Military Review

December 3 in Russia celebrates the Day of the Unknown Soldier

63
The Day of the Unknown Soldier is a relatively new memorable date in the Russian storiescelebrated annually - December 3. This memorable day is intended to perpetuate the memory, military prowess and immortal feat of the Soviet and Russian soldiers who died in hostilities and whose names remained unknown. For the first time, the Day of the Unknown Soldier in our country was celebrated in 2014 year. December 3 date was not chosen by chance. It was on this day 3 December 1966 of the year, in commemoration of the 25 anniversary of the defeat of the German fascist troops near Moscow, the remains of an unknown soldier from the mass grave of Soviet soldiers on the 41 kilometer of the Leningrad highway (at the entrance to the city of Zelenograd) were moved and buried solemnly near the wall of the Moscow Kremlin in the Alexander Garden.


Since then, 50 years have passed, during which the memorial architectural ensemble "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier" has not lost its relevance and importance for our country. Today it is one of the most recognizable monuments of Russia and Moscow. By the decree of the President of the country from 17 in November 2009, to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was given the status of the National Memorial of Military Glory. The memorial is included in the State Code of especially valuable objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of our country.

The idea to make December 3 the Day of the Unknown Soldier 25 September 2014 was voiced by Sergey Ivanov, who at the time was the head of the Russian presidential administration. “It would be quite possible to establish such a memorable day, if you like, a day of commemoration,” the official said, responding to the proposal made during his meeting with the winners and participants of the “Search. Finds. Discovery ”conducted among school search teams. Sergei Ivanov emphasized that for Russia such a memorable date would be especially relevant, given that there were no other soldiers like this in the Soviet Union who had gone so far. October 24 The 2014 of the year for the establishment of this memorable date was voted by deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, on November 5 of the same year, the corresponding decree on the establishment of a new memorable date - Day of the Unknown Soldier - was signed by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.


It is worth noting that the first monuments to unknown soldiers began to appear after the First World War. For the first time this very concept, like a memorial, appeared in France. Here, on November 11, 1920, in Paris, near the Arc de Triomphe, an honorary burial was made of an unknown soldier who died on the battlefields of the First World War. Then the inscription appeared on the memorial: “Un soldat inconnu”, and the Eternal Flame was solemnly lit next to it. Later, a similar memorial appeared in Great Britain at Westminster Abbey, the inscription read: "Soldier of the Great War, whose name is known to God." Later, a similar memorial complex appeared in the United States; it was opened at the Washington Cemetery in Arlington, where the ashes of an unknown soldier who died in World War I were buried. The inscription on the tombstone read: “The American soldier, whose name is known only to God, rests with glory and honor here.

In our country, the idea of ​​creating such a memorial complex was addressed before the celebration of the 25 anniversary of the defeat of the German troops near Moscow in the winter of 1941. In early December 1966, the newspapers wrote that on December X Muscovites bowed their heads in front of one of the heroes of the Great Patriotic War - an unknown soldier who died on the near approaches to Moscow in the winter of 3. In particular, the newspaper Izvestia wrote: “... he was slain for his Fatherland, for his native Moscow. That's all we know about him. ”

2 December 1966 of the year to a former grave site - the mass grave of Soviet soldiers at 41-m kilometer of the Leningradskoye highway around noon arrived a group of soldiers and officers of the Tamansk division, as well as representatives of the Moscow City Council. The soldiers cleared the snow around the grave and set about the procedure for opening the burial. In 14: 30, the remains of one of the soldiers who were buried in a mass grave were placed in a coffin and covered on top with an orange-black ribbon, the symbol of the soldier’s Order of Glory. On the lid of the coffin was a soldier's helmet sample 1941 year. The coffin with the remains of an unknown soldier was installed on a pedestal. All evening and all night, as well as the next morning, taking turns every two hours, a guard of honor was held at the coffin of young soldiers of the Taman Division with machine guns in their hands, as well as veterans of the Great Patriotic War. Cars passing along the highway stopped nearby, people from the neighboring villages and towns came here, they even came from Zelenograd itself.

