How did the Chinese beat the Dutch

Как китайцы голландцев били

As is known, the European colonial powers in the XIX century seriously took up the "development" of China and very much succeeded in this. In all the wars against the Middle Kingdom, starting with the Opium and ending with "Boxing", "long-nosed barbarians", as Europeans called in China, won victories and achieved their goals. And China in all these conflicts looked like a big, but loose, clumsy and weak "whipping boy."

However, this was not always the case. Today is the anniversary of the battle in the Liaoluo Bay in Taiwan, which took place on October 22 1633. In this naval battle, the Min Empire fleet under the command of Admiral Zhang Zholina (his portrait is placed on the headband) defeated the combined squadron of the Dutch East India Company and Taiwanese pirates. This victory for a long time delayed European expansion in the East China Sea and greatly weakened the pirate threat to the eastern regions of China.

Zhang Zholina’s fleet, which itself was previously a pirate, but in the year 1630 switched to the service of the empire, consisted of large blessed boats 50, as well as about a hundred small ships and firefighters. "Blessed boats" were large double-decked junks, on which stood up to 36 guns and falcontes. The Chinese bought guns and gunpowder for them from the British. The Dutch had eight galleons under the command of Admiral Hans Putmans.

Putman drew to his side local pirates, led by Liu Xiang and Li Guozhu, promising them to participate in the looting of Chinese coastal cities and towns. Liu Xiang and Li Guozhu were sent from 40 to 50 junks, however, they acted independently, did not obey the orders of Putmans, and, seeing that the Dutch were defeated, fled from the battlefield.

To increase the number of boarding fighters on their ships, Zhang Zholin announced a set of volunteers with combat training, promising each of them two silver coins for participating in the battle, plus five coins per pirate head and 50 coins for the Dutch - dead or alive. Such material interest in combination with significant numerical superiority has borne fruit. The outcome of the battle was influenced by the fact that the Dutch had shortly before this hit the storm, which seriously battered their ships.

On the morning of October 22, the Chinese attacked a Dutch squadron stationed in Liaolu. According to the rules of war in force in China at that time, Zhang Zholin warned Putmans of the attack in advance by sending him a letter stating that he "would kill a dog who dared to spoil in the imperial palace." Although the Dutch were aware of the impending attack, they were unable to repel the simultaneous attack of a large number of firewalls followed by "blessed boats" with boarding teams.

The Chinese admiral, knowing that the experienced Dutch gunners fired faster and more accurately than his people, made a bet not on an artillery duel, but on hand-to-hand combat, and did not lose. At the beginning of the battle, the four “blessed boats” were surrounded by the “Sluterdiyk” galleon that had not managed to get off the anchor. Hundreds of Chinese poured onto its deck from both sides, and in a few minutes killed the crew. The same fate soon befall the Kudekerk galleon. Hastily raising sails and chopping off the anchor ropes, he began to taxi to the exit from the bay, but ran aground. He tried to come to the rescue "Salm", however, several Chinese ships grappled with him and also took to the boarding. Meanwhile, the Brockhafen Galleon flared up from the fireworks.

The remaining four Dutch ships, including the flagship Putmans galleon Perd and most of the pirate junks, still managed to escape from the trap. The Dutch left, taking advantage of speed, and Zhang organized a chase on the high seas for the pirates and drowned several of them. As a result, the East India Company lost half of its Pacific squadron: one ship burned down, three more were captured. Approximately 150 of Dutch sailors were killed in the battle, around 250 - burned or drowned and 83 were captured. The Chinese have lost 86 people killed and 132 people wounded. All their ships survived, with the exception of several firefighters. Loss of pirates - unknown.

The battle in Liaoluo Bay was the biggest victory of the Chinese fleet in the fight against overseas colonizers throughout his history. In the future, the technical and organizational lag of the Chinese civilization from the European one continued to increase, therefore, the Chinese never again managed to achieve such success.

Fleet of the Dutch East India Company in the roads of Amsterdam.

Chinese single-deck combat junk.

