Military Review

Armament of China against Russian armament

The PRC Air Force is the largest air force in Asia and the third largest in the world, with approximately 400 troops and more than 2800 aircraft, including Drones. Among all military personnel, 210 thousand people belong to the air defense forces.

The Air Force is divided into 7-mi districts of China:

Shenyang District - three IAD (fighters "J-7E", "J-7B", "J-8B / F", "J-8H"), one ShAD (attack aircraft "Q-5") and a separate reconnaissance regiment equipped aircraft "JZ-8".

Beijing Air Force District - "J-7В", "J-8A" and "J-11" fighters, one "Q-5" attack aircraft, two training centers equipped with "Su-30MKK", "Su-27", "J" fighters -7B "," J-7Е "," J-8А "," J-8B "," J-10 ".

Lanzhou District - two IAD ("J-6", "J-7В" and "J-7E / G"), one dietary supplement (bombers "H-6"), two CA (regiment) and reconnaissance regiment equipped with aircraft " An-30 "and" Y-8 ".

Jinan district - one STAN ("Q-5") and two IAD ("J-6", "J-7В", "J-8B", "Su-27" and "J-11").

Nanjing District - four IAD ("J-7B", "J-7E", "J-7C / D", "J-8В", "J-8D / F", "Su-27", "Su-30МКК "," J-10 "and" J-11 "), one BAA (H-6 bombers and EW" Y-8EW "airplanes), one IBAD (" JH-7A "fighters and attack planes" Q- 5 ").

Guangzhou District - four fighters ("J-6", "J-7B", "J-7E", "J-8В", "J-8D", "J-11", "Su-27" and "Su -30MKK "), one mixed group (fighters" J-8D ", bombers" H-6 "and tankers" H-6 "), one ATD (transport planes" IL-76MD "," Y-7 "," Y -8 "and" An-24 ") and one air transport regiment (" Y-5 "and" An-24 ").

Chengdu District - two IAD ("J-6", "J-7B", "J-10", "J-11" and "Su-27") and one ATD (transport aviation "Y-7" and "Y-8").

Armament of China against Russian armament

It should be noted that the majority of Chinese aircraft are based on Russian aviation:

Chengdu J-7 - Chinese multipurpose fighter, which is a copy of the MiG-21.


J-7 - a copy of the Soviet MiG-21F-13J-7I - the first modification, characterized by enhanced gun armament and the lack of URVV.

J-7II - a copy of the Soviet P-3C.

J-7IIA - the fighter received a modernized cockpit with reinforced glazing, a new ejection seat, the engine Liming WP-7BM, and also Western avionics.

J-7IIH (J-7H) - is a version of J-7IIA for attacking ground targets. Adopted by the Chinese Air Force in 1985 year.

J-7IIМ - equipped with British avionics and the new Chinese ejection seat HTY-4. Expanded nomenclature of weapons.

J-7III (J-7C) - the fighter received a new radar with an upgraded control system weapons, a new WP-13 engine (with increased load up to 6620 kgf), an additional fuel tank, a wing with four suspension points, a cab light with a lid reclining on its side, and a new Type-4 ejection seat, allowing the car to leave at low speed and zero height. Instead of two 30-mm cannons, one double-barreled 23-mm gun (a copy of the Soviet GSH-23L) was installed. The Chinese Air Force entered service in 1993 year.

J-7IIIA (J-7D) - received a radar JL-7A and a more powerful engine WP-13FI.
J-7E - improved landing and flight characteristics of the fighter with the new wing and an improved engine WP-7F with 4400 kgf thrust (6500 kgf afterburner). The armament included a new URVV PL-8.J-7G - made its first flight in the 2002 year. The fighter received a new MSA based on KLJ-6E Lieying Chinese-made radar. Entered the Chinese Air Force in 2004 year.

Shenyang J-8 - single interceptor fighter, developed by the Aircraft Corporation in Shenyang. The aircraft is a further development of the design produced under license MiG-21, however there are some differences. The Chinese fighter is larger and has two engines. The aerodynamic configuration of the aircraft resembles a MiG-23 or F-4 fighter with a delta wing Su-15.


J-8 - Day fighter, similar to the enlarged MiG-21. The aircraft was equipped with two WP-7A TRDF and SR-4 radio range finder. The fighter was armed with two 30 mm guns Type 30-I cannon for 200 projectiles on the barrel and two air-to-air missiles of short-range PL-2 with infrared guidance. Released in a limited edition.J-8I - The first flight made 24 on April 1981. Improved weatherproof version with radar SL-7A (range 40 km), double-barreled 23-mm gun Type 23-III.