December 3 in Russia celebrates the Day of the Unknown Soldier

Builders stumbled across a mass grave of Soviet soldiers near Zelenograd, this happened before the opening of the famous memorial. It is worth noting that the requirements for the choice of a fighter were tough, they had to exclude any possible accident. The mass grave chosen to take the ashes of the warrior from it was in the place where the Germans could not reach, so the soldiers buried here were not in captivity. At one of the fighters, his form with the rank and file of the rank and file was very well preserved - the Unknown soldier had to be the simplest fighter. Another subtle point was that the deceased, who was buried by the Kremlin, should not have been a deserter or a soldier who committed a military crime and was shot for it. However, before the executioner, the belt was removed from the criminal, and the belt was in place from the grave near Zelenograd. No documents were found for the selected soldier and nothing that could reveal his identity to us - he fell like an unknown hero of the battle for Moscow. From 1966, the Unknown Soldier, he became for the whole of our vast country.

3 December 1966 of the year 11 hours 45 minutes coffin with a fighter was installed on an open car, which moved along the highway towards the capital. Everywhere along the way, the mourning procession was escorted by residents of the Moscow region, who lined up along the Leningrad highway to bid farewell to an unknown hero. Already in Moscow, at the entrance to Gorky Street (today Tverskaya), the coffin from the car was moved to an artillery carriage. Then an armored personnel carrier with a deployed battle flag headed further to the sounds of a mourning march performed by a military brass band. He was accompanied by soldiers of honor, war veterans, participants in the defense of Moscow.

The end point of the route was the Alexander Garden near the Kremlin. On the podium among the leaders of the country and the party were the participants in the battle for Moscow - the marshals of the Soviet Union, K. K. Rokossovsky and G. K. Zhukov. During the rally, Rokossovsky said the following words: “The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier near the ancient walls of the Moscow Kremlin will become a monument to eternal glory to the heroes who died on the battlefield for their native land, here the dust of one of those who defended Moscow with his breast”. After the mourning rally was completed, the coffin was lowered into a grave near the Kremlin wall. Then the artillery salute thundered, the battalions of all types of troops marched in a solemn march along Manezhnaya Square, thus giving military honors to the Unknown Soldier.


A few months later, on May 10, 8, on the eve of Victory Day, the official opening of the entire memorial complex “Tomb of the Unknown Soldier” took place, and the Eternal Flame was lit. The eternal flame was brought to Moscow from a war memorial located in Leningrad on the Field of Mars, where the victims of the Revolution were buried. Leonid Brezhnev personally lit him in Moscow at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, who received the torch from the hands of the Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Maresyev.

The memorial is a tombstone, which is covered with a bronze banner. On the banner is a laurel branch and a soldier's helmet, which were also made of bronze. In the center of the memorial complex there was a bronze five-pointed star, in which the fire of glory is eternal. Near the fire is the famous inscription: "Your name is unknown, your feat is immortal." The letters of the inscription are made of labradorite. The inscription is used in the literal sense, as a symbol of all, without exception, of the dead warriors who remain forever unknown. Right next to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a granite alley, on which dark red porphyry bollards are located with capsules containing them, containing land from the hero-cities: Leningrad, Stalingrad (the name was returned in 2004, Volgograd was specified before), Kiev , Odessa, Sevastopol, Minsk, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Tula and the hero-fortress Brest.

From December 12 1997, in accordance with the presidential decree, the guard post No. XXUMX of the guard of honor was moved from Lenin's Mausoleum to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The guard service here is carried by members of the Presidential Regiment. At present, the memorial is a place to which wreaths are laid on holidays and which are visited by numerous delegations, including those arriving in the Russian capital with official visits of the heads of foreign governments and states. Also, the memorial is one of the most popular places among tourists and newlyweds in Moscow.


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  1. bald
    bald 3 December 2016 05: 18 New
    +12
    I can imagine what it is like for their souls to remain unknown and missing. It’s hard for them. The only thing we can do for them is to remember them and never forget. We remember you. Eternal memory to you.
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana 3 December 2016 05: 53 New
      +11
      Happy Great Day, Unknown Soldier!


      Song "Unknown Soldier". Published: May 9, 2016


      UNKNOWN SOLDIER
      Poems by Valery Volkov, music and performance by Dmitry Bochkin.

      Unknown Soldier! Whose son are you? Whose brother are you?
      Defending your homeland,
      You did not meet the dawn, did not see the sunset,
      Killing in a deadly battle.

      Unknown soldier, nameless hero!
      Mother cries about you in sorrow
      You lie on the ground, on your il alien,
      Only where the mother doesn’t know.

      On the roads of war, a soldier walked to victory,
      Surrendering to the last battle
      But the slain fell, dropping a machine gun,
      Having clouded mother Russia with her.

