“Paradoxically, the twentieth-century monsters (Lenin, Trotsky, Hitler, Mao Zedong) who shed a sea of human blood did not cause such a rejection as killed with his Family, kind and gracious Sovereign, who radically improved the welfare of his people and ranked it by the end of the twentieth century to the face of the Saints. "
At the same time, Poklonskaya proved to be an ardent fan of the myth of the “great tsar” Nicholas II: “Sovereign Nikolai Alexandrovich is the railways, the lowest taxes in the world, affordable education for all, the most democratic working (labor) legislation, glorification of the Saints, construction of temples and monasteries, the preservation of the identity of Russia, Nicholas II - this is the freedom and honor of the motherland
The unprecedented pace that Nicholas II gave to his reforms — the modernization of the Russian economy and industry, education, health care, agriculture — was not only comparable to the reforms of Peter the Great, but was also in many ways ahead of them. The unfinished results of the country's reforming by the Sovereign were distorted in every way and unreasonably appropriated by revolutionaries. ”
It is worth noting that, firstly, Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin was the founder of the Soviet state, the successor of which is the Russian Federation, whose deputy in the parliament is Mrs. N. Poklonskaya. To call a “monster” the founder of Soviet civilization and a man who, together with his party, literally saved Russia from complete destruction and occupation by western and eastern "partners" and "allies", is clearly a big mistake.
It should always be remembered that not the Bolsheviks destroyed "historical Russia. " The collapse (February) of the empire was led by the policies of the tsar and the government, as well as the conspiracy of the "elite" of the Russian Empire, the "Februaryists" - Grand princes, aristocrats, generals, admirals, Duma leaders, bankers, industrialists, leading lawyers. Naturally, our western opponents and "allies" supported this suicidal initiative with great pleasure.
Secondly, according to the verdict of Ural Council, not the “sovereign” was executed, but the state criminal Nikolay Romanov - the Supreme Commander renounced the throne during the war. Romanov was not rehabilitated by the Prosecutor General's Office. The legitimacy of the Ural Council as a legitimate authority has never been disputed either.
Thirdly, it is strange to call it a “monster” and put Mao Zedong, the founder of the PRC, on a par with Hitler. In China, in general, they consider that his services to the Chinese revolution to a large extent prevail over failures, despite the serious mistakes he made during the Cultural Revolution. In this respect, he is compared with Stalin and given the formula expressed by Mao himself regarding the great Soviet leader: 70 percent of victories and 30 percent of errors.
Obviously, Mao is one of the largest historical figures of Chinese civilization (and world history). Having received in 1949 an agrarian country destroyed by the war with Japan and civil confrontation, underdeveloped, mired in corruption and general devastation, in a short time he turned it into a fairly powerful state, which entered the club of great powers and possessed nuclear weapons. During his reign, the illiteracy rate decreased from 80% to 7%, life expectancy increased 2 times, population grew more than 2 times, industrial products - more than 10 times. He managed to unite China, as well as include Inner Mongolia, Tibet and East Turkestan. Thus, to call the "monster" of the great leader of China, our ally in the years of Stalin's rule, is a clear mistake.
The pro-Western part of the Russian public and the "elite" likes examples from the West. But there they respect their great political and military leaders, who also did not differ in humanity and literally flooded their countries with blood, implementing great projects. So, for some reason in the US, no one accuses General D. Washington, who commanded the troops in the War of Independence, to shed "rivers of blood", on the contrary, his memory is a national symbol, like the memory of other "founding fathers". In Britain, they honor the memory of the “bloody butcher” who has infused blood on England, Scotland and Ireland, as Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell. In France, Napoleon Bonaparte, who deserted the country with endless wars, the conqueror of Europe, is a national hero, his mud is not watered. He is a symbol of the former greatness of France.
In the new Russia they throw mud at Lenin is the greatest figure of not only Russian, but also world history. And they put on a pedestal a good family man, perhaps a good middle-level officer, a man who could not provide fundamental modernization and stop the death of the empire, could not take responsibility and resist the feudal plotters, to fight with them for Russia. Perhaps he would have fallen in this struggle, but with honor. But he chose to give up the throne, did not make any attempts to escape (although there were many chances to leave, to take out the family). Which ultimately led to a bloody finale.
