Military Review

Where to expect the deployment of anti-ship versions of ATACMS? Details of advanced state RK projects

17



Modern means of naval air defense and missile defense in fleets leading countries of the world every year increase their combat potential both in high-altitude and long-range, and in production parameters; the flight characteristics of interceptor missiles are also becoming more and more perfect, just like the guidance systems, most of which today are represented by active radar seeker, which significantly increase the target channel of shipborne anti-aircraft missile systems. The most advanced air defense missile systems today can be considered such as "Polyment-Redut" (there are problems with the implementation of interception of targets at ranges over 50 km), updated "Standard-2/3" The radar is in the design stage), as well as the German "Standards-2" controlled by the multi-channel APAR radar, the French PAAMS and the Sea Sparrow air defense missile system of the Japanese Akizuki-class destroyers with the unique 2-band multifunctional radar from the Thales company - FCS- 3A. China has not lagged behind world indicators with its HQQ-9 installed on surface ships of the main classes - destroyers of the Lanzhou and Kunming types.

Directly proportional shipboard SAMs improve their combat qualities and anti-ship missile systems, the best modifications of which have recently been developed and entered service with the Russian Navy, as well as the naval forces of India and China. Modern anti-ship complexes are the most serious weapons containment on the sea and oceanic theater, because, as a rule, the massive use of modern anti-ship missiles at the moment of confrontation between two or more CBGs leads to a partial breakthrough of even the most advanced shipborne air defense missile systems, as a result of which both sides may receive significant damage incompatible with the subsequent actions of the ship group.

If in the fleets of the Russian Federation, India and China there are high-speed supersonic anti-ship missiles of the Onyx, X-41 Mosquito, BrahMos and YJ-18 types, which leave enemy air defense missile defenses a minimum of time to repel the strike, then all of them are in service The US Navy's anti-ship missiles are subsonic, and therefore their interception is a much simpler task for our KZRK. At the same time, even a small radar signature of the American LRASM and “Harpoon” missiles cannot fundamentally change the situation due to the equipping of the surface ships of the air defense missile system with high-energy radar for illumination and guidance based on the PPAR and AFAR, which can easily detect and capture the American anti-ship missiles with an effective dispersion surface 0,01 — 0,1 m2, and this is without taking into account the optical-electronic sighting systems, which are able to correct the operation of the air defense missile system if the US Navy at the moment of impact uses itself loty electronic warfare type F / A-18G «Growler».

In such a situation, the Americans, by introducing various technological innovations into existing weapon systems, are trying to eliminate the backlog of Eurasian maritime superpowers. Leading US aerospace corporations are working on many projects of future anti-ship missiles, but the most famous of them, presented in detail in the network and print media, are supersonic anti-ship missiles based on the RIM-174 ERAM (SM-6) long-range anti-aircraft missile (the project is Raytheon Corporation and HAWC Hypersonic (Hypersonic Air-Breathing Weopon Concept) (developed by the Agency of Advanced Defense Research Projects DARPA).

174 February 8 was revealed from the words of US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter about the design of the anti-ship version of the RIM-2016 ERAM. Spending a total of 2,9 billion dollars, the Pentagon plans to equip the US Navy 3,5-flywheel anti-ship missiles with a range of up to 370 km. Naturally, to achieve such a range, the flight of the rocket will be carried out along a semi-ballistic trajectory, most of which will take place in the stratosphere, where the slowdown of any body is minimal. The missiles will have a significant drawback - approaching the enemy warship at an angle of 20 — 45 degrees, which will make it easy to intercept the anti-ship Standard-6 with the enemy's modern anti-missile defense systems, since its speed at the final stage is unlikely to exceed 2200 — 2500 km / h Interception can be carried out with C-300F / FM "Fort / -M", "Calm-1", "Dagger" and "Pantsir-M" complexes.

