Military Review

Russian industry creates an EW system for strategic purposes

30
One of the most actively developing classes of technology at the present time is the means of electronic warfare. In recent years, a large number of systems of this class have been created in our country, intended for use on ships, airplanes and self-propelled land chassis. In the near future, new EW complexes of one or another purpose, including strategic ones, will have to appear. New details of creating a strategic system of electronic warfare were announced a few days ago.


Some details of current work in creating an EW strategic system were disclosed by the press service of the Concern "Radio-Electronic Technologies" (KRET). It is reported that at present the concern's enterprises are working to create a promising EW system, intended for use at a strategic level. Due to a number of characteristic features, the new complexes, united in a single network, will be able to perform some combat missions capable of causing serious damage to the enemy’s communication and control systems, thereby changing the course of the armed conflict.

Russian industry creates an EW system for strategic purposes
Complex "Murmansk-BN" in position. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / Mil.ru


As a pretext for starting the development of a promising strategic system, current foreign works are named. In recent years, the armed forces of the United States and other NATO countries have been working to implement the concept of the so-called. network-centric battle management based on a single information and communication space. The essence of this concept is the broadest application of various means of communication, allowing all units and their fighters, as well as control structures to interact through a common network. The main advantage of this approach is a sharp reduction in the time required to transfer data from intelligence to consumers.

The answer to current foreign work, according to current national plans, should be the creation of a strategic electronic warfare system, one of the main tasks of which will be disrupting the work of the enemy's network-centric controls. Vladimir Mikheyev, Advisor to the First Deputy General Director of KRET, noted that the creation of such systems can be called the realization of the network-centric principle in defense.

The main idea of ​​a promising domestic project is the disruption of the network-centric structure of communications and control. The suppression of the radio channels used by the adversary for one purpose or another will make it possible to seriously disrupt the interaction of its units and structures, thereby sharply reducing the effectiveness of their combat work. Without the ability to timely receive the full amount of the required data, the units and units, as well as the command of different levels, risk to be in a very difficult situation.


Transportation of funds "Murmansk-BN" by rail. Photo Russianarms.ru


One of the main goals of the promising Russian electronic warfare system could be the US Air Force Global Short-wave Communication System HFGCS (High Frequency Global Communications System). With the help of this communications complex, the US command is currently monitoring the work of strategic nuclear forces and the military aviation. A large number of ground control radio stations, as well as the corresponding equipment of airplanes and aerodromes, make it possible to unite all participants in the complex into a common network through which command orders are transmitted and flights are controlled. Also, if necessary, ships of the naval forces and formations of the US or NATO ground forces can be connected to the common network.

According to known data, the HFGCS communication system uses single-band telephony with operation on several main and spare frequencies in the range from 3 to 25 MHz. It is noteworthy that the ratings of the frequencies used in the radio are indicated openly. Thus, despite its importance, the United States Air Force Global Short-Wave Communication System can in theory be suppressed by electronic warfare against relevant characteristics.

In the context of creating an EW strategic system, one of the newest complexes of this class is mentioned. An existing complex “Murmansk-BN” can become an element of a promising system. A number of such complexes have already been built and transferred to the armed forces of Russia, which have begun full-scale operation of the new materiel. In addition, additional funds are being created to enhance the performance of existing equipment and expand its capabilities. Such work, as reported, has already reached the stage of trial operation of promising products.


Part of the complex can be mounted on two-axle trailers. Photo Russianarms.ru


According to the latest data, the specialists of the Russian defense industry have developed a special subsystem designed to ensure the interaction of several EW systems “Murmansk-BN”. With the help of this development, the individual means of electronic warfare will be combined into a single network and controlled through it. The prototype of the subsystem for working with the Murmansk-BN complexes has already passed all the necessary tests, including the state ones. According to the results of inspections, the subsystem was recommended for adoption.

