Military Review

The development of military versions of the Mi-38 helicopter has begun

33
The new plans of the Russian Helicopters holding regarding the future future of the Mi-38 project have become known. In the next few years it is planned to carry out some refinement of the existing helicopter, as well as test the car in a new configuration. As a result of these works, a new modification of the helicopter should appear, intended for use by the Aerospace Forces. With a favorable course of work, the supply of new equipment will begin at the end of the current decade.


New messages about the future of the Mi-38 helicopter were published by the press service of the holding "Helicopters of Russia" 8 September. It was reported that at present the holding’s enterprises are conducting additional certification tests of the Mi-38-2 helicopter. The purpose of the current work is to expand the operational characteristics of the machine for subsequent deliveries to the armed forces. On the basis of the existing Mi-38-2 helicopter, it is planned to create a wide range of special modifications intended for the Russian Ministry of Defense. All the necessary work is planned to be completed in the next few years.



To date, the military department has approved the technical appearance of the new helicopter modification, which made it possible to proceed to the necessary work to change the design and adapt the technology to the new tasks. It is currently planned to make the Mi-38-2 the basis for the search and rescue, evacuation and resuscitation and transport-assault helicopter. Projects of the jammer and special modification for work as part of the Arctic grouping of troops are also being developed.

Now the designers of the organizations of the Russian Helicopters holding are solving several main tasks in the framework of the new project. First of all, it is necessary to increase the carrying capacity and maximum flight altitude. It is also planned to test the prototype with a cargo boom and external suspension. Another stage of inspections will take place on the ground in the conditions of a large amount of dust, sand or snow. All such tests are necessary to confirm the characteristics of the updated machine and to establish their compliance with the requirements of the customer. According to the results of the necessary checks, the issue of adopting and deploying mass production will be resolved.

According to existing plans, all the work on changing the configuration and other improvements of the Mi-38-2 helicopter will be completed in the next few years. It is planned to complete the creation of a machine for the armed forces in 2018. In the future, serial construction of machinery can begin. As the leaders of the holding company “Helicopters of Russia” note, in the production of new equipment, aggregates and components exclusively of domestic production will be used. Imported products previously used are excluded from the project.

Successful implementation of ongoing work will allow the military department to place an order for the mass production of new equipment, which has some advantage over the existing samples. Fulfillment of such an order will make it possible to supplement, and in the long run, replace helicopters of the Mi-8 and Mi-17 families. Due to some technical and operational advantages, Mi-38-2 helicopters can become a more effective means of solving existing problems. In addition, the supply of new vehicles to the armed forces will be the long-awaited completion of the project, which has been going on for several decades.

Recall that the development of a promising multipurpose Mi-38 helicopter began in the 1981 year. The aim of the project was to create a new car, in the design of which new ideas and solutions would be used. From the predecessor in the face of the Mi-8, the new Mi-38 should have been distinguished by improved performance, primarily flight and operational. Nevertheless, the existing plans were not realized immediately. Already in the eighties, the Moscow Helicopter Plant. M.L. Mile faced serious problems, due to which the pace of work fell, and the timing of completion of the main stages significantly shifted.

For one reason or another, the first demonstration of the layout of the Mi-38 took place only in 1989. The venue for her was the air show at Le Bourget. Over the next few years, a number of new demo products were introduced. In 1993, construction began on the first two prototypes that were to take part in the trials. The assembly of the first prototype took about nine years. Due to lack of funding, their own problems and the problems of related enterprises, the authors of the project managed to complete the first copy only in 2002 year. In particular, to speed up the work and improve the export potential, it was decided to use some components and assemblies of foreign manufacture. In 2003, flight tests of the first helicopter started.

