On the basis of the state policy of the Russian Empire towards the Muslim population

According to the policy of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers P.A. Stolypin [2], the activities of the Government of the Russian Empire were not aimed at either restricting religious freedom or restricting the national identity of Muslims, since they did not violate the interests of the state and the rights of persons who did not belong to Muslim nationalities. On the contrary, the direct purpose of religious policy was to counter the destructive anti-state activity of fanatical elements and to involve the entire population, regardless of religion and nationality, in the general state and cultural life of the country.

On the basis of the state policy of the Russian Empire towards the Muslim population

In accordance with the above judgments, the Government directed its work towards streamlining the state-legal status of Muslims and strengthening government control over their public activity.

Stolypin was of the opinion that the activities of state structures should not be missionary in nature. He drew attention to the qualitative and quantitative improvements in the activities of spiritual and educational institutions, both primary and teacher, and outlined for them a number of activities aimed at bringing them closer to the Muslim population so that these educational institutions would contribute to the fuller satisfaction of the spiritual needs of Muslims .

The government sought a final separation of confessional and general education in Muslim schools. Confessional education was directly under the jurisdiction of the relevant spiritual authorities under the supervision of the state. General education, including the upbringing of youth, affecting the fundamental interests of the state, was one of its most important and inalienable assets.

The state recognized the need to completely remove general subjects from the programs of confessional Muslim schools with the abolition of the Russian language classes and, leaving these schools under the direct authority of the Muslim clergy, bring the Muslim schools with general subjects into line with all the general rules for other schools of this type. In order to ensure the effective implementation of this provision, the Government has paid special attention to the organization of effective state supervision over the Muslim educational institutions of both of these types.

The government also took measures to ensure widespread awareness of the affairs of Muslims, which, according to Stolypin, was achievable by practical study and solution of their problems locally and on a systematic basis, comprehensive coverage of these problems in the press and periodic exchange of observations and opinions between local and central government organs. The most expedient measures in this regard were deemed to strengthen the existing scientific means of studying the Russian Muslim East by expanding the activities of the relevant faculties of St. Petersburg and Kazan universities and establishing periodic inter-departmental meetings of government bodies both in the localities and in the capital. No less important, Stolypin believed the transformation of the existing device for the management of Muslim affairs in Russia.

As can be seen from the above, the Government of the Russian Empire could not and had no right to allow the masses of the population under the leadership of anti-state-minded people to be brought up in a direction that would inevitably lead them to complete cultural alienation from the fundamental state principles, to search for any ideals beyond their state and to trample on the idea of ​​its integrity.

[1] Based on “Notes by P.A. Stolypin on the “Muslim Question” of 1911 ”(Oriens). 2003, No. 2, p. 126 – 142).
[2] Stolypin, Peter Arkadyevich (1862 – 1911) - Russian statesman. He graduated from St. Petersburg University. From 1884, he served in the Ministry of the Interior. From 1906, Minister of the Interior and Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Killed by the Social Revolutionaries after the start of the agrarian reform.
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  1. +5
    20 September 2016 16: 48
    I read, read, but I did not find in the text a single title of a legislative document (Law, Act, Resolution), which would confirm the topic of the article. On my own behalf, before the revolution, one of the last was the Imperial Decree on strengthening the principles of religious tolerance in Russia (April 17, 1905). This Decree expanded the rights of schismatics (they began to be called Old Believers in the Decree), as well as Muslims and Catholics. The decree says about Muslims: "... the Muslim population of the inner provinces has always performed their duty to the state on an equal basis with its native subjects and did not give the government any special political concerns."
    1. 0
      20 September 2016 19: 52
      Well, there is an example ... the same Crimea, after it joined the empire in 1783, all the Tatar nobility were given titles of nobility, and the commoners were forbidden to either persecute, let alone enslave
    2. +2
      20 September 2016 21: 26
      The author undertook to write about what he himself did not know.
  2. +5
    20 September 2016 16: 50
    In principle, the current leadership of Russia is pursuing a similar policy, primarily working with the local elite and countering extremist activities.
  3. +8
    20 September 2016 21: 12
    with all the attention of the current authorities to all peoples, the only thing is the attitude towards the Russian population leaves much to be desired.
    in leading positions, even in the Russian regions proper, there are practically no Russians. I do not take into account persons with Slavic surnames who have filled all the authorities, in fact they are hidden Jews.
    (I will immediately make a reservation that I am a descendant of the Circassians and Tatars, who grew up in an international region, and I respect the Russian people)
    this Jewish invasion is not good enough for us either. bad for Russians - bad for us
  4. +1
    21 September 2016 10: 27
    The competent policy of the Russian Empire in relation to the natives: it was not forbidden to wear hijabs, four wives, please, Sharia, as much as you like. Russians in the Empire retained only a little for themselves: power, rights, money, property.

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