Military Review

Self-propelled mortar 2C4 "Tulip"

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The mortar is designed to destroy durable field structures, buildings adapted by the enemy to shelter manpower and equipment, command posts, artillery and rocket batteries and other military equipment inaccessible to flat fire. The self-propelled mortar 2C4 is the only mortar in the world of this caliber and has no analogues.



Unlike the M-240 mortar, where all operations were performed manually, a hydraulic system was introduced into the 2B8 artillery unit, which was used to: transfer the mortar from the traveling position to the combat position and back; vertical hover mortar; removing the barrel on the line of mine and opening the shutter; feeding mines from a mechanized ammunition to the rammer guides located on the top of the base chassis; loading mortars, closing the bolt and lowering the barrel into the breech.

The charging angle 2B8 is about + 63 °. The mines are sent to the rammer guides automatically from a mechanical warhead located in the chassis body (40 high-explosive or 20 active-reactive mines are located in two warheads). In addition, the loading can be done from the ground with the help of a crane.

Self-propelled mortar 2C4 "Tulip"


Horizontal guidance remained manual. The B-2 diesel engine installed on the 4C59 allows up to 60 km / h on the highway, and up to 30 km / h on dirt roads. The mortar fires a steel F-864 high-explosive mine with a mass of 130,7 kg and a mass of explosive charge 32 kg. Fuse GVMZ-7 has a setting for instant and slow action.



Mina F-864 with a shot of the VF-864 has five charges that tell her the initial speed 158-362 m / s and, accordingly, the distance from 800 to 9 650 m. The igniter charge is in the mine stabilizer tube.
The rest are placed in the ring-shaped cases, attached to the tube itself with the help of silk cords. According to the Western press, active-reactive mines with nuclear charges were also created for M-240 and 2Б8. At the end of the 80-ies for Tulip was developed managed (adjustable) mine 1-113 Smelchak. It is fired in the same way as usual, only the opening time of the window of the optical homing head and the turn-on time of the laser pointer are set.

At a distance from 200 to 5 000 m from the target spotter with a laser pointer. They are highlighted by the target, and not all the time of the flight of the mine, but only when it approaches the target for a distance of 400-800 m. That is, the time of illumination and, accordingly, the correction of the flight of the mine lasts from one to three seconds, the enemy does not have time to physically put Brave hindrance.



In this case, the probability of hitting a circle with a diameter of 2-3 m is equal to 80-90%. During the fighting in Afghanistan, "brave souls" from the first shot fell into the entrances of caves occupied by dushmans. 240-mm mortar, firing both conventional and controlled mines, is indispensable when storming fortified positions, as well as in hostilities in populated areas. For example, you can put it at a distance 10-20 m from a multi-storey building, give a maximum angle of elevation, and when shooting small accelerating charges, the steepness of the falling mines becomes almost vertical, that is, you can hit the enemy behind the opposite wall of the house.



In the postwar period, no country in the world has adopted such powerful mortars. According to information published in the journal Military Balance for 1991 / 1992 years, the USSR at that time had 54, and Czechoslovakia had eight Tulip installations. Currently, the caliber of mortars of the USA, England, France and Germany does not exceed 120 mm.
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  1. Greyfox
    Greyfox 27 September 2013 08: 25 New
    14
    The writer Oleg Divov has a book, The Weapon of Retribution, where he described his service as a conscript soldier in the BBM (high-power brigade) on Tulip. Recommend.
    PS The wiki says that Russia got 430 “Tulips” from the 588 produced. So the order of numbers is very different from the ones in the article.
    1. alex13-61
      alex13-61 27 September 2013 23: 02 New
      +2
      Quote: Greyfox
      The writer Oleg Divov has a book "The weapon of retribution"

      And you can not only read this book, but also listen to it - practically, on any tracker there is an audio option. The content ... more likely gives away with humor than patriotism ... But the book is not bad ...
    2. cdrt
      cdrt 28 September 2013 15: 17 New
      +2
      Actually, the numbers of their quantity and the produced, very painfully vary - from 50-60 to 430.
      Strange.

