Military Review

Crimean Interchange

Construction of a bridge across the Kerch Strait is underway, although it continues to grow. But this is one side of the issue. The second is that there is still no adequate transport infrastructure on the approaches to it, and its creation is hardly a year’s work.

If this imbalance persists, huge financial investments in the creation of a bridge are at risk of being "dead". Traffic jams will occur both at the entrance and at the exit. These problems were discussed at a meeting of the State Council Presidium in Kerch.

Crimean Interchange

According to Vladimir Putin, the construction of the bridge is proceeding at a good pace, but it is necessary to prepare road and rail approaches to it at a qualitative level, to provide all the related infrastructure from the Krasnodar Territory and in the Crimea. Moreover, the president noted that “the volume of freight traffic is growing, but the railway system in the direction of the ports of the Black Sea basin is actually at the limit of its capabilities. Motorways are overloaded, the potential of inland water transport is used poorly. "

Alarming trends in the development of freight traffic in this region began to manifest as early as the end of the 70s. But it seems that due conclusions were not made. For 30 years and more, projects to create a network of railways, ports, and ferries, designed to simplify and accelerate the transport and economic ties of Crimea with the Great Land, have been left without movement. We emphasize: today's problems associated with transportation between the peninsula and other regions of the country, experts foresaw in 50 – 60-ies. Therefore, those projects were developed.

For obvious reasons, after the receipt of the Khrushchev's gift, the leadership of the Ukrainian SSR had little interest in the development of economic ties and, accordingly, the transport arteries between the Crimea and the RSFSR. Hardly anything has changed since 1991, except for the numerous declarations of intent ...

Anyway, there are still no, for example, connections between steel highways that provide the shortest connection between the Black Sea-Azov, including the Crimean, and the Caspian-Lower Volga ports of the Russian Federation. Although many of these arteries were planned in the first half - mid 50-s, designed in the middle 70-x. We are talking, in particular, about the railways in the Krasnodar Azov region - to the port of Temryuk adjacent to the Crimea (northeast of Taman), about the Slavyansk-on-Kuban railroad - the port of Achuyevo. By the way, this last one, planned in the first half of the 50s, has not been built yet either.

There are projects of the Transazh ferry lines connecting the Kerch area with the ports of Yeisk and Taganrog. The creation of such crossings was not once proposed in 60 – 70's by experts of the Institute of Complex Transport Problems under the USSR State Planning Committee.

It is necessary to take into account the increase in the capacity of existing railways. Firstly, in the Azov region of the Krasnodar Territory adjacent to the Crimea. Secondly, those sections of the railway network (mainly in its central part) that “take out” transportation, including from the Crimea, to the steel trunk roads of the North Caucasus and the Caspian-Lower Volga region of the country. As we were taught at MIIT and other transport universities, all issues of this kind should be solved in parallel, synchronously, and not dispersed over the years, especially for indefinite periods. For the national economy demands not a “fragmentary”, but an integral transport and economic system, in this case - the south of Russia. It, as domestic and global practice shows, cannot be limited only to a bridge across the Kerch Strait.

Meanwhile, the transport of goods between the Crimea and other regions of the country, according to available data, if growing, then slowly. And the problem is not only in ultra-high load on the ferry. But, again, in the absence of high-gauge railways and highways, and in the congestion of the transport network in the neighboring districts of the Krasnodar Territory.

For the same reasons, timely delivery to the Crimea of ​​various products from other regions of the Russian Federation is becoming increasingly difficult. Recall that the transport and economic ties of Crimea with other regions of Russia have not only economic, but also geopolitical significance.

Kerch railway bridge in 1944 year.

In short, an integrated approach to all these issues is not yet visible, and hence, in fact, the expected problems at the entrance and exit.

As Vladimir Putin noted at the meeting of the Presidium of the State Council in Kerch, five billion rubles have been added to the road construction in Crimea. “Total for the year was 18 billion rubles. This is in principle solid means. We could also add, but the matter is not in volumes, but in how these resources are developed. ”

At least two-fold increase in cargo traffic in both directions due to the bridge will significantly accelerate the socio-economic development of the peninsula, but also dramatically increase the load on the railways of Crimea. Especially those that adjoin the bridge in Kerch, that is, to the eastern Crimea. In this area, there is only one railway (Kerch-Vladislavovka) with a low-capacity branch to the nearby Feodosia port.