The overall appearance of the new helicopter was formed in the late eighties, and still has not undergone major changes. The composition of equipment, power plant, etc., changed, but the general features of the machine remained the same. The Mi-38 project proposes the construction of a classical helicopter with a six-blade main rotor. On the keel is mounted tail rotor with four blades of the X-shaped design. A classic layout is used for multi-purpose and transport helicopters with a cargo cabin, which occupies most of the helicopter, above which the engine compartment is placed. To facilitate the design of the power elements of the helicopter are made of duralumin. Elements that are not subjected to heavy loads are made of metal or composite materials.

In accordance with the version of the project, developed by the beginning of the 38s, the Mi-127 helicopter was supposed to receive two PW2500TS turboshaft engines of the Canadian company Pratt & Whitney with a capacity of up to XNUMX hp. each. An interesting feature was the layout of the engine compartment: to improve aerodynamics, the engines are placed behind the main gearbox. The air intakes are located on the sides of the fuselage.



The helicopter has a total length (including screws) 25 m with fuselage length m and 19,95 width m. Main rotor diameter - 4,5 m. Height with rotating propellers reaches 21,1 m. Empty mass of the Mi-7 is 38 t, maximum take-off - 8,3 The cargo compartment has a length of 15,6 m, a width of 7 m and a height of 2,34 m. Inside the cab, you can carry a payload weighing up to 1,8 t, on an external sling - up to 5 t. Maximum flight speed is 6 km / h, cruising - 320 km / h h Flight range reaches 295 km. The practical ceiling is 1300 m. At the same time, during the tests, an experienced helicopter without a load managed to rise to an altitude of 5100 km. The car should be driven by a crew of one, two or three people. In the cargo compartment can be mounted seats for passengers. The economy class cabin accommodates 8,62 seats, the VIP version 30.

At the beginning of the two thousandth, when an experienced helicopter of a new type was put to the test, the prospects for the project were in doubt. The fact is that the civilian market showed no interest in such development, and the Russian Ministry of Defense did not consider the possibility of acquiring the Mi-38 due to the unacceptably wide use of imported components. In this regard, for several years, the future of the new helicopter remained uncertain.

A way out of this situation was the revision of the project, aimed at increasing the share of components of domestic production. According to the updated project, it was decided to complete the second prototype Mi-38, the assembly of which began in the late nineties. The second prototype retained the imported engines, but received the domestic avionics complex IBKO-38, developed by Transas Aviation". The so-called glass cabin with a set of various modern equipment. The construction of the second experimental machine was completed at the end of the last decade, and soon it went to the test.

In 2013, the third flight copy was built, which became the first model with a complete set of main components of domestic production. The main difference between the third Mi-38 and its predecessors was the TV3-117 turbo-shaft engines developed in Russia. On take-off mode, these products develop the power of the 2500 hp, at the emergency - 3500 hp. Replacing the imported power plant allowed us to achieve some positive economic and operational results without any loss in performance. The main parameters of the helicopter after this update either have not changed or increased. The updated modification of the multipurpose helicopter with TV3-117В engines is designated as Mi-38-2.

Since the fall of the year 2014, the fourth experimental helicopter has been used in tests. In terms of configuration, it was basically similar to the previous prototype, although it had some differences in the form of using some other onboard systems. Later, both Mi-38-2 helicopters took part in the tests required to obtain permits. 30 December 2015, the Federal Air Transport Agency issued a certificate for a generic version of the Mi-38. Certification of passenger, search and rescue and other modifications was also planned.

According to reports, to date, the Kazan helicopter plant managed to assemble the fuselage for the first serial Mi-38. In the foreseeable future, this machine can be completed in the required configuration by the customer, and then transferred to it and put into operation. At the same time, however, an order for a large number of serial helicopters of the new model has not yet been received.

Thus, more than three decades have passed from the start of design work to the receipt of documents allowing the launch of a new helicopter. In recent years there has been a significant acceleration of work, which, in particular, has led to a noticeable update of the project. As a result of recent improvements, the helicopter was able to obtain the required documents, as well as interest an important customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense. Relatively recently, an order appeared to create specialized military modifications of the existing Mi-38-2 vehicle. Work in this direction should be completed in the next few years.



