Military Review

Organic Eurasianism

33
The arrival of Donald Trump, the US refusal of the Transatlantic Partnership can swing the EU or at least part of its most independent members towards Russia, the Eurasian Union. Sergey Glazyev, an adviser to the president of the Russian Federation, told the Military-Industrial Courier about what we have in common, what is the difference, what are the prospects.


- Sergey Yuryevich, can we today compare the economies of the Eurasian and European Unions?

- Nothing is easier. Take statistics, match the parameters. The most significant difference is the size of interest rates. In the European Union, they are at zero and open access to credit. We have record rates in the world. Therefore, there, despite certain difficulties, modernization continues, new technologies are being introduced, engineering schools are actively developing. And here, because of high interest rates, the high-tech industry sits only on budget orders, which leads to an increasing technological gap.

Europe has a fiscal policy for development, three-quarters of the expenditure goes to support education, science and economics. Unfortunately, we still live in a hundred-year-old model, when fixed assets are spent on bureaucracy, on what is called the police state, and no more than a quarter of the expenditure remains on development.

It is in the monetary and fiscal plane that the key difference between the EU and the EAEU lies. And in Europe, taxes are mainly on the super-rich, in fact - on super-consumption, and in our country - on production. Our real sector lives in much worse conditions than its competitors. Therefore, such a balance of trade with Europe: we export raw materials, and we get finished goods. Because we produce more expensive loans are not available, taxes are higher.

Organic Eurasianism- How much do you think it is best to spend on power structures, on defense?

- It is necessary not only to divide the budget into functional areas, but to link it with the development goals. When money is spent on maintaining a bureaucratic apparatus, this is one thing. Another thing - when the defense of science. It is necessary to spend more on it than it is now, much more - in order to be competitive, because it is at the same time financing scientific and technological progress. We have excessive spending on bureaucracy, the number of officials per unit of gross product is probably the highest in the world, ten times more than it was in the Soviet Union. Here it is necessary to reduce and increase development costs. They must be at least two-thirds of the budget. And today make up about a quarter. First of all, an increase in allocations for science is required - about three times to meet world standards. We have to spend one and a half times more on education than now, on health care - twice. Then let's get closer to the world average.

- Without Ukraine, can the Eurasian Economic Union realize itself?

- He realizes himself in any case. With Ukraine, of course, there would be more economic space, higher competitiveness, more powerful synergy.

- What is the role of the EAEU in the world today?

- What is immediately talking about the world ?! First of all, its role in our economy is great. This is a huge common market, the weight of Russia in which about 80 percent in terms of production. Each state party - Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan has its strengths. Their combination allows us to restore the cooperation that was before, to build new joint projects, to realize investments in common interests and thus increase economic activity. This gives additional competitive advantages.

I can say that immediately after the creation of the Customs Union and the removal of the corresponding barriers, the volume of mutual trade grew one and a half times in just one year. And today, against the background of a general decline in commodity turnover, this trend continues, being for us a promising and important development direction.

There are locomotives of economic growth that lie outside the country, but very important for us, say, the Belarusian agricultural engineering, which is completed with Russian engines and other integral parts. This example shows that any success in each of our states is a plus for all.

- What else is profitable for Russia to trade with members of the EEU and what is it ready to buy?

- We have a large space for work here, because the share of mutual trade, if we talk about Russia, is only 13 percent, and in Belarus - about half. And this economic model shows how you can use the advantages of Eurasian integration, the absence of customs borders.

The Russian economy maintains too high a lurch towards the extractive industry, chemical raw materials, which account for the majority of trade, not only in foreign trade, but also within the EAEU. Therefore, the emphasis should be placed on the development of engineering, other high-tech industries, where there is still an established base oriented to the entire former Soviet Union, but due to the fall in production, they cannot maintain proper profitability.

Let's say ours aviation industry worked for a third of the world, and today, you see, even such a large territory as the Russian Federation is not enough to load capacity. The modern economy is oriented towards the world market, but until it has developed its own space, competition cannot be avoided. First of all, we need to train in the common economic space.