An interesting detail: there is still no shortest route from Vladislavovka, that is, there is no direct rail link to other regions of Crimea: the main line goes to the northeast of the peninsula, to Dzhankoy. And already from there it descends to Simferopol, Sevastopol, Evpatoria. The excess distance that cargoes have to travel along such a trans-Crimean route exceeds 250 kilometers. And this not only increases the cost of transportation, but also is fraught with road clots in the East Crimean region adjacent to the bridge.

It requires not just an increase in the carrying capacity of all the Crimean railways, but also emphasize the creation of the direct railway Vladislavovka - Simferopol, which was again planned at the beginning of the 50-s.

The construction of this line was planned after March 2014, but already in 2015, its creation was attributed to the period before 2030. But the bridge across the strait is planned to be commissioned eight to nine years earlier ...

In general, all the above-mentioned projects stem from the pre-revolutionary, Soviet, and even from the global practice of creating and operating highways similar to the Crimean bridge. If it is not supplemented by a branched, not overloaded network of adjacent arteries and ports, then the enormous money in its construction may well be literally buried in the ground. This can turn into much more complex problems - not only transport ones - in the whole south of Russia.

Help "MIC"

The first projects of a permanent transport passage through the Kerch Strait refer to the period of the Crimean Khanate.

By the year 1940, the USSR had designed a railway from Kherson to the port of Poti (Georgia) through the Kerch Strait. The project was not implemented due to the Great Patriotic War.

In 1943, the German troops built a pontoon bridge across the strait. Berlin demanded to build a permanent bridge, but the Nazis were driven out of the territory before the project appeared.

In 1944, after the liberation of the Crimea, the Kerch railway bridge was built in seven months. Its length was 4,5 kilometers, width - 22 meters. But at the end of February 1945, due to weather conditions, almost all the pillars of the bridge were destroyed.

In 1949, the Ministry of Railway Transport prepared a draft of a two-tier transport junction for rail and road transport, parallel to the Crimea-Caucasus ferry. The project was approved in 1951, but in the spring 1953 was suspended ...

After 1991, about 20 transport link projects across the strait were developed. But their debugging was prevented by disputes over the Russian-Ukrainian border and Kiev’s persistent unwillingness to strengthen the economic ties between Crimea and Russia. In addition, the Tuzla Spit in the middle of the strait was blurred and became an island, cut off from Taman in 70, which technically made it difficult to build a bridge. In 2003, the Russian Federation began to restore the spit with an artificial dam. But this led to a dispute between Ukraine and Russia over Tuzla’s affiliation. Construction of the dam ceased.

In October, the Crimean Prime Minister Anatoly Burdyugov announced 2005 that a project of an underground passage through the Kerch Strait was being studied in Crimea, and in 2006, the Ukrainian Ministry of Transport was preparing bridge projects. But all this was frozen by Kiev on the pretext of the unsettled border between the Russian Federation and Ukraine in the strait.

21 April 2010, the presidents of Russia and Ukraine signed the Kharkiv agreements, which noted the feasibility of building a bridge. In 2011 – 2012, the Ukrainian authorities ordered the development to continue, but on condition that the bridge belonged to Ukraine.

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Knowing
    Knowing 29 October 2016 07: 05
    Personal responsibility (this is not enough for us) is the key to quality work performed on time. GDP clearly said that more than money has been provided, it remains to control what they (money) will be spent on.
    1. 1536
      1536 29 October 2016 07: 32
      We do not have enough personal responsibility, but personal smart and responsible decisions, i.e. smart heads. I will never forget how one of the leaders of the government stated that no one needs the Kazan-Moscow high-speed railway, because there will be nobody to ride on it. With such limited leaders for sure, soon there will be nobody and nowhere to ride.
      1. jjj
        jjj 29 October 2016 17: 07
        The bridge is being built so that there is a road. It’s hard to say what kind of logistics there will be even in ten years from now. The existing near-bridge infrastructure will cope with today's volumes. And it is necessary to build additional infrastructure precisely taking into account cargo and passenger flows. They will count, design and build. And the bridge was needed yesterday
      2. woron333444
        woron333444 31 October 2016 11: 29
        Previously, 5 PMSs worked in the Leningrad direction during the passage of the Red Arrow. There were no trains on the adjacent tracks. If you make expressway to Kazan, then the tickets will not extinguish the cost of road maintenance or the price will be lifted to an unattainable height.
  2. Crimean partisan 1974
    Crimean partisan 1974 29 October 2016 08: 05
    construction is in full swing day and night, Tuzla cannot be recognized anymore, and in 2008 it was such ...
  3. akudr48
    akudr48 29 October 2016 08: 48
    The story of bridge building in Crimea is well told, especially regarding attempts to build.

