Military Review

November 19 - Day of the Rocket Forces and Artillery of the Russian Federation

61
November 19 in Russia celebrates the Day of Rocket Forces and Artillery. On the holiday calendar, the date of November 19 was chosen due to the fact that the first phase of the Red Army’s offensive near Stalingrad began on that day in 1942. From July to November 1942, the defensive operation continued, which extinguished the offensive impulses of the enemy, exhausted him and enabled the Soviet troops in difficult conditions to prepare for the decisive blow. The use of artillery against Hitler’s troops played a major role in the counteroffensive operation, which in the future served as the basis for introducing a new holiday into the calendar of military dates.


The plan of the counter-offensive of the Red Army near Stalingrad called "Uranus" was developed by the Supreme Command and the General Staff since September 1942. Guided the development of the plan of operation G.K. Zhukov and A.M. Vasilevsky. November 13 "Uranus" was approved. Preserving the secrecy of the plan made it possible to ensure the surprise of a counter-offensive and, due to the transfer of forces from sectors that were not identified as strategically important, a significant advantage was achieved in the strike areas in manpower as well as in technology.

November 19 - Day of the Rocket Forces and Artillery of the Russian Federation


Success in the Stalingrad operation actually provided a fundamental change in the Great Patriotic War, and the Nazi army, in fact, failed to recover completely from the defeat on the banks of the Volga.

In 1944, 19 November became an important military date - the Day of Artillery. Addition to this holiday in the form of rocket troops appeared, for obvious reasons, later - in 1964 year.

However, speaking of stories rocket troops and artillery, of course, can not ignore the earlier historical periods. The first mention of the use of guns in our country, generally speaking, refers to the battle against the Horde Khan Tokhtamysh in the 1382 year. During the defense of Moscow, the fire was carried out from the so-called mattresses (presumably from the Turkish "tufenk" - a rifle and the Persian "tufang" - a pipe).


This is a gunshot weapon originally used as a means of defense from the city walls. In the same battle, the chroniclers (in particular, talking about the Nikon chronicles) provide materials on the first use of classical guns, which, as historians believe, were mostly of foreign origin.

From the annals of 1389 of the year:
In the summer of 6879 (1389), they took out the German army and gunfire from German to Russia, and from that hour they enlightened to shoot from them.


For a long time, by the way, in the historical literature the term “from German” (actually from abroad) was omitted, which clearly did not add historical accuracy.

And about today's ...

What are the missile forces and artillery of Russia in our time? It is an integral part of the Ground Forces, consisting of missile, rocket, artillery brigades, including artillery battalions of high power, rocket artillery regiments, separate reconnaissance divisions and artillery formations of combined arms brigades and military bases.



As part of the re-equipment and modernization of the Russian army, the troops receive new equipment, which also changes the appearance of the rocket forces and artillery (RV and A). Only recently, troops have replenished with hundreds of weapons, including the 152-mm self-propelled howitzer Msta-SM, MLRS 9K51M Tornado-G. The time of the Tornado-G salvo with 40 rails is 20 with. This ensures effective destruction of targets for areas with a declared range of shooting up to 60 km (some sources report that 60 km is not the limit for the upgraded MLRS model).



Anti-tank weapons, including the Chrysanthemum-S missile systems, are being delivered to RV and A. This is an all-weather multi-purpose missile system designed to destroy not only those tanks, which are already in the arsenal of a potential enemy, but also their promising versions. "Chrysanthemum-S" is effective against low-flying air targets, small surface ships. With its help, the defense of the enemy, including those in shelters, can be overcome. The complex has a high degree of protection against various radio interference. The maximum firing range - 6 km, the minimum - 400 m. Ammunition transported - 15 ammunition. Implemented automatic loading.

On the eve of the holiday, the Chief of the Missile Forces and Artillery, Lieutenant General Mikhail Matveevsky, noted that the plans included a transfer of the RV and A from the Tochka-U complexes to the Iskander OTRK by the 2020 year. RIA News quotes Mikhail Matveyevsky's statement:
Currently, all units of the Central Military District are completely re-equipped. In addition, the rearmament was completed in the Southern and Eastern Military Districts.