In general, we can state that the era of liberal globalization is coming to an end. The elected American president announced his refusal to sign a partnership and investment agreement with the European Union, announced the withdrawal of the United States from the TTP. That is, further attempts to impose the lifting of borders, the fitting of all to the standards of the International Monetary Fund no longer give effect, do not ensure economic growth even in the United States. We are on the verge of creating a fundamentally new model of world economic relations, where the importance of national sovereignty is being restored, where each state is trying to realize the maximum of its competitive advantages.

We still have competition of jurisdictions in the EAEU. Because European integration, by the example of which we began to build our union, today appears as a tough bureaucratic empire. This rigidity leads to fragility, lack of flexibility, disrespect for national characteristics. Attempt to cut one size fits all has already led to the UK leaving the European Union. This is just the beginning. The European Union will have to either decentralize or collapse.

Against this background, our Eurasian integration is more organic, it takes into account the peculiarity of countries, we unite only economic spaces, not trying to unify political systems, do not crawl into fiscal policy, do not create a monetary union. We combine only those functionaries of economic regulation, from which the overall benefit is assumed due to the larger scale of production, cooperation, and a combination of competitive advantages. This Eurasian model today is more attractive and promising than the rigid bureaucratic structure of the EU, based on coercion.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/34359
33 comments
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 23 December 2016 05: 23
    0
    According to Glazyev, everything is bad and even worse. And the geyropa - yes! - everything is fine and smooth there!
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 23 December 2016 05: 53
      +12
      Quote: aszzz888
      According to Glazyev, everything is bad and even worse. And the geyropa - yes! - everything is fine and smooth there!

      Do not agree? So he indicated the main reason and all the consequences follow from it. Europe has cheap money, we have expensive. Under such conditions, it is impossible to develop the economy and defend independence (spending on aircraft). Only the nationalization of the central bank and seek equal conditions for financing production.
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 23 December 2016 07: 00
        +7
        Unfortunately, we still live in a model a hundred years ago, when fixed assets are spent on the bureaucracy, on what is called the police state, and not more than a quarter of the expenditure remains on development. - S. Glazyev.

        Here is one of the main problems of Russia - the bureaucratic police capitalist state devouring most of the budget, and not creating the necessary conditions for the successful development of the economy, industry, agricultural / science.
        And how long will this last? Where is the limit of this "development"?
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 23 December 2016 09: 21
          +3
          I will add a video of the discussion "state and popular protest" in the program "Point of View" of the "Red Line" channel - which you will not see on our television. In my opinion, related to the topic of discussion concerning the "bureaucratic police state". Take a look and listen to respected people and experts.
      2. Cat man null
        Cat man null 23 December 2016 09: 51
        +2
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        he pointed the main cause and all the consequences follow from it

        - that is, in your opinion, let's lower the rate to zero, and we will have everything right away, as in Europe?
        - phe negative
        - it is impossible to imagine more stupidity. "Main", panim, "reason", panim ...

        Think just what will happen if the Central Bank abruptly lowers the loan rate now ... and then repeat the stupid things that Glazyev simply can’t but repeat yes
        1. Mavrikiy
          Mavrikiy 23 December 2016 10: 54
          +3
          Quote: Cat Man Null

          Think just what will happen if the Central Bank abruptly lowers the loan rate now ... and then repeat the stupid things that Glazyev simply can’t but repeat yes

          I will not advise you to think. And so it’s clear that there is one FAT in the brain. It is necessary to pump out.
          1. Cat man null
            Cat man null 23 December 2016 11: 39
            0
            Quote: Mavrikiy
            I will not advise you to think. And so it’s clear that there is one FAT in the brain. Need to pump out

            - that is, we still lower the rates - and then immediately overpriced?
            - mdy ... what
      3. Glory1974
        Glory1974 23 December 2016 15: 17
        +1
        I agree. The main problem of sanctions is the inability to take a loan in the West at a sparing interest. Industrial enterprises cannot afford our loans.
      4. Talgat
        Talgat 24 December 2016 04: 36
        +2
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        As he pointed out the main reason, all the consequences follow from it. Europe has cheap money, we have expensive.