J-8I version with advanced avionics. A new radar, SL-8 optical sensors, Type 204 map radar and Type 903 warning system were installed on the aircraft. The fighter also received new HUDs and a “friend-foe” identification system.

JZ-8 (J-8R) - The reconnaissance version of the J-8I.

J-8II (Finback-B) - Advanced J-8I with redesigned nose fuselage. The frontal air intake was replaced with a cone-shaped bow with monopulse radar SL-4A (Type 208) (40 km range) and side air intakes similar to the air intakes of the MiG-23 fighter. At the end of 70, China received several MiG-23 from Egypt, so the foldable ventral carina and side air intakes could appear on J-8II using reverse engineering. Chinese engineers actually repeated the development process of the Su-15 interceptor based on the smaller T-5 aircraft. The experimental MiG-23PD aircraft also has many similarities with the Chinese J-8II.

J-8II 02 Block (J-8IIB) - The aircraft had an improved SL-8A radar with a range of 70 km. The fighter received improved engines WP-13AII. The armament included a double-barreled 23 mm cannon Type 23-III (a copy of the GSH-23L) and up to four air-to-air missiles PL-5 or PL-8.

Peace Pearl J-8 (J-8II) - during Sino-US cooperation around 50, J-8II were sent to the United States for refit.

J-8IIACT (J-8II-BW2) - experimental aircraft with EDSU.

J-8IID (J-8D) is a modified J-8B with air refueling system and TACAN navigation system.

J-8IIM (F-8IIM) - export version of the Russian radar Beetle-8II (range of 70 km), armed missiles "air-to-air" P-27R1 (AA-10) and anti-ship missiles X 31A (AS-17) .

J-8III (J-8C) is an enhanced J-8II with two WP-14 TRDFs. Unlike the previous J-8II modification, the J-8C modification had an electronic remote control system (EDSU) and a new multifunctional pulse Doppler radar developed on the basis of the Israeli Elta EL / M 2035 radar. The aircraft also received a digital fire control system and a new cockpit, equipped with multi-functional displays (MFD). Development of the modification J-8C began in the year 1991, the first flight made a new aircraft in 1993. Despite the fact that this program had the highest priority, the aircraft was used for tests of the developed Type 1471 radar (KLJ-1) and aviation systems interacting with the EMF. Starting with this version, the J-8II fighter jets can use BM / KG300G and KZ900 EW suspension containers, as well as Blue Sky and FILAT targeting and navigation systems containers.

J-8IIH (J-8H) - the aircraft has a new cabin, equipped with MFD, two engines WP-13B, radar Type 1471 (KLJ-1) (range 75 km). The fighter can be armed with medium-range air missiles P-27 (AA-10) and PL-11 and anti-radar missile YJ-91.J-8IIF (J-8F) - the plane is equipped with two engines WP-13BII, refueling system in the air and radar Type 1492.

Shenyang J-11 - Chinese multi-role fighter, which is the licensed version of the Soviet fighter Su-27. The basic version of the J-11, assembled from Russian components, is identical to the Su-27SK.
The J-11B version uses the Su-27SK glider, but is equipped with Chinese avionics (electronics) and weapon systems.


J-11B - The aircraft uses a J-11 glider (Su-27SK), but has the following features: Chinese multi-purpose weapon control radar, capable of tracking 6 — 8 targets and directing missiles to 4 of them simultaneously; Chinese digital flight control system; Chinese copy of the Russian optical-electronic sighting system OEPS-27;
inertial navigation system; indicator on the windshield of the cab and four LCD multi-function display.

J-11D. In April, 2015 tested the J-11D modification. The model received a new onboard electronics with a more modern fighter J-16 (shock version of the two-seater J-11BS). The aircraft is equipped with a radar with an active phased antenna array, a new control system, as well as a new in-flight refueling system. Composite materials are widely used in the construction of the airframe. The machine will be armed with air-to-air missiles of the type PL-10 and PL-15.

Four aircraft are exported from Russia: Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, Su30MKK, Su-30MK2.

Shenyang J-31 - fifth generation fighter (not put into operation). Built "Shenyang" on the model of "Chengdu J-20" - Chinese fighter 4-th. The fighter will go into operation in 2017 — 2019.

Chengdu J-10 - designed and manufactured by the Chinese company Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAIG). The aircraft development program was declassified on December 29 2006 of the year. The creation of the aircraft was attended by Russian consultants from TsAGI and OKB MiG.


J-10A - single multipurpose fighter.

J-10S - two-seater aircraft for solving training problems, EW, guidance and target designation, as well as for strikes against ground targets.