It is worth noting that a feature of the Iskander-M OTRK, which is actively entering the troops, is its equipment with automation tools not only for launch preparation, but also for the launch of the missiles themselves. The developers guarantee that the Iskander-M missile hits the target with a probable deviation of no more than 15 m. At the same time, active work is being done to equip the Iskander missiles with all-weather homing heads.

On this day, "Military Review" congratulates all military personnel and veterans of the Missile Forces and artillery on the holiday. The troops themselves - the planned development and improvement!
Photos used:
http://function.mil.ru, Фейсбук
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  1. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 19 November 2016 05: 52 New
    27
    Congratulations on the Day of Missile Forces and Artillery
    Faithful defenders of the country,
    We sincerely wish you this day,
    So that forever there is no war.
    Protect the homeland as it should,
    Be on the lookout, but let it continue
    Life will not be war, but joy,
    To love, to create and have time for everything !!!
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana 19 November 2016 06: 25 New
      21
      Gods of war! Happy holiday !!!


      HYMN ARTILLERY
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 19 November 2016 06: 27 New
        19
        Happy holiday, gunners - WWII veterans!

        Artillery March (Stalin gave the order)
        1. bya965
          bya965 19 November 2016 06: 40 New
          12
          Thank you for the original performance of the artillery march! I’ll add a little bit.

          Artillery is the god of modern warfare.
          Speech and speeches by I.V. Stalin at a reception in honor of graduates of military academies on May 5, 1941.

          From here it went to the USSR "Artillery is the God of War".
          In modern warfare, artillery is a god ... Whoever wants to reorganize into a new modern way must understand that artillery decides the fate of the war, mass artillery. <...> As the Finnish soldiers write, they could not sleep for 4 months, only on the day of the armistice they had enough sleep. That's what artillery means. Artillery is the first thing.
          Speech at a meeting of commanding officers to summarize the experience of military operations against Finland on April 17, 1940

          ......
          Gunners, Stalin gave the order!
          Gunners, the Fatherland is calling us!
          Of hundreds of thousands of batteries
          For the tears of our mothers,
          For our Motherland - fire! Fire!
          ......
          1. vovanpain
            vovanpain 19 November 2016 07: 56 New
            17
            November 19 - Day of the Rocket Forces and Artillery of the Russian Federation

            Happy Gods of War! Shoot from this battery just as accurately and without misses. drinks drinks drinks
            1. ramzes1776
              ramzes1776 19 November 2016 10: 44 New
              +6
              Rocketeer and gunner
              Now unite
              After all, a holiday in a hurry to visit us,
              Already it begins!

              Let the fireworks rattle in your honor,
              Fulfill desires
              Let there be any way open
              Good luck in your endeavors!
              1. ramzes1776
                ramzes1776 19 November 2016 11: 42 New
                +4
                HAPPY COLLEAGUES !!!
        2. OlegV
          OlegV 19 November 2016 10: 03 New
          12
          Today is a holiday for those who shoot harder and farthest - for the missile forces and artillery. I wish you that day, so that not only at the training ground, but also in life, you should have solid hits! So that health, joy, love, prosperity, prosperity and peace of mind - always have the highest rates, and everything that you have in mind is in the top ten! And most importantly - let your valuable knowledge be applied only at parades and parades, under the peaceful sky of the Motherland.

        3. Normal ok
          Normal ok 19 November 2016 11: 09 New
          +7
          Today we, on the occasion of the holiday, gathering in a restaurant and in karaoke we will come off "The gunners Stalin gave the order."
        4. lelikas
          lelikas 19 November 2016 14: 03 New
          +1
          Happy Holiday!
    2. Finches
      Finches 19 November 2016 09: 05 New
      15
      Happy Holidays!

      When we walk with the artillerymen, it all ends for life with a loud roar of the song - "The artillerymen, Stalin gave the order!", Wherever we are ... It scares the liberals very well ... laughing

      And I also remember that I got 3-ku in military history at the school in the standings, because I could not remember the name of the offensive operation of the Western and Kalinin fronts with the task of depleting the forces of the 9th army of Army Group Center and diverting enemy forces from unblocking the encircled 6 -f Army F. Paulus near Stalingrad. - the operation was called "Mars"! Now I know these operations for 5, but for some reason I remembered this moment for the rest of my life! laughing

      Happy Holiday Once Again! hi
      1. SRC P-15
        SRC P-15 19 November 2016 09: 16 New
        13
        When I called up for military service, on this day we celebrated not only the Day of the Missile Forces and Artillery, but also the day of our unit - 67985. But on February 20, 1975, we had our holiday: Air Defense Day - April 11, and in 1980 this day made floating: the second Sunday of April.
        So I celebrate two holidays: the Day of the Missile Forces and Artillery and the Day of Air Defense.
        Congratulations to all fellow soldiers and all missile and artillerymen! Happy Holidays to you friends!
    3. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 19 November 2016 12: 31 New
      +9
      Congratulations. gunners happy holiday! Long and happy life to you!

