In the morning of October 17 1907, the boat headed for the destroyers “Bodry” and “Skory” stationed in the port of Vladivostok. This episode in itself would have remained unremarkable - it is not enough boat life blown between the coast and the ships, but in that boat there were, as one would say now, three “activists” headed by RSDLP member Maria Maslyukova. The trio went to another “activist”, the conductor of the destroyer “Fast”, Yakov Poylov, with a very specific goal - “to make a revolution”.
The activists did not have time to board the destroyer Fast, because the commander of the destroyer Bodry, N.P. Kurosh, who correctly assessed the situation and ordered the boat to immediately depart from the ships, threatening to open fire. A day earlier, miners revolted in Diomede Bay, and navy the authorities reasonably believed that the uprising could spread to the ships. Therefore, officers were ordered to increase vigilance.
But it was too late. Seeing his accomplices, the conductor Poylov rushed to seize the destroyer - grabbing a revolver, he shot the commander of the ship, Lieutenant Stern and midshipman Yukhnovich, who turned out to be in the wrong place at the wrong time and place.
However, according to Poylov, Kurosh immediately opened fire, since it was good that both destroyers stood aboard. He began to answer. Fate saved the captain of the rank of Kurosh 2 in the Tsushima battle, but did not save on the bridge of his own destroyer, where he soon died, having received a severe wound.
This was the first act of tragedy in the family of hereditary naval officers Kurosh.
In the summer of 1906, brother N.P. Kurosh - commander of the Finn mine cruiser A.P. Kurosh - was a member of the suppression of the uprising in the fortress Sveaborg. What subsequently had fatal consequences for him. The revolutionary “activists” did not forgive him for this, but for the time being they decided not to touch him, but instead shot him in 1911, his fifth-graded son Pavel Kurosh. Admiral Kurosh's turn came in 1918 year. According to some data, he was shot in the Cheka, according to others, a barge with him and other officers was flooded near Kronstadt.
It is worth noting that the beating of naval officers by revolutionary “activists” significantly surpassed the losses of the Russian fleet in the Russian-Japanese and First World War combined. Many officers who survived the nightmare of Tsushima will be killed by their own sailors, incited by various kinds of "activists." Which didn’t give a damn about the supposedly “unfortunate sailors”, but it was necessary to inflict the greatest possible damage to the Russian fleet and finish off what was left after both wars.
It is not surprising that in the 1905-1907, rebellions broke out on the Black and Baltic seas, and in Vladivostok the sailors rebelled three times. In this case, first of all, the officers were exterminated, even those who were not “tyrants” and “bloodsuckers”, and often enjoyed the respect of sailors.
Thus, on July 20, 1906, in Kronstadt, the captain of the rank XA NUMX AA was killed. Rodionov, who commanded the Admiral Nakhimov cruiser who died in the battle of Tsushima. The heroism of Rodionov in that battle was noted even by revolutionary historians, who did not really stint on praise to the royal officers.
Not being frightened by the Japanese shells in May 1905, he was not afraid of Rodion and the rebel sailors in July 1906. Trying to reason with them, he was treacherously shot by an “unknown” from the crowd, after which Tsushima’s already dead hero was punctured with bayonets.
Got a bayonet hit in the chest and the captain of the 2 rank E.I. Krinitsky, the hero of Port Arthur and the George Knight. He survived by a miracle, and only because the sailors and the "activists" who accompanied them decided that he was dead.
But then, in 1905-1907, the murders of officers did not take such a scope, as happened after the 1917 revolution of the year. Then the bill went to thousands, and the surprise soon caused the fact that in this bloody orgy someone was able to survive.
Especially when officers were personally supervised by such odious personalities as L.Trotsky and his protege F. Raskolnikov (Ilyin). It was Trotsky who sent Admiral A. Shchastny, another member of the Russian-Japanese war, under the ax. Despite the fact that the admiral saved the Baltic fleet by organizing the famous Ice Campaign, Trotsky accused him of treason.
At the direction of Trotsky, Admiral S.V. was shot. Zarubayev, a member of the famous battle of the cruiser "Varyag" in 1904 year. He was made “extreme” for the disgraceful surrender of two Baltic Fleet destroyers to the British in 1918, although the blame for this lies entirely on Trotsky's pet, V. Raskolnikov.
If Trotsky and other “activists” who had seized upon the government so easily destroyed the loyal admirals, then what about ordinary officers?
By the way, why in Russia it all became possible? Uprisings on ships, in garrisons, killing not only officers, but even members of the imperial family - let us recall the murder by Kalyayev of Moscow Governor-General Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich in 1904 year. Why did an enchanting mess flourish in the country, when boats with “activists” quietly swam up to warships and not only swam, but many “activists” quietly held gatherings on ships where their capture was discussed.
For example, in the summer of 1906, a certain Odessa "activist" Oscar Mines conducted a gathering on the cruiser Memory of Azov, which was soon captured by rebellious sailors. Of course, many officers, including the ship's commander A.G. Lozinsky, the rebels killed. Is it possible to imagine that in our time boats with "activists" were spinning at the side of the cruiser "Peter the Great" or that there is a gathering on it that discusses its capture?
This happened because Russia was virtually not ruled since 1894. Rather, she had “the master of the lands of the Russians” - Emperor Nicholas II, but because of his character, he was engaged in anything, but not in the management of his empire.
