Military Review

Day of military counterintelligence of the Russian Federation

46
98 years ago - 19 December 1918 of the year - in Soviet Russia, as part of the formation of security agencies, a special service appeared, whose employees were given the main task of fighting the so-called counter-revolution. The service was a structural unit of the All-Russian Emergency Commission and had a network of regional offices. Around the same time, a counter-intelligence department of the Cheka was formed, dealing with the issues of countering the activity of representatives of foreign military intelligence during the period of military intervention in Soviet Russia.


Day of military counterintelligence of the Russian Federation


This date was chosen as a holiday for representatives of modern military counterintelligence. - December 19 celebrates Military Counterintelligence Day in the Russian Federation; actual история which certainly does not begin with the 1918 of the year.

In particular, before the start of the Russo-Japanese War - in 1903, the General Directorate of the General Staff of the Ministry of War of the Russian Empire prepared a project for the establishment of a special body that would search and identify foreign spies and their accomplices from Russian nationals. The project was prepared under the supervision of the Minister of War and a member of the Military Council of the Adjutant General Alexei Kuropatkin.


War Minister A. Kuropatkin


On the table of Emperor Nicholas II, the project of the actual counterintelligence authority was laid down in January 1903. At the same time, the project’s developers placed special emphasis on the fact that the military counterintelligence authority is needed in connection with the obvious activization of intelligence agents from both Europe - Britain, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Asia - first and foremost, of course, Japan.

From the explanation of the document that the emperor considered:
The activity of this body should consist in establishing the secret supervision of the ordinary ways of secret military intelligence, having the starting point of foreign military agents, the final points of persons in our public service and engaged in criminal activities, and the connecting links between them - sometimes a number of agents, intermediaries in transfer of information.


Nicholas II supported the idea. And the body, according to military historians, was given the semi-official name of the "intelligence department" under the war ministry. However, no official documents on the establishment were published at that time, which is understandable. The publication of such data would automatically expose the intensification of work in the Russian Empire on countering foreign military intelligence.

Vladimir Nikolaevich Lavrov became the first head of the counterintelligence service (the "intelligence department") of the Russian Empire. The archives preserved the order of his appointment - pr. No. 63 from 4 June 1903. Before being appointed to a new post, the captain V. Lavrov was the head of the secret police in Tiflis and had a reputation as one of the most successful representatives of the intelligence service. Some historians believe that Vladimir Lavrov, as head of the military counterintelligence service, was able to detect espionage in favor of the Austro-Hungarian empire by Roman Ungern-Sternberg, a baron, known later for active actions in the Far East - in particular, by restoring the independence of Mongolia. There is another group of historians who do not see in the activities of Baron Ungern a component against the interests of the Russian Empire, but emphasize his policy of preserving the monarchy and its restoration after the revolutionary 1917. The historiographic dispute on this issue continues to this day, and many experts believe that the kind of monarchy that was understood by Unern-Sternberg did not have anything in common with traditional Russian monarchism. Be that as it may, the merits of Vladimir Lavrov in exposing Ungern are noted in historical sources.


Baron Ungern


During the First World War, the military counterintelligence of Russia was, as they say, a battle test. The participation of the Russian Empire in a big war dictated the need to expand counterintelligence work, the purpose of which was to thwart attempts by the representatives of foreign intelligence services to capture important data on armaments, numbers and other components of the combat capability of the Russian army on the fronts. In various departments before the war, dozens of foreign agents were identified who “merged” the most important military and military-political data abroad. And it was about the agents of not only German military intelligence. There were enough “friends” from other states that subsequently took part in the First World War and the collapse of the Russian Empire.

The activity of military counterintelligence (the Main Directorate of Counterintelligence - SMERSH) can hardly be overestimated, speaking about the activities of the structure during the Great Patriotic War. The tasks of SMERSH employees included protecting the Red Army and Fleet from the activity of foreign special services and their agents in the territory of the Soviet Union. SMERSH solved the tasks of suppressing attempts by German agents to penetrate the front line, of transferring Soviet troops to the side of the Nazis, of checking those troops who were returning from German captivity. And this is not all the tasks of a special unit.



What are the tasks of military counterintelligence today? By and large, the scope of the main tasks of the department, which has repeatedly undergone reorganization and change of names, has not changed since the foundation of the department. This counteraction to attempts to conduct activities directed against the Armed Forces, countering damage to the interests of the Russian Federation, organizing countering terrorist and extremist activities, using technical means to unauthorized receiving information about the activities of the country's security forces, organizing work to curb attempts to forcibly seize and hold power.