        this is the whole problem

        How we lost the cold war because of treason in the 90 - so we fell into financial slavery

        And now it will be very difficult to break out - it will be necessary to recruit allies - arm ourselves - to gain strength - and then only we can break out of bondage - and then Glazyev’s advice is possible and it will be possible to realize
    2. Sidel45
      Sidel45 23 December 2016 06: 26
      +14
      No, Glazyev does not say that everything is fine and smooth in Europe, but he is absolutely right that science, high technologies and production determine the power of the state, and not bureaucracy, raw materials and "buy and sell", as we do. The only pity is that the one to whom Glazyev advises listens more to the advice of the HSE than Glazyev.
      1. CONTROL
        CONTROL 23 December 2016 08: 32
        +2
        Quote: Seidel45
        No, Glazyev does not say that everything is fine and smooth in Europe, but he is absolutely right that science, high technologies and production determine the power of the state, and not bureaucracy, raw materials and "buy and sell", as we do. The only pity is that the one to whom Glazyev advises listens more to the advice of the HSE than Glazyev.

        ... unless you are late with science or high technology!
        That's where healthy state protectionism is needed - to spare nothing on science (not to be confused with the RAS! ...)! Priority high technology!
        ... the Americans ran into the violation of this rule - the principles of "competition" were brought to justice! The result is a mighty, rich, technologically backward and uncultured country ... which one? yeah, USA!
        Cloudy sunset
        Perestroika began at dawn,
        Non-filmed bureaucrat
        With his goodbye cabinet.
        Goodbye my bright office
        Goodbye carpet
        Give me the last in the Karelian chair
        I'll sit at least a little more.

        Let the last time in my stern look
        Clear light will shine from the ceiling
        May they ring me farewell
        All my fifteen phones.
        Did I even allow something?
        Have I entered where without knocking?
        So what is the stone laid
        Rock in my outstretched hand?

        Why did you leave your friend, friends?
        How will fate conceive him to scrub,
        After all, it is impossible for a simple soul
        To go in peace without a selector.
        So said and went out on the carpet,
        He went further and further
        And a tear rolled down my hip
        A secretary's cool thigh.

        Citizens, my soul is pure
        I look forward to your best regards,
        Who is an orphan in the world,
        This is a citizen without an office.
        The slogan at the moment is your own
        I introduce have the intention -
        Help copper labor,
        Before you is a victim of acceleration.
        Help copper labor,
        Before you are victims of acceleration. (Yu. Ryashentsev)
        ... not about Ulyukaev?
      2. Cat man null
        Cat man null 23 December 2016 11: 43
        +1
        Quote: Seidel45
        No, Glazyev does not say that everything is good and smooth in Europe, but he is absolutely right in that ...

        - ... being rich and healthy is better than being poor and sick
        - it was known long before Glazyev
        - the problem is that Glazyev, as a rule, does not say how to achieve all this splendor; and when he says, he starts to carry a fierce blizzard like "lower the interest on loans, and you will have economic development"
        - this is precisely the problem ... of Glazyev himself, as a pure theoretician.

        That's all request
        1. uskrabut
          uskrabut 23 December 2016 13: 56
          +3
          Quote: Cat Man Null
          "lower the interest on loans, and you will have economic development"

          What's wrong with that? If the interest on the deposit is high, then the money from production flows into deposits. If the loan interest is high, then it spurs inflation, increases the cost of production and makes it uncompetitive. Basic truths from classical economic theory. Plus, there must be sufficient money supply for servicing commodity circulation and production. Voila! Glazyev is right!
    3. Pravodel
      Pravodel 23 December 2016 06: 55
      +7
      Glazyev said wrong! He said the following: our main difference from Europe is in monetary policy: they have% = 0 and loans are directed to production and reproduction, monetary policy is aimed at reducing excess consumption; we have the opposite:% of the loan is crazy, killing production, and state resources are spent not on the development of production, but on the maintenance of the state apparatus and officials. We have 3-5 times more than in the USSR.
      He indicated what needs to be done to correct this situation: the key to the development of Russia lies in the monetary policy of the state.
      But here we have big problems. While liberalists are in power in Russia, there is no need to wait for the development of Russia. The success of Russia depends on how soon we sweep out the liberal bastard entrenched in the government and the Central Bank with a filthy broom.
      Friends for work. We will not let you sell Russia. Protect her from the liberal traitors.
    4. Titsen
      Titsen 23 December 2016 07: 10
      +2
      Quote: aszzz888
      According to Glazyev,


      Only one BLA-BLA!