But the anti-ship RIM-174 ERAM has a serious advantage. All Standard-2/3 missiles are unified with the universal missile launchers Mk 41, and therefore, in contrast to the 8 RGM-84L anti-ship missiles (deployed in 2 inclined quadruple Mk 141 launchers on American NKs), any American UR class EM Arley Burke ”or Ricc“ Ticonderoga ”can carry on board any number of supersonic anti-ship missiles, limited only by the number of launch cells of UVPU Mk 41 (90 operating ones for“ Arleigh Burke ”and 122 for“ Ticonderoga ”). The ratio of the RIM-174 ERAM missile launcher ammunition, the RIM-161A / B interceptor missiles, and the promising RIM-174 based anti-ship missiles may be in favor of the latter (40 - 50 anti-ship missiles), and therefore even 1 AUG as part of 1 Ticonderoga missile system and 3 EM “Arleigh Burke” can arrange KUG of the enemy “star raid” of 200 anti-ship missiles, flying at speeds up to 2,5M. Completely intercepting such a swarm will be almost impossible. Armed with "Harpoons", the American AUG could send out a volley of no more than 30-40 missiles, not taking into account the tactical wing of the deck aviation.

The most advanced is the HAWC hypersonic long-range tactical missile project, which DARPA is working on. One of the points of the program provides for the implementation of the hypersonic speed of the product, which should be 5320 km / h with a further increase to 10630 km / h. These speed indicators are no longer unique in rocket technology, since it is known that the 5V55R and 48N6E missiles have a speed of 6,25 to 6,6M, but are unique for air-to-ground / ship cruise missiles. A swarm of 7-2066 HAWC missiles approaching at a speed of 30M (40 m / s) will pose a serious threat to even the most modern ship and ground air defense systems. This will become possible for one more reason - the low RCS of HAWC. The fuselage, made of composite materials with radio-absorbing coatings, will reduce the missile's radar signature to hundredths of a square meter, which is why the Type-346 AFAR (installed on Chinese Type 052D EMs) will be able to detect HAWC at a distance of no more than 80 km. There will be no more than 1 minute to intercept. Imagine, in just 40-60 seconds it is necessary to intercept 30 subtle hypersonic anti-ship missiles, it is almost impossible to accomplish this with modern shipborne missile defense systems! Today this is the most dangerous project of a promising anti-ship missile system. From images published by Western informationnews resources, it is clear that HAWC can be a continuation of the project of a hypersonic tactical missile of the X-51A "Waverider" type - the basis of the American concept of "Rapid Global Strike" (BSU), and therefore it is expected that progress in the development and initial combat readiness of HAWC may take place already by 2025.

ANTI-SCIENTIFIC ATACMS - “THREAT” OF SEAS, STRAITS AND BAYS

In the final part of the article, we will consider another American program for reincarnating the existing offensive rocket armament of ground-based theater of military operations into a long-range anti-ship complex.

According to the Military Parity information and analytical resource, citing Taiwanese media, on October 10, 28, the US Department of Defense announced the launch of a program to expand the combat and functional capabilities of the ATACMS operational tactical missile system. The main part of the update will be directly related to operational-tactical ballistic missiles (OTBR) of the type MGM-2016B (ATACMS Block IA) and MGM-140B (ATACMS Block IIA). It is these modifications that have the maximum range of 164 km in the ATACMS family and, in addition to the inertial guidance system, are equipped with a GPS satellite correction module and a system of ring laser gyroscopes, which made it possible to achieve a circular probable deviation (CWE) within 300-15 meters

Based on the official data, the US Armed Forces have abandoned the use of inhumane cluster warheads such as M-74 APAM (Anti-Personnel, Anti-Material), and therefore, together with Lockheed Martin, they concentrated all their efforts on upgrading the monoblock warhead with self-guided combat elements of the cumulative type P31 BAT, as well as further improving the accuracy of the aerodynamic control surfaces. The most interesting solution is the empowerment of the ATACMS, in a monoblock performance of the warhead, with the ability to surgically accurately hit small-sized moving sea and land targets. To do this, Lockheed Martin specialists must equip the rocket with an active radar homing head of the millimeter Ka-band, which will ensure an accuracy of the CEP for 3-7 meters, and also gas-dynamic transverse-control impulse engines may be required in case the target maneuvers. The danger posed by this project should not be underestimated. In fact, we are dealing with the Americans copying the Chinese concept of DF-21D anti-ship medium-range ballistic missiles, but on a smaller scale limited to 300 km, which indicates some tactical features of the use of the updated ATACMS.