The few open data on the new project clearly indicate that the Murmansk-BN complex will be one of the main elements of a promising strategic radio-electronic warfare system. This complex is already in service with the Russian army and is being mass-produced for the purpose of delivery to certain units. It has high characteristics that allow solving tasks in the framework of large regions and entire regions. It should be expected that the development of a new subsystem, which is responsible for the joint operation of the complexes, will significantly increase the potential of Murmansk-BN through more efficient centralized management.

The EW Murmansk-BN complex is one of the most powerful domestic systems in its class. It differs from other complexes in size and composition, as well as in range. Through the use of high-power transmitters and other equipment with high performance, short-wave radio communication channels are suppressed at ranges up to 5 thousand km. Thus, only one complex in its working position is able to control the situation in a large region, if necessary “hammering” the enemy’s radio channels with interferences.


Command post. Photo BO


The price for the uniquely high performance was the large size and weight of the components of the complex. The basis of "Murmansk-BN" are seven four-axle trucks of the brand "KAMAZ". Support platforms with antenna-mast devices, control point, energy systems, etc. are mounted on the serial high-capacity chassis. It is known that antenna devices can be mounted both on cars and on two-axle trailers, which should be towed by trucks with similar equipment. The EW system kit includes a large number of cables designed to connect individual elements of the complex during its preparation for work. Special mention deserves a complex mesh system that performs the functions of the antenna.

Probably one of the most interesting elements of the Murmansk-BN complex are machines with antenna mast devices. On the cargo platform of the base truck, having outrigger jacks for stabilization in the working position, a swinging system with a telescopic mast is mounted. By pushing the seven-section square construction apart, the upper elements of the antenna are lifted to a height of 32 m. Attachments are also provided on various parts of the mast for mounting various portions of the antenna web. Lifting and extending the mast is carried out using several hydraulic actuators.

During the deployment of the complex machines with masts occupy the necessary position of "semicircle." Next, the antenna cables are mounted on the mounting of the mast, after which it is possible to lift the antenna-mast devices into position. After that, the complex forms an antenna with a length of 800 m. Next to such an antenna are located a control point and other elements of the complex. In total, 640 thous. Sq. M. Is required to accommodate Murmansk-BN. Due to the considerable labor intensity of the work, the deployment process takes 72 hours.


Machine with antenna mast device. You can see the elements of the antenna itself. Photo BO


According to available data, the new domestic EW complex is able to monitor the situation on the air and identify signals from those or other enemy electronic devices operating on short waves. The high sensitivity of the equipment and the high power of the transmitters make it possible to find and then suppress communication systems of the operational-tactical and operational-strategic level. Declared the possibility of suppressing radio communications at distances up to 5 thousand km, which is a record among domestic complexes of this class. At certain operating modes, the radiation power reaches 400 kW, which gives a uniquely high performance range.

Working in the short-wave range, the Murmansk-BN complex is capable of hampering or excluding the operation of various communications and control systems of a potential adversary. So, one of its “goals” may be elements of the American HFGCS system that uses these frequencies. In addition, the calculation of the complex may interfere with the normal operation of other means of communication and control used by combat aircraft, fleet or ground forces. Taking into account the declared range characteristics, it is easy to predict the consequences of the full-fledged combat use of the Murmansk-BN complex in an armed conflict.

To date, the Russian armed forces have received several new electronic warfare complexes. In December 2014, the first production complex "Murmansk-BN" was transferred to the coastal forces of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy. Soon the servicemen mastered the new technique, and then got the opportunity to test the acquired skills in practice. In March, 2015, EW units were involved in a surprise check of the combat readiness of troops, during which they used their equipment to disrupt the work of reconnaissance aircraft of a conditional enemy. The ground complex was supposed to prevent the aircraft from transmitting the collected data to the base. As reported by the command of the armed forces, in the framework of the exercises, the calculations of Murmansk-BN fully coped with the tasks set, and the complex confirmed its capabilities.