      On your native land rests dust
      And burns like a triumphant banner
      Over a granite star in endless winds
      Eternal memory bright flame.

      How many of them were killed by unknown soldiers,
      And today is the day of the memorable date
      The bell rang in Russia
      Remembering every soldier.
      1. Cat
        Cat 3 December 2016 07: 29 New
        +7
        Thank you Sergey for the article! She touched some hidden secret in her heart. Eternal memory to them.
        I personally associate the image of the "unknown soldier" with the song "At an unnamed height."
        Yours faithfully! Your cat.
        1. Tatyana
          Tatyana 3 December 2016 07: 59 New
          +9
          Cat
          I personally associate the image of the "unknown soldier" with the song "At an unnamed height."

          This is from me especially for you, Vladislav, as well as for those who love this song. Good song.

          At an unnamed height (frames of the chronicle)
          1. Alena Frolovna
            Alena Frolovna 3 December 2016 14: 27 New
            +8
            MY NATIVE ...

            Ivanovs, Petrovs, Rogozhins, Chudakovs - and there are numbers for you ...
            All of you once laid in the ground, and thick grass sprouted
            where you died anonymous, where you died unknown
            where the graves are old scars you have remained on the body of the earth.

            We remember you ... We cry, not knowing where you found the last peace.
            And someone writes our victorious history with an impassive hand,
            that the losses are already summed up, who are unknown - now forever,
            Ivanovs, Petrovs, Rogozhins, Chudakovs - left without a trace ...

            Do not believe the evil one in this record, there is neither truth nor conscience in it -
            it just so happened that it was not dawn that stood over the power, but almost gloomless ...
            it just so happened that the distant May dawn rose over the state.
            Believe the songs that are folded, believe in those who stand for you,
            Ivanovs, Petrovs, Rogozhins, Chudakovs are my relatives ...
            Y. Gladkevich
            1. Duisenbay Bankankulov
              Duisenbay Bankankulov 3 December 2016 19: 05 New
              +2
              After all, it is not necessary to discount that when the war was on, not only soldiers of Russian nationality disappeared without a trace! After all, the whole Union and everyone went to fight and helped as much as they could ....
              1. Tatyana
                Tatyana 3 December 2016 22: 37 New
                +1
                Duisenbay Bankankulov
                After all, the whole Union and everyone went to fight and helped as much as they could ....

                Everything is true and no one this community of the peoples of the Soviet Union during the war during the war now does not discard! In any case, the older generation.
                It’s just that at the front, the Russians called ALL Soviet soldiers at the front. Yes, and ethnic Russians died the most. And if it were not for the sovereign-Russian bond of the peoples of the USSR, perhaps the Second World War of the USSR would not have won. And so together all the peoples of the USSR won the Second World War, no matter where they were - in the rear or at the front. This is our common victory.
                Simply, you are on a Russian-language site.
              2. jovanni
                jovanni 17 December 2016 10: 07 New
                0
                Quote: Duisenbay Sbankulov
                After all, it is not necessary to discount that when the war was on, not only soldiers of Russian nationality disappeared without a trace! After all, the whole Union and everyone went to fight and helped as much as they could ....


                No, no one discounts the fact that we stood shoulder to shoulder against the enemy with our grandfathers and shared what we could in the rear. We remember. Our children remember, and the grandchildren will remember.
      2. bald
        bald 14 December 2016 17: 31 New
        +1
        Thank you for the song, - the words -music- excite the soul. So this is the real Russia (we know why and where) - unfortunately we have little left (young people are not encouraging) - the state’s internal policy.
      3. bald
        bald 17 December 2016 09: 51 New
        0
        Thank you again. It is something.
    2. jovanni
      jovanni 3 December 2016 07: 36 New
      +8
      Quote: bald
      I imagine what it is like for their souls to remain unknown and missing. It’s hard for them. The only thing we can do for them is to remember them and never forget. We remember you. Eternal memory to you.


      God rest the souls of the soldiers who died for their homeland ... But we remember them. And we will pass this memory on to our grandchildren.
      1. bald
        bald 17 December 2016 09: 59 New
        0
        Thank. It will be necessary - I’ll go. And with you I’ll go to reconnaissance.
    3. The black
      The black 3 December 2016 07: 56 New
      +13
      Quote: bald
      I can imagine what it is like for their souls to remain unknown and missing. It’s hard for them.