      Advisor, what are you responsible for besides your yulin language?

      Never!

      And you can’t answer for your language either!

      One gay boltology, but at the exit - you sew!
    5. andj61
      andj61 23 December 2016 08: 57
      +1
      Quote: aszzz888
      According to Glazyev, everything is bad and even worse. And the geyropa - yes! - everything is fine and smooth there!

      Only according to him
      We still have competition of jurisdictions in the EAEU. Because European integration, by the example of which we began to build our union, today appears as a tough bureaucratic empire. This rigidity leads to fragility, lack of flexibility, disrespect for national characteristics. Attempt to cut one size fits all has already led to the UK leaving the European Union. This is just the beginning. The European Union will have to either decentralize or collapse.

      So, according to Glazyev, we have a bad situation, but there are very good development prospects.
      They have - bye! - good. But it is soon to either radically reform, or fall apart. And the prospects will fall apart, if we take into account other interviews and Glazyev’s statements, there will be even more. Now the EU is working in the interests of the German economy and, in part, France. Other countries do not like it very much. Now it is possible to somehow consolidate on the idea of ​​confrontation with Russia. But the relevance of this idea is not the same as 2,5-3 years ago. The position of the United States will change - and in the first place will be its own contradictions within the EU. It doesn’t hurt to buy the loyalty of individual countries. There are so many problems with Greece alone, and if Greece is added, in addition to the eastern members of the EU (all sorts of different Baltic states, Romanians, Bulgaria, Hungary, etc.) Italy and Spain? Will Germany be willing and able to feed them all? I doubt it very much!
      1. Egoza
        Egoza 23 December 2016 09: 30
        +1
        Quote: andj61
        Will Germany be willing and able to feed them all? I doubt it very much!

        Well, Ukraine will help! We are here defending all of Europe! for everyone! take it!
        For migrants who in fact prove their value to Ukraine and expresses their willingness to defend its territorial integrity with arms in their hands, it is proposed to organize a Ukrainian foreign legion, whose participants should receive a “separate package of benefits: citizenship, pensions, insurance and salary”. “There are many countries where there is an overabundance of young men with real combat experience who want to put it into practice. One of these countries deserves a separate discussion and special attention. This is Somalia, or rather, one of the pieces of the former united Somalia into which it fell apart - Puntland. In the past few years, Puntland has put an end to maritime piracy, which terrified sailors sailing past Somalia along the Gulf of Aden. But the end of piracy does not at all mean the disappearance of former pirates! The bases and organizational structure were destroyed, but the personnel of experienced sailors remained. And if any of them are now in Puntland and have nowhere to put their skills to seafarers and peaceful fishermen, welcome to Ukraine. The coasts of the Black and Azov seas - everything that is east of the annexed, but still Ukrainian Crimea, are perfect for settling with these natural sailors. It is quite possible for them to provide even a certain number of nautical trawlers, as well as high-speed motobots. Of course, their main occupation, at least according to the official plans of Ukraine, will be peaceful fishing. Another question is that for a safe stay at sea, where there are both Russian warships and ships of various kinds of smugglers illegally calling at the ports of the occupied Crimea, the crews of trawlers and motorbots should be armed for their own safety. Taking into account the marine specifics, the talk, most likely, should go not only about machine guns, but also about grenade launchers and heavy machine guns. This is quite enough for peaceful fishermen to stand up for themselves in case of a conflict. If the situation is such that they capture and bring to the Ukrainian port one of the ships transporting contraband to the occupied Crimea, then such a desire to suppress illegal actions directed against Ukraine should, of course, be encouraged in every way, ”the Kiev publication gushes with initiatives. According to the author of the publication, the Russian status of Crimea should not become an “obstacle to settling it with volunteer colonists” from among African migrants. “Obviously, for self-defense from the invaders, these volunteers must also get weapons, and Somali sailors can deal with the issues of their delivery to the Crimea. The most distinguished of them can be invited to the public service. For example, in the Foreign Coast Defense Corps, created by analogy with the Ukrainian land foreign legion, ”emphasizes the“ Business Capital ”.
    6. Stanislas
      Stanislas 23 December 2016 11: 24
      +1
      Quote: aszzz888
      According to Glazyev, everything is bad and even worse. And the geyropa - yes! - everything is fine there
      You do not selectively read the article, but try everything in a row, then you will find in Glazyev, which is good and bad both with us and with them.
    7. g1v2
      g1v2 23 December 2016 16: 29
      +2
      Glazyev is an ordinary liberal. Not bad and not good. I went to internships with the same Chubais abroad. Why did someone record him in the superfood patriots - xs. Moreover, no one even understands what he is not happy with and what he is calling for, but everyone drowns for him not childishly. request
      Quite simply. The main thing he is dissatisfied with is that the government sets itself the main task in the fight against inflation. And he believes that this is holding back economic growth. Inflation = rising prices. To make it quite simple - he is unhappy that the government is actively restraining price increases, and not letting them go. IF GO TO ITS OFFERS - PRICES IN STORES WILL USE SHARP UP. And those who were tearing a throat for him here will smudge their snot looking at price tags in stores - like we didn’t want that. crying
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 23 December 2016 07: 21
    0
    Quote: vladimirZ
    Here is one of the main problems of Russia - the bureaucratic police officer capitalist state