    Today's situation is no longer talk and projects, but the actual construction of a bridge.

    But for Crimea to become a real peninsula, a land route to the Crimean isthmus is needed.

    A bridge is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for the full integration of the territory and people of Crimea into a large Russia, especially in view of various threats that could seriously increase in the near future.

    The task will still have to be solved, but already in the long run and at greater cost than if you put an end to 2014, we have come to Mariupol.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 29 October 2016 09: 06
      Taken in the 2014 year, Mariupol is the final end of the business of the oligarch Akhmetov, so everything is as it is.
    2. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 29 October 2016 12: 53
      than if they had put an end to 2014, they traveled to Mariupol.
      after Zhdanov (Mariupol) begins the Kherson region, and she sleeps, why wake the rest forever, what's the point,
      for the territories to be liberated, it would be necessary that the territory being freed would be delighted, and so, what to climb when there is complete .....
    3. antivirus
      antivirus 29 October 2016 23: 21
      The problem can be solved in 15-20 years
    4. antivirus
      antivirus 29 October 2016 23: 21
      The problem can be solved in 15-20 years
  4. Galleon
    Galleon 29 October 2016 09: 14
    The correct thought is expressed in the article: the bridge should not be the only transport option. There should be ferry routes, like a reserve parachute.
    1. masiya
      masiya 29 October 2016 09: 42
      I completely agree that the ferry crossing should not cease to exist with the launch of the bridge, this is an additional line of communication for the eastern part of the peninsula, and it’s more convenient to deliver passengers specifically to Kerch than over the bridge, and vehicles can use the ferry crossing as an alternative for delivering goods to the eastern part of Kerch and the coast Sea of ​​Azov.
    2. Arikkhab
      Arikkhab 31 October 2016 09: 04
      as a "reserve parachute" there should be a tunnel (as in Khabarovsk across the Amur). the tunnel is more resistant to damage in case of war and is easier to defend in case of something, and it does not depend on the weather
  5. Fotoceva62
    Fotoceva62 29 October 2016 09: 56
    This bridge was planned to be built by I.V. Stalin (the project was created and approved). The coming to power of the Trotskyists, headed by N.S. Khrushchev put an end to this undertaking.
    We in Crimea are really looking forward to this bridge, as for the price increase, this is happening all over the world.
    When a corn farmer presented Crimea to Ukraine in honor of the 300th anniversary of the Pereyaslav Rada, he could have acted differently, restored the ARC within the borders of the pre-revolutionary Tauride province and left Crimea as part of the RSFSR. It remains only to correct the criminal mistake of Khrushchev and create the Tauride Federal District of the Russian Federation.
  6. Altona
    Altona 29 October 2016 10: 00
    So, before that, how did heaps of cars approach the ferry crossing? They will also build approaches to the bridge.
    1. lis-ik
      lis-ik 29 October 2016 13: 38
      They drive up along a narrow single-lane highway along the spit, a tractor will stand up and it is not possible to overtake. I have not seen any big traffic jams, but with the introduction of the bridge, they will stand from Temryuk, and even further.
  7. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 29 October 2016 11: 12
    As far as I understand, the ferry crossing, which is operating now, will remain active. The bridge is being built "in a different alignment", and it DOES NOT INTERFERE. The network is being built on Taman, the road to the south has been "straightened" so that it does not "climb" into Maidania. In Crimea itself, the Ukrop heritage, theft and nepotism are overcome with HUGE difficulty - this is how it is difficult to overcome everywhere.
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 29 October 2016 11: 27
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      theft and nepotism - so it is everywhere difficult to overcome.