Firstly, these complexes are created exclusively for use on small water-based theaters - inland seas with small straits and bays, where modernized anti-ship versions of MGM-140 / 164B missiles will be able to calmly attack enemy surface ships throughout the possible maneuver distance. Examples include the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, as well as the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Strengthening their ground component of troops in Western and Central Europe, the Americans can deploy a division of similar ATACMS anywhere in Denmark, the northern part of Germany, Poland or Estonia, which will cause another and very serious threat for the warships of the Baltic Fleet, considering that “Polyment-Redut”, capable of effectively destroying such means of air attack, is installed on a small number of surface ships (corvettes pr 20380). And the M142 (1 rocket ATACMS) or M270 (2 rocket, respectively) launchers can pull up to several dozen, so there will be something to work on with the calculations of our “Three Hundreds” and “Four Hundred Hundreds” in the Kaliningrad and Leningrad regions.

Secondly, the maximum flight speed of the OTBR family of ATACMS is 1500 m / s (about 5400 km / h), because of which the old versions of the complexes, for example, Buk-M1 and C-300PS, cannot intercept them on the march segment flight paths, and therefore the solution of the question can only be updating the Baltic Fleet shipboard with new frigate type Admiral Gorshkov, which have full-fledged missile defense, and parts of the East Kazakhstan region and military air defense systems are promising C-300ВХNUMX, С-4 and Buk-М400 ". The development and launch of serial production of the ATACMS anti-ship modification will take a minimum of time and financial investment in comparison with the same HAWC hypersonic, and therefore we can learn about the appearance of uninvited guests in the Baltic States or near the borders of the Southern Military District in the coming years.

Information sources:
http://forum.militaryparitet.com/viewtopic.php?pid=167537#p167537
http://forum.militaryparitet.com/viewtopic.php?id=10703
Author:
17 comments
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  1. Teberii
    Teberii 17 November 2016 06: 14
    0
    You need to work constantly, otherwise you can miss the moment. But this does not mean that you need to rush into the arms race. Then the ships will be on the docks and constantly re-equipped.
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 17 November 2016 06: 22
    +1
    even 1 AUG as a part of 1 RIC “Ticonderoga” and 3 EM “Arleigh Burke” can make a KGB of the enemy a “star raid” of 200 anti-ship missiles flying at speeds up to 2,5M. Completely intercepting such a swarm will be almost impossible.


    From what areas? ... the Baltic and Black Sea are falling away ... it’s clear that just not in the reach of our aircraft and anti-ship missiles ... there are waters of adjacent oceans ... and this is already an increased time of missile flights ... so there is time to respond.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 17 November 2016 10: 37
      +1
      They can be launched from the Mediterranean and the Sea of ​​Marmara, and so the United States currently has many projects on hypersonic missiles and aircraft HTV 2, HTVC, X 51A, AHW, HAWC, X 37, SR 72, the developed analogue of our Iskander, as well as a new strategic missile for B3.
    2. Operator
      Operator 17 November 2016 13: 45
      0
      All American developments of anti-ship missiles, both ballistic and aerodynamic, have a flight range of no more than 360 km.

      The combat radius of Russian coast-based aviation Su-34 and Tu-22M with anti-ship missiles X-32 ranges from 3000 to 4000 km. At the same time, X-32 with a flight altitude of 40 km is not intercepted by any western ship-based or land-based air defense systems.

      Let DARPA and LokMart continue their games in the sandbox laughing
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 17 November 2016 16: 06
        +6
        Quote: Operator
        The combat radius of Russian coast-based aviation Su-34 and Tu-22M with anti-ship missiles X-32 ranges from 3000 to 4000 km.

        Perhaps you are not "aware" that the MPA was eliminated by the General Staff directive in 2011, and the serial production of the X-32 anti-ship missiles is not underway? Will you continue to spread "urya-patriotic" myths?
        1. Operator
          Operator 17 November 2016 16: 17
          0
          Where did you read from me about MRA and what directive of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces were removed from service with the Tu-22M and Su-34?