Satellite image of the position of the complex "Murmansk-BN". Photo Russianarms.ru


It is known about the deployment of Murmansk-BN complexes in the region of Sevastopol. In addition, the continuation of the serial production of the latest technology will continue the re-equipment of the troops, resulting in the emergence of complexes with unique characteristics in new directions. As a result, most of the borders of the country and border regions will be covered by EW systems. The newly developed and tested control subsystem, which allows to combine the Murmansk-BN complexes into a single network, will give them new opportunities. Apparently, the further development of management tools will lead to the formation of a full-fledged system of electronic warfare at a strategic level, covering all state borders and nearby regions abroad.

It is not difficult to guess what the consequences of the successful completion of the construction of a strategic electronic warfare system, the main elements of which will be the Murmansk-BN complexes, can be. For example, complexes located in the western regions of the country will be able to “hit” targets throughout Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Accommodation in the Far Eastern regions will give control over a significant area of ​​the Pacific Ocean and nearby regions. The complexes of the Northern Fleet, in turn, can "block" the entire Arctic, as well as Greenland and even part of the northern regions of Canada.

Successful implementation of existing plans for the construction of a strategic electronic warfare system will give our country an additional means of deterring a potential adversary, unrelated to the use of nuclear weapons. The presence of a certain number of Murmansk-BN complexes on duty, all the more connected by a single management subsystem, may be a factor capable of having a significant impact on the course of an armed conflict. Moreover, the very fact of the existence of such an EW system may be a sufficient reason for the rejection of aggressive plans. The high risk of loss of communication channels of the operational-tactical and operational-strategic level in itself should be considered a good means of deterring a potential enemy. It is unlikely that the aggressor will decide to fight, knowing that at least part of his control systems will be disabled.


One of the operators of the EW complex at his workplace. Photo BO


According to the available information, from 2014, the Russian armed forces received and put into operation several EW Murmansk-BN complexes, not counting other types of similar equipment. Also recently, work has been completed on a control subsystem that combines electronic warfare complexes into a common network. On the basis of this subsystem and the existing, as well as, possibly, promising complexes with high characteristics, the newest strategic EW system will be built in the foreseeable future. Already it is difficult to overestimate the effect of the completion of such a program.

It should be noted that the overall complexity of the work to create a large strategic system will have to affect the time of the implementation of plans accordingly. Official data on the completion of the work has not yet been published. Nevertheless, it can be assumed that the full-fledged work of a promising system will begin no earlier than the end of this decade. Only after that the country will be able to get an additional means of protection against a possible attack.

The development of domestic means of electronic warfare continues, resulting in the emergence of more and more new complexes of various classes and different purposes. In addition, the issue of creating a system that combines existing and prospective complexes into one large structure of strategic purpose appeared on the agenda. The existing successes in the field of EW make it possible to look to the future with optimism. Over the next few years, the Russian armed forces will be able to begin operating newer systems of particular importance to the country's security.


On the materials of the sites:
http://kret.com/
http://function.mil.ru/
https://ria.ru/
https://rg.ru/
https://ridus.ru/
http://tvzvezda.ru/
https://defendingrussia.ru/
http://bastion-karpenko.ru/
http://russianarms.ru/
Author:
30 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 16 November 2016 07: 50
    +3
    Already reached the strategic level ....... it pleases - on the Good Way! Now it is more relevant than ever.
    1. Sagittarius2
      Sagittarius2 16 November 2016 09: 13
      +1
      to suppress a foreign frequency is to put a stronger obstacle at this frequency, and to suppress a frequency in reality is to destroy the enemy transmitter.
      1. Mooh
        Mooh 16 November 2016 16: 29
        +3
        Well, finally the PBZ towers arrived in time :) Glory to the Unknown Fathers !!! Hooray, Hooray, Hooray
  2. jonht
    jonht 16 November 2016 08: 20
    +2
    5 thousand km without communication in the HF band, not bad, not very good, and most importantly mobile! There are still a lot of stationary antenna posts in Kamchatka, and judging by everything for various purposes, the same would not hurt to exchange for something new. laughing
  3. cedar
    cedar 16 November 2016 08: 32
    +1
    I hope that this unique electronic warfare system will be a powerful response to the Neuronet being created, with the help of which the adversary seeks to seize power over the world, command and control the brains of all mankind, and establish a "new" world order ..., and in fact - a world electronic concentration camp.
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 16 November 2016 08: 40
      +5
      Quote: cedar
      Neuronet, with the help of which the adversary seeks to seize power over the world, command and control the brains of all mankind, and establish a "new" world order .., and in fact - a world electronic concentration camp

      - cedarThe fact that you read science fiction is commendable
      - the way in your head it is processed - IMHO it is alarming, but then only your problems
      - but here, why this one, I apologize, drag nonsense?