      And the system is a class. In my opinion, for quality gain during the storming of cities.
      Just do another mine with GPS / Glonass guidance or inertia, so that you can shoot at targets outside the line of sight of the spotter-spotlight - the price will not be in any closed area.
      Combine in a single connection with TOC + UAV detachment, so that they could correct, and one connection per district.
      Well, or for the army, if there is a lot of money laughing
  2. Sirs
    Sirs 27 September 2013 08: 28 New
    +5
    a tulip is a flower of the world - that means we are ready for the world (armed means peace-loving - an axiom of the modern world). IMHO
  3. slacker
    slacker 27 September 2013 09: 27 New
    +2
    I hope that such weapons are not written off in vain.
  4. eplewke
    eplewke 27 September 2013 09: 36 New
    +6
    240 mm mine ... Yeah ... Such a fly from the sky will not seem a little ....
    1. alone
      alone 27 September 2013 23: 07 New
      +4
      Quote: eplewke
      240 mm mine ... Yeah ... Such a fly from the sky will not seem a little ....


      every atheist remembers God when mortar shells begin to whistle))) and this is independent of the caliber of the shell
  5. tilovaykrisa
    tilovaykrisa 27 September 2013 09: 40 New
    +4
    For this mortar, there is even a tactical nuclear mine of low power.
    1. report4
      report4 27 September 2013 12: 32 New
      +7
      Quote: tilovaykrisa
      For this mortar, there is even a tactical nuclear mine of low power.

      Well, it was for them and was originally "imprisoned."
    2. Basarev
      Basarev 1 December 2013 20: 42 New
      +1
      What do you think, if such an atomic mine hits a nose like Nimitz - many can be destroyed?
      1. Dimka off
        Dimka off 10 August 2014 17: 12 New
        -1
        and get through?
  6. largus886
    largus886 27 September 2013 09: 44 New
    +8
    It was very effectively used during the storming of Grozny in the second Chechen
    1. Prometey
      Prometey 27 September 2013 09: 49 New
      +8
      Quote: largus886
      It was very effectively used during the storming of Grozny in the second Chechen

      That's about the combat use of this monster would be read. And so far only common phrases met sad
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. GastaClaus69
        GastaClaus69 28 September 2013 18: 30 New
        +1
        I saw somewhere a video about Chechnya (I’m sorry I don’t remember where), there they drove a tulip to a small park in the city (Grozny’s campaign) and he beat the Chechens directly from this park.
  7. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 25 New
    +3
    some more photos
  8. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 25 New
    +2
    Location of components and assemblies
  9. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 28 New
    +2
    mortar shot
  10. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 30 New
    +2
    loading. view from the muzzle
  11. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 31 New
    +2
    the deposit is removed so that you do not have an "abortion"
  12. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 33 New
    +3
    base plate close-up. after the shooting there remains a very "trodden" site
  13. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 34 New
    +1
    still unexpected angle
  14. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 35 New
    +2
    high explosive mine
  15. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 37 New
    +1
    Quote: largus886
    It was very effectively used during the storming of Grozny in the second Chechen

    quote from wikipedia, I think you will not surprise anyone)
  16. Max otto
    Max otto 27 September 2013 11: 56 New
    +1
    Sorry, not the topic, tell me, in the second fote a soldier with an ordinary bucket with a mop on the car is standing, what is he doing there?
    1. deathwalker-and
      deathwalker-and 27 September 2013 11: 57 New
      +4
      there is no mop) there is a brush, and in a bucket of diesel fuel - after a shot, clean the barrel from the breech of the deposit - so that then the mine does not get stuck and does not have to have an abortion
      1. Max otto
        Max otto 27 September 2013 12: 45 New
        +2
        Thank you.
        As they say, God forbid to fall under such a "suitcase."
        1. Basarev
          Basarev 1 December 2013 20: 45 New
          0
          It would be very cool to build a tank on the basis of such a mortar
  17. washi
    washi 27 September 2013 12: 07 New
    +2
    In a full-scale war with the use of the question, but against the "animals" - the perfect weapon. The same Grozny in the 1st to surround and throwing “flowers” ​​wasn’t enough, for some reason (or nevertheless they paid for the death of really Russians)
    1. Dimka off
      Dimka off 28 September 2013 19: 55 New
      +1
      Quote: Vasya
      In a full-scale war using the question,