The First World War showed the full depth of the rotting of the Romanov empire and its “elite”. The revolution was logical. No wonder the most reasonable people of the empire - Stolypin, Durnovo, Rasputin (one of the most slandered figures of our history), until recently tried to warn the tsar and avoid Russia's entry into the war with Germany. They understood that a big war would break through those “barriers” that still cover the weak points of the empire, its fundamental contradictions. Understand that in case of failure in the war the revolution can not be avoided. However, they were not heeded. And Stolypin and Rasputin eliminated.
All the “pus” that had accumulated in the Romanov empire broke through during the war and led to a revolution, first liberal bourgeois, which destroyed autocracy and empire, caused the collapse of great Russia and the armed forces, the beginning of the peasant war, when hundreds of estates were flared. Only the socialist turn of October allowed the Bolsheviks to proclaim the Soviet (red) project and save Russian civilization and the people from occupation, slavery and destruction.
The study of the Great War, in which Russia was dragged in by our Western "partners" —England and France, shows that it is necessary to forget the myth of “beautiful historical Russia,” “noble aristocrats and officers,” and the Red Bolsheviks, who allegedly destroyed the empire and “fuck up” Russian people ”, turned the Russians into“ Homo Sovieticus ”(scoops) with slave psychology.
Thus, the decomposition of the army and the rear forced the most capable generals to take the most severe measures to restore order in the 1914-1915 years. The commander of the 8 Army, General A. Brusilov, ordered identify and punish the self-ruffians: “To my deepest chagrin, I now found out that between the wounded, sent to Sadovaya Vishnya, some of those who were easily wounded in the left hands had clear burns, which indicates deliberate self-mutilation. I order to allocate all such wounded to special hospitals, immediately draw up inquiries about intentional self-mutilation and immediately, without waiting for recovery, be brought to justice. Not to evacuate such wounded to the far rear, and immediately after recovery send to your units so that the court verdicts about them will be carried out at the end of the war ... ”(September 25, 1914).
The looting began. The order of General Brusilov (8-I army) from 11 August 1914 g .: “Cossacks of the Tersky and Kuban Cossack troops made robberies in s. Krogulets, 14-th park artil. by the brigade - in the metro station Grzhimalov and others ... They saw mercilessly in the marauding mercilessly, and I assign this duty to all, without exception, commanding officers, even if the perpetrators were not subordinate to them.
2 July 1915. Order on the 3 Army: “Recently, in the area of the units of the army entrusted to me, there have been cases of Cossacks and other lower ranks appearing in villages that voluntarily give orders to residents to be evicted from villages that set fire to homesteads, injuries and free hay, clover, oats, etc. ... We must not forget that we are currently on Russian territory inhabited by Russian people ... "(the spelling of the original. - Ed.).
Similarly, the Cossacks will behave during the Civil War, when their fighting efficiency and movement strongly fettered huge carts with loot. In turn, hence the hatred of the Cossacks from the peasants and workers (social schism is one of the weaknesses of the Romanov empire).
The scourge of the army was a huge number of soldiers roaming and prowling in the rear. 5 September 1915 General Alekseev telegraphs from Bets on all fronts, noting that the looting is not abolished: "This is facilitated by a large number of lower ranks who are behind the lines or who have been arbitrarily abandoned or seconded, even dismissed under various pretexts."
26 September 1914, the head of supply of the South-Western Front, issued a secret order: “Recently, a large number of wandering lower ranks, singles and groups, behaving in the utter dissolute manner, have been observed on military roads and ... Nizhnyye the ranks of the following on the staffing of the armies of the marching teams, as well as the militia units sent to the destinations, have absolutely no military type and are completely lacking in discipline among them. In addition, often the designated teams and squads are completely uninhabited with hot food and bread, and yet the lower ranks sometimes do not have the opportunity to acquire the necessary food. These circumstances create looting among the lower ranks, reduce discipline and make them unfit for service ... ”
From the order of the commander of the Western Front of 20 in September, 1915 was: “... Currently, there is an accumulation of a large number of stray lower ranks in the rear areas of the front. They roam in batches, roam alone, concentrating in larger localities, where they often produce various kinds of unrest and even looting ... ”
Already Tsarist generals are forced to create barrage units and order commanders to inspire soldiers. Brusilov issues an order: to conduct an offensive not with rare, but with thick chains, “but to have support in even thicker chains and even in columns”. The reason - low stamina and poor discipline of the troops, the need to control the rank and file on the part of the officers. "…Besides, behind it is necessary to have especially reliable people and machine guns in order, if necessary, to force forward and weak-minded people. One should not think before the whole-body execution of whole parts for trying to turn back or, worse, surrender to the enemy. Anyone who sees that an entire part (a company or more) is surrendering, must open fire on the surrender and completely destroy them ... ”(5 June 1915 of the year).