The J-10B is an upgraded J-10A equipped with a WS-10A engine, a recessed “low-profile” air intake, an on-board radar with AFAR and a front-end optical location system.

The undoubted advantage of Chinese aviation is their cost:

- J-7 - $ 6-9 million;

- J-8 ~ $ 12,5 million;

- J-10 - $ 28 million;

- J-11 - the most powerful of the Chinese fighters. At cost does not exceed the price of the Su-27. Flight performance: ground speed: 1350; maximum speed at height: 2120;

- J-31 - cost is not disclosed.

Comparing with Russia (for the Air Force):

By upgrading and combining foreign technologies, the Chinese military industrial complex begins to create fairly original samples: the Tren 95 anti-aircraft missile system, the PLL-05 and PTL-02 self-propelled guns, the ZBD-05 BMP, etc. But it still remains copies. Although in some ways China even bypassed us - for example, in drones and small arms.

However, gradually, the Air Force China is getting rid of its dependence on the Russian Federation. Yes, they purchased a large number of Russian Su-27 aircraft - 76 units, of which 40 were upgraded - Su-27UB. Having copied this fighter, they began its unlicensed production, calling all this J-11В, with their own engines, weapons and avionics. And if in China 1960-s copying of the Soviet samples was their deliberate primitivization, then J-11В, judging by the available data, is practically no worse than Su-27.

The main disadvantage of Chinese aviation is the absence of normal attack aircraft and attack helicopters. But when partnering with Russia, this minus disappears by itself. The union of Moscow and Beijing in this regard gives both sides tremendous advantages.

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  1. Finches
    Finches 18 October 2016 06: 06
    A sound analysis of the Chinese Air Force and I must say that 10 years ago China had much less modest successes in this area! It will be necessary to look into the filing of the Foreign Military Review of those years - they then basically sorted our Dryers and tried to copy them ... it was good!
    1. Nehist
      Nehist 18 October 2016 06: 53
      Review is good, competent agree !!! Well, enterprising !!! Here they are really doing import substitution! At one time, one of the great tales: -Fear when China wakes up! As you can see, the Dragon is waking up, and given their ambitions, it is not yet known what will happen ... I don’t know how it is now, but about 10 years ago China was our probable opponent and studied it tightly, until now the PLA notes are somewhere ....
      1. Tibidokh
        Tibidokh 18 October 2016 10: 30
        Quote: Nehist
        Review is good, competent agree !!!

        The review contains some errors and informational voids.
        Chengdu J-10 ... Russian consultants from TsAGI and MiG Design Bureau participated in the creation of the aircraft.

        About the Israeli Lavi not a single word. About TsAGI and OKB MiG copied from Wikipedia.
        a large number of Russian Su-27 aircraft were purchased - 76 units, of which 40 upgraded ones - Su-27UB.

        Those. According to the author, the Su-27UBK is a modernized Su-27SK ???
        Four aircraft are exported from Russia: Su-27SK, Su-27UBK, Su30MKK, Su-30MK2.

        And also the Su-35.
        In addition, where is the number of airfields? Where is the information about AWACS? And most importantly, where
        Armament of China against Russian armament

        The author, Andrei Manzolevsky, apparently tried, but was in a hurry.
        1. Nehist
          Nehist 18 October 2016 10: 39
          And you tell me the number of airfields with us ?! Can you? DRLOU, so no one will ever collect information from it, there are too many components. Well and most importantly, as you asked already in quantity ... Unfortunately, ours just recently began to fly actively, unlike the Chinese
          1. Tibidokh
            Tibidokh 18 October 2016 15: 22
            Quote: Nehist
            And you tell me the number of airfields with us ?!

            Easy. At present, in Russia there are 350 military airfields with varying degrees of deterioration / plunder. Suitable for use no more than 80. Moreover, almost half of them are used only in exercises.
            There are also 350 airdromes in the PRC. 136 of them are in excellent condition and are actively used.
            Quote: Nehist
            DRLOU, so no one will ever collect information from it at all

            According to the PRC:
            12 AWACS aircraft (5 of them are based on the Il-76TD). The smallest of Kun Jiang did not count (not that level winked ).
            In Russia:
            15 A-50 and 3 A-50U.
            1. Talgat
              Talgat 19 October 2016 18: 29
              Quote: Tibidokh
              in Russia there are 350 military airfields of varying degrees of deterioration / plunder

              Yes, China is now in better shape to confront the West and the United States than Russia - it’s not surprising - the Soviet Union is ruined - but China has not broken up and remains the only major opponent of world aggressors

              But - there is of course but!