      Here is a kill, I don’t understand ... request

      cedar, see already ... to the root !!
  4. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 16 November 2016 10: 06
    +1
    Quote: jonht
    5 thousand km without communication in the HF band, not bad, not very good, and most importantly mobile!
    It was smooth on paper, but forgot ...! Mobile systems imply independent energy supply, and here a serious question arises.
    In certain operating modes, the radiation power reaches 400 kW
    Even taking into account the efficiency in 50-60%, we get the power of a mobile power plant at about 1Megawatt! And this is for one mobile installation! The industry is releasing, but these are not yet mobile systems.
  5. cedar
    cedar 16 November 2016 10: 11
    0
    Quote: Cat Man Null
    Quote: cedar
    Neuronet, with the help of which the adversary seeks to seize power over the world, command and control the brains of all mankind, and establish a "new" world order .., and in fact - a world electronic concentration camp

    - cedarThe fact that you read science fiction is commendable
    - the way in your head it is processed - IMHO it is alarming, but then only your problems
    - but here, why this one, I apologize, drag nonsense?

    Here is a kill, I don’t understand ... request

    cedar, see already ... to the root !!


    Consider that persuaded .., I see.

  6. RASKAT
    RASKAT 16 November 2016 11: 24
    0
    It is up to 5 000 km if in the mobile version it is possible to jam, what then we have in the stationary version in service. Where and antenna masts can be installed above, but instead of a generator, it will connect to the substation. After all, for anyone there is something. I’m directly scared of becoming a potential adversary. Would such a system be placed somewhere in Cuba or Venezuela? Rumors were about the restoration of the base in Lourdes.
  7. Operator
    Operator 16 November 2016 11: 53
    +1
    HF for the USA passed the stage - the bandwidth of the channels is too low. And VHF can no longer cope. For the network center, the ranges of centimeter waves with retransmission through the UAV have been mastered. So only Russian HF communications will be jammed for Murmansk-BN.
    1. Rash
      Rash 16 November 2016 12: 57
      0
      Quote: Operator
      For network centric mastered ranges of centimeter waves with relay through the UAV.

      Centimeter waves for relay require direct line of sight. How many UAVs must be suspended in order to relay signals to a strategic depth of several thousand kilometers? Probably not a dozen. Hang the UAV higher to increase the distance - the risks of detection and downs increase, thereby breaking the strategic link. So, IMHO, the ranges of centimeter waves with relaying through UAVs are a link of the operational-tactical link.
      1. Operator
        Operator 16 November 2016 13: 29
        0
        That's right, SM channels with UAV repeaters are for the operational-tactical link, and global SM communication of the strategic link is only through satellite repeaters. Otherwise there will be no network centric.

        The reason is the large amount of tactical data and video streams to ensure situational awareness at all levels of management, which HF and VHF channels cannot cope with.
        1. Rash
          Rash 16 November 2016 13: 37
          +2
          It turns out that Murmansk-BN, like the generals, is preparing for the last war? But would it be necessary to develop anti-satellite means to disable strategic communications nodes?
          1. Operator
            Operator 16 November 2016 13: 47
            +1
            Theoretically, yes.

            With one thing, the failure of satellites means the beginning of a thermonuclear war, in which radio communications in the HF, NE, and Far East bands cease to exist due to disturbances in the ionosphere.