      And where it is overcome, now the stolen billion is generally innocent, stolen less conditionally guilty
    2. Arikkhab
      Arikkhab 31 October 2016 09: 06
      after entering the bridge the steam will die ... verified
      1. Dimal777
        Dimal777 31 October 2016 10: 59
        tell me who will take the ferry for money if there is a free bridge nearby? Of course the ferry will die. A van like a gazelle or sprinter who pays 6 thousand for a crossing will never go on it for grandmas if there is a free road nearby. So I would have made the bridge paid - because I don’t believe that something will become cheaper, there will always be excuses for not lowering prices, now it’s a crossing
        1. core
          core 31 October 2016 11: 35
          you're right, such viaducts should always be paid.
  8. Anchonsha
    Anchonsha 29 October 2016 11: 37
    And there was always not enough money to carry out very necessary projects, although in 1944 a railway line was built across the Kerch Strait. And when Crimea presented Khrushchev to Ukraine, all the projects flew tartarara. And now it is necessary to use the allocated funds with constant monitoring by the popular front, otherwise Crimea will remain uninvolved in its new bridge due to the lack of normal infrastructure.
  9. fzr1000
    fzr1000 29 October 2016 11: 52
    The very first sentence is given by an amateur. The approach to the bridge is almost always built faster than the bridge itself. Therefore, fears that by 2018 in Taman they will not build a highway to the bridge can be considered in vain. The situation is more complicated from the Crimean side, as they are planning to build a Tauris expressway through the entire peninsula. It will take longer.
    1. iouris
      iouris 29 October 2016 12: 02
      Quote: fzr1000
      The situation is more complicated from the Crimean side, as they are planning to build a Tauris expressway through the entire peninsula.

      Of course, there is a danger of destruction of the natural landscape, violation of ecology, property rights. Apparently, therefore, the construction of a road through the territory of Crimea is left "for later." Everything is still ahead.
    2. Crimean partisan 1974
      Crimean partisan 1974 29 October 2016 12: 49
      But from the Crimea’s side the situation is more complicated,

      no, there are no difficulties whatsoever, a bridge is being built across Tuzla to Arshintsevo (a suburb of Kerch), that is, there is no need to directly cross Kerch (well, except to visit numerous historical and cultural monuments), therefore the route will be as unloaded as possible, but if on a ferry then here across Kerch it is necessary to saw, 40-50 kilometers
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 29 October 2016 14: 14
        Difficulties with the presence of high-quality sand and cement. In the relief. Not everything is determined by the fact that the road passes through the city or not.
        1. Crimean partisan 1974
          Crimean partisan 1974 29 October 2016 16: 17
          neither sand nor cement nor crushed stone, it is not necessary to import. Starokrymsky, Golovanovsky, Bakhchisaray careers cope with this task just as in the old days of the Union perfectly, the only thing you need is tar, you have your own gas and there is no oil, or rather there is, but as they say specialists are green, that is, not suitable, after 50 years 000 will reach the level of suitability, and the landscape, hehe, steppe, 50 cm of soft soil, and then karst and loam, but at the expense of roads past the city, it’s a necessary thing, for example, Simferopol this year was so thoroughly flooded in the summer that ... walking was the best transport, it’s a difficult way to get into Sevas, only at night, when the boiling life cools down, the same tin is on Alushta (South Coast) from Simph, only local people can loop around the courtyards, for all the others it’s a traffic jam, bypasses need blood from nose, that’s the bridge will be past Kerch, this is the right decision, as the leader of the proletariat would say, the AYHAVAZHNY and AHYPIAVILNY decision of comrade
  10. lis-ik
    lis-ik 29 October 2016 13: 34
    . Traffic jams will occur both at the inlet and at the outlet. These problems were discussed at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council in Kerch

