The ideas of "Liaoning" are true
According to the PRC media, the following activities are being held to form a full-fledged air group of a promising aircraft carrier:
steam catapult tests aviation the Xincheng base (AB) of the PLA Navy, which is the main point of permanent deployment of the Jian-15 carrier-based fighter regiment;
field tests of the electromagnetic catapult in Shanghai, created by the operational activities of the Chinese electronic and illegal intelligence in the United States;
assembly at an aircraft manufacturing plant in Shenyang, an experimental batch of deck-based fighters "Jian-15", equipped with a bracket for attachment to the shuttle of the catapult.
It is known that the creation of aircraft carrier groups requires significant investments in the training of personnel. Psychological officers at the PLA Navy Aviation Institute estimate that the danger level of the deckers' work is 15 times higher than in army aviation, tenfold than that of the Air Force pilots when flying over land and fivefold than when going to outer space.
The task of training highly qualified specialists is entrusted to the PLA Naval Aviation Division Training Center (DTC), the headquarters of which is located in Huludao. DCC is subordinate to the command of the North fleet and includes several ABs: Huludao, Xincheng, Jinzhou, Toytai Tzu, Siguan and Tsinghuangdao. With the assistance of Ukrainian engineers, three take-off jumps were equipped at Sincheng JS, marking was made on one of the taxiways, reproducing the dimensions of the deck of the ship.
Initial training is carried out on the Chujiao-6 training turboprop and K-8 single-engine training and combat fighters. The main stage of training is conducted at the Jiaolan-9G Mountain Eagle UBS. It is known that for the needs of the PLA Navy they bought about 40 aircraft of this model, while the PLA Air Force signed a contract for the supply of 135 machines.
The first aircraft carrier of the PLA “Liaoning” naval aircraft (16 tail number), bought in 1992-m in Ukraine and towed to Dalian for recovery, was used to prepare the deck pilots. With the help of Ukrainian specialists, the Chinese shipbuilders were able to bring the acquisition to 2012 for the running and acceptance tests in Bohai Bay.
“Liaoning” allowed launching a full-fledged training course for decker-dogs, who for several years trained at ground airfields in the PRC or (up to 2010 year) had an internship at NITKA in the Crimean Saki. In organizing the work of Liaoning, the experience of the US Navy was used, when all crew members wear vests of a certain color depending on their purpose: white - air traffic control group, red - weapons, purple - fuel, green - maintenance and repair, etc.
For the formation of a group of pilots-instructors of the PLA Navy, six experienced Jian-15 fighters were manufactured, in which eight pilots were trained. Further, the instructors prepared four groups of combatant pilots with a total number of 24 people.
Now around the 40 pilots are able to fly a heavy carrier-based fighter Jian-15 in any weather conditions. It is known that each of the officers for 35 years has a total plaque of at least a thousand hours and is qualified for five types of aircraft. The high quality of personnel training should be noted: over the past four years, only three aircraft have been lost in flight accidents - one Jian-15 and two Jian-10, one pilot of deck aircraft died.
What is on deck?
A promising connection of the PLA Navy carrier aviation will include heavy Jian-15S fighters, electronic warfare Jian-15D fighters and lighter vehicles created on the basis of either single-engine Jian-10С or JBJ Jianan-9G Gorny Orel.
According to the materials of the open press, it is possible to present some characteristics of the latter:
length - 15,4 meter;
height - 4,8 meter;
wing span - 9,9 meter;
maximum speed - Mach 1,4;
practical ceiling - 15 000 meters;
normal take-off weight - 8000 kilograms;
maximum take-off weight - 11 000 kilograms;
maximum flight range - 1650 kilometers;
the maximum time spent in the air is about two hours.
For take-off of the ship version of this UBS, there is enough a section of the deck with a length of 105 meters.
It should be noted that the Jiaolian-9G is equipped with two Ukrainian-made AI-222-25 engines with a maximum power of 7500 kgf, on the basis of which the engine under the designation WP-13FC (power 6500 kgf) was created in the PRC. According to representatives of the defense industry enterprises of the PRC, Jiaolian-9G will allow competing on the world arms market with such recognized models of combat training equipment for the Air Force as the Russian Yak-130 and the Italian M-346.
To search for submarines are helicopters "Ji-18F", which are equipped with automatic systems for setting sonar buoys, as well as armed with light torpedoes - copies of the Italian "Alenia".
The only problem with the promising AUG is the lack of a modern deck aircraft, such as the American E-2D Adnvanced Hawk Eye, which is necessary for coordinating the actions of fighters in air battles at a considerable distance (more than 400 kilometers) from the aircraft carrier.
It is known that in the People's Republic of China they carried out R & D on this topic, but it was not possible to create a turboprop aircraft that could take off from the springboard. However, with the appearance of an aircraft carrier with a catapult, this issue will be uniquely resolved. Note the advantage of the latter, consisting in the fact that it allows you to seriously reduce the wear of the front landing gear.
For security and supply
In relation to the ship composition of the promising AUG, it is possible to make the following list.
The main part of the tasks on air defense / missile defense groups will be performed by promising destroyers of the 055 project, whose construction is just beginning at the PRC shipyards. These ships will equip combat information and control system, similar to the American "Aegis". It is known that the destroyer of the 055 project will be equipped with 128 vertical launchers, which will allow the use of different types of Yingyi missiles, Changjian KR for strikes on ground targets, medium-range and long-range missiles from the complex “Haihunuqi-9 and -16” , as well as anti-submarine guided missiles "Yu-8".
130-mm artillery mounts are supposed to be the main-caliber guns; for the defense of the near-line, it is planned to use the 1130 type anti-aircraft artillery (11-barrel, 30 caliber of millimeters) and the Hayhuntsi-10 air defense system.
In addition, two destroyers of the XNUMHD project, comparable in performance characteristics to American "classmates", will be attached. In addition, it is likely that the 052A project guardians, who have proven themselves in anti-piracy missions in the Gulf of Aden, can be introduced into the group of escort ships.
As a universal transport of supply, obviously, the 901 project ship will be used, having a displacement of 50 000 tons and allowing you to carry both fuel, ammunition and food.
To cover the AUG from threats from the depths of the sea, two submarines of the 093 G Project submarine armed with torpedoes and cruise missiles will be included in the escort group.
The PLA Navy Command has developed a completely adequate model for building a promising AUG. The volume of completed and planned work shows the clear intention of the PRC’s military-political leadership to create a full-fledged aviation group by 2020.
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