prosthetics ... I was proud of my grandfather: in spite of the beatings, he stayed, in cases instituted against his other associates, he did not testify against them, he did not utter a word. As far as we know, Marshal Tymoshenko stood up for the grandfather’s commissar, and he was released. ”

      According to the memoirs of General I.V. Baldynov, who was imprisoned together with Rokossovsky, Konstantin Konstantinovich, returning to the cell after interrogations, persistently repeated each time: “In no case do not make false confessions, do not stipulate either yourself or the other. If you have to die, so with a clear conscience. "
      “They beat me ... The two of us, the three of us, alone cannot handle me!” He stayed, knew that if I signed it, it was certain death, ”Konstantin Konstantinovich recalled at a meeting with students of the MV Frunze Military Academy in April 1962.

      http://www.e-reading.club/bookreader.php/1023618/
      Sokolov _-_ Rokossovskiy.html
  18. Moskovit
    Moskovit 24 December 2016 23: 40 New
    +1
    One of the facts of the "novel" of Serova and Rokossovsky. Rokossovsky returned all her letters unopened through Serova's adjutant. He had a daughter from a staff worker. He gave her his last name. He helped through life and never left, although her mother married another, and he himself returned to the family. Now these two branches of the Rokossovskys communicate well and keep the memory of their illustrious ancestor.
  19. Visitor
    Visitor 26 December 2016 15: 08 New
    0
    My grandfather (peace be upon him) fought as part of 2 Belorussky and met Rokossovsky twice. I remember how now, with what genuine respect my grandfather spoke about Marshal.