    Moscow is also aware of this problem. The visibility of the fight against traffic jams along Sobyanenovski is the construction of wide sections of the highway that turn into old narrow ones, which cannot really be expanded, the same problem with junctions that run into bottlenecks. But how much money has been mastered apart from lobbying all kinds of networks. For the sake of laughter, go to "Krasnaya Pakhra" (New Moscow) on a section of 500 meters four !!! Dixie. But in words, support for small businesses, how many people are left without work. Where did he come from on our head.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 29 October 2016 14: 16
      From the taiga. All the leaders of the country and Moscow are not local, and the whole country grumbles at Muscovites. Paradox.
      1. Crimean partisan 1974
        Crimean partisan 1974 29 October 2016 16: 21
        Well, our Nataha may dilute the taiga immigrants, as in Soviet times, the limit came in large numbers !!!!!
  11. Shadow of darkness
    Shadow of darkness 29 October 2016 16: 20
    The Ukrainian lobby did not allow building a bridge to Crimea. They didn't need it. The Ukrainization of the population of Crimea, and not only Crimea, began immediately after the transfer of territories to Ukraine. The extra ties of Crimea with Russia, bypassing Ukraine, is already a serious argument for sabotaging any work and plans. In words, everything seems to be "for", but in deeds, "Ukraine is over the USE!"
  12. demand1
    demand1 29 October 2016 18: 12
    He wrote beautifully, but too embellished the atmosphere. Maybe I would go and see? and not ukro-ins sites read?
  13. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 29 October 2016 21: 55
    An article at the level of idle talk. And the conclusion is to blame for the COMMUNISTS in the 70s of the last century (!) Who did not predict (!) The construction of the Crimean bridge! How much can YOUR stupidity and impotence be attributed to the PAST AGE. At the same time, IT IS NOT TIME TO USE THEME GREAT achievements of ANYTHING REALLY! This article is simply a BUSINESS CARD of present-day Russia ... They didn’t do anything themselves, they used the achievements of their ancestors, and at the same time we charmed these ancestors ...
    1. Shadow of darkness
      Shadow of darkness 30 October 2016 10: 35
      I did not see the guilty charges in the article, there is only a certain historical digression. There is always not enough money, and the fact that the justification for the existence of a road through the isthmus, sufficient to solve basic issues, is not a question of the author, but of those who succumbed to these excuses by postponing the construction of the bridge. It was this argument that Ukrainian lobbyists had to concentrate all flows through themselves.
      1. trantor
        trantor 30 October 2016 14: 39
        Quote: Shadow of Darkness
        I did not see the guilty charges in the article ...

        Yes there is a lunge in every second line, but you type did not notice.

        We really continue to stupidly eat up the legacy left by Stalin and at the same time still brazenly declare that "it will not be enough."
        1. Shadow of darkness
          Shadow of darkness 30 October 2016 15: 28
          Do not take criticism as an attack. The author only tried to talk about the problems of building a bridge in the past and future. We must take note and go to work further.
          From the point of view of the history of attempts to build a bridge even under the USSR, he did not discover anything like that. At that time I lived in Crimea and I know how they waited for the appearance of the bridge, but the plans remained plans. The railway, by the way, was also planned to be changed, the construction of the Crimean nuclear power plant was also calculated for energy independence (there were power outages there even under the communists), they even began to build it. But how the Ukrainian, then republican authorities worked in this regard, will not tell you in more than one textbook. Ukraine did not want additional ties between Crimea and Russia bypassing Ukraine, the energy independence of Crimea was also not included in its plans, but this was actually imposed from the center, a lot of money was allocated for this. At that time, the Ukrainian authorities did not go directly and openly to the conflict, because then it was possible to fall into the category of "anti-Soviet", and very often they compensated for this with a strong undercover struggle. In the Union, we had "friendship of peoples" and therefore also tried not to go into conflict, often indulging the republics.
          All these problems and indulgences ultimately led to the collapse of the Union and an open Russophobic mood in the republics. The fight against nationalism in the republics was below the plinth, if only not against communism, and the local authorities tried in every possible way to emphasize their “resentment” and “infringement.” This case was carried out not explicitly against Russia, but in the form of historical examples and emphasizing their role in history, a selection of national literary works. Therefore, many things and projects that were so necessary for the development of the RSFSR itself were postponed indefinitely or were completely curtailed to please the "fraternal peoples". They lived in one state, but they began to build "walls" long ago.
  14. petrol cutter
    petrol cutter 29 October 2016 22: 03
    In my opinion, in any case, even with traffic jams, even without traffic jams, it is better to have a bridge than not to have it. Working on land is much easier and more understandable than on the sea winked
  15. antivirus
    antivirus 29 October 2016 23: 16
    From Kerch to Vladislavovka-Feodosia, a road is needed for 2 lanes in each direction already by 17 g, by 23 g a direct railway route to Simferopol (but where are the ports - what to transport and where?) - is the Kerch port building going? or lies? Are there free port facilities in Feodosia and Sevastopol and on the west coast? After that, they will laugh at Belozerov and the Ministry of Transport (or "they will have enough money for 3 lives"?)
    And you build roads for one "life" of an electric locomotive.
  16. trantor
    trantor 30 October 2016 14: 36
    Only one thing is not clear - why did they just start thinking about it? There was no time before? Highlighted dibs shared?