      And it’s hard for relatives ..... We were looking for a grandfather until 2015. AND FOUND !!!! Thanks to the woman, an employee of the archive of military medical documents, she really helped .... For those who are looking, I’ll tell you one nuance. Maybe someone will help. The fact is that when we make a request, we indicate the exact surname, name, patronymic .. That’s where the "tricks" happen. It is advisable to make a request for the "warped" surname, that is, because it could be mistakenly written down. In our case, the grandfather was badly wounded in battle and sent to a field hospital. Since the grandfather was apparently "non-contact" the name was recorded from his documents (medallion) and MISTAKED IN ONE LETTER !!. In the hospital, the grandfather died on the same day, and he was buried under a different name. This is how it turned out: he left the unit due to injury and was not taken to the hospital .... So they searched for more than seventy years.
      In general, everyone who is looking for - do not despair. Seek. God willing and lucky.
      1. OLD FART
        OLD FART 3 December 2016 08: 17 New
        +9
        When I listen to this song, there are tears in my eyes and a lump in my throat ... How many of them are there (I also have missing people in my family ..))) We all remember, forgive us for not saving the country ..
        1. The black
          The black 3 December 2016 08: 40 New
          +15
          Monument to the seven brothers Gazdanov in Ossetia


          Seven brothers. Their mother died when she received a third funeral. The last funeral came after the Victory. Their father, who mourned six, was waiting for the only survivor to go home. And then the seventh funeral came (the last of the sons died on the eve of Victory). None of the workers wanted to go to the old man with this message. This was his last hope. The elders of the village gathered and they went to the Gazdanovs' house to tell this news. When the old man saw an approaching group of men with drooping heads he understood everything ... and died ....
          1. OLD FART
            OLD FART 3 December 2016 08: 44 New
            +4
            Very beautiful and symbolic, the first time I see ... Thank you! hi
            1. The black
              The black 3 December 2016 08: 53 New
              +4
              There is always a lump in the throat when you have to drive past this monument ...
              1. OLD FART
                OLD FART 3 December 2016 09: 12 New
                +3
                Quote: Black
                There is always a lump in the throat when you have to drive past this monument ...

                I wanted to write you could not .... com in the throat ..
      2. igordok
        igordok 3 December 2016 10: 52 New
        +4
        Quote: Black
        For those who are looking for, I’ll tell you one nuance. Maybe someone will help. The fact is that when we make a request, we indicate the exact last name, first name, middle name .. That's where the "tricks" occur. It is advisable to do the request on " a distorted "surname, that is, since it could be mistakenly written down.

        Thank. Looking for a grandfather, Barsukov Fedor Kirikovich (Kirillovich according to the documents of the Armed Forces). He went missing during the Gomel-Rechitsa operation. According to a fellow countryman, he was evacuated after a severe wound. My grandmother spent her whole life looking for a burial place. Real, Old Believers, patronymic can be misleading. Found only this.
      3. Yura
        Yura 3 December 2016 12: 24 New
        +4
        Quote: Black
        For those who are looking for, I’ll tell you one nuance. Maybe someone will help.

        A similar situation with my grandfather, there was a funeral, as I think it reached the district center and everything, the settlement indicated in it, did not exist, the error was only one letter, and everything was missing. This year I found a record, and knowing that even with a similar name, the villages in the area and nearby did not exist and did not exist, I realized that this was about him.
      4. a housewife
        a housewife 4 December 2016 23: 44 New
        0
        Yes, really, thanks for the tip. My grandfather’s fate is almost unknown, and his name could easily be confused. I still almost found my husband’s grandfather, one information. He died 100 percent, but whether he was buried at all - I doubt it. In the “glorious” Volyn region, Bandera’s creatures attacked the medical train coming from Poland. Grandfather was on the train, seriously injured. It's all. And in that damned village there is an excellent monument to Bandera.
    4. vovanpain
      vovanpain 3 December 2016 12: 54 New
      +9
      Their names are not known, their feat is immortal. Eternal memory to them and a low bow to you from grateful descendants.
      1. bald
        bald 3 December 2016 13: 18 New
        +3
        I looked at our comments --- our souls did not harden --- this is the whole essence of Russia.
        1. avia1991
          avia1991 4 December 2016 11: 53 New
          +2
          Quote: bald
          Looked at our comments --- our souls did not harden

          "On the roads of bygone days
          Sometimes there are no names left ..
          Those who took the mortal battle
          They just became ground and grass ..