Chinese firefighters.

Chinese diorama depicting a battle in Liaolu Bay.
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  1. +5
    29 October 2016 07: 50
    The battle in Liaoluo Bay was the largest victory of the Chinese fleet in the fight against overseas colonizers in its history.
    .... But nevertheless ... the Dutch managed to gain a foothold in Taiwan and hold out there until 1661, when the Dutch fort Zeeland and the Swedish commander Frederic Coyet surrendered to an army of refugees from China who remained faithful to the ousted Ming dynasty.
    1. Cat
      29 October 2016 16: 58
      I agree. Despite the success of the Chinese, they could not consolidate it.
      But if, among them there was a man carried away by the sea like Peter I, the three captured galleons gave a qualitative impetus to Chinese civilization.
      1. 0
        1 November 2016 04: 33
        In itself, Chinese civilization is static, incapable of development, so it is unlikely.
  2. +5
    29 October 2016 07: 53
    Well, the Chinese need to be proud of at least something. For lack of stamp - we write in simple. ;)
    1. +3
      29 October 2016 08: 36
      Quote: excomandante
      Well, the Chinese need to be proud of at least something. For lack of stamp - we write in simple. ;)

      And I will say that they can, when they want ...
    2. +1
      29 October 2016 23: 56
      And after the Peter the Great, the Russian fleet has something to be proud of ??? ... Turks?!?!?!)))))
      1. +1
        30 October 2016 16: 35
        Quote: Torkvat Torkvat
        after Peter the Great, the Russian fleet has something to be proud of ??? ... Turks?

