The Palestinian problem and the question of the survival of Israel in the future
The Palestinian problem is one of the “powder kegs” that can blow up the entire region. Already, Israel is in a very difficult position, having not only traditional opponents, but also a constant tendency to worsen relations with Egypt and Turkey. In addition, there are regular calls from the UN and from Western Europe to recognize a Palestinian state. Israel may soon be completely isolated, especially dangerous if the United States solves only its problems and “forgets” its ally.
First, it should be noted that Palestine is a geographical concept, a historical geographical area in the Middle East, which covers roughly the territory of modern Israel, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, the West Bank and parts of Jordan. This name comes from the word "Philistia", a land inhabited by the tribes of the Philistine-Phoenicians (the ancient people of navigators, merchants and warriors). In addition, this land was called "Canaan", "Palestinian Syria".
Secondly, the Palestinian Arabs, like the Jews, are not the indigenous people of this territory, through which a mass of tribes and nationalities passed. Semites (Arabs and Jews) had a common ancestral home - the steppe and desert of Arabia. The phrase "Palestinian people", which the Arabs use, is nonsense, like the "Caucasian people." "Palestinian" can be called any inhabitant of this geographic territory - Arab, Jew, Circassian, Greek, Russian, and so on. There is no "Palestinian language" or "Palestinian culture." Arabs speak a dialect of Arabic ("Syrian" dialect). The same language is spoken by the Arabs of Syria, Lebanon and the Kingdom of Jordan. Thus, it is necessary to understand that the Arabs are not "indigenous people", "natives", whose lands have enslaved "insidious Jews." They are the same aliens as the Jews. Palestinian Arabs have no more rights to these lands than Jews.
Thirdly, there was no special “Palestinian Arab state”, no one “occupied” it. Since ancient times in Palestine, there were city-states, there lived various tribes, nationalities, the territory was part of the various empires of antiquity. During the "Semitization" of the Middle East, the Arabs did not create their own states.
After a period of Arab conquest - the 7-8 centuries, these territories were part of a huge empire - the Arab caliphate with its capital in Damascus and then in Baghdad. In the second half of the 11 century, the region was conquered by Seljuk Turks. The “Knights of Christ”, the Crusaders, were also noted here. After the exile of the Crusaders, these territories were part of the Mamluk Egypt. Later, these lands were part of the huge Ottoman Empire - up to the 1917 year. Palestine at that time was not particularly interested in anyone (except for Christian pilgrims), Christians and Jews lived in settlements, Muslims (not always Arabs) were engaged in semi-nomadic cattle breeding. Only at the end of the 17th century of the 19th century, the region, and not Palestine itself, but the entire Middle East, began to attract great powers - France, Britain, Russia, Austria-Hungary, later Germany, Italy. The "Eastern question" arose - it was connected with the control over the holy places in Palestine, the national liberation struggle of the Christian peoples and the problem of dividing the weakening Ottoman Empire.
From the end of the 19 century, the beginning of the settlement of Palestine by European Jews, followers of the ideology of Zionism (a political movement that advocated the unification and revival of the Jewish people in the "historic homeland" - Israel).
Palestine in the 20 century
Defeated in World War I in 1917, the decrepit Ottoman Empire collapsed. A significant part of its territory fell under the control of the French and British. For Palestine, the United Kingdom received the mandate in April 1920 at the conference in San Remo. The League of Nations in 1922 approved this mandate. Jordan was also part of the British Mandate of Palestine.
More 2 November 1917 of the year British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour handed the famous Jewish banker, Lord Walter Rothschild, a document included in history XX century as the "Balfour Declaration." In this letter, the head of the British Foreign Ministry expressed sympathy for the "Zionist aspirations of the Jews" and announced that the government approves of "the creation of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine" and will make "all efforts" in this. It should be noted that the Rothschild banking house during the war, Britain provided multimillion-dollar military loans and was an active organizer of the creation of a "Jewish hearth".
The British had to create two states: to the west of the Jordan, the Jewish, and to the east of the Jordan - the Arab. This decision caused a significant influx of Jewish immigrants. Although the majority still preferred to go to the USA, and not to the bare desert. By the beginning of the 1940-s in Palestine, there were already about 450 thousand Thousands of Jews. The Second World War caused another wave of Jewish migration - the number of Jews by 1947 had grown to 650 thousand.
