Viktor Chuiko correctly notes the problems of the domestic aircraft engine industry (“Motors with a burden to Ukraine”). But it is felt that the status of the president of ASSAD does not give an opportunity to give a number of reasons that prevent the industry from returning to leadership positions in the world.
For example, how do we manage a truly golden fund of managers, who work well in both a mobilization and a market economy. One of them - Yuri Eliseev. He began his career in MMPP Salyut from 1975 onwards, going from a mechanic to mechanical assembly to the general director. Currently, Yuri Eliseev - Executive Director and member of the Board of Directors of PJSC Metalist-Samara. It seems that its potential is not fully demanded. It is worth recalling that he was one of the first to begin the consolidation of enterprises in the industry. During the formation of the gas-turbine production center "Salyut", OMO im. P. I. Baranova, who at that time was in an unenviable position. MMPP "Salyut" provided real assistance in the restoration of the enterprise, including the transfer of machines, as well as part of the work to fulfill their orders. Today in the shops OMO them. PI Baranov installed equipment that is no longer in Russia, which allows you to master the technology used only by Rolls-Royce. So professionals like Yuri Eliseev can be trusted with more responsible posts.
In this regard, it is interesting to understand which people manage the industry and what is the place of the United Engine-Building Corporation in it?
The JDC is a Rostec subsidiary that is part of the aviation cluster. His work is led by Anatoly Serdyukov, ex-Minister of Defense, and since 2015, the industrial director. He is on the UEC board of directors and chairs two committees: on personnel and remuneration, and also on strategy. In addition, Serdyukov was included on the boards of directors of all large enterprises in the industry, including Aviadvigatel, ODK-Perm Motors, Salyut Gas Turbine Engineering and Production Center, MMP them. V.V. Chernysheva, UMPO, Kuznetsov (as well as Rosvertol, Russian Helicopters, Kazan Helicopter Plant).
Losses and shortages
UEC's contribution to Rostec's consolidated revenue was 2014 percent in 17, 2015 percent in 19. The share in the total number of employees of the state corporation is about 20 percent. That is, the UEC is ahead of other Rostec holdings in terms of revenue growth, and in labor productivity is slightly behind the average.
The consolidated financial result of the UEC is a net loss, which in 2014 amounted to 17,4 billion rubles, and in 2015-m - 5,7 billion. “UEC makes losses” - sounds interesting. Unfortunately, there are no data to analyze the causes of unprofitability in open materials of the JDC and Rostec.
In this regard, it is worth giving an example from the experience of the Ukrainian competitors. Thus, in the first half of this year, Ivchenko-Progress Design Bureau increased production volumes by 43 percent compared to the same period of the past. And wages there rose by 43 percent. Our DCS would have such a pace!
The corporation combines more than 85 percent of the assets of the Russian engine industry. But the share of the market occupied by it is less. From the UEC strategy, it follows that the corporation in the long term seeks to retain at least 70 percent of the domestic market for gas turbine equipment. That is, the structure of assets is unsatisfactory or they are not fully used.
Interestingly, in case of a corporate loss, the activity of the head company of the UEC is profitable, although in 2015 the net profit decreased by 30 percent. This is mainly due to a reduction in dividends received from subsidiaries and affiliates, an increase in own business expenses, an increase in the number of employees of the parent company, which was 31 people (by state) in December 356, and an increase in the wage bill.
JDC pays dividends. Their size at the end of 2014 of the year amounted to 120 million rubles (with net profit - 621,9 million rubles.). According to the results of 2015, the UEC Board of Directors recommended that shareholders decide at the annual general meeting not to pay dividends (with a net profit of 434,8 million).
But enterprises that are members of the UEC, dividends are transferred to the parent company. For example, "ODK-Star" (Perm) for the payment of dividends for the 2015, sends 233,3 million rubles.
According to the JDC report for 2015, the capacity utilization for the year was 95 percent. Therefore, new ones are needed. So, on OMO them. PI Baranov upgraded power, allowing to produce engine parts for the missile carrier Tu-160М2. It was reported that the same enterprise would produce engines for the Il-112В light military transport aircraft and the regional Il-114 light aircraft. But not everything works out. For example, starting from 2013, the issue of the construction of the industrial complex "Per-Oper Motors" is being considered. It was expected to start in 2016. But due to lack of funding, the dates are postponed. The project is estimated at 40 billion rubles. Own funds are not enough, but money is not allocated from the federal budget, since it is necessary to complete the previously started construction projects. But the project started under the release of the engine PD-14 for the aircraft MC-21. The dates when construction will begin are not called.
China is focused on the status of a world power in the design and manufacture of aircraft engines. This is stated in a written statement by the President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping, which was read at a solemn meeting on the occasion of the establishment of the Chinese Aviation Engine Corporation (Aero Engine Corporation of China). Obviously, our country is actively promoting this. But do we not forget about our interests?
The Memorandum on the creation of a new airliner (SHFDMS) was signed by UAC and Comac in April 2014. What engine will be installed on this plane is still unknown.
Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said: “We informed the Chinese side about the start of work on the difficult Russian aviation an engine in the segment up to 35 tons, the decision to create which in May was made by the President of Russia, corresponding funds were allocated. This practically solves the issue related to the creation of a long-range wide-body aircraft. ” And more: “Until now, neither in the Soviet Union, nor in the Russian Federation there has been such a production, such a powerful engine. They are released only by General Electric and Rolls-Royce. Now this kind of engine will appear for a joint Russian-Chinese project. ”
But the question is: who will produce this engine, as, indeed, the aircraft?
The head of Aviadvigatel, Alexander Inozemtsev, believes that it is the Perm design bureau that will design the new engine from 25 to 50 tons based on PD-14 developments, and serial production should be organized at the Perm Engine Company or Kuznetsov. But with the current policy of Beijing on the development of the internal market there are risks that everything will not be quite so.
China is establishing a conglomerate of aircraft engine manufacturers. According to media reports, it will include Sichuan Chengfa Aero Science & Technology Co., Avic Aviation Engine Corp. and Avic Aero-Engine Controls Co.
This conglomerate and may deviate production of PD-35. Shanghai Consulting Galleon Group announced that in the coming 20 years, China will invest 300 billion dollars in the creation of military and civil aircraft engines.
China has contracted to purchase the 24 Su-35 fighter aircraft and seems to be negotiating the joint development of a military aircraft engine, but Beijing refuses to give any details about the "state of discussion of this sensitive topic."
Competitors are cheaper
To be competitive, you need to constantly reduce costs. This goal of the JDC has declared, but how it is fulfilled is unknown.
But there is the following information: The Pentagon and Pratt & Whitney have reached an agreement on the production of the next two batches of engines for the newest F-35 fighter. It provides that the cost of the base version of the power plant is reduced by 3,4 percent, and the engine for vertical takeoff is cheaper by 6,4 percent.
At the moment, Pratt & Whitney has delivered 262 propulsion systems, new batches will go this year.
General Electric Technology Corporation expects significant profit growth due to record sales of a new generation aircraft engine LEAP, which received 11 thousands of orders, which makes it the best-selling high-tech product in stories aviation. GE has unique developments in the field of aircraft engine building and, together with Safran, has created an aircraft power plant that uses 15 percent fuel more efficiently than the latest competitors. Because of this, the corporation expects to have more than 2020 thousands of commercial aircraft engines around the world in operation compared to 44 thousands today by 35.
The world is already developing hybrid electric motors. The American aerospace and defense company Orbital ATK announced the successful testing of an aircraft hypersonic installation created with 3D printing.
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