There is no Trotsky with his detachments or Stalin with the order "Not one step back ..." The imperial army is fighting, with Orthodox priests and without communist propaganda. However, the soldiers are massively surrendering, deserting, looting, do not want to fight, are engaged in crossbows. And the "noble officers" sit in the rear.
Brusilov orders the higher ranks to lead the quivering troops to the attacks: “... Many of the years. bosses seek only to control their subordinate units, and this is even when it is obvious that the time has come to command, not control; By the evening of June 3, of the seven chiefs of the infantry divisions that were part of the 12 corps, three were in the village of Liping, and the rest in the same village where the corps headquarters is, and at that time, at least some parts almost ran, and the rest hesitated. I don’t know where the regimental commanders were at this time, but I admit that, looking at the commanders of the divisions, at that time the commanders of the regiments were going somewhere two and three; The generals and commanders of the units not only can, but also have to be behind, to control, but for the time being - until time; since some parts have faltered, they do not go forward, and some already turn - the place of the commanders is in front, and not at the central telephone exchange, where you can leave the adjutant. There can be no excuse for a small number of bayonets ... ”(June 1915). Thus, the royal officers show not heroism and a thirst for self-sacrifice. The steel division of Kornilov and the Iron Brigade of Denikin are clearly in the minority.
Current fans of the “French crunch crunch” love to talk about the brutal destruction of officers by the soldier and sailor masses. And they did not think that this attitude was caused by the division of the people in the Romanov empire into two castes: “Europeans” with a good education and illiterate and semi-literate peasant-working masses, deprived of the benefits and advantages that the “elite” layer had. In the army and on navy scuffle flourished, treating soldiers and sailors as slaves and serfs. Officers considered themselves an elected caste. It is unlikely that soldiers and sailors would begin to kill Suvorov or Ushakov, who instilled a different attitude towards the common people. The division of the people in the Romanov empire into two unequal parts: the "Europeans" and the common people, and caused this wild surge of hatred, which has been accumulating for centuries.
In his memoirs, Brusilov also noted other weaknesses of the army: he explained the elementary truths of the command of troops for commanders (before the war, they preferred not to learn military science, but to walk, drink, play cards, etc.); tell the truth, do not gloss over reality; commanders should see the battle, control the actions of their subordinates, and not sit in the rear; "for the faint-hearted, surrendering or leaving the line, there should be no mercy; the gun, machine-gun, and gunfire should be directed at those who give up, even with a cease-fire at the enemy; if need be, do not stop also before a general shooting of the people "; to maintain discipline always and everywhere, and especially in the ranks, to maintain the strictest, to forget for a while the judicial order; not to be afraid of breakthroughs and detours that break through to take prisoner, and bypassing to bypass in turn, for which purpose to have reserves and lively with all the forces to help the neighbors - the commanders of many divisions, corps and armies preferred to sit still, while the neighbors fought a hard fight, etc.
The extremely low level of general educational and military training of soldiers of new military units was noted. Personnel Russian army by the end of 1914, almost ceased to exist. For the most part, it was knocked out in large-scale operations of the first period of the war, and in part it simply dissolved into the sea of men of peasants who were called up, from which they were trying to make soldiers. Yesterday's peasants, called to war, did not want to fight. Their main concern was survival.
General A. A. Manikovsky in his work “Combat Supply of the Russian Army in 1914-1918” gives terrifying sketches of attitude to rifle ammunition, which was demonstrated by yesterday’s peasants who were forced into war and completely misunderstood its meaning. Manikovsky writes about the “picture of shameful lasciviousness,” when hundreds of thousands of rounds of ammunition were aimlessly dumped in damp, water-filled trenches behind the trenches, and “traverses and even trench parastones were constructed from boxes of cartridges.” The general points out that millions of rounds simply remained in the field during the retreat, since the Russian soldiers did not at all try to burden them with their export.
“Everywhere [with the arrival of a new conscription force], insane agility of weapon ammunition began,” writes General Manikovsky. “They were not looked upon as a precious part of military weapons, but as some unnecessary and often burdensome trash, which therefore can not be very well protected, and on occasion, for example, during retreat, and directly thrown.” Further, A.A. Manikovsky gives an example, when only on one of the inspector’s trips of the artillery inspector general to the front in the front-line area “about a small section of the recently abandoned position was found around 8 million perfectly serviceable cartridges”. And this is just one example of widespread collapse.