      My grandfather served in anti-tank artillery, with his ZIS-3 he reached Berlin.
    4. ramzes1776
      ramzes1776 19 November 2016 18: 24 New
      0
      Just now I noticed that in the 3rd picture the American MLRS, and in the first picture is not our Tornado, but Chinese (https://topwar.ru/20424-kitayskie-reaktivnye-sis
      temy-zalpovogo-ognya-chast-ii.html). Well, how much can you trust to make congratulatory banners to the profane ???
  2. Nikolay71
    Nikolay71 19 November 2016 05: 57 New
    12
    Happy Holidays!
    1. 210ox
      210ox 19 November 2016 06: 42 New
      10
      Gods of war .. And that says it all!
  3. Same lech
    Same lech 19 November 2016 05: 59 New
    12
    God of war with the holiday ... the RUSSIAN army has always been strong artillery ... this tradition continues to this day ... with the holiday you are gunners and rocket launchers!
  4. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 19 November 2016 06: 02 New
    11
    Brothers! Happy Missile Force and Artillery Day I congratulate everyone! We are not the elite, We are the gods of war.
    Missile forces and artillery
    Today, the holiday is celebrated.
    And in this wonderful, truly, instant
    I want to wish you with all my heart:
    May the sky be peaceful, bright, joyful
    And the red button, the time will not come!
    Let fate be sweet
    And all the good things will happen to you!
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. EvgNik
    EvgNik 19 November 2016 06: 05 New
    12
    All artillerymen, all rocket launchers! Happy holiday guys!
  7. Amurets
    Amurets 19 November 2016 06: 16 New
    14
    On this day, "Military Review" congratulates all military personnel and veterans of the Missile Forces and artillery on the holiday. The troops themselves - the planned development and improvement!

    Happy Holiday rocket launchers and gunners! With the holiday of soldiers of the 1530th air defense missile system in which I served from May1969 to June1971, with the holiday of the warriors of the 2nd division of the S-75 air defense system standing near the Mylka station, at the fork in Komsomolsk and Amursk. Happy holiday, all gunners and rocket launchers.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 19 November 2016 06: 34 New
      14
      The holiday, one might say historical, is also revered in the Urals ... with the Holiday!
  8. Oleg Semikov
    Oleg Semikov 19 November 2016 06: 30 New
    +8
    We are the pride of the army, the country, everyone should remember this. Our talent is extremely strong, And it is imprinted in history. On this day, standing on a stool, Clutching a glass in his hands, like Lenin's cap, Pulling a panties on the belly, Let's shout to everyone: "Happy Artillery Day!" Happy Holidays, dear fellow artillerymen!
    1. ssergn
      ssergn 19 November 2016 19: 07 New
      +1
      Happy holiday, join. drinks
  9. Masya masya
    Masya masya 19 November 2016 06: 33 New
    13