According to published information, the technical assignment from the military department implies the improvement of some basic characteristics. First of all, it is required to increase the maximum take-off weight and altitude. It is also planned to use the existing helicopter as a platform for various new units and assemblies, allowing the basic helicopter to “master” one or another new specialty. The result of a new project being developed by order of the military should be several new versions of the Mi-38-2, suitable for use in various purposes and different situations.

The press service of the holding company "Helicopters of Russia" reports that work is underway on the transport and airborne modification and jamming helicopter. Also, the military want to get search and rescue and evacuation resuscitation helicopters, as well as a special version of the machine, adapted for work in the Arctic. It should be expected that all new projects will use a unified approach, implied by the basic design of the helicopter. The existing platform in the form of a Mi-38-2 helicopter will be equipped with equipment appropriate for its intended use. The positive consequences of this approach to development and production are obvious.

Despite the unacceptable delay of work in the past and the repeated displacement of the deadlines for the completion of certain main stages, the project of the multipurpose Mi-38 helicopter was nevertheless brought to the end of testing and certification. In addition, the development organization was able to interest the Ministry of Defense with its new project, resulting in the emergence of several specialized helicopter modifications in the foreseeable future. According to current plans, all such work should be completed in 2018 year. In the meantime, the specialists of Russian Helicopters are engaged in changing the existing project in accordance with the requirements of the customer.


On the materials of the sites:
http://russianhelicopters.aero/
http://vpk.name/
http://svpressa.ru/
http://airwar.ru/
https://defendingrussia.ru/
Author:
Photos used:
Holding "Russian Helicopters" / Russianhelicopters.aero
33 comments
Ad

The editorial board of Voenniy Obozreniye urgently needs a proofreader. Requirements: impeccable knowledge of the Russian language, diligence, discipline. Contact: [email protected]

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Taygerus
    Taygerus 20 September 2016 06: 34 New
    +1
    give GOD! the main thing is not to delay
    1. Rozmyssel
      Rozmyssel 20 September 2016 07: 24 New
      +5
      The main difference between the third Mi-38 and its predecessors was the TV3-117V turboprop engines of Russian design


      Jamb Kiril Ryabov not TV3-117V, but TV7-117V
      1. not main
        not main 20 September 2016 22: 24 New
        0
        Quote: Thought
        not TV3-117V, but TV7-117V

        It also hurt the eye, but considered it a typo.
  2. Mazuk
    Mazuk 20 September 2016 06: 51 New
    +1
    IMHO. It would be interesting, in my opinion, the further development of the Mi-38 into a purely airborne assault landing, but the Mi8 / 17 family in the line with a bias (to a greater extent) for assault capabilities and greater survivability and security is a kind of armored personnel carrier / infantry fighting vehicle, even slightly lower passenger capacity.
    1. avt
      avt 20 September 2016 08: 27 New
      +4
      Quote: Mazuk
      but the MI8 / 17 family in the line with a bias (to a greater extent) for assault capabilities and greater survivability and security is a kind of armored personnel carrier / infantry fighting vehicle, even with a slightly lower passenger capacity.

      Already quite a HIM
      With a flick of the wrist, the pants turn ... the pants turn ... the pants turn ... In elegant shorts!
      If they missed it in life, then this is the proposed Mi-24, designed as a "flying BMP" and the current continuation of the Mi-35. the weight category of the old man Mi-8, especially since the military has long been moaning about such, well, like the modern Ka-38. In the USSR, the campaign was planned, but in today's Russia I think it will not work, it’s what kind of money you need to replace, and 4 -th will go in addition to the 60th.
      1. Vz.58
        Vz.58 20 September 2016 14: 11 New
        +2
        The project of the flying BMP was completely different. If you delve into old sources, for example JANE´S that way in the years 1974 - 1978, you can find. If anyone knows, write.
        1. avt
          avt 20 September 2016 17: 25 New
          +2
          Quote: Vz.58
          . If you delve into old sources, for example JANE´S that way in the years 1974 - 1978, you can find.