From the official service data:
The fight against crime and terrorist activities is carried out by the security forces in the army by carrying out operational-search measures, inquiry and preliminary investigation within their competence.

"Military Review" congratulates representatives of the military counterintelligence and all veterans of the service on their professional holiday!
Photos used:
Wikipedia, TC "Svv
46 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 19 December 2016 05: 08
    +5
    I guess we, as always, created counterintelligence late.
    1. Finches
      Finches 19 December 2016 07: 04
      +4
      Happy Holidays!

      We must congratulate my comrades from this office not to forget ... Sometimes, I make fun of calling them squads, and they don’t look at me very kindly and I quickly fall silent ... laughing

      Work is necessary and important! hi
      1. EvgNik
        EvgNik 19 December 2016 12: 19
        +3
        Quote: Finches
        . Sometimes, I make fun of calling them squads

        Namesake, don’t mess with fire. Dangerously
        But seriously, with the holiday counterintelligence, serious and necessary work. Not very visible to us, such is the specificity. But we watch films about you with great pleasure.
        1. Finches
          Finches 19 December 2016 12: 32
          +1
          hi That's for sure - joking with them is more expensive for yourself! laughing
          1. Tatyana
            Tatyana 19 December 2016 17: 04
            +1
            I also sincerely join in the congratulations of our Russian counterintelligence! hi

            In fact, no country in the world can do without its national intelligence and counterintelligence since ancient times !!!
            Good luck to the Russian counter intelligence always and in everything!
            1. Tatyana
              Tatyana 19 December 2016 17: 17
              0
              And 18 December was the Day of the internal security units of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation.
              This is also another important professional holiday of one of the power structures of the Russian Federation.
              The main tasks of this service are 1) preventing the penetration of persons pursuing illegal goals into the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation; 2) prevention, detection and suppression of crimes by employees of law enforcement bodies; 3) organization of state protection of employees, employees of internal affairs bodies and persons dismissed from service from internal affairs bodies, as well as their relatives.

              Let's congratulate them too!
              After all, we all are not indifferent to the kind of police in our country - what is the “purity” of its ranks in the service of the Motherland and whether the police themselves and their families are really protected from the revenge of offenders.


              Police song
    2. Knowing
      Knowing 19 December 2016 07: 52
      +5
      Gendarmes Detached Corps- ABOUTConcerned about the spread of secret societies that had prepared the uprising on Senate Square, Nicholas I on April 28 (May 10) 1827 issued the Regulation on the Gendarme Corps, which he organized the Russian gendarmes in the Separate Special Forces Corps as part of the Russian Imperial Army. The military ranks of this corps formed the basis of the staff of the gendarme-police institutions of the Russian Empire from 1826 to 1917. The post of chief of gendarmes was established on June 25 (July 7), 1826.- However... hi
    3. vovanpain
      vovanpain 19 December 2016 08: 44
      +13
      With the holiday of you counterintelligence, without you there will be no strong state, and especially today, when the work is not an open end. hi hi drinks drinks
      1. Diana Ilyina
        Diana Ilyina 19 December 2016 08: 51
        +19
        I join in the congratulations! The guys do a very important and necessary job, always being in the shade! With a professional holiday, I wish everyone good health, happiness in the family and good luck in work. And although this poem is not entirely about counterintelligence, but nonetheless:

        Trust me, she will pass
        Both democracy and publicity
        And then state security
        Remember your names ... !!!


        Happy holiday guys! love
        1. The comment was deleted.
    4. tihiy
      tihiy 19 December 2016 10: 48
      +4
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      I guess we, as always, created counterintelligence late.