In order not to be unfounded, let us give the floor to him and see how he reacted to the various events that shook the country:
19 May 1905: “Now the terrible news about the death of almost the entire squadron in a two-day battle has finally been confirmed. Rozhestvensky himself taken prisoner. "
As can be seen, the emperor was upset by the news of the defeat of the Second Pacific Squadron in the Battle of Tsushima. But is it strong? We read in the same place: “The day was marvelous, which added even more sadness to the soul. Had three reports. Putyusha had breakfast. Riding on horseback. Dined.
But if 19 May Nicholas II is upset and sad, then 20 May does not recall Tsushima: “It was very hot. Took many. I walked and rode in a canoe. Dined and rode in the zoo. "
Can anyone imagine Stalin quietly dining and riding in a canoe after the news of the capture of Minsk or Kiev? Or maybe the emperor so calmed his nerves? Something is different, as 22 may, he: “We walked for a long time and rode in a canoe and a boat. Dined and skated with Olga and Petya "
23 May 1905: “It's a nice warm day. I rode a new gray horse, which I liked very much. After tea, I read the whole evening for a long time. ”
24 May 1905: “I rode on horseback. They drank tea like all these days on the balcony. The weather was wonderful. Played with Dmitry Sheremetev on billiards "
25 May 1905: “The weather was excellent. Were at lunch in the Grand Palace and had breakfast with the family ... I walked and rode in a canoe. ”
29 May 1905: “Let's go to the fair and have breakfast with everyone. I walked, rode in a canoe. The weather was warm. I read a lot. Killed the crow. Dined at 8. ”
15 June 1905 of the year Nicholas II habitually “deals” with public affairs: “It's a hot, quiet day. Made a great walk in a kayak. Bathed in the sea. After lunch, ride.
But suddenly the idyll is broken in the most unpleasant way: “I received a stunning news from Odessa that the team of the battleship Prince Potemkin-Tavrichesky who had arrived there had rebelled, interrupted the officers and seized the ship, threatening unrest in the city. I just can't believe it! ”
A rebellious battleship rushing around the Black Sea, shelling Odessa, almost fighting with the entire Black Sea fleet, but the day after the start of the uprising, the “master of the Russian land” sends to Sevastopol to deal with the problems of Admiral Chukhnin, and he himself: “I slept in the afternoon, then I walked . Long read. In the evening, ride together. " After that, the "Potemkin" hardly remembers.
In November, a new insurrection takes place in Sevastopol - this time the cruiser Ochakov rebelled. The collapse of the state administration system reached such proportions that the cruiser was not captured by professional revolutionary “activists”, although it wasn’t without them, but by the mad lieutenant Schmidt.
What is Nicholas busy at this time? How does the tragic news from Sevastopol react?
November 12 1905: "In Sevastopol, riots broke out in the sea barracks and even in some parts of the garrison."
About the cruiser "Ochakov" not a word. And then, as usual: “I walked. I read after tea. Let's go to Pavlovsk in Misha's car. Dined.
To be honest, this is not the diary of the owner of a huge empire. This is a diary of the Saratov or Poltava landowner who has been penned for many years of chronic idleness. Which is engaged only in what floats in a kayak, hunts and infinitely chases teas. When in Sevastopol, Kronstadt, Sveaborg, Vladivostok, officers are shot, pierced with bayonets and smashed their heads with rifle butts, the “autocrat” doesn't care. In any case, these events are not worthy to get on the pages of his diary. Unlike dinners, receptions or shooting at crows.
Even the First World War did not change his habits, when he became the Supreme Commander of the Russian army. 23 August 19015, Nikolai takes over the reins of army control and that’s how it looks.
24 August 1915: “I woke up around 9 hours. The morning was so beautiful in the forest. After tea, I went to Mogilyov to the cathedral ... I signed a rescript and an order for the army to accept my high command ... In the afternoon I took a walk beyond the Dnieper along the Gomel highway and walked in a good forest. By the evening it was raining. Played the dice.
Can we imagine Stalin in August 1941-1944, walking in the “beautiful forest” and playing dice? Somehow difficult ...
31 August 1915: “I went to the report in 10. Then he walked in the governor's garden. After breakfast I read and finished all the papers. During the day, I made a very beautiful motorcycle ride on the Dnieper River above Mogilev. The area is very picturesque, the weather was wonderful. From there to the highway miles 6 walked. Returned to the city in an hour. Alix wrote. In the evening of dominoes.
If the leadership of the Russian army is to ride a motorboat on the Dnieper, walk in the governor's garden and play dominoes in the evenings, it is not surprising that what happened in the 1917 year. The king’s diaries on 90% consist of descriptions of how he walked, slept, drank tea, dined, read, rode cars, motorboats, horses, pheasants, ravens and even woodpeckers were meticulously counted the country is the "owner of the land of Russian" information - the cat cried.
Isn't that why various revolutionary “activists” who did what they wanted felt in Russia so freely? Who bombed the great princes, who killed the officers, who calmly decomposed the army during the war. Moreover, the security services did not particularly oppose them, as well as the king doing what the hell knows what, but not with his work. Why be surprised? What pop is the parish.
Very precisely, briefly and succinctly, General A.F. Rediger: “His kingdom was unsuccessful and, moreover, through his own fault.”
To this we can only add that when a king-kayaker or a tennesist is at the head of a country, the country is simply doomed to serious and difficult trials. The ruler of such a huge and complex country like Russia, simply by definition, should not be weak. Otherwise, all sorts of "activists" will very quickly bring the country to the handle, and even to collapse with millions of victims.
All this was already in our stories in 1917 and 1991 and, unfortunately, there is no guarantee that it will not happen again in the future. After all, there have been fewer "activists" in Russia since the time of the Russian revolutions.