    I agree with the bureaucratic, but with the policeman you have gone too far. If we had a police state, it would be worth seeing how you wrote this freely.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 23 December 2016 08: 02
      +4
      but with the policeman you went too far. Whether we have a police state ... - rotmistr60

      You have read the article carefully. I just cited the words of S. Glazyev, academician, adviser to the President of the Russian Federation, who probably had a reason for this to write "police state". Return to the article.
    2. Stanislas
      Stanislas 23 December 2016 11: 28
      0
      Quote: rotmistr60
      If we had a police state, it would be worth seeing how you wrote this freely
      This is a kind of understanding of the police state. The United States, according to many, is a police state, but there you can talk about it without fear.
      1. rotmistr60
        rotmistr60 23 December 2016 11: 52
        0
        But what about the work of the so-called. "independent" media during the pre-election race and the elections themselves? Regarding the police state, I did not paint all its "charms", I just focused on one thing.
  3. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 23 December 2016 08: 11
    0
    There is some kind of incompleteness in the article. The promise is that we are developing in the right direction until it finds actual confirmation.
    1. Semurg
      Semurg 23 December 2016 08: 52
      +2
      Glazyev has been criticizing for 15 years now here and there. Maybe he will be given a chance to prove himself in practice, but for now, some advice is listed behind him.
  4. Knizhnik
    Knizhnik 23 December 2016 09: 13
    +2
    The EU model also has its advantages. The countries, having renounced many powers, resolve mutual claims within the framework of EU institutions. They have unconditional mutual support. The bureaucracy dug in at the top, but partially left the bottom. Of course, the countries are not equal to each other, German interests clearly dominate, but they didn’t drag anyone by force there. Who will take them apart ...
  5. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 23 December 2016 09: 17
    +3
    For a long time I knew that the eye of balabol, who is engaged in theory and teaches as it should, but he did not do anything worthwhile in his life. and this article is too much confirmation.
    he would explain why such a rate on the loan, and why he did not say that in Europe, which he considers on credit all and all. (the Ukraine project was started in order to obtain new markets, following the example of eastern Europe, which was annexed, destroyed industry and credited the population, despite the fact that, for example, in the Baltic countries all banks are Swedish and Finnish, but they have not grown together).
    As for industry, it’s also nonsense, let Glazyev show me how to develop it, and not sit in the office and get a salary from the budget.
    I don’t have time to criticize every line of this article (I think that it’s not for me alone), so I need to print critics of the economic guru Glazyev, and then we will look, from a different point of view, on his proposals ..
    1. Stanislas
      Stanislas 23 December 2016 11: 30
      +1
      Quote: Kostya Andreev
      let Glazyev show me how to develop
      He may not have enough life for this.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 23 December 2016 09: 24
    0
    [quote = vladimirZ] [quote]
    You have read the article carefully. I just cited the words of S. Glazyev, academician, adviser to the President of the Russian Federation, who probably had a reason for this to write "police state". Return to the article. [/ Quote][i] [/ i]
    [i] [quote = vladimirZ