An interesting and deep material was left by the staff captain Mikhail Lemke - “250 days in the royal rate”. He served as an officer of the Stakes of Nicholas II and left a detailed diary. At the same time he brought the documents: orders and secret telegrams going through the Russian rate (the secrecy there was in an unsatisfactory state). The basic reasons for the defeats of the tsarist army, its failures are noted: bayonet attacks on machine guns and enemy weapons; inability to organize the interaction of the armed forces; the failure of military intelligence; the inability to correctly use artillery, the most severe shortage of heavy guns (when they stood in masses in fortresses and on coastal batteries, and in the end were not useful or fell into the hands of the enemy), ammunition, rifles. The indifferent attitude of many generals to the fact that the enemy is pressing on the neighbors (they don’t touch me - okay), also in the attack - they didn’t support the success of the neighbors. The collapse of the replenishment training system during the war: recruits could not really shoot, throw grenades and dig in, there was nothing to arm them with. Lack of morale: mass surrender, desertions, crossbows.
Lemke himself, citing documents, writes explaining the reasons for the degradation of the army and the empire: “Everything is based on the terrible general public dissatisfaction with their lives, on the consciousness that anyway, no victim in the war can buy a new life, a new one. In Russia, a person lost himself and became an extreme individualist, seeing nothing from society and neighbors. He completely atrophied in himself the consciousness of the connection of the common good with the huge whole, he realizes that in this whole nobody appreciates them, that he stands only in the account of cannon fodder cars ... After all, love for the motherland departs in our inner consciousness further and further from many millions completely atrophied, replaced by the most swine egoism. If it were not for this terrible extinction of high feelings, we would not have had the indiscriminate theft, the general ignorance of the common interests, the indiscriminate construction of our own personal benefits, whatever they cost the homeland ... "
The collapse of the army was accompanied by a complete degradation of the rear and the total theft of officials, industrialists and public and political figures who were involved in defense issues. They all stole from the encirclement of the great princes, members of the military-industrial committees, consisting of representatives of the patriotic Russian bourgeoisie, to merchants and industrialists.
Lemke cites the following facts: if a state-owned factory made a conventional three-inch for 7 thousand rubles (of course, not at a loss to itself), then private contractors took 12 thousand for it. Their "fat" was 71%. The same thing happened with the shells. From the memoirs of General Manikovsky: if at a state-owned 122-mm factory, howitzer shrapnel cost the budget of 15 rubles per projectile, then the private factory took 35 rubles for it. 76 millimeter shells cost the state in 10 rubles in state-owned enterprises and in 15 - in private ones. The difference in the price of 152-mm projectile - 42 and 70 rubles.
The results were monstrous. General Denikin recalled: “The spring of 1915 will remain in my memory forever. The great tragedy of the Russian army - a retreat from Galicia. No ammo, no shells. Day by day, bloody battles, day by day, hard transitions, endless fatigue - physical and moral; then shy hopes, hopeless horrors ... I remember the battle of Peremyshl in mid-May. Eleven days of brutal combat 4-oh Infantry Division ... Eleven days of the terrible rumble of German heavy artillery, literally frustrated entire series of trenches along with their defenders. We almost did not answer - nothing. The regiments, exhausted to the last degree, fought off one attack after another - with bayonets or point-blank shooting; blood flowed, ranks thinned, grave mounds grew ... Two regiments were almost destroyed - with one fire ... Gentlemen, French and British! You, who have reached incredible heights of technology, will be interested to hear such a ridiculous fact from Russian reality: When, after a three-day silence of our only six-inch battery, fifty shells were brought up, it was reported on the phone immediately to all shelves, all companies, and all the arrows sighed with joy and relief ... ".
Lemke 21 March 1916 makes a record about the failure of the December attempt of the Russian offensive: “Shcherbachov considered sufficient for the December 1 attack a heavy projectile on the 3 linear meter of the German position, then he added and gave the 1 a projectile for one sazhen, and the Germans spent on 1 XyXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX of . It was almost the same in the March operation ... ”. As a result, our troops suffered unnecessarily high losses. The recruits did not want to go to the front and become "cannon fodder", they were imbued with a revolutionary spirit.