            Only radio communication within the line of sight will remain, and these are again repeaters. UAVs are the most effective option, two devices at an altitude of 10000 m can support a communication channel at a distance of 860 km.
            1. Parsec
              Parsec 16 November 2016 14: 25
              0
              Quote: Operator
              With one thing, the failure of satellites means the beginning of a thermonuclear war, in which radio communications in the HF, NE, and Far East bands cease to exist due to disturbances in the ionosphere.


              No.
              A nuclear explosion does not affect the ADD range of 3 Hz ... 30 KHz in any way.
              In the ranges of 1 ... 3 MHz, the communication is carried out by a spatial and surface wave. The spatial wave will attenuate strongly; practically no effect on surface nuclear explosions.
              The bands 3 ... 30 MHz can be used 1 ... 3 hours after the explosion on the same paths as before the explosion.
              1. Rash
                Rash 16 November 2016 14: 32
                0
                Or maybe that's what you intended? After the disruption of communication satellites, Murmansk-BN comes into operation, which jam at frequencies of 3 ... 30 MHz! lol
              2. Operator
                Operator 16 November 2016 14: 35
                0
                ADD communication is not at work - it has a meager throughput, it is still possible to transmit a circular order (to launch missiles), but there is already no way to collect reports on implementation.

                A surface wave in the 1-3 MHz band propagates along a free surface such as water or steppe. And what about those who fight in cities, forests and mountains?

                Radio communication in the 3-30 MHz band can and will recover several hours after one nuclear explosion (again, what power and at what height relative to the ionosphere), but the problem is that in a thermonuclear conflict there will be more than + 100000 explosions of strategic and tactical weapons and not at the same time.
                1. Rash
                  Rash 16 November 2016 14: 43
                  0
                  Interestingly, is there a means to jam satellite channels? Well, to avoid thermonuclear ... Clearly, the channel is narrowly targeted, encoded, but still?
                  1. Operator
                    Operator 16 November 2016 15: 15
                    0
                    The satellite channel over the territory controlled by the enemy cannot be drowned.

                    In addition, interrupting the communication of all satellites with all in near-Earth space, for example, by means of high-altitude nuclear explosions of neutron charges with the failure of the transmitting and receiving equipment of satellites.
  8. Caretaker
    Caretaker 16 November 2016 15: 47
    0
    Quote: avg-mgn
    Quote: jonht
    5 thousand km without communication in the HF band, not bad, not very good, and most importantly mobile!
    It was smooth on paper, but forgot ...! Mobile systems imply independent energy supply, and here a serious question arises.
    In certain operating modes, the radiation power reaches 400 kW
    Even taking into account the efficiency in 50-60%, we get the power of a mobile power plant at about 1Megawatt! And this is for one mobile installation! The industry is releasing, but these are not yet mobile systems.

    It depends on what you call mobile installations? Systems installed on vehicles can be connected to a stationary power network. For example, close to a hydroelectric power station, nuclear power plant, thermal power plant or distribution substation.
    Moreover, these objects are usually located in protected areas.
  9. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 16 November 2016 17: 13
    0
    Quote: Caretaker
    It depends on what you call mobile installations? Systems installed on vehicles can be connected to a stationary power network. For example, close to a hydroelectric power station, nuclear power plant, thermal power plant or distribution substation.
    Moreover, these objects are usually located in protected areas.
    And if far and even there is no power line nearby? Then explain to the forum, why the heck to create mobile means of suppression, if they will be stationary or tightly tied to energy networks. We have enough antenna fields of MV and NE ranges remaining and mothballed since the Cold War, I do not think that they are forgotten. The article deals specifically with mobile means of suppression, and this implies autonomous operation in the field for a long time.
    1. Xwazilb
      Xwazilb 4 November 2017 11: 44
      0
      all right, they are not forgotten. All color. Of these, it has long been torn out and taken out. I am sure that they should not be taken into account.
    2. konstantin68
      konstantin68 20 May 2018 09: 00
      0
      If the Supreme did not come up with (and this was not observed for him), then the option of mobile nuclear weapons solves the problem, what do you think? And the time coincides.
  10. Caretaker
    Caretaker 16 November 2016 18: 42
    0
    Quote: avg-mgn
    Quote: Caretaker
    It depends on what you call mobile installations? Systems installed on vehicles can be connected to a stationary power network. For example, close to a hydroelectric power station, nuclear power plant, thermal power plant or distribution substation.
    Moreover, these objects are usually located in protected areas.
    And if far and even there is no power line nearby? Then explain to the forum, why the heck to create mobile means of suppression, if they will be stationary or tightly tied to energy networks. We have enough antenna fields of MV and NE ranges remaining and mothballed since the Cold War, I do not think that they are forgotten. The article deals specifically with mobile means of suppression, and this implies autonomous operation in the field for a long time.

