56-I airborne assault brigade. Fighting equipment and training
Official historical background of the part:
I. HISTORY ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION
56-Guards separate Order of the Patriotic War First Class Don Cossack assault brigade has its origin from the 351-planting Guards Airborne Regiment, formed in the period from June to 3 28 1946 July, on the basis of units and 351-355- Guards rifle regiments and the 106 Guards Airborne Division of the Guards Airborne Vienna Corps, which was part of the 38 Guards Airborne Division.
The brigade's annual holiday sets the date for the formation of the 351 Guards Rifle Regiment - 5 in January 1945.
In 1949, the 351-th Guards Landing Regiment was renamed the 351-th Guards Parachute-Regiment.
In 1960, the 351 Guards Parachute Regiment was transferred from the 106 Guards Airborne Division to the 105 Guards Airborne Division.
In 1979, the 351-th Guards Parachute Regiment was reorganized into the 56-th Guards Separate Assault Brigade.
In 1989, the 56-I Guards separate orders of the Patriotic War of the first degree, the air assault brigade was reorganized into the 56's Guards separate orders of the Patriotic War of the first degree, the airborne brigade.
In the 1997 year, the 56-I Guards Detachment of the First Order of the Patriotic War Don Cossack Airborne Brigade was reformed into the 56 Guards Order of the Patriotic War of the first degree Don Cossack Air Assault Regiment, which was part of the 20 Guards, which was part of the XNUMX Guards, Don Cossack Air Assault Regiment, which was part of XNUMX Guards, which was part of the XNUMX Guards, Don Cossack Air Assault Regiment, which was part of XNUMX Guards, which was part of the XNUMX Guards, Don Cossack Air Assault Regiment, which was part of XNUMX Guards, which was part of XNUMX Guard
In 2009, the 56 th Guards Order of the First World War of the First Degree Don Cossack Airborne Assault Regiment was reorganized into the 56 Guards Detached Order of the Patriotic War of the first degree Don Cossack Airborne Brigade.
Since 1 July 2010, the Don Cossack Air Assault Brigade (Light) was reorganized into the 56 th Guards First Order of the Patriotic War of the First Degree.
Ii. PARTICIPATION IN TRAVELS, FIGHTS, OPERATIONS
From 20 to 25 in February 1945 of the year, the 351 Guards Rifle Regiment as part of the 106 Guards Rifle Division 38 of the Guards Rifle Corps was deployed to Hungary, where it fought as part of the 9 Guards Army of the 3 Ukrainian Front.
30 March 1945, pursuing the outgoing enemy units, the regiment crossed the Austro-Hungarian border. Acting on the left flank of the building, in cooperation with other parts of the corps, captured several cities and took part in battles to capture the Austrian capital, Vienna.
23 On April 1945, the regiment was replaced by units of the 4 Guards Army and was assigned to rest in the outskirts of the city of Vienna.
With 5 May 1945, the regiment forced march entered Czechoslovakia and participated in the encirclement and defeat of a significant grouping of Germans.
11 May 1945, the regiment reached the banks of the Vltava River (Czechoslovakia), where he met with American troops. Here ended the combat path of the unit to the Great Patriotic War.
During the fighting, the regiment killed 1956, captured an 633 soldier and enemy officer, destroyed 26 tanks, 255 self-propelled rifles and various caliber guns, 11 armored vehicles, 1 aircraft and 18 enemy vehicles. Captured 10 tanks, 16 self-propelled installations and guns of different caliber, 3 aircraft, 4 armored personnel carriers, 115 vehicles, 37 warehouses with military property.
From June 1945 to November 1979, the regiment (brigade) did not take part in campaigns, battles, operations.
1979 year opened a new page in the combat path of the compound: Soviet troops entered Afghanistan to provide military assistance to the Afghan government in the fight against rebellious gangs.
28 December 1979 of the 4 th brigade as part of the 40 Army was introduced into the territory of Afghanistan with the task of protecting and defending the Salang Pass and the Salang-Somalia tunnel to ensure the advancement of Soviet troops in southern Afghanistan.
In January 1980, the entire brigade is introduced into the territory of Afghanistan. It is deployed in the area of the city of Kunduz, conducting military operations throughout the territory of Afghanistan.
From January 1980 to December 1981, around 3000 rebels, 3 guns, 6 mortars, 12 cars, 44 dota were destroyed during the fighting. Captured over 400 rebels, captured more than 600 small units weapons.
From 1 to 5 December 1981, the brigade was redeployed to the area of the city of Gardez, from where it continued to conduct military operations throughout Afghanistan.
Between January 1982 and June 1988, around 10 000 rebels were destroyed during the fighting, over 40 fortified areas and strongholds, more 200 guns, rocket launchers and mortars, 47 vehicles, 83 dota, 208 warehouses and military assets Xnumx caravans. Captured over 45 rebels, captured more than 1000 units of small arms and grenade launchers, about 1200 guns and mortars, 40 vehicles, 7 tank, 2 warehouses with military property.
From 12 to 14 June 1988, the team returned to their homeland after performing international duty.