It is clear that the influx of Jews caused friction between them and Muslims. So in the 1936 — 1939 years there was an Arab uprising. And it cannot be said that the “Jewish invaders” are to blame for everything. The Jews were carriers of a developed "productive mode of management." Mostly working people came to Palestine, who actually founded a farm from scratch (the more “cunning” people were looking for happiness in the USA). A number of researchers cite the facts that the Arab sector of Mandatory Palestine was developing more intensively - the average growth rate was 4,5% than the neighboring Arab territories and states. The Jews gave the opportunity to join the more modern methods of management, such as intensive irrigation, cultivation of citrus crops, poultry and cattle, etc. But the Arabs did not want to change their habitual way of life.
It must be said that this information seems to be correct, since modern Arab states are mostly preferred and prefer to parasitize on hydrocarbons, other natural resources, natural beauties and cultural achievements of previous civilizations (developing tourism). Yes, and do not like to work. For example, the economies of the Gulf monarchies are based on labor laborers from the countries of South Asia and a number of other regions. A recent example of the death of the Libyan Jamahiriya showed that the local population preferred to idle, visitors from a number of countries in Africa and Europe worked. Europeans do not pay attention to this, as well as to the medieval character of the monarchical Arab regimes, the main thing is that resources flow continuously.
Therefore, the “innocent sheep” of the Arabs is not worth doing. There is also the fact that at the initial stage, when there were not many Jewish settlers, their settlement was a tasty object for robbery raids, and this is one of the most ancient Arab crafts. It is clear that gradually the balance of power has changed, the Jews could answer harshly.
Jewish settlers brought progress to the impoverished region of the planet, were employers and buyers. From the Jewish international organizations to Palestine flowed money that was spent on infrastructure development. It is clear that caused the influx of the Arab population from neighboring areas, for the first 20-year of the British Mandate, Palestine arrived before 400 thousand Arabs. And by the time of the proclamation of the state of Israel in Palestine, 1948 already had more than 1 million Arabs (there are no exact data, so the figures are given in 750-900 thousand people). In principle, this fact is also not surprising - in recent decades, thousands and thousands of Arabs, representatives of the Black Continent and Asia have come to Europe (and continue to go). They are attracted by a higher standard of living. Moreover, a significant part of migrants prefer to live without complicating their existence with the problems of work, they exist on all sorts of benefits, “extra money”, often of a criminal and semi-criminal nature. And Russia in the past two decades has received this sad experience, when millions of migrants from the South Caucasus, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia flowed into the Russian Federation.
Creation of israel
In the 1947, London "washed its hands", refused the mandate for Palestine, arguing that he was not able to find an acceptable solution for Arabs and Jews. In November, the UN adopted a partition plan for Palestine (UNGA Resolution No. 181). The decision envisaged the creation of two states on the Palestinian territory: Arab and Jewish. Jerusalem and Bethlehem, according to the decision of the United Nations, were to become a territory under international control, in order to prevent conflict over the status of these cities. Two superpowers — the USSR and the USA — supported this plan. Thus, the Arabs received not only Transjordan (a state on the east bank of the Jordan), but also a significant part of the inhabited (not taking into account the absolutely lifeless Negev desert in the south of the country) Palestinian territory. The Jews agreed with this decision, and the Arabs (including the League of Arab States and the Palestinian Supreme Arab Council) categorically refused to accept the UN plan. They stated that this decision violates the rights of the majority of Palestinians - it was 67% composed of non-Jews. Arabs in general believed that Jews should not be allowed to create their own state on “their” land.
14 May 1948, one day before the end of the British mandate for Palestine, David Ben-Gurion (leader of the Jewish labor movement in Mandatory Palestine, one of the founders and first head of the government of the State of Israel) announced the creation of an independent Jewish state in the territory allocated according to the plan UN. The next day, the Arab League declared war on Israel and immediately five Arab countries (Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Transjordan, Egypt), plus the armed forces of the Palestinian Arabs attacked a new country. Thus began the First Arab-Israeli War, in Israel it was called the “War of Independence”.