          But their high valor
          Settled in the hearts of the living!
          This Eternal Fire, bequeathed to us alone
          We keep in the chest! .. "
          1. Dart2027
            Dart2027 4 December 2016 13: 41 New
            0
            Quote: avia1991
            "On the roads of bygone days
            Sometimes there are no names left ..

            Sorry, but you were mistaken.

            From the heroes of the past
            Sometimes there are no names left.
            Those who have taken mortal combat
            They just became ground and grass ...
            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uwu0QteDJo
            1. avia1991
              avia1991 4 December 2016 15: 33 New
              0
              Quote: Dart2027
              Sorry, but you made a mistake

              I made a mistake, I repent.
              The essence does not change - we MUST REMEMBER.
    5. ver_
      ver_ 5 December 2016 09: 39 New
      0
      .. this is not necessary for the dead - it is necessary for the living .. A living body is a vessel in which the human soul and its Hell and Paradise live. There is no living body - there is no soul ..... only the MEMORY of descendants about deeds ... departed ..
  2. Atheist 13
    Atheist 13 3 December 2016 05: 57 New
    +4
    I’m going to go dig around with the guys from the search, I have the search equipment, I don’t have everything with time, but sooner or later I’ll go and give the debt.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 3 December 2016 06: 25 New
      +9
      For a long time ... for a very long time, search engines on the sites of unknown battles will find the remains of soldiers of both armies ...
      most of them will remain nameless.

      1. Cat
        Cat 3 December 2016 07: 32 New
        +6
        Fearfully? But it is thanks to their feat that we live. This must be remembered. Our duty is to pass this "baton" to future generations.
        1. Tatyana
          Tatyana 3 December 2016 08: 12 New
          +6
          The same Lech
          Photo

          A terrible sight! It seems that you see, being present, the last minutes of the life of these dead soldiers.
          Thanks to the search engines! They are doing a noble cause - they return the remains of the dead soldiers to people, people, relatives, for whom they fought and gave their lives, not thinking for themselves about the ranks and awards.
  3. Siberian 142
    Siberian 142 3 December 2016 07: 00 New
    +9

    soldier sad God rest their souls!
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 3 December 2016 07: 56 New
    +8
    It is the duty of every normal citizen of the country to pay a debt of memory to all those who fell in the wars for Russia. We live now at the expense of those who died and survived in the bloody wars of the 20th century (and earlier).
  5. avia1991
    avia1991 3 December 2016 08: 31 New
    +5
    My wife, as a deputy for educational, is engaged in patriotic work at school. He says that it’s sometimes worthwhile to explain to children the significance of the very concept of “Unknown Soldier”: in families - the main educational “cells” of society! - this is practically not mentioned .. the legacy of the 90s will still “hiccup” in our country. I am glad that the power is gradually "coming" to the need for patriotic education.
    But here it is:
    such a number of missing soldiers, as in the Soviet Union, was not in any other country in the world
    I think shame! With the modern development of science, in the presence of a huge number of search engines that "pick up" the remains of our soldiers - there should be much less unknown names!
    Since I’m familiar with some search engines, I can say that the vast majority of units work at their own expense, and on their own initiative! And from them, at the same time, our officials take money "for a license for the right to excavate"! NOT ASHAMED? Do not help - so at least they would not hurt!
    But to show off in front of the cameras, during the reburial of the found remains, the officials are sooooo fond of saying nice words, giving an interview about their own merits “in this noble cause” .. stop It must be, after all, something sacred in life that is unacceptable to use for self-PR!
    ..Some thoughts and ideas about the possible elimination of these "omissions" are already wandering in my head .. comes to the specifics - I’ll share hi
    I would be glad to hear the thoughts of colleagues with VO yes
    Not the best time is to talk about problems on Memorial Day .. but on others it’s not so perceived.
    Nameless soldiers who died for their homeland - Eternal Glory.
    And the restoration - if possible - of their names is our common duty to them ..
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 3 December 2016 10: 51 New
      +2
      I think shame!

      And you don’t think it’s a shame that 90% of young people cannot answer the basic question - who was the first person to fly into space. Your spouse probably does not tell them about it if there is no one else.
      1. avia1991
        avia1991 3 December 2016 14: 43 New
        +2
        Quote: rotmistr60
        Your spouse probably does not tell them about it if there is no one else.