          Study VO: "The tests of the Kh-32 cruise missile are coming to an end" and you will be happy
          https://topwar.ru/99721-zavershayutsya-ispytaniya
          -krylatoy-rakety-h-32.html

          I made a quite correct comparison of a Russian missile, the tests of which are being completed, with foreign missiles so beloved by you, which have not yet left the development stage (but whose slop parameters have already made them stillborn).

          PS It's time for you to tie up with your cheers-liberoid approaches laughing
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 18 November 2016 01: 06
            +4
            Quote: Operator
            Where did you read from me about MRA and what directive of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces were removed from service with the Tu-22M and Su-34?

            You really are fool or pretend? Although with your reputation on the site, what else to expect from you? wassat You understand the difference in tasks and combat training between MRA and YES. And tell me how Tu-22M3, who do not currently have anti-ship missiles, will attack the AUG in the Far East from Shaykovka and Olenya aerodromes?
            Quote: Operator
            Study VO: "The tests of the Kh-32 cruise missile are coming to an end" and you will be happy

            Blessed is he who believes ... you can forget about the Tu-22M3 as the missile launcher of MRA, especially since there are not so many of them left. During modernization, these machines are sharpened exclusively for bombing tasks. About Su-34 with X-32 - this is generally a masterpiece. I have not read such distilled stupidity for a long time ...
            Quote: Operator
            I made a quite correct comparison of a Russian missile, the tests of which are being completed, with foreign missiles so beloved by you, which have not yet left the development stage (but whose slop parameters have already made them stillborn).

            Correct only for people from a parallel universe. Liquid X-32 - by today's standards - the Stone Age.
            Quote: Operator
            It's time for you to tie up with your jingoistic approaches

            They are liberal only for you, at least me in that I write nonsense in the comments no one has yet blamed. bully
            1. Operator
              Operator 18 November 2016 02: 01
              0
              Everything once happens for the first time - including reproaching you for writing the following distilled nonsense in the comments:

              "Tu-22M3 can be forgotten as an MRA missile carrier, especially since there are not so many of them left."
              "During modernization, these machines are sharpened exclusively for bombing missions."
              "Liquid X-32 - by today's standards - the stone age"


              Your last phrase directly exudes cheers-liberalism.

              PS Until the 2020 of the year, it is planned to modernize all Tu-22М3 at the Kazan Aviation Plant under an expanded range of weapons, including with the possibility of suspension of up to 6 UR X-32 on an airplane.

              Well this is the lope of surface targets Mona will sink all Backfires in one flight - by chance, not all NATO AUGs are in full force? bully
        2. zyablik.olga
          zyablik.olga 17 November 2016 16: 18
          +5
          Quote: Bongo
          Perhaps you are not "aware" that the MPA was eliminated by the General Staff directive in 2011, and the serial production of the X-32 anti-ship missiles is not underway? Will you continue to spread "urya-patriotic" myths?

          Seryozha, these are not myths! request This is reality, but in a different parallel universe. Operators have long figured out lol
          Quote: mav1971
          The operator is just from an alternate universe ...
          Go to his profile and read 3-4 a dozen of his posts - you will immediately realize that before you is a real reptiloid ... :)))
  3. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 17 November 2016 13: 40
    +2
    Imagine, in just 40-60 seconds it is necessary to intercept 30 subtle hypersonic anti-ship missiles, it is almost impossible to accomplish this with modern naval missile defense systems! Today it is the most dangerous project of promising RCC

    - Zmey Gorynych: "What, scary!?"
    - Donkey (because of the tree): "Lord, and how am I going to be so scary?"
    (from an old joke about a snake gorynycha and fuck .. .. Donkey)