    Happy Holidays! love
  10. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 19 November 2016 06: 48 New
    12
    MY DAY! VUS corresponding. ATGM and AT artillery. I have to accept, this is a holy thing. drinks Ours to all, fiery!
    1. ssergn
      ssergn 19 November 2016 19: 07 New
      +1
      And mine. Already accepted
  11. loginovich
    loginovich 19 November 2016 07: 04 New
    +6
    My best wishes to the gunners. Happy holiday.
  12. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 19 November 2016 07: 22 New
    +8
    Congratulations to all the artillerymen with the rocket launchers (including myself, - this evening we’ll definitely note this matter fellow drinks ) Happy Holiday! Postmen for delivering parcels to the enemy from us are excellent, we always work accurately, efficiently and on time, especially when delivering metal and explosives. We also organize grandiose fireworks in large cities, since there are special gifts for this fellow lol soldier
  13. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 November 2016 07: 28 New
    10
    One of the few "old" holidays that have retained their significance.
    Happy Veterans, who served and are in the service!
  14. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 19 November 2016 07: 29 New
    +9
    Happy Holidays to the Gunners & Missiles! I wish you success in the service, mastering new technology. Low bow to artillery veterans! Health to you and your families!
    God bless you and Commander-in-Chief !!!
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. Anatole Klim
    Anatole Klim 19 November 2016 08: 02 New
    11
    Congratulations to all colleagues on the site on the holiday! Greetings to all RAVists, to all who are now serving veterans. And even though the RAV service has now been included in the rear, we always went in battle formations, supplied with weapons and ammunition. I always celebrate this holiday, I gave half my life. Once again, happy holiday!
    1. ramzes1776
      ramzes1776 19 November 2016 11: 47 New
      +5
      Quote: Anatole Klim
      Congratulations to all colleagues on the site on the holiday! Greetings to all RAVists, to all who are now serving veterans. And even though the RAV service has now been included in the rear, we always went in battle formations, supplied with weapons and ammunition. I always celebrate this holiday, I gave half my life. Once again, happy holiday!

      Well, for the service of the RAV and separately for my alma mater Penza WAIU (graduation 1999) !!!
      Without us, not one barrel will not shoot)
      1. Anatole Klim
        Anatole Klim 19 November 2016 13: 06 New
        +4
        Quote: ramzes1776
        Well, for the service of the RAV and separately for my alma mater Penza WAIU (graduation 1999) !!!

        I graduated in 1987, the next year is the anniversary of 30 years, we will meet and celebrate in Penza, unfortunately not everyone has survived, there are victims in Afghanistan and Chechnya. Remember, we will not forget the third for them!
  17. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 19 November 2016 08: 05 New
    +9
    By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 21 of October 1944, the achievement of artillerymen was marked by the establishment of the holiday - Artillery Day. In 1964, the holiday was renamed the Day of Rocket Forces and Artillery.
  18. Scud
    Scud 19 November 2016 08: 05 New
    13
    It was a great honor for me to serve in the missile forces in the great country of the USSR. I heartily congratulate all the soldiers on this great holiday! Good health to the fighters, good luck and love!
    1. Nick
      Nick 19 November 2016 12: 45 New
      +3
      Quote: scud
      It was a great honor for me to serve in the missile forces in the great country of the USSR. I heartily congratulate all the soldiers on this great holiday! Good health to the fighters, good luck and love!
      good
      Thank you for your congratulations! Not by chance from the Sumy region? The guys served with me from the Sumy region. Great guys. Plesetsk district V / Ch01349 "M"
      All the holiday! hi drinks
      1. Scud
        Scud 19 November 2016 19: 30 New
        +1
        Thank you for your congratulations dear. I served in Belarus, military unit 56000. The unit commander is Colonel Sharokhin, a participant in the war. Glory to the soldiers forever!
  19. Million
    Million 19 November 2016 08: 38 New
    +6
    Happy Holidays!
  20. Sidel45
    Sidel45 19 November 2016 08: 47 New
    +9
    Many thanks to Voenniy Obozreniye and everyone who congratulated them for their congratulations and I ask all the missilemen and artillerymen, especially my classmates from the 1968 Kazan VKIU graduate, to accept my warmest congratulations on our Holiday !!! All the best and health!
  21. Retvizan 8
    Retvizan 8 19 November 2016 08: 52 New
    +7
    Hooray! Hooray! Hooray !!!
  22. moskowit
    moskowit 19 November 2016 09: 16 New
    16
    Happy Holidays!
    "To the glory of the Russian artillery!" This was and is the obligatory toast in our family at any festive feast. It was pronounced by our Father, a front-line artilleryman, who passed all stages from the commander of a gun to the chief of artillery of a division. Unfortunately he has already left and by tradition I, the eldest son in the family, raise this toast.
  23. Vadim Zhivov
    Vadim Zhivov 19 November 2016 09: 54 New
    +7
    Happy holiday friends! Good day to all and good luck in life! hi soldier
  24. avt
    avt 19 November 2016 10: 28 New
    +6
    On this day, "Military Review" congratulates all military personnel and veterans of the Missile Forces and artillery on the holiday. The troops themselves - the planned development and improvement!
    And we are joining! drinks Happy holiday
  25. Appraiser
    Appraiser 19 November 2016 11: 14 New
    +7
    You served as an artilleryman
    I congratulate you!
    This day is not for the tankman -
    Here are the missile forces.