For the successful accomplishment of combat missions, many paratroopers received government awards from the Soviet government and the leadership of the Republic of Afghanistan, and the commander of the paratrooper guard company, senior lieutenant Kozlov Sergey Pavlovich, was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
From July 1988 to December 1989, the brigade did not take part in campaigns, battles, operations.
During 1990, the team performed special tasks in a state of emergency: from 12 January to 26 March - to maintain order in the cities of Baku, Meghri, Lenkoran, Kurdamir of Azerbaijan SSR; From June 5 to August 21 - to maintain order in the city of Uzgen, Kirghiz SSR.
From September 1990 to November 1994, the team did not take part in campaigns, battles, operations.
From 11 December 1994 to 25 in October 1996, the battalion tactical group of the brigade carried out combat missions to restore constitutional order in the Chechen Republic.
From November 1996 to July 1999, the brigade (regiment) did not take part in campaigns, battles, operations.
From August 1999 to June 2000, the regiment, and from June 2000 to November 2004, the regiment battalion tactical group performed combat missions during the counter-terrorist operation in the Chechen Republic.
For courage and heroism shown in the performance of combat missions, three military personnel of the unit were awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation:
Yury Vasilyevich Sergeant Vornovskoy, commander of the reconnaissance company of the Guard Guards (posthumously);
deputy commander of the paratroop battalion of the guard major Cherepanov Alexander Leonidovich;
the commander of the reconnaissance company guards captain Petrov Sergey Vasilyevich.
From November 2004 to the present, the regiment (brigade) did not take part in campaigns, battles, operations.
Iii. AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS
The name “Guards”, previously assigned to the 351 Infantry Regiment, when it was reorganized into the 351 landing airborne regiment, was also kept behind this regiment.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Ground Forces No. 034 of November 21 of 1984, the brigade was awarded the passing Red Banner of the Military Council of the Ground Forces for good results in military and political training and strengthening of military discipline.
By decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council on 4 in May 1985, for their great services in the armed defense of the Socialist Motherland, success in military and political training and in connection with the 40 anniversary of the Victory in World War II 1941 - 1945, the brigade was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree.
By order of the USSR Minister of Defense No. 0139 of July 11 of 1990, the team was awarded the Pennant of the USSR Minister of Defense for courage and military prowess shown in the performance of the tasks of the Soviet Government and the Minister of Defense of the USSR.
By the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 353-17 of 22 of April 1994, the brigade was given the name Don Cossack.
Iv. DISLOCATION CHANGES
From January to March 1945 of the year - m. Old Roads of the Belarusian SSR (Belarusian Military District).
From March to June 1945 - Pisek, Czechoslovakia.
From June 1945 to January 1946 - Budapest, Hungary.
From March to May, 1946, the city of Teikovo (Obolsunovo camp) in the Ivanovo Region (Moscow Military District).
From May to October 1946 - the camp Tesnitskoe of the Tula region (Moscow Military District).
From October 1946 to August 1960, the city of Efremov, Tula Region (Moscow Military District).
From August 1960 to December 1979 - the city of Chirchik, Tashkent Oblast, Uzbek SSR (Turkestan Military District).
From December 1979 to January 1980 of the year - the airfield of Kokayty of the Djarkurgan region of the Surkhan-Darya region of the Uzbek SSR (40-I army).
From January 1980 to December 1981 of the year - Kunduz airfield, DRA (40-I army).
From December 1981 to June 1988 - Gardez, DRA (40 Army).
From June 1988 to October 1992 of the year - Iolotan, Mary region, Turkmen SSR (Turkestan Military District, Airborne Forces).
From October 1992 to June 1993 - Art. Zelenchukskaya, Karachay-Cherkessia (Airborne).
From June 1993 to August 1998, the city of Volgodonsk, Rostov Region (Airborne Forces, North Caucasian Military District).
From August 1998 to the present - the city of Kamyshin, Volgograd Region (North Caucasus Military District).
The main mission of the light assault brigade is a general arms reserve. To increase mobility and speed of movement, the crew was completely re-equipped with automotive vehicles. The main method of movement is the transfer of personnel and light weapons by air (by helicopters), while the equipment arrives on its own. In the presence of a sufficient number of heavy-duty helicopters, it is possible to transfer equipment by air. In particular, this method of transportation was worked out in 2008 at the exercises at the Ashuluk range, when Mi-26 threw GAZ-66 cars and D-30 howitzers.
The issue of giving a helicopter to the brigade is being considered.
The main type of equipment - cars UAZ
In this case, the Hunter-based 315108 model. Machines delivered in August 2010
In "winter clothes"
UAZ-3152 "Gusar" is also in service
This car 2006 year, in the 56-th brigade since the winter 2010 year (previously operated in the 22-th brigade of special purpose)
On asphalt, the car eats 18 liters of 92 gasoline per 100 km, on the road - 23-25 liters
No complaints were expressed on the patency
At the circuit
Toyota's 205 horse engine under the hood
The engine is covered with such armor plates. Front - armored shutters. Also armored tank.