    On business.
    To shoot down such a swarm of hyper-nosed anti-ship missiles with a "fly swatter" can only be offered by an amateur.
    I will explain my thought.
    To reflect such a raid, it is necessary to burn the receiving-emitting blocks / channels of the GOS of the Ka-band with directional radiation. And at the same time the brains of these RCC. (Beam weapons, weapons of directed energy, etc. - REP)
    The second method. A volumetric explosion at the turn of interception, a shock wave "to break all Jericho's pipes." This was worked out in due time. But then they decided that SM VYaV was more effective.
    The best minds of the fatherland are working on this.
    And leave the "bullet to bullet" hit to the "dumb" Yankes. For they will not invent the wheel anyway! They were not even able to appreciate the idea of ​​missile defense based on plasmoids in their time.
    There is another idea to send attacking anti-ship missiles to another dimension. But this is still at the level of theoretical understanding.
    But there is also movement in a given direction. (OBS said.) bully
    1. mav1971
      mav1971 17 November 2016 17: 15
      +5
      Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
      There is another idea to send attacking anti-ship missiles to another dimension. But this is still at the level of theoretical understanding.


      Hmm ...
      What did the shaman smoke and where to find such grass ???
  4. ARES623
    ARES623 17 November 2016 15: 28
    +1
    "Imagine, in just 40-60 seconds it is necessary to intercept 30 subtle hypersonic anti-ship missiles, it is almost impossible to accomplish this with modern shipborne missile defense systems!"

    It seems to me that when assembling a ship group at ranges of effective and massive use of the painted "wunderwaves", our operational duty officers of the Strategic Missile Forces will insert their launch keys into the necessary holes. And the appearance of a group small-sized high-speed target by air reconnaissance means will be a signal that "all started". Then some force from both sides of North America will lift hundreds of millions of cubic kilometers of seawater into the air and send it at supersonic speed to coastal cities in the United States and Canada. And at the same time as the operators and commanders of the US Navy will evaluate the results of their first missile attack , the souls of their relatives will already ascend to heaven (or fly to the underworld). And then the ship crew of these navies will realize that there is nowhere to return. And it will not matter at all whether they won or not, because the survivors will envy the dead. ..
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 17 November 2016 20: 06
      +1
      "And then the naval personnel of these navies will realize that there is nowhere to return." - Then their fleet will descend with all striking power and fury on our ships and the Far East - carrier-based aviation and cruise missiles - they will not leave a stone unturned there - if someone thinks that the war will end after the exchange of nuclear strikes, you are badly mistaken.
  5. Bongo
    Bongo 18 November 2016 05: 43
    +6
    Quote: Operator
    Your last phrase directly exudes cheers-liberalism.

    The last phrase is unfortunately true. LPRE missiles using toxic fuel and an aggressive oxidizer have always been a headache for those who operated them. This was acceptable in the 50-70s, since at that time in the USSR they could not create normal formulations of solid fuel. But "engineers" and "operators" are not aware of this.
    Quote: Operator
    PS Until the 2020 of the year, it is planned to modernize all Tu-22М3 at the Kazan Aviation Plant under an expanded range of weapons, including with the possibility of suspension of up to 6 UR X-32 on an airplane.

    What is the point of talking about a missile that is not being mass-built and has not been adopted? How can the 22 anti-ship missiles of dimension X-3 be suspended on the Tu-6M22? request Regarding the modernization of the Tu-22M3, you better consult with Sergey Ivanovich (SSI). Maybe he’ll fix your brains ...
    Quote: Operator
    Well this is the lope of surface targets Mona will sink all Backfires in one flight - by chance, not all NATO AUGs are in full force?

    This is what you need to be fool what would you write?
    1. Operator
      Operator 18 November 2016 11: 20
      0
      Yes, yes, we already understood that toxic Sinev and Voivode are a pain in the neck for liberals. laughing
    2. zyablik.olga
      zyablik.olga 18 November 2016 13: 06
      +3
      Quote: Bongo
      This is how you have to be fooled, what would write?

      Seryozha, to whom do you toss beads? After all, he does not even understand the difference between aviation anti-ship and ballistic missiles. fool
    3. mav1971
      mav1971 18 November 2016 19: 51
      0
      Quote: Bongo

      This is what you need to be fool what would you write?


      Sorry, but I can not resist, I'm sorry!

      http://guglite.ru/?q=%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%
      BE%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B9+%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%
      B1% D0% BE