    With a range of at least 2000 km., The dislocation is plus / minus 200 km. doesn’t matter.
    with a range of 5000 km. and 500 km. not distance. Something yes there. There is no need to have them in the wilderness, and it is supposed to cover the areas, not the point objects. This is what it is for.
    When the stationary network is disconnected, the coverage area will decrease, possibly significantly. Although, if the antennas are sectional and directional, it is possible to focus on the desired sector. By the way, almost all power plants should be protected by a local missile defense system, or at least the most important ones.

    It is possible to compare with the "Scalpel", it was "tied" to the railway and at the same time was considered mobile (mobile).
    1. avg-mgn
      avg-mgn 16 November 2016 20: 03
      0
      I bring you back to the question: why do we need mobile systems, if in each region of the USSR from Kaliningrad to the Kuril Islands there were DV and CB (now mothballed) radio stations of synchronous and local broadcasting with antenna fields. I never heard your answer, if it isn’t there, write it down or keep silent, but there is no need to grind about 500 and 5000km (this is where such an area is), not a kindergarten. I’ll add how you imagine connecting the complex to the power transmission line ??? wink To carry as a part of the TP complex to Megawatts, then what voltage ???
      1. Caretaker
        Caretaker 16 November 2016 21: 39
        +1
        Mobile systems are needed to enable rapid movement.
        And it is not at all necessary to drive them to a new place every week. The antenna fields "from Kaliningrad to the Kuriles" may also be involved, but there will certainly be difficulties when connecting the equipment to the system (the creation of a network was reported in the article).
        In Soviet times, and even now, many air defense units, communications, etc. were equipped with mobile complexes. For years they stood in stationary positions, sometimes in shelters, but regularly went "into the field" for exercises. It also happened by rail. Naturally, this is impossible for stationary complexes.
        By region I meant the area of ​​operation, not the administrative region. You probably know that administrative boundaries are transparent to radio waves. Why flirt? Let's call it "region" if you like.
        About power lines is your idea. I assumed - "not far from a hydroelectric power plant, nuclear power plant, thermal power plant or distribution substation." In all these cases, connecting the installations to a stationary power system will not be difficult, especially if such an opportunity is foreseen in advance (you do not think that they will climb into the reactor "to draw a bucket of current"), while it remains possible to switch to autonomous power in the event of a stationary , with a decrease in a number of characteristics. Everything is as usual.
        By the way, I did not discuss the specific value of the power consumption, and you do not know.
        1. avg-mgn
          avg-mgn 17 November 2016 11: 52
          0
          Of course, besides verbiage, I did not hear anything from you, nor did I expect it, because you have no elementary concepts on the topic, only a general idea at the high school level and a dozen articles from the Internet. Stay healthy and read more helps.
          1. Caretaker
            Caretaker 17 November 2016 20: 03
            +1
            You have not given a single argument for or against. One idle talk and emotions.

            Have a nice one you too.
  11. Walanin
    Walanin April 25 2017 13: 22
    +1
    On the monitor workspace we see MS Windows XP. This means that the hardware there is based on the American element base.
    However, optimistic in terms of security ..
  12. E50M
    E50M 4 August 2017 08: 14
    0
    Quote: Walanin
    On the monitor workspace we see MS Windows XP. This means that the hardware there is based on the American element base.
    However, optimistic in terms of security ..

    You don’t understand anything. This is HPP. XP was created by Russian hackers with American money. Peremoga. So everything is cool)