    I read the article carefully, so I ask a question. But what academician, adviser can not be stupid or wrong? Do you want to remind academicians (Chechen), professors (in Rostov), ​​deputies of the State Duma, who, to put it mildly, are far from, for example, Academician Likhachev?
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 23 December 2016 10: 27
      +5
      Not only Glazyev speaks about this. Watch the video of the discussion on the Red Line channel, I gave it above.
      Remind you of the farmers blocked by the police in Rostov that they tried to get through "to the good king" with a petition about their oppression; about truckers who were blocked by the police on the outskirts of Moscow in order to prevent them from protesting against Platon.
      And the current blockage of a whole city of striking miners in Gukovo, Rostov Region, protesting about paying them the annual salary delayed by the owners of the mine.
      There are also other episodes in which the police unconstitutionally hinder the conduct of peaceful rallies and assemblies on the Internet. For thinking and analyzing what is happening is difficult to "hang noodles". Shake off those liberal noodles
      1. Kostya Andreev
        Kostya Andreev 23 December 2016 10: 57
        +1
        Here you are either lying, intentionally or not telling the truth because you try not to notice it. On the red, green, black lines, squares, triangles, and other channels, expert theorists sit. and I’m interested in their opinion, but no more ..
        Now let me remind you of the above.
        About farmers, but couldn’t it be more detailed because of what all the cheese was boron, maybe because of their greed and the fact that they can not compete with large farms (as an individual farmer with a collective farm, a large enterprise that is constantly admired here. And which, as a result of its size can reduce the cost of production and, as a consequence, the cost of the final product, which the farmer cannot do because the volumes are not the same).
        About Dalnaboev, before you write, find out how people do not pay taxes when registering cars for the disabled and joyfully laugh at idiots in the government who cannot catch them, and they paid only a pretty penny tax on IP (and even then many do not pay) and tax on transport despite the fact that the money is not frail. (I know what I'm talking about). And now they are pressed, because taxes must be paid to everyone, and not just to live off the deductions of oil and gas. that's all
        As for the miners, why did they work the YEAR for free and didn’t say a word, didn’t go on strike, didn’t quit, that they drove them with sticks, who is to blame for this - Putin? You have to fight for your rights, especially as miners who risk their lives every day. If I don’t get paid, then I just quit.
        Not everything in our country is perfect and good, as well as in all countries. And for other episodes, you also need to understand, and since I am a thinking person, I advise you to write about it before you write, rather than using the Internet and the source of OBS.
        And judging by your comments, you are the same theorist. as the characters you represented.
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 23 December 2016 14: 11
          +4
          and other channels sit expert theorists. and to me on their opinion - Kostya Andreyev

          The ignoramus always believes that he is smarter and more competent than all scientists and theorists, and their opinion and reasoning is easily thrown into the basket.
          If you are a "thinking person", then think by comprehensively assessing the mass of events taking place, including the opinions and conclusions of those who regularly meet and deal with these problems.
          But you don’t think, you just discard their opinion and conclusions, - "there were no such phenomena, situations, conclusions, I want it so, let it be so." But this is not only in your mind, objectively they exist and these problems are only growing.
  8. Glory1974
    Glory1974 23 December 2016 15: 18
    +4
    Why do liberals refuse to print money for targeted industrial projects? They say it is "non-market". And try to take a market loan. We have 20%, in the West 5-6.