Thieves sat literally on all branches, killing an empire during the war. In the records for 14-15 in October 1915, Mr. Lemke noted: despite the fact that the Ministry of Commerce and Industry ordered the oil owners not to raise oil prices, the dealers found how to get their profits from the war. The partnerships "Nobel", "Mazut" and the Black Sea-Caspian Sea, by freezing the prices of Baku oil puds at the level of 42 kopecks, increased the tariffs for its transportation along the Volga by 400-500%.
Suppliers of firewood began to do the same in Petrograd: they, having frozen the prices for firewood, inflated the prices for a waste haul. In this case, already in 1915, there is a “metallic hunger”. “Due to this, such facts became possible that, for example, a pound of forging nails now costs 40 rubles, and more recently its price did not exceed 3 rubles. 50 cop
The “cut” of the military budget and “kickbacks” flourished. Lemke’s 4 diary for December 1915 shows the following story: “In the office of one of the true Mininies, the manufacturer who honestly provided his factory for the needs of his homeland and who organized the business so that the elected commission of every ruble earned by him, the elected commission is Mr. B.
- What do you want?
- Engineer B.
- Please, sit down. What can I serve?
- I will serve: this is my duty, and you just have to get the profits.
“I don't quite understand you ...”
- Would you like to know K., the commission agent for the delivery of casting?
- I met him somehow in the office of M.
- It offers you to take an order for a batch of castings in 1,5 million pounds.
- For how long and what are the technical conditions?
- It does not matter. One and the other - according to your proposal will be accepted without objection.
- Not lower than double your neighbor's price.
- Why doubled? I know his earnings, and I could get rid of 20% from him.
- There is no need. The order is complete and the savings do not seem desirable ... Do you like to accept the order?
- No, on such conditions I can not, this is something bordering near ...
- As you wish. I consider it only a duty to declare on behalf of Mr. A. that during the 1916 of the year no order will be handed over to you.
- But I already have them.
- They will be paid for forfeit and taken back. I have the honor to bow ...
The commissioner went out and sent his card with the man, on which his hotel room and hour of departure from the city were marked. Indignantly, the director threw it into the basket, slammed his fist on the table, said: “Bastards!” And walked thoughtfully through the office. Two weeks later, he made sure that the commission agent did not add a single word not justified by subsequent events: the plant lost all orders, received a minor penalty and is now looking for work ... Moreover, the neighbor received all his orders, rewrote all the conditions for double price, thanked B 75000 rubles and doing well ...
It is clear why jewelers, furriers, ladies' tailors make fabulous turns, in a word, everyone who can externally ennoble scoundrels worthy of the gallows ... "
Not surprisingly, when 1 on April 1916, the new war minister, General Shuvaev, takes over, he is horrified: 300-400% profit from military orders is common. Other times, profits are catching up to 1000-1200%. And almost complete impunity.
Thus, it is obvious that “historical, Orthodox monarchical Russia” completely rotted before the revolution. She was plundered and killed by the then “elite”. Grand dukes, aristocracy, a significant part of the generals and senior officers, Duma leaders, merchants, industrialists and bankers. The cadre army was exterminated. There remains the last deterrent - autocracy. The "fevralists" destroyed it, burying the empire and, to a significant extent, themselves.
Persistent people understood this well. Lemke wrote in January 1916: “This is what the Romanovs led Russia to! That they will perish in it, and at the same time very soon is clear; that the country, utterly defeated and disgraced, will shake itself in the face of its gray democratic mass is also clear. But it is even clearer that she will endure the years of the serious illness of her rebirth. Russia must quickly reach the final fall, causing contempt throughout Europe, not to mention America, when democracy understands all the rottenness of the body to the very bottom, not excluding part of it itself. Only then will it, less dependent on traditions, re-create this country. But how much time is needed for such a process? It is necessary to courageously join the struggle to save the country from itself and carry the cross for the sake of the younger generation. ”
Therefore, it is in vain that modern liberals, monarchists and “new nobles” are trying to convince the people that October has become a “curse of Russia”, and Lenin and Stalin are “fiends”. They say that Russia has again moved away from Europe, and the history of the USSR is a complete disaster. In reality, the Bolsheviks were the only force that, after the death of the “old Russia” - the project of the Romanovs, tried to save the state and the people, create a new reality. The project, which will preserve the best that was in the past (Lomonosov, Pushkin, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan the Terrible, Suvorov, Ushakov, Nakhimov, Kutuzov), and at the same time will be a breakthrough into the future, into a different fair, sunny civilization , without slavery and oppression, parasitism and obscurantism. If not for the Bolsheviks, the Russian civilization, most likely, would simply have died.