The Arabs were defeated. Approximately 600 of thousands of Arabs became refugees. At the same time, anti-Jewish demonstrations took place in Yemen, Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Libya and other Arab countries and brutal pogroms were organized. As a result, more than 800 thousand Jews became refugees and took the place of the Palestinian Arabs. In July 1949, a cease-fire agreement was adopted, the Western Galilee and the corridor from the coastal plain to Jerusalem were now under the control of the Jews; Jerusalem was divided along the ceasefire line between Israel and Transjordan. The State of Israel has occupied 80% of Palestinian territory. The Arab state was not created due to the Egyptian occupation of the Gaza Strip and the seizure, and then the Transjordan annexation of most of the land of Judea and Samaria (they were intended for the Arab state). Jordan also captured East Jerusalem, which was to remain under UN control in the framework of Greater Jerusalem. These lands, after their annexation, were called Transjordan “West Bank of the Jordan River”, in contrast to its original territory east of the Jordan River, after which it was independently renamed Jordan.
As a result, the Arabs themselves have buried the possibility of creating another Arab state:
- They abandoned the UN plan, although it was supported by two leading world powers - the Soviet Union, and Stalin played a huge role in the creation of the Israeli state, and the United States.
- They denied the Jews the right to their state. Although “Palestine was not an“ Arab ”territory. They themselves attacked Israel, arrogantly, and boasting is the hallmark of the Arabs, thinking that they would resolve the issue by military means. As a result, miscalculated and defeated.
- Egypt and Jordan themselves occupied the territories that were intended for the Palestinian Arab state, thus burying the possibility of its creation in the near future.
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Arab-Israeli conflict
In the future, the Arabs did not carry out the work necessary errors and in the year 1964 created an organization with the aim of "liberating Palestine." The Palestinian Charter became the main policy document of the PLO, which was adopted by the Palestinian National Council in Cairo in 1968. The Charter envisaged the elimination of the State of Israel, the complete elimination of the Zionist presence in Palestine. Palestine was viewed as an “indivisible regional entity within the borders that existed under the British Mandate”; nothing was said about the “Jordanian occupation” of the Palestinian territories. It was headed for confrontation.
The organization was going armed to expel the Jews from Palestine. The first chairman of the PLO executive committee, Ahmed Shukeyri (1964 — 1967), said: “After our victory, we will help the surviving Jews return to where they came from. But I doubt that someone will survive. ” Prior to 1988, this organization was considered a terrorist, only this year, Yasser Arafat (the third chairman of the PLO Executive Committee - 1969 - 2004) announced the recognition of the right of the State of Israel to exist and abandoned terrorist methods of struggle.
Israel has become a major irritant for the Arab world. During the confrontation, a whole chain of wars took place: 1956 year - Suez crisis, 1967 year - Six-day war, 1967 — 1970 years - War of attrition (war of low intensity between Egypt and Israel over the Sinai Peninsula), 1982 year - Lebanon war, 2006 year - Second Lebanon War. And this is not counting various conflicts, sabotage, terrorist attacks, disputes, border incidents, etc. At the present time, experts have started talking about the possibility of a new big Arab-Israeli war, or Israel’s war with Iran (with or without Arab countries).
The PLO has experienced a number of interesting “adventures” before its “handshake”. After Israel’s control of all Palestine in the Six-Day War 1967 of the PLO fled to Jordan, there they created a “state within a state”, a real terrorist enclave, relying on hundreds of thousands of refugees that Arafat promised to arm if Jordan’s King Hussein will try to pacify the organization. In 1968, the PLO entered into an open alliance with three factions that were outlawed in Jordan - the Arab National Movement, the Ba'athists and the Communists. The union planned to overthrow King Hussein and establish a new political regime on the “East Bank of the Jordan River”. In 1970, the patience of the Jordanian government collapsed - martial law was imposed in the country, war broke out. Interestingly, Israel was ready to support Jordan. As a result of the “events of Black September 1970,” the tanks of the Hashemite Kingdom’s regular army literally crushed the PLO. Arafat and his militants fled to Lebanon.