The roof is very austere and shines with bare foam
Troop compartment. According to the state in the car should be 5 people landing and 1 driver
I drove a few kilometers in the airborne unit "Gusar" and very sympathize with the soldiers, whose vehicle he is. Firstly, because of the machine gunner’s platform, one or two paratroopers have to sit like this
You can sit sideways in the direction of travel, but then you must lean your back on a comrade. Secondly, with my height 180, I had to either stoop and bend down, or my head would end up in the pursuit of the “tower”, and in the presence of a spinning machine gun, this is fraught with injuries. I think that the machine gunner’s legs, which will be pivoting around, will also not be good for the legs and landing troops
Thirdly, of course, there is a stove in the car, but in reality it only warms up the people in front (driver, commander), the rest is cool enough. Not least because of the doors in motion noticeably blowing. The gap between the awning and the roof is also a good source of draft, and in the dry season - dust.
Fourthly, we remember that in addition to people in a car, their property must also be transported, i.e. 6 duffel bags, entrenching tools, tents, etc.
It is possible to install three weapons options - an automatic grenade launcher of the AGS-17 type, a 6P50 "Kord" machine gun or the Pecheneg PKP machine gun.
In the foreground a turret under the "Cord". Under the seats there are sections for machine gun boxes.
There are fastenings for various equipment and weapons on the rear door, but the first row of belts comes at the seat level and rests on them, so it’s completely incomprehensible to me that it can be placed there.
Side doors are equipped with folding windows, so in the summer you can ride with the wind, and with a strong desire to fire
For the replacement of unarmored cars UAZ in the brigade must put the protected cars. If earlier IVECO 65E19WM was planned for this, now it seems that the balance is tilted in favor of the domestic Tigers.
In 2011, in the brigade experienced military operation of 10 vehicles Scorpion-LSHA of the Corporation "Zashchita"
The car is wider than the usual UAZ on 40 cm, has an independent suspension. He eats 13 liters of diesel fuel per 100 km on asphalt and around 17 liters off-road. Permeability of the driver on a 5-point scale is rated on a solid four. He especially noted that on the road it goes very smoothly, especially when there is a landing on the back, it does not fly like a UAZ on potholes.
Armor engine, like the "Gusar", the car does not have
At the commander's place there is an opportunity for installation in front of the radio station, etc. equipment, there is an analogue table lamp. If necessary, the frame together with the windshield leans back on the hood and you can fire right in the direction of travel.
For landing assault back side folds
The car accommodates the 7 man and the 1 driver. One of the paratroopers because of the placement of the spare wheel in the cabin sits in the direction of motion. Seat belts for paratroopers are not provided.
Seat upholstery immediately propose to change, because in the driver's seat, after two or three months of operation, she simply wiped herself (see on the form below)
On this instance, the machine gun turret is not installed, there is only a chase for it. I don’t quite understand what the machine gunner will stand on, or on the reclining back of his seat (will there be supports from the bottom?), Or there will be a separate platform, but this is again a wild inconvenience for the other paratroopers
Inside view on video
No auto swap
Let me remind you once again that the car was in trial operation, the task of which was to identify shortcomings, which would then be corrected. One of the main problems is an awning: it is cool in winter and dusty in summer. At the beginning of this year, it is expected to deliver for trial operation to the brigade of the next batch of Scorpion cars with hard top What it will be specifically the model I could not say.
Almost all the vehicles of the brigade are new, obtained in 2009-2010.
KAMAZ-5350 with a set of additional protection
Headquarters vehicle based on KAMAZ-5350
With a staff trailer for the rest of officers
The interiors of the staff module
Staff trailer for the rest
Left at the entrance - washbasin
MTP-A2 technical assistance vehicle
Mechanical repair workshop MRM-MZR
In the foreground MTO-AM maintenance machine
Repair workshop and metalwork (rocket and artillery armament) MRS-ARM
Digital radio relay station P-419MP
Radio stations are replaced completely with new 168-th family.
P-168UN-2 (communications battalion)
Warranty Service Sticker
Small-sized satellite communications station Р-438-М with carrying bag
The brigade has GPS / GLONASS navigators 14Ц822 "Grot-M" from the gunners, anti-aircraft gunners, in the headquarters of the assault landing battalions
Gunners serve the D-30 howitzer. In the old uniform, either the soldiers of the 2010 spring call-up of the year (photo - May 2011), or use it as working clothes. All photos without my blog logo are provided by the command of the 56 Brigade
Mortarmen serve the wheel stroke of the mortar 2C12 "Sled"
Teachings of anti-aircraft gunners
One of the summer trips to the landfill. Great convenience is that the landfill is located near the part
Each paratrooper makes several parachute jumps for service.
Preliminary training takes place at the airborne complex
Learning the tricks of laying a parachute
Then helicopter jumping
Well, finally jumping from the IL-76
The brigade has its own sports team, which participates in competitions and makes shooting jumps.
Video of one of the last landings
The author claims that no one has yet secured the camera in this way before him and hasn’t removed the camera from this point.
Under "Spilled blue ..." video from several jumps
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