              Firstly, China still relies on Russia - since Russia still has the potential of the strategic nuclear forces from the USSR

              Secondly, Russia has a huge geopolitical advantage - a vast territory - making it difficult for an instant attack by world aggressors - while China is easier for them to attack - especially from the sea. China is vulnerable to a sea blockade on oil resources - and therefore dependent on Russia and Kazakhstan - albeit more expensive - but wants to have a friendly rear supply of resources

              Russia - thirdly - has a unifying potential - at least several republics of the former USSR + Iran and Mongolia aspire to Russia (both at the leadership level and to a greater degree at the level of peoples' aspiration) and the CSTO and the Eurasian Union the embryos of the future Eurasian Empire

              China - unlike Russia - has no such growth potential - not a single nation around China thinks about unification with China - they are too scared

              In general, not yet evening
              1. Tibidokh
                Tibidokh 20 October 2016 13: 40
                Quote: Talgat
                But - there is of course but!

                In any area of ​​human life without "but" nowhere. drinks
                Quote: Talgat
                China vulnerable to offshore oil blockade

                Here we have recently Sechin ("Rosneft") admitted that countries are increasingly moving to alternative energy sources.
                In China, there is such a city "Yiwu" (义乌), so there businessmen from all over the world buy wind generators and solar panels. The number of nuclear power plants in China is growing at an incredibly fast pace (well, for us "incredible", for the Chinese - like two fingers ...).
                Therefore, what you say is relevant in the medium term. In 20 years we will sell oil and gas to China for next to nothing.
                Quote: Talgat
                no people around China think about unification with China - they are too scared

                That's for sure. However ... people think one thing, temporary workers in the government are another thing, of which there are enough of you and us. These are ready to sell the grave of their grandfathers, if only then to lay down a cordon with large grandmothers.
                With respect! hi
  2. user_internet
    user_internet 18 October 2016 07: 04
    The main disadvantage of Chinese aviation is the absence of normal attack aircraft and attack helicopters. But when partnering with Russia, this minus disappears by itself. The union of Moscow and Beijing in this regard gives both sides tremendous advantages.

    This plus, it can get out in such a minus that then you will not conceal it. We need to be friends with China, but very carefully, because there very many people consider our Far East to be flesh to the territory of China to the Urals. And what God can know will result in this, and it will not be tomorrow or the day after tomorrow, but in 10-20 years.
    1. Molot1979
      Molot1979 18 October 2016 09: 04
      Fairy tales. Can the name and position of at least one of the "many"? I have been at the border, worked for almost a year. There are no Chinese enclaves there and the Chinese do not hide under every bush. They just sit in the markets, which doesn't even make for a simple resettlement. Iksperdy, at least once they have visited those places, and did not listen to the storytellers of the Kitophobes.
      1. Nehist
        Nehist 18 October 2016 10: 46
        Dear in the border areas, he served for more than one year, and he saw quite a few of these enclaves. And in the markets there were very, very many of them. Now the situation has improved, but in any case, any border town already has its own little Shanghai. Somehow it’s not happy because it is not possible to completely cut off the border to the Far East, and after all the reforms of the HE, it will frantically recover, but as always, the equipment and means go according to the residual principle
    2. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 18 October 2016 09: 44
      Quote: User_internet
      This plus, it can get out in such a minus that then you will not conceal it. We need to be friends with China, but very carefully, because there very many people consider our Far East to be flesh to the territory of China to the Urals. And what God can know will result in this, and it will not be tomorrow or the day after tomorrow, but in 10-20 years.

      Just don’t - where do many people think of such data?
      How many were in China in the bookstores did not find maps where Siberia and the Far East to the Urals are Chinese ... and how many acquaintances of the Chinese people drank together and specifically asked, what do you teach at school that Far East is Chinese land? - Nothing like this.
      This is a propaganda myth, which did not find real confirmation.
      On the contrary, the Chinese believe that Russia will be an ally of China in a confrontation with the United States (and very few people doubt it) - there are still veterans - they still remember who supported and supports the Chiang Kai-shek and bombed their troops in Korea with a napalm!
      However, I do not think that while in the United States they use Chinese goods, any aggravation of the situation threatens. The Chinese are very pragmatic, buying goods is a good market, we need to be friends.
  3. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 18 October 2016 07: 45
    Well-fed Chinese dragon ... And in which direction will he fly now ?!
    1. Alexdark
      Alexdark 18 October 2016 07: 58
      I would say yes, you can’t write such words.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 18 October 2016 10: 08
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      Well-fed Chinese dragon ... And in which direction will he fly now ?!