          laughing Jain, as a reference book, for many of course in those years in authority, especially the boys of those years who were not spoiled by Soviet information, but if you carefully study it, then a fraer. Especially now, when there is a lot of information about what, when they were designing, what SKETCH projects were (if the designers know what this means), what came out of this into the layout, and what was then done in the metal, and what eventually went into the series. that "for another" it is better not.
    2. mr.redpartizan
      mr.redpartizan 25 September 2016 10: 16 New
      0
      What for ? There is already a flying BMP - Mi-24, the idea of ​​which was initially a failure. Helicopters should be divided into multipurpose and attack. Attack - Ka-52 and Mi-28, and multi-purpose - Mi-8 / Mi-38. A multi-purpose helicopter must have the OPPORTUNITY to use as a strike and have bulletproof armor to protect the landing, but heavily armored helicopters should bear the main burden of destroying the enemy.
  3. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 20 September 2016 07: 29 New
    +1
    In general, if in order to save money, then you can understand the ideology, but why bring a car by your ears, which the citizen did not need. Apart from patching the financial hole of the Russian Helicopters holding, I see no other explanation.
    1. FID
      FID 20 September 2016 12: 08 New
      +2
      Here, you are at the root and look .... There are no import contracts, here we are slowly patching ....
    2. Flyer_64
      Flyer_64 20 September 2016 21: 34 New
      +1
      This is the same as the delivery of the Be-200 to the Moscow Region. Download to not fall apart. Back in 1993, representatives of the Mil Design Bureau came to our unit and talked about the prospects of the Mi-38 (we had MI-14 then). The prospect of replacing the Mi-14 in all modifications of the submarine, PS, BT (minesweeper). The ideas are gorgeous, but the Kamovtsi buried everything, the Navy refused to finance the topic, and led everything to the same type, i.e., the Ka-27. Now we are talking about the revival of the Mi-14. My opinion is not worth it. Mi-38 is just for naval aviation.
      1. commbatant
        commbatant 29 January 2017 14: 51 New
        0
        Mi-38 is just for naval aviation.


        the "European empirialists" have such an analogue ("Merlin") just used in the Navy to replace Sea King / Hawk and partly Link
    3. commbatant
      commbatant 29 January 2017 14: 49 New
      0
      I’ve read about this "new" Mi-38 helicopter (as well as about the light Mi-34), back in the TM in the 89th year, and they were supposed to be purely for the civilian sector then, due to the fact that these helicopters do not withstand any competition on the "citizen" with the "enemy" and they are probably attracted to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (and probably without any modification) ...
  4. PKK
    PKK 20 September 2016 07: 32 New
    0
    The novel described the state of affairs with the helicopter well. It’s positive that you finished it off with domestic components, or you don’t run into import. A flight altitude of 5 thousand meters will allow you to avoid MANPADS and take countermeasures. The range is impressive, it’s the best for the North and for the seas. if the car goes into series
  5. FID
    FID 20 September 2016 08: 47 New
    +9
    1981 and 2018 ... Almost 40 years ... And the Mi-8 turns ..., the Mi-8 turns ... It's a shame, but in Tomilino there is a workshop for the construction of Augusta-Westland ... Including for our prime minister ...
    1. Rozmyssel
      Rozmyssel 20 September 2016 13: 12 New
      0
      Quote: SSI
      1981 and 2018 ... Almost 40 years ... And the Mi-8 turns ..., the Mi-8 turns ... It's a shame, but in Tomilino there is a workshop for the construction of Augusta-Westland ... Including for our prime minister ...


