Hysterical around "Iskander"
There is a reason to start an arms race. We had to go to this for several years, but, since Kerry, the author of fashionable anti-Russian trends, heard the words about compliance with the INF Treaty (an agreement on the elimination of medium and short-range missiles), we can assume that the process has been launched.
However, Kerry was not the first to remember the INF.
So, with the difference in 12 hours, the parties mutually exchanged reproaches. Add to this epic of the previous month, when Russia excommunicated the United States from its atom and told about non-compliance with plutonium disposal, - and now everything that so long and diligently “merged” in favor of Washington for the whole 20 years in a row, leaking through the fingers of senators and congressmen.
According to the 1987 agreement of the year, countries are not allowed to deploy ground launchers with short-range and medium-range cruise and ballistic missiles. "Minor" under the contract is the range from 500 to 1000 km, "average" - from 1000 to 5500 km. Deployment of sea-based and air-based cruise missiles that fall within this range of maximum range is permitted (it is also worth noting that information about the development of the Iskander-MRK for the Russian Navy appeared in 2005 in the year).
So, the concerns of the States cause:
- the P-500 cruise missile of the Iskander-M ground-based 9K720 complex, which, by definition, can be considered a medium-range missile if it were not for one big "but." Her tests were conducted at the test site, but using the Iskander-K complex, the firing range of which, according to technical data, does not exceed the mark in 500 km;
- A new ballistic missile RS-26 ("Frontier"), a successful launch of which took place only in the spring 2015 of the year. Here it is precisely in no way can be equated with a breach of contract, since it is intercontinental with a distance from 6000 to 11000 km.
Meanwhile, Moscow has also periodically charged the United States with a similar "crime." Since the end of the last century, the United States conducted tests of its own missile defense system with the help of medium-range missiles, albeit without military equipment. But in recent years in Europe began to appear quite combat-ready launchers. For example, for the Standard SM-3, which is equally efficient from the sea and on land. According to official data, its range does not exceed 500 km, but its improvement allows us to speak of a possible increase in range.
Another suspicious installation is Mark41 (Mk41). In theory, the ship. From it all the same SM-3 can be launched, as well as the famous “Tomahawks” - cruise missiles, the range of any modification of which just clearly falls into the parameters prohibited by the agreement.
"Stamps" and "Standards" are being established today in Romania, and reinforcement is planned in Poland. In parallel with this, the Pentagon is actively working to promote the idea of Russia violating the treaty. Congress at the same time is already preparing a bill that will be aimed at countering the threat of the US missile defense system in Europe. Naturally directed from Russia.
Now it will be a little difficult, but you need to understand this. First, there is NATO air defense deployed in Europe.
Secondly, weapons designed to defend against missiles can easily be transformed into weapons that send nuclear carriers for predetermined targets, just replace the missiles themselves.
Thirdly, there is an INF Treaty, which should block the possibility of a nuclear attack in the specified ranges (first of all, from 500 to 1000 km).
And fourth, finally, there is a treaty on the non-deployment of nuclear weapons NATO in countries that joined the alliance after 1997, when the agreement between the Russian Federation and NATO was signed.
The dashed red line is the countries in which air defense deployment has begun.
The northern air defense zone covers the territory of Germany, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Norway.
The southern air defense zone controls the territory of Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal and Turkey, part of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. NATO air defense closely cooperates with the American NORAD, with the national air defense systems of France, Spain, Portugal and Switzerland, warships of the 6th fleet USA in the Mediterranean Sea.
Here are the elements of NATO air defense, which can organize a nuclear attack on the object: Nike-Hercules SAM (Norway and Denmark); The air defense missile system Spada-2000 (Italy), as an anti-aircraft guided missile as part of the air defense missile system Spada, is used by the Aspide Mk.1 SAM; MIM-104 Patriot.
The most modern combat-capable complexes in Western Europe are the American Patriot PAC-3. As of today, they are available in Germany, Greece, Holland, Spain and Turkey.