    I do not believe anyone. And I won’t believe it until someone is executed for theft and mediocre leadership, and the one who appointed him is not imprisoned.
  17. demotivator
    demotivator 31 October 2016 05: 51
    Construction of a bridge across the Kerch Strait is underway, although it continues to grow. But this is one side of the issue. The second is that there is still no adequate transport infrastructure on the approaches to it, and its creation is hardly a year’s work.
    If such a disproportion persists, enormous financial investments in the creation of the bridge run the risk of becoming "dead". Traffic jams will occur both at the inlet and at the outlet.

    The bridge itself will not solve the problem, because if you move off the bridge to the same @ now that you have, then the traffic jam will start from Kerch itself and right up to Simferopol itself. Actually, as now during the holiday season. Yes, and Putin understands this perfectly, otherwise he would not have recalled roads and infrastructure. But he’s not the old man Hottabych, who will pull the hair out of his beard, and immediately everything will appear ...
    The bridge should open by the end of 2018, in any case its car part. And the highway to Simferopol and Sevastopol will be built no earlier than five years later - there was still no horse.
    And from the side of the Krasnodar Territory, the task has not yet been set clearly, at any time there are no signs of the expansion of the route or new construction. And the ends on both sides of the bridge are huge - 200 miles to Krasnodar and almost three hundred to Sevastopol from the crossing. There is still to build and build .....
  18. oracul
    oracul 31 October 2016 08: 31
    It seems that some people are not just unable to understand the immensity of the construction site, which, by the way, clearly demonstrates very high rates, but does not want to see anything positive in the country as a whole. It all boils down, as always, to chatter about the possible cutting of money by the President's "friends". Yes, prices for materials, machines and mechanisms are growing and this leads to higher prices. The reasons are important. And they are banal: the market, the scale, the shortest construction time and sanctions. Alas! The Russian market is characterized by a rise in prices (loans are expensive, and they sometimes have to be taken, because the Ministry of Finance will transfer the money, everything will stop; tariffs and taxes, with the assistance of the state itself, are growing, or at least not stable; this is so offhand). The scale, to put it mildly, is impressive. We need not just personnel (a lot) and not anyhow, but, for example, bridge builders. They are torn from their places, from the locals are often not found by definition, and this is travel, travel, round-the-clock work (with their own coefficients), high wages, housing. The deadlines are running out, everything is done quickly, some issues, for example, design, placing orders for materials (I hope that everyone understands that production is not a bazaar, and wedging in additional jobs for thousands of tons and positions is associated with additional unplanned costs, which the Ministry of Finance will pay , but then, and it is necessary today, if not yesterday) and the construction itself is solved in conditions of time pressure and, as a result, is not always ideal. Let me remind those who are not knowledgeable that under the conditions of a more or less debugged planning system of the USSR, failures were also allowed. Well, sanctions are also harmful: to speed up machines and mechanisms, equipment and materials, one could buy ready-made, but alas and ah! So don't blah, blah, blah ...
    1. trantor
      trantor 31 October 2016 19: 06
      You’re a good lawyer.
      Only the question is not in the cut, but why none of the responsible persons saw anything further than the bridge.
      1. Antoshka
        Antoshka 2 November 2016 10: 38
        Quote: trantor
        why none of the responsible persons saw anything beyond the bridge.

        What are you talking about? If about access roads, then I can answer you - they have been building new ones for a long time and repairing old ones. I personally observe them, as I cross the Krasnodar-Taman road several times a year, because Taman is my small homeland, and Tuzla was my favorite summer vacation spot. The roads are widening, new two-level interchanges are being built, new railway tracks are being laid. The bridge already looks grandiose, it impresses with its solidity. The workers live on the edge of the village in neat, tidy settlements. Everything is going great, but there is always some Baba Yaga who is "always against", no matter what the talk.
  19. core
    core 31 October 2016 09: 43
    have problems, and what to stop building a bridge? all at once does not happen. about the rise in price, honestly tell me, who at least once made repairs, always fit into the budget?
  20. Pasha
    Pasha 31 October 2016 10: 35
    just to be built.
    the bridge is the road of life, and you cannot spare money.
    Then they will count.
    if our Crimea, then the bridge to be, at all costs.
    if in doubt, there are many excuses.
  21. Incvizitor
    Incvizitor 31 October 2016 16: 31
    I remember how they dragged billions of money during the repair of the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, and it seems that they are dragging it many times more. invest many times more.
  22. Alex Nevs
    Alex Nevs 31 October 2016 19: 39
    Yes, everything will be "normal" .... difficulties can be overcome, although not immediately ..... "The soup is cooked, you can eat, and you can grind a spoon later when the battle is over."