        Just my wife is trying a lot to convey to the children - precisely because "there is no one else", it turns out. That's just ... Do you, in general, imagine modern curricula at school? In particular, in History, literature? .. Most of the information related to the heroic past and achievements of Russian science is simply not there! So WE - parents and grandparents should transmit such information to children! If, indeed, we want them to KNOW. Because the State does not painfully correct these failures.
        And my wife, unfortunately or fortunately, is not the Minister of Education. Otherwise, the issue of teaching a separate subject of Orthodox culture would not be on the agenda - simply because our education is secular! Like the State .. should be.
        By the way, my wife’s students know exactly WHO FIRST TO FLY IN SPACE. And who are Bering and Dezhnev, and what Maresyev is famous for, and how terrible the blockade of Leningrad was - and much more .. in particular, why today is the Memorable Date.
        1. a housewife
          a housewife 4 December 2016 23: 48 New
          +2
          My daughter is well educated and educated. The first year she works as a history teacher in the village, scolds textbooks, she tells children a lot herself.
          1. avia1991
            avia1991 5 December 2016 10: 29 New
            0
            Quote: housewife
            The first year she works as a history teacher in the village, scolds textbooks, she tells children a lot herself.

            And your daughter, when she was studying, didn’t tell what programs they taught at the university?
            And again: from your words it turns out that her students will know the historical Truth, NOT THANKS to the existing program, but AGAINST.
            And the conformity of this curriculum is the business of the State ..
            1. a housewife
              a housewife 6 December 2016 00: 51 New
              0
              They taught well at the university, metropolitan tricks do not reach us here, the teachers are all almost Soviet-trained. I absolutely agree with your last line. Well, the minister has changed, the textbook is promised a new one, though it’s not clear when. Let's see further.
  6. Masya masya
    Masya masya 3 December 2016 09: 08 New
    +11

    The alarm has long ceased.

    Flowers bloom in their native land.

    But the soldier will sleep forever,

    That the death of the brave fell in battle.

    He saved you and me

    And to all mankind

    Peace and happiness of peaceful days ...
    1. avia1991
      avia1991 3 December 2016 10: 04 New
      +4
      yes
      Quote: Masya Masya
      The alarm has long ceased.
      Flowers bloom in their native land.
      But the soldier will sleep forever,
      That the death of the brave fell in battle.
      He saved you and me
      And to all mankind
      Peace and happiness of peaceful days ...

      ..And thank him
      We owe our memory ..
  7. sergo1914
    sergo1914 3 December 2016 09: 17 New
    +4
    In our country there is a grave of not only the Unknown Soldier, but also the Unknown Supreme Commander-in-Chief.
    V.M. Molotov
  8. Stas57
    Stas57 3 December 2016 11: 44 New
    +3
    spoke and will always say, nothing worse than the post-war memory of the war (at the official level) can not be imagined.
    empty graves, transfer without transfer, concrete bayonets without remains under them.
  9. svp67
    svp67 3 December 2016 13: 36 New
    +4
    "The attack was fierce 41st year,
    near the village of Kryukovo a platoon perishes ... "
    This is precisely about those places where they found THIS soldier !!!

    Nothing is FORGOTTEN !!! AND NOT WHO !!!

    From myself - THANKS!
  10. den-protector
    den-protector 3 December 2016 15: 09 New
    +3
    And office plankton and other creaks celebrate lawyer's day today, not knowing that they owe their legal and physical present and future to UNKNOWN SOLDIERS OF RUSSIA.
  11. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 3 December 2016 15: 10 New
    +5
    This memorable day is intended to perpetuate the memory, military prowess and immortal feat of the Soviet and Russian soldiers who died in hostilities and whose names remained unknown.
    UNKNOWN SOLDIER

    So that is all. The earth no longer presses on the chest.
    Now can I scream my relatives:
    They found me! News will be delivered to you soon
    About the "missing" in the war.

    They found me, dear, I don’t need to search anymore
    Already read my mortal locket
    They came for me - a detachment of caring
    Oh, how many times have I seen this dream.

    I know you haven’t written requests for a long time,
    But your folder is not missing.
    I died near Rzhev, son. Can you hear now
    Do you remember me? You would have taken me ...

    Can you hear badly? This is age, I understand.
    Well, maybe then the grandchildren will take away?
    Cause I'm tired of being between heaven and hell
    And I believe that they will hear and come.