    Be fun and healthy
    Be strong, courageous,

    May you always have luck
    He smiles in full
    Like a missile challenge
    Hit the target always!

    soldier
  26. 501Legion
    501Legion 19 November 2016 11: 18 New
    +7
    Happy Holiday Gunners and Rocketeers
  27. RASKAT
    RASKAT 19 November 2016 11: 49 New
    +6
    Thank you all for your congratulations, Brothers in Arms, too, congratulations. Despite the fact that in the courtyard of the 21 century, the God of war is still a decisive factor in ground operations and will remain so for a very long time.
    Fireworks in honor of the holiday. drinks
  28. chenia
    chenia 19 November 2016 11: 59 New
    +7
    Happy holiday gunners! All and a lot!
  29. Galleon
    Galleon 19 November 2016 13: 04 New
    +8
    And my boy wants to serve in artillery.
    Happy Holidays, "God of War" !!
  30. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 19 November 2016 13: 34 New
    +6
    With all my heart I congratulate ALL on the Day of the Missile Forces and Artillery of the Russian Federation !!!
    "" The planet is spinning
    In outer space.
    Sail to all latitudes
    Ruby Dawns.
    Our racketeer sees everything
    For all the soldiers responsible
    And therefore above us
    The sun is shining calmly! ""
    Song of the Rocketeers. The Word of B. Yarotsky. The Music of Alexandra Pakhmutova. Excerpt.
  31. Tanya
    Tanya 19 November 2016 13: 43 New
    +6
    Happy Holidays to you, Gods of War !!! love love love
    In our family, this is a special holiday ...

    My grandfather, although he was not a dozen,
    I could have disappeared without completing the task,
    But he always stood between two "Katyushas"
    And secretly made a wish ...

  32. Zlovred
    Zlovred 19 November 2016 16: 44 New
    +1
    Happy Holiday to You, Gods of the Past War !!!
    Someday the double-barreled Coalition NE will double your Power. Amen!
    1. Former battalion commander
      Former battalion commander 20 November 2016 00: 17 New
      0
      Do not be foolish ... you look stupid ... They are Gods IN ANY WAR - GODS!
  33. Caretaker
    Caretaker 19 November 2016 17: 24 New
    +6
    Eternal memory to the Heroes-gunners who died for their homeland!

  34. Caretaker
    Caretaker 19 November 2016 17: 41 New
    +2
    Luga town
    TsAOK soldiers who fell during the Great Patriotic War
  35. Caretaker
    Caretaker 19 November 2016 17: 53 New
    +3
    Glory to the Gunners!

  36. Vadim237
    Vadim237 19 November 2016 21: 55 New
    0
    It’s interesting when, in our troops, the D 30 howitzers are replaced with something new.
    1. Former battalion commander
      Former battalion commander 20 November 2016 00: 15 New
      0
      Your question can be rephrased as "When will the hammer be replaced with something new on the farm?" Here is the answer - NEVER! He is a hammer and a hammer in Africa. But the D-30 howitzer, as far as I know, has already been removed from the armament of the Russian army ... The only thing that was more stupid was the destruction of the BZHRK.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 20 November 2016 11: 17 New
        0
        Hammers are different.
  37. SCHNIFER
    SCHNIFER 19 November 2016 23: 22 New
    +2
    Hooray Hooray Hooray !!!
  38. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 20 November 2016 00: 11 New
    +1
    Yes! A holiday is a holiday! God of war celebrates! Although I am a former but a battalion commander (commander of an artillery battery of D-30 howitzers). It is a pity in the Russian army this system was removed from service. True, smarter people serve in the Airborne Forces and they still use it there. With a holiday, albeit with some bitterness, for the current state of affairs in artillery of both the Russian and other allied armies ...
  39. Rock616
    Rock616 20 November 2016 01: 32 New
    +2
    All ARTVODOV with HOLIDAY !!!

    Artillery service is honorable and important,

    Strong, reliable there, bold troops,

    Readiness, tactics are very high,

    Top-level teachings are always held.

    I congratulate you on this holiday,

    I wish patience and willpower,

    Well-being, happiness and warmth,

    So that you always have reliable friends. drinks soldier drinks