        Will the Moonsund battle suit you? The obsolete battleship Slava against the German fleet. By the way, it is not necessary to lower the Turks a priori below the plinth = Battle of Gallipoli and Colonel Mustafa Kemal confirmed this. Back in 1929, mattress mats assessed the effectiveness of using an aircraft against a ship, and in the Battle of Guadalcanal, artillery ships did not shine, unlike aircraft carriers.
        1. 0
          4 June 2017 10: 57
          moozund .. glory obsolete battleship, stood in the strait, behind minefields like an artillery battery and received quite severe damage without sinking a single one !!!! a German ship (damaged the cruiser slightly) and .... our moosound shook .. that’s all and glory))) but the whole Baltic Fleet, millions of gold rubles stupidly stood in helsinfors the whole war. in the 2nd world the same garbage. what did the fleet of the USSR during the 2nd world outstanding ?????)))
      2. 0
        31 October 2016 16: 06
        Zhukov also said that Russia, entering the war, first drowns its fleet. And so the thesis is controversial)))
  3. +6
    29 October 2016 10: 10
    About 150 Dutch sailors were killed in the battle, about 250 were burned or drowned, and 83 were captured. The Chinese lost 86 people killed and 132 wounded
    Fuck what an epic battle !!! but the British then the British ... and the guns sold and gunpowder ....
    1. +3
      29 October 2016 19: 59
      This was not done by the UK government, which banned the sale of firearms to "banana countries". These were the businessmen who muddied the colony on the island (Hong Kong) and muddied the opium business, which led to the wars of the same name. The emperor demanded to trade a very narrow list of goods only for silver. Tea, on which England became addicted, became a real gold mine for these businessmen, who did not even neglect piracy. But silver reserves in Europe were rapidly depleting. Then these businessmen figured out a combination, knowing how popular the smuggled opium was. Opium-Silver-Tea. The emperor, having learned about this, canceled all trade with "barbarians". The dealers, who already had a lobby in the Parliament of England by that time, organized these opium "wars". The fleet was driven up, which shot the coastal cardboard cities. The fires finished it off. No landing of troops. Trade resumed. Both the Chinese and the Japanese kept the Europeans in special coastal zones, which they could leave only after the written permission of the local "mandarin". Reservation. Only a few specially selected state traders could trade.
      Initially, opium was imported from the golden triangle, but after plantation it was defeated in colonial India. Well, later, the Ambassador of England in this part of the world brought tea seeds to India. So there was Indian tea and the need for opium disappeared.
      Unlike the Caribbean pirates, these were able to get to the very top and now the Rockefellers are no less influential, and their dynasties still rule in Hong Kong. hi
  4. +2
    29 October 2016 11: 06
    Yes, Southeast Asia has always been of interest, was tempting for the European colonialists. Europe has always tried to enrich itself and solve its problems at the expense of others — such is their essence.
    The article is certainly +++.
  5. +2
    29 October 2016 11: 58
    In vain the Chinese did it in vain. The Dutch - rivals of the British, all these European sea merchants, were in conflict with each other and inserting "sticks in the wheels" to each other, could not turn around in their entire width, their mercantile soul.
    The British, in gratitude of getting rid of their competitors, suggested that the Chinese eat opium.
    It is possible that China needed a multi-vector policy.
    1. 0
      9 November 2016 01: 26
      Yeah, in vain ... Only now 90% of the income of the Dutch East India Company gave ... banal piracy! The Dutch were scumbags and racists cleaner than the British (one South Africa with its apartheid is worth)
  6. +3
    29 October 2016 13: 46
    Who said that the Chinese did not know how to fight? Even the world's first "mass" battle of battleships was formally won by the Chinese. And what - the tasks set - were completed. They did not chicken out, did not lower the flag, did not surrender ... Hello to the Pacific squadrons of the Russian Empire ((((from 1895.
    1. 0
      31 October 2016 16: 04
      Yes, generally warriors! And even the Japanese broke in the 30s!
      1. 0
        1 November 2016 17: 05
        They broke it. Samurai in the depths of China never poked. No, it certainly - popped, not just every rice crop - popped. But - after Nanjing - the Chinese soldiers somehow had an incentive to fight - at times. If you kill one hell, so why give up? And the Japanese - just well, very clearly demonstrated their attitude towards prisoners. The Kuomintang and the Communists also fought.
        1. 0
          27 November 2016 04: 30
          With the same success it can be stated that the USSR did not poke deep into Finland, did not take Helsinki, apparently out of fear))). The Japanese have fulfilled their goals in China. They never suffered any defeat from the Chinese. The Chinese soldiers were by no means famous for their bravery and success; the entire history of the Chinese was beaten and conquered by everyone and sundry. I don’t understand why such an irrational love for the Chinese, reaching the degree of a disregard for historical facts?
          1. 0
            27 November 2016 15: 29
            Well, yes, yes ... For example, Hankou (tell me a year?) Is how? Is there a historical fact, or is there no place for such facts in your personal history? wink
            1. 0
              27 November 2016 15: 37
              The first Japanese offensive was drowned in Japanese blood. And the "Battle of a hundred regiments" - is it not from your story? wink
              1. 0
                28 November 2016 06: 44
                Separate incidents could happen and have happened. If the Chinese gathered a millionaire or two, then they could have defeated the Japanese company, why not? As a rule, a hundred Russian-British-Germans-Japanese easily dispersed thousands of Chinese armed crowds. What's wrong? Once again - where does this irrational admiration for the Chinese come from?
  7. 0
    29 October 2016 17: 31
    Respect to the Chinese!
  8. +1
    31 October 2016 15: 45
    An interesting episode. I don’t know this period of Asia.
  9. 0
    31 October 2016 16: 01
    Everything is as it should be. The Asians (in this case, the Chinese) gathered a large, large, large crowd and once defeated the evil white people by attacking a hundred or two, one thousand or three on one. It has always been that way. And in Siberia, and in Central Asia, and in America, and in China. Colleagues, when will you get rid of the ridiculous blinkeredness of "proletarian internationalism" and "political correctness" (the same thing, in essence) and begin to soberly assess history ?! Ask what the principle of historicism is.
    1. 0
      1 November 2016 17: 08
      Yeah .... Once. With the Emperor adequate at that time, the Chinese gathered. Before that - the collection was approximately 1000 years old. Will there be another time? Well, wait ... laughing

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