      want to say that mi8 and mi38 are one and the same?
    2. Vz.58
      Vz.58 20 September 2016 13: 25 New
      +3
      Different categories. Why is it better than Mi, for what is Augusta. In Russia, such machines were not created (not because they did not know how! The order was different), you have to take someone else's
  6. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 20 September 2016 11: 16 New
    0
    It is high time. Good news.
  7. exo
    exo 20 September 2016 12: 48 New
    +1
    TV7-117, this is still a "pig in a poke". The variant for the Il-114 was very unsuccessful. Let's believe in the best. Anyway, there is no alternative for the near future. To be honest, I have not yet found the advantages of this helicopter over the later versions of the Mi-8/17
    1. FID
      FID 20 September 2016 13: 06 New
      +2
      They don’t exist ... It’s a Mi-8 upgraded, refitted, but .... But TV7-117 ... You're in vain, a decent engine!
      1. exo
        exo 20 September 2016 13: 31 New
        0
        As far as I know, this engine was only on the IL-114. I observed the operation of this aircraft in the Vyborg a / c. I talked with people from this a / c. So, all the complaints were about the engine and the propeller. On the platform they stood like this, almost always
        1. exo
          exo 20 September 2016 13: 35 New
          0
          Here it will be more visible
        2. FID
          FID 20 September 2016 17: 40 New
          +2
          Quote: exo
          As far as I know, this engine was only on the IL-114.

          Sorry, but you’re mistaken ... There hasn’t been a single aircraft since TV7-117ST ... Il-114 flying, this is from TAPOICH (Tashkent) ... I apologize ...
          1. exo
            exo 20 September 2016 22: 26 New
            0
            I agree, there was a "clean" TV7-117. But, it is also the base for ST. And for TV7-117 V. Well, if you recover from diseases of the basic modification.
      2. Vz.58
        Vz.58 20 September 2016 14: 29 New
        +1
        TV7-117, in different versions, has international certification?
        1. FID
          FID 20 September 2016 17: 42 New
          +1
          No, but they will certify ....
  8. Ngauro
    Ngauro 20 September 2016 13: 53 New
    +2
    How long will we buy small helicopters around the world?
  9. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 20 September 2016 16: 52 New
    +1
    Until they bring to mind the Ka-60 (along with the engine to it) and Ansat (with engines to it)
    1. avt
      avt 20 September 2016 17: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: Zaurbek
      Until they bring to mind the Ka-60 (along with the engine to it) and Ansat (with engines to it)

      For Ka -62
      On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the Arsenyev Aviation Company Progress named after N.I. Sazykina Russian Helicopters presented the Ka-62 helicopter with the registration of RA-00000 at an exhibition in Arseniev.
      “To date, three prototypes of this machine have been manufactured at Progress, and a fourth will be ready soon,” said the general director of the holding.
      According to "Ansat" - the analogue of the imported engines installed in 4 years will only be - just started to develop. Today, only import.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. exo
    exo 20 September 2016 17: 43 New
    0
    As I understand it, the project of the army Ka-60, stalled. Civilian Ka-62, has a chance to become serial.
  11. skazochnik
    skazochnik 20 September 2016 23: 51 New
    0
    I doubt very much the appropriateness of such a helicopter for the Ministry of Defense, is this some kind of qualitative leap in comparison with modern Mi-8 or Mi-17?
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 21 September 2016 10: 32 New
      0
      Our concept is initially crippled. It was planned to use Mi-24 for combat and transport tasks (in the USA it is a bunch of Cobra and Iroquois). But in fact it turns out Mi-24/28 and Mi-8. Mi-8 is redundant for 50% of functions and weak for others. As a result, we are wasting Mi-8 and Mi-26 in vain. Now the Mi-38 will take most of the work and the Mi-8 and Mi-26 ...
  12. mr.redpartizan
    mr.redpartizan 25 September 2016 10: 25 New
    0
    Mi-38 in the future should partially replace Mi-8, but most likely, by that moment it will become obsolete by itself. The development of the classical helicopter scheme has come to an end, so the next generation of helicopters will have a different layout.