      It seems like back in 1903 a service was created with counterintelligence functions ...
      But anyway, congratulations to the military intelligence agents!
      SMERSH during WWII - it was a power
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 19 December 2016 05: 09
    +13
    SMERSH - death to spies! He has a lot of work now!
  3. Knowing
    Knowing 19 December 2016 05: 26
    +15
    Happy Holiday Counterintelligence! Your Service is invisible, but Needed! soldier
  4. Wolka
    Wolka 19 December 2016 05: 40
    +7
    It’s never too late, it chooses time itself ... Happy Holidays !!!
  5. Masya masya
    Masya masya 19 December 2016 06: 32
    +19

    Happy holiday counterintelligence! love
  6. Same lech
    Same lech 19 December 2016 06: 33
    +9
    I respect this service ... it requires very high knowledge and abilities from a person ... to identify among thousands and thousands of normal people a disguised spy and at the same time not to harm anyone the most difficult task.
    Congratulations to the counterintelligence ... you are the right people for our state and will be such for many years drinks
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 19 December 2016 06: 51
      +12
      Well written. I congratulate everyone who was involved in this service (OO KGB of the USSR in Soviet times) on their professional holiday, I wish health to all pensioners.
  7. pamero
    pamero 19 December 2016 06: 42
    +5
    And then for sure with a holiday! In 1917, counterintelligence of Russia in its entirety took over the Soviet regime and already carried out the tasks of protecting the Soviet state. Very significant !!!!!!!!!!!!!
    1. Standard
      Standard 19 December 2016 09: 47
      +2
      Quote: pamero
      personnel in full force adopted the Soviet regime

      As if it were their own development. wink
  8. ZKVR
    ZKVR 19 December 2016 06: 56
    0
    This is an NGO, all NGOs
    1. Diana Ilyina
      Diana Ilyina 19 December 2016 08: 53
      +12
      Well, why did you write this ?! Like humor ?! So no one will appreciate ...
      1. Knowing
        Knowing 19 December 2016 12: 37
        +2
        Quote: ZKVR
        This is an NGO, all NGOs

        Quote: Diana Ilyina
        Well, why did you write this ?!

        Yes stupid because. hi
  9. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 19 December 2016 07: 02
    +7
    On this occasion, representatives of that organization whose name cannot be mentioned in vain.! drinks Thank you for having a country and working for its benefit! soldier drinks Happy Holidays! soldier drinks
  10. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 19 December 2016 07: 04
    +5
    Thanks you! Happy Holiday! drinks Health and low bow! hi
  11. k174oun7
    k174oun7 19 December 2016 07: 48
    +5
    Those fighters that used to be called special officers who supervised the unit are now also nothing but counterintelligence. Our unit was supervised by a special officer with the rank of major. He did his job - he recruited informants from all categories of military personnel, and met with them. Some of them were known to us. And all this was taken for granted. I must say that Valera, that was the name of the special person, was a cheerful, sociable guy with a kind of humor. Valera had his own office at the headquarters, which was located next to the toilet. Once in the smoking-room, where Valera went to talk to the people, one officer decided to joke and said: "You shouldn't, Valera set up his office next to the toilet. We know that you are behind the wall. Therefore, you didn't drill holes and don't rub your ears against the wall. . In the toilet we do not tell jokes about Brezhnev and we do not admit other sins. " To which Valera replied cheerfully: "Guys, you'd better confess in the toilet, because in the basement you confess even what you didn't do." The joker quickly left.
  12. Altona
    Altona 19 December 2016 08: 03
    +8

    Congratulations to the fighters of the "invisible front" in their difficult struggle against spies. It is a pity that their hands are now tied, there is a lot of counter going on with impunity, and she is even acquiring monuments.
  13. Million
    Million 19 December 2016 08: 17
    +8
    What a strange attitude in modern Russia to the holidays: some canceled, some renamed, and some continue to celebrate, despite the fact that these holidays were holidays of the USSR.
    If that SMERSH existed now, a considerable part of modern Russian politicians, officials and deputies would have long been put to the wall!
    1. Standard
      Standard 19 December 2016 09: 43
      +2
      Quote: Million
      If that SMERSH existed now

      That is not the one, but it is necessary to recreate the structure at a new level.
    2. tihiy
      tihiy 19 December 2016 10: 51
      +6
      Quote: Million
      If that SMERSH existed now, a considerable part of modern Russian politicians, officials and deputies would have long been put to the wall!