    But if I and my grandchildren are forgotten,
    I know who hears my voice.
    Respond, great-grandson! This is your great-grandfather killed!
    I'm here near Rzhev. Take it home!

    (c) Sergey Belkin
  12. Indiffeent
    Indiffeent 3 December 2016 15: 43 New
    +4
    They appointed a day — honor memory — Bones lie — everyone knows where the bones lie — with the exception of squads, nobody collects data themselves in the winter, collect money in the summer, find money and go ... - in general, the MO knows where they are going, even maybe it’s better to know where to go, there are operational reports, there are maps, there are capacities and means more private detachments but ... Everyone seems to remember, they know, and they know where they are and I also know where they lie ... And let them lie . Lying underground those who once passed by those who had just laid down. Did they take off their overcoats, boots, hats, weapons, medals? -On ... figs look And then there is a medal, there is a pension to relatives, no, it went missing to lead, no pensions, yes, and sometimes to search for medals in pieces of bodies is also not particularly pleasant — let them lie around, tossed a fellow corpse into the bushes from the road so as not to soften with cars or tanks, and so will rot. well, at the worst, they will pile and sprinkle in a funnel in a heap, go without a map, describe the place and hand over to the headquarters If they find books on the body, no, someone is lying and well, they are lying, They are lying in a swamp, reluctance to go there, let them rot, but those who are on the right on the road are more comfortable to rob, we’ll take off and let's go .. And why does the dead man have a greatcoat? boots? And those who are in the swamp ... but they do not care anymore, let them lie around and not go bad. Corpses, parts of corpses, heads, legs, arms, phalanges, pelvic bones, skulls, a lot of skulls, they look, they lie on the islet! ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––— - the jaw fell off — something inside shook — as if the brain had dried up — oh no — the earth — and there was a white layer around the rotting. And everyone in the village knew that, and on this island they had sex and pit fire in these trenches, burned bonfires ... Maybe they remembered the fallen ... But they ... lay under them, maybe they even moaned softly ...
    1. domokl
      domokl 3 December 2016 19: 51 New
      +4
      Scary words. But life is because life is because it is moving forward ... We remember our parents, but on certain days everyone gathers at their graves to remember everything.
      Many of my comrades do not live today. They died ... They fulfilled their officer's duty. They knew what they were going to ...
      Today I drank their souls for peace .. But tomorrow, I will continue their work ... Otherwise, why did they die? Why should they die if I am a coward? If those who live cowards? No ... that’s why we live so that they do not die in vain ...
      1. Indiffeent
        Indiffeent 3 December 2016 23: 13 New
        +1
        Yes, but I am ashamed - I did not finish the job ...
    2. beeper
      beeper 4 December 2016 01: 26 New
      +3
      Very true observation, Indiffeent! hi
      In our area, still lying in obscure pits and swimming trenches, unclaimed, those who died (after the war there were living witnesses of their heroic death and burial places ...) while retreating in the 41st, after unsuccessful breakthroughs of the 42nd and in cruel liberation In the battles of 43-44, defenders of the Motherland, and after all their relatives and friends were waiting and waiting for them ... for all the post-war years, neither the Soviet government nor the Red Army commanders really became interested in these numerous Unknown Soldiers, probably did not keep up with all the festive celebrations of anniversaries and the mega-costly construction of giant memorials ...?! In the 70s, by the next "round date", the mass graves from villages to regional centers were "enlarged", but the "transferred" soldiers' bones often remained whitened in the destroyed graves ...
      I always remember them - in our family there are also missing defenders of the motherland. But I am the son and grandson of the soldiers of the Great Patriotic War - they are forever in my heart, as they are alive before my eyes, and for the present-day youth, for the most part, this is alas ...
    3. a housewife
      a housewife 4 December 2016 23: 55 New
      +1
      Well, I don’t know about the medallions. Grandmothers (mine and my husband) received pensions for their missing husbands.
      1. Indiffeent
        Indiffeent 5 December 2016 11: 42 New
        +1
        Um, maybe but they didn’t pay for the missing pensions, the soldier could be captured and alive, God forbid, deserter), go to the other side, etc. Only after the funeral is a document, there’s no funeral with which you can go to the corresponding organs? paper-missing drove the news?
        1. a housewife
          a housewife 6 December 2016 00: 57 New
          0
          And what a mess was with the documents! And still continues. At first they could send a certificate that they were missing. and then they could have discovered the deceased and everywhere everything went, the widow's pension was formalized, but they did not send other certificates, but she was clearly declared dead. An example of confusion - when the family began to make different requests after the war, they gave a note in the same local military registration and enlistment office that called for it !!! And from the front all the time letters went, and once the grandmother went to visit him in the hospital.
  13. PValery53
    PValery53 3 December 2016 18: 14 New
    0
    "Your name is unknown, your feat is immortal" - our worship of the fallen for the sake of the Great Victory. Who died by chance, who deliberately went on a feat. But the great sacrifices made were not in vain! We won!
  14. domokl
    domokl 3 December 2016 19: 40 New
    +3
    We stand by the twin fire
    It is granite, but I'm alive ...
    And the star burns right in the heart
    And the soul suddenly became a star ...