On the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, there are two dozen radar stations constantly operating. These are mainly stationary dual-use radars, which are also used by civil dispatch services, as well as mobile radars: AR 327, TRS 2215 / TRS 2230, AN / MPQ-64, GIRAFFE AMB, M3R of the centimeter and decimeter bands. The greatest capabilities are possessed by the French radar GM406F and the American AN / FPS-117.
That is, at any time from a country with a NATO air defense can come a nuclear charge. It is from this that the INF and the contract from 1997 must insure.
And now let us turn to the answer of Russia to such cunning moves.
5 November (attention!) 2008 of the year, in his address to the Federal Assembly, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said that in response to the deployment of a missile defense system in Eastern Europe, Iskander missile systems would be deployed in the Kaliningrad region. Also, electronic countermeasures will be used against the radar.
And 5 February 2010 (!) Of the year, Russia expressed concern about deploying missile defense in Romania.
And the Iskander modifications of the “M” action in 500 km really are located in Kaliningrad. They also regularly travel on dry-cargo ships around the country.
And this is what the real and imaginary coverage looks like.
The red line is a response to the actions of NATO in Europe. The black line is that, according to the Americans, the Iskander of the K version can really.
Where is the breach of the INF Treaty? Unclear. But there are still questions about “Mark” and “Tomahawk”.
As I already wrote, it is to Romania that most of all questions. According to the General Staff of the Russian Federation, the Mk-41 universal launchers for missile defense interceptor missiles that the United States intends to deploy in Romania and Poland can be used to launch Tomahawk cruise missiles with a range of up to 2,5 thousands of kilometers. And this is a direct violation of the INF Treaty.
And now a little about the Russian weapons.
First of all, I would like to clarify the effect of sanctions on the supply of our air defense systems abroad. In a number of NATO countries, in the units of military air defense there are our mobile air defense systems: Strela-10, Osa and Thor. But, taking into account the sanctions imposed against Russia, the supply of spare parts for them, the repair and maintenance of these types of weapons becomes almost impossible.
So, in particular, it happened with one of the first modifications of the export C-300 in Slovakia. Outdated elements were to be replaced, but the sanctions did not allow to modify the complexes.
Previously, sanctions, but already against Iran, also tried to prevent our C-300 from creating a competitive NATO air defense system.
With one of the countries, still a member of NATO, something strange has already happened several times. At first, an excellent stock of nuclear weapons was allegedly taken from Turkey to Romania. And a few years ago, Ankara organized a tender for the purchase of long-range air defense systems. The winner in it turned out to be the Chinese FD-2000 (HQ-9), but under pressure from the United States, the results of the competition were disavowed, and the American Patriot missile system "Patriot" was imposed on the Turks. In this regard, I will not share the joys of many hasty patriots, who consider Erdogan to be a friend, and the offer to participate in the tender for the supply of weapons is practically a deal.
A little bit stories
The INF Treaty was signed by Reagan and Gorbachev in 1987. He had to put an end to the Cold War, eliminate the possibility of a nuclear attack. And in fact, he simply discarded the achievements of the USSR and subsequently of the Russian Federation a few years ago. Instead of continuing to be ahead of the rest of the world, Moscow concluded treaties that it observed unilaterally, while its counterpart enemy literally forgot about the existence of agreements.
As Syria has shown, any documents are needed by the United States in order to use them only for their own purposes. Cost to pay tribute: in this country, legal science and the judicial system are at such a level that they can afford almost everything thanks to the skill of their own lawyers, who interpret any phrase in 4 in different contexts.
Has it been washed to negotiate with a country for which there is nothing unambiguous except, perhaps, the Russian "aggression"?
Thus, it is worth focusing on several points at once. The air defense system in Romania is violating the INF treaty, and the possible presence of nuclear weapons there from the Turkish Incirlik base signals a violation of the second treaty - the non-deployment of such weapons in the new NATO member countries.
In a short period, a whole list of joint treaties, including on atoms and weapons, was violated. Plutonium, nuclear development, joint operations, disposal and non-deployment are all signals of decisive action.
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