      If SMERSH existed, then the collapse of the USSR did not happen! I am sure.
  14. Idel
    Idel 19 December 2016 08: 24
    +5
    Happy Military Counterintelligence Day! Happiness, health and success in work to all who are involved in this: staffing, citizens assisting
  15. Sgt.
    Sgt. 19 December 2016 09: 09
    +9
    Today is St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Day!
  16. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 19 December 2016 09: 40
    +3
    Guys, don’t talk about the state. In the 90s, the party-state nomenclature merged the country, barely scrambled out. Happy Holiday! Enemies and traitors to the nail!
  17. Standard
    Standard 19 December 2016 09: 41
    +1
    Congratulations to our curator from WRC (79-82). I hope that I am alive and well. Sorry, I don’t know my last name (I don’t remember?) In order to find and interpret. wink
  18. Galleon
    Galleon 19 December 2016 09: 43
    +6

    Happy holiday, comrade officers!
  19. KCA
    KCA 19 December 2016 09: 46
    +1
    during military service he crossed with the special police officer, at first he drove in, frightened with all sorts of profanities, such as pills from which severe diarrhea occurs, but after several conversations I won’t say that I became friends, but I had a rather warm relationship, although I’m an ordinary person (though the division commander, the head of R- 145), I hope that most specialists are the same
  20. dmmyak40
    dmmyak40 19 December 2016 10: 57
    +4
    Happy Holiday! Today I will raise a glass for my grandfather - Makarov Mikhail Mikhailovich, captain SMERSH. He fought with the white fins, and then - on the Karelian front, was seriously wounded, awarded orders and medals. He was very reluctant to talk about the war. After the war, he worked as a teacher in the village. When I was about to get married, it turned out that the bride (she was an instructor in a flight school in Bataisk, went on maternity leave before the war. The first husband was quite famous in the ADD Zakhar Pruzhinin) was a prisoner of the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Grandfather had a choice: rejection of marriage - and a major star for epaulettes or dismissal from organs. Grandfather left and got married.
    Grandma said that in Ravensbrück with the approach of the Red Army they were driven into gas chambers so that no one was left alive. But she and many others were lucky: a reconnaissance tank company popped up on the camp, shot the guards and freed the prisoners.
  21. Holoy
    Holoy 19 December 2016 11: 11
    0
    I remember the Specialist. It looked ridiculously uncut when he wore a uniform with a hat. I really tried to make a serious face. During working hours I went hunting ... in the USSR in the 80s A special department, in my opinion, degraded ...

    Happy Holidays!
    1. dmmyak40
      dmmyak40 19 December 2016 11: 22
      +4
      It all depends on the person: grandfather always went to the attack with battalions. In one operation, a seriously injured man in the elbow himself left the encirclement and returned back with the release group. And only after the complete exit of the part from the encirclement lay down in the medical battalion. In award documents on KZ it is indicated.
      1. Holoy
        Holoy 19 December 2016 11: 27
        +2
        already in the 80s, the System was seriously ill ...
        1. EvgNik
          EvgNik 19 December 2016 12: 25
          +1
          Quote: Holoy
          already in the 80s, the System was seriously ill ...

          And you are sick now. Westernism. Do not notice? Dangerous disease and almost incurable.
          1. Holoy
            Holoy 19 December 2016 12: 54
            +1
            Quote: EvgNik
            And you are sick now. Westernism. Do not notice? Dangerous disease and almost incurable

            You played the role of the doctor without healing the USSR ... what else are you trying to prove?
    2. Parsec
      Parsec 19 December 2016 11: 40
      +6
      Quote: Holoy
      I remember the Specialist. I went hunting during working hours ..


      Where he went, what he did where he went, you did not know then and now do not know. But for fools, everything was clear - he took a gun and went hunting. Years passed, the fools remained fools.
      1. Holoy
        Holoy 19 December 2016 11: 44
        +2
        Quote: Parsec
        Where he went, what he did where he went, you did not know then and now do not know. But for fools, everything was clear - he took a gun and went hunting. Years passed, the fools remained fools.

        Og ... he apparently was a black cloak ... agents among the deer recruited that already overslept the USSR ...
  22. bbss
    bbss 19 December 2016 12: 20
    +1
    Quote: tihiy
    and you need to recreate the structure at a new level.

    Required!

    Happy holiday of veterans and employees of the Military Counterintelligence!
  23. user3970
    user3970 19 December 2016 13: 03
    +5
    Chey, the VO admins overslept, or there were no instructions from above. Yesterday was the birthday of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin. Recall!
  24. iva12936
    iva12936 19 December 2016 17: 37
    +1
    All employees, employees and in stock - with a holiday, health, good luck !!!
  25. brr1
    brr1 19 December 2016 21: 24
    0
    It is better to be a bad Chekist than a good special officer.