    He died for my country,
    Not for honors and rewards
    You just need to roll your neck
    Those who ruin the way of life ...

    He did not dream about space
    He did not recognize girl's love.
    He stood under the bullets without thinking ...
    To be born granite again.

    I do not cry and he is silent ...
    We remember each of our ...
    And the star shines brighter!
    And you can’t pay it off ...
  15. magician
    magician 3 December 2016 20: 24 New
    +1
    Everlasting memory! We will be worthy of you!
  16. Dekabrist
    Dekabrist 3 December 2016 22: 33 New
    +2
    He was buried in the globe of the earth, But he was only a soldier,
    In total, friends, the soldier is simple, Without ranks and awards.
    Him like a mausoleum of the earth - For a million centuries,
    And the Milky Way dusts Around him from the sides.
    Clouds are sleeping on ginger slopes, Snowstorms are sweeping,
    Heavy thunder booms, Wind take take.
    Once upon a time the battle is over ...
    Hands of all friends Put a guy in the globe of the earth,
    As if in a mausoleum ...
    S.Orlov.
  17. Bakht
    Bakht 3 December 2016 23: 08 New
    +1
    I am equal to you among equals,
    I became a stone, but I live!
    And you who have taken Moscow
    In inheritance from fellow citizens,
    You who gave me a century
    You are all who will be after us
    Do not forget for an hour
    That I look at you from a stone.

    M.Maksimov
  18. Bakht
    Bakht 3 December 2016 23: 24 New
    +2
    For me the best poem

    1. beeper
      beeper 4 December 2016 15: 30 New
      +2
      For me too!
  19. ando_bor
    ando_bor 3 December 2016 23: 56 New
    +2
    With the publication of the Obd Memorial database https://www.obd-memorial.ru/html/index.html
    I found an uncle who was missing, his parents did not survive until that day.
    Grandmother, his mother, - said, the time will come when he is found, a person cannot disappear without a trace,
    Now I understand, she bequeathed to me - to remember, and now I found.
  20. tracer
    tracer 5 December 2016 00: 04 New
    +1
    Eternal glory to the fallen heroes for their homeland. And it’s not even very important in which of the wars, that great one, or in those small but no less bloody conflicts after the collapse of the USSR. Everything is so, eternal glory. Just a little defuse the sad hunting environment. In the words of our company, later a hero of Russia, who served as the prototype of the character from the film "THUNDER GATES". Well, now he’ll build a company after the next "FLIGHT" and says ... "- all of you, of course, have heard about the exploits of an unknown soldier ..... It is he who steals fuel and lubricants from refueling vehicles at night, miraculously invisible with canisters slipping in front of the guards It is he who puts the bruises to the young soldiers. It was he, and certainly not the Belter, who breathed the fumes in the copter. He, before the guard was checked in the DINOSAUR IMAGE, walks around at night with a gun and, when the inspector appears, evolves into a fighter in a strange and unique way. ... (it’s cold in the mountains at night, sometimes sleeping bags were thrown over your shoulders, and the bottom of the sleeping bag hung with the tail of a BRONTOSAUR from the back). Well and so on, as the case may be. "Our task is to find him, so that in the end a well-deserved reward finds her hero." The kingdom of heaven to him, the commander of God, captain Melentev ....
  21. Chichikov
    Chichikov 3 December 2017 17: 37 New
    0
    How many of them, unknown heroes, of whose feat and last battle we will never know? And there are a lot of questions with how we keep the "unfading" memory. How many pioneer heroes can today's students call? What can they be taught if Urengoy nuggets appear mourning the whole of Europe for the “innocent” Wehrmacht soldiers who sought peace. What will our next generations remember in 50 years?