By 1971, the PLO brought the country under its control, and created a new terrorist state entity. As a result, over the course of several years, a prosperous state - "Middle Eastern Switzerland", turned into a battlefield. Lebanese Christians and Shia Muslims were hit by PLO gangsters. Israeli territory was also attacked. In 1975, civil war broke out, and pro-government militias (mostly Christians) fought against PLO militants, other Palestinian, Muslim and leftist organizations. Tens of thousands of people died, and the Palestinian Arab detachments were particularly brutal towards the indigenous Christian population of Lebanon. Gangsters staged real acts of genocide, killing women and children.
Syrian President Hafez Asad (head of state from 1971 to 2000 years) was initially benevolent to the PLO, but then moved to the side of the Christians. Syria sent troops to Lebanon. Conducted a series of operations in Lebanon against the Palestinians, interacting with Lebanese Christians, and Israel. In 1982, Arafat and the PLO fled to Tunisia, the USA and Europeans contributed to this (apparently having views of this terrorist organization).
Tunisia did not allow the PLO to roam in the Jordanian or Lebanese pattern. But, thanks to the help of Iran and Saudi Arabia, Yasser Arafat managed to recreate the movement of Palestinian resistance in exile.
At present, the Palestinian problem is again threatening to undermine the peace in the Middle East, which is already hanging in the balance. In 2011, more than 120 of the UN member states recognized the statehood of Palestine. October 31 UNESCO General Conference voted to admit Palestine to this organization. The main opponents of the recognition of Palestine are Israel and the United States.
Some results. About the future of Russian-Israeli relations
- The conflict between Israel and the Arab (Muslim) world is not based on the ownership of Palestine. The Arabs have 23 states, a vast territory with more than 345 million population, compared with which Palestine is without oil, gas and even water, a negligible amount. This is a conflict between Judaism and Islam, Semitic Arabs and Semitic Jews, different worldviews.
- The Palestinian question has nothing to do with the struggle that does not exist, the so-called. "Palestinian people", or "re-creation" of a "Palestinian state", which was not in nature. These are just cover words. This is a continuation of the Arab battle for supremacy over the Middle East and North Africa (the idea of the “Great Caliphate”) against the “infidels” (Jews and Christians).
- Do not make the Palestinian Arabs "innocent victims", and from the Jews "invaders." Both sides have a lot of sins. Apparently, the post-Stalinist USSR made a mistake, focusing only on the Arab world. Huge funds were invested in the Arabs, efforts were made, but there was little sense in it. Stalin was not a fool, contributing to the creation of Israel. This state plays the role of a buffer, a “lightning rod,” assuming the drive of the Arab world. Thousands of radical Muslims who could fight in Europe, in the Caucasus, Central Asia, in India, against China, are chained to Israel.
- In recent years, the tendency towards a “sink” by the United States (the West as a whole) of Israel is clearly visible. He has already remained in isolation, Iran, Egypt (was recently neutral), Turkey (a former ally of Jerusalem) are against him, words of condemnation come from Europe. Preparations for the new Arab-Israeli war (or the Muslim-Israeli war, with the participation of Iran or Turkey) are underway. This world crisis and war in the Middle East can kill Israel. The bad news is that Israel is being pushed into war by Jewish leaders who have the idea of "Great Israel" in their heads. But there is also a "party of common sense", it is desirable that pragmatists, rationalists should take the upper hand.
- In this situation, the idea of Stalin can be embodied, Israel will become an ally of Great Russia. Culturally, linguistically, given the growth factor of the influence of the community of Russian Jews, Israel may well become the “16 Republic” of the Eurasian Union. For this, Jerusalem needs to distance itself from the United States, not to provoke supporters of the war. The union with Russia guarantees the Jews the existence of their “national homeland”. Arabs will be forced to accept. They have enough territory to build their own “imperious formation” (according to Andrei Fursov).
“In addition, I must say that secular regimes, like Syrian regimes, are more beneficial for Israel.” The collapse of Syria, the victory of the Sunni Islamists there, will lead to the threat of opening the Syrian front. Israel, if it wants to survive, should not help London and Washington in building the Great Caliphate. Helping the Anglo-Saxons in this matter, Jerusalem is digging its own grave.
- Alexander Samsonov
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