      Reunite the original Chinese territories, torn away by the Chiang Kai-shek separatists. smile
      1. Nehist
        Nehist 18 October 2016 10: 49
        One calms down !!! That until Taiwan is seized, one can not be so much afraid !!! Although they periodically either with Vietnam or with India or with someone else arrange shooting
        1. DimerVladimer
          DimerVladimer 18 October 2016 16: 01
          Quote: Nehist
          One calms down !!! That until Taiwan is seized, one can not be so much afraid !!! Although they periodically either with Vietnam or with India or with someone else arrange shooting

          However, the Chinese still suffered heavy losses in the border battle in the 1979 Sino-Vietnam War, although in addition to regular troops, mobilized refugees deported from Vietnam were involved (Vietnam launched anti-Chinese propaganda and expelled several tens of thousands of indigenous people, ethnic Chinese who mobilized immediately into the existing troops of the PRC).
          Nevertheless, the Vietnamese were very motivated and had combat experience, and the mountainous-woodland did not have the ability to conduct deep tank raids. The PLA in tanks lost about 280 vehicles and about 68000 people in 3 captured Vietnamese district centers.
          There is an opinion that the maneuvers of the Soviet army in Mongolia, on the border with the PRC, with the partial mobilization of reservists, helped to end the conflict. I believe that this was fair, the Chinese needed a convenient occasion to get out of the bloody bath.
    3. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 18 October 2016 15: 28
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      Well-fed Chinese dragon ... And in which direction will he fly now ?!

      Who fed him? He fattened himself.
      Yes, no matter where it flies, there is a tactical nuclear weapon that reduces the numerical advantage to zero.
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. guzik007
    guzik007 18 October 2016 10: 59
    More suitable for the article is another title: "A guide to growing a dragon in the backyard"
  6. pin313
    pin313 18 October 2016 17: 02
    The review is not at all useful, but even harmful.
    The article, or rather the information presented in it, is very outdated. Data on air divisions and on the aircraft in service with them refer, at best, to the 90s. The Tszyan-6 and Tszyan-7s of the second and third generations have already been removed from service.
    As part of the divisions are mentioned "Jian-7B and C" (J-7B, J-7C), and below describes the "Jian-7II" (J-7II) and "Jian-7III" (J-7III). The shock "Jian Hong - 7" (JН-7) is not mentioned at all.
    Since 2016, the VVKNR, like the Ground Forces, has been divided into five territorial commands, replacing seven former military districts. Partially completed the transition to aviation brigades instead of divisions. A lot of new things are happening. And the author came across pieces of information from various sources, which are one hundred years old at lunchtime, and with a clever look presents this as a deep analysis, and even the name is super. Although he does not even delve into what he writes.
    "The J-7II is a copy of the Soviet P-3C." It's just a masterpiece. A fighter is a replica of a rocket.
    Why are these published? Banana shoves people in the ear.
    Read better Khramchikhin. He has really useful and fresh information, and he is fluent in the topic.
  7. Old Horseradish
    Old Horseradish 18 October 2016 19: 21
    The Chinese are already in full swing to Siberia and the Far East. It is only with Putin’s grandfather that all partners, friends and allies. Only they periodically stick knives in his back, and at the same time Russia. What is our downed military plane in Turkey worth?
    "More and more Chinese perceive the Far East as" stolen land "
    The Chinese are actively penetrating the Far East, where the population density is low, and exerting psychological pressure on the Russians. Russian research institutes predict that in the near future, the Chinese will become the largest nation in the Far Eastern region. About this writes the Japanese edition of Sankei Shimbun.
    Currently, the population of the Far Eastern Federal District, whose area is twice the size of India, is 6,3 million people. At the same time, the population of the Chinese provinces of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang, bordering Russia, exceeds 100 million people. Already, a large flow of Chinese crossing the border is being recorded.
    At the same time, as the newspaper notes, more and more Chinese believe that in the XNUMXth century part of the Far East, including Vladivostok, was illegally taken from them. "
  8. Retvizan
    Retvizan 18 October 2016 22: 51
    the Chinese are doing everything quietly, but gradually and persistently.
    Moreover, in the modern world, the most global weapon is the dollar. Using this weapon, many opportunities are already available to them. But the PLA is just one of the tools.
  9. Gost171
    Gost171 19 October 2016 03: 02
    It seems that they took up the Kuril Islands and Kamchatka, it would be necessary for the mainland as long as the time permits. And veterans ... They have enough from Domansky. East, as they say. There are more than enough other Vietnam-brothers, but some the boy took and smacked, business, they say ..
  10. Jubilee
    Jubilee 20 October 2016 08: 46
    The article is sensible. The Chinese are slow at first, and now they are developing faster and faster.