      if the sky is under control - no questions)
  18. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 27 September 2013 13: 37 New
    +4
    Ringing like church bells. "For whom do the bells ring?" crying
  19. Prohor
    Prohor 27 September 2013 15: 03 New
    +1
    It’s interesting, but if a rocket from a “Hurricane” is pushed into it, it will fly - it will not fly?
  20. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 27 September 2013 15: 14 New
    +1
    Our designers of artillery systems are at the forefront of world artillery developments. When you see the action of this weapon, there is confidence and a sense of strength!
  21. pin313
    pin313 27 September 2013 17: 56 New
    +3
    In Kazakhstan there are a number of "Tulips". In 2002, a daredevil was fired at a training ground in Saryshagan.
    1. Lindon
      Lindon 28 September 2013 08: 11 New
      +1
      They sold Baku to one campaign, but they did not show it at the parade.
      I don’t know why they sold it - in the mountains and cities it is very effective, and in the steppe it is easy to replace conventional artillery.
      And then they rely on Aibat self-propelled mortars (Israel’s modernized 120-mm mortar 2Б11).
  22. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 27 September 2013 18: 18 New
    +2
    And what is this auxiliary tool in his caliber in 7,62 mm ??? Is this a fashion such long-barreled Kalash on armored vehicles called "auxiliary tools"?
  23. PValery53
    PValery53 27 September 2013 18: 58 New
    +1
    "To get a" present "weighing 130 kg is not for you! Really our" rival "will not agree to a" peaceful settlement with its full surrender?! .. "
  24. repytw
    repytw 27 September 2013 19: 50 New
    0
    Org-staff where they go, especially now?
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 28 September 2013 15: 23 New
      +1
      18 osmindn Tambov (warfare.be)
  25. Ivan_Ivanov
    Ivan_Ivanov 27 September 2013 21: 03 New
    +1
    Fires like bells ringing.
  26. Arkan
    Arkan 27 September 2013 22: 19 New
    +2
    In one of the photos, the same compass is the same as it was eleven years ago. This flower needs a modern MSA, automatic loader and pickup.
  27. shvindin2012
    shvindin2012 27 September 2013 23: 53 New
    0
    We have such a system near Tambov (I saw it on an excursion there) The mortar itself in terms of armor / attack is really powerful, but since this mortar was built back in the 70s of the last century, guidance systems, target designation, fire control, lack of tactical support real-time information systems, satellite correction of the trajectory of mines, LCD displays, video cameras and other digital crap, but in no case analog systems. In a real battle, he has a high probability that, due to the delay and incompleteness of the processed information, he may lose in this respect to his American counterparts with the latest high-precision electronics. Purely my opinion.
    Quote: Arkan
    In one of the photos, the same compass is the same as it was eleven years ago. This flower needs a modern MSA, automatic loader and pickup.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 28 September 2013 15: 26 New
      0
      In a real battle, he has a high probability that, due to the delay and incompleteness of the processed information, he may lose in this respect to his American counterparts with the latest high-precision electronics. Purely my opinion.


      He has no brothers - he really doesn’t have any taxes.
      Although in this case - a small modernization of the LMS +, for example, an inertial-guided mine, and there will be no price for it in a closed area
    2. goose
      goose April 14 2014 15: 09 New
      0
      Why all this? Still, the scout with the laser pointer cannot be replaced, and with it the Tulip will put the mine where it should be.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  28. biznaw
    biznaw 28 September 2013 02: 40 New
    +6
    Quote: shvindin2012
    In a real battle, he has a high probability that, due to the delay and incompleteness of the processed information, he may lose in this respect to his American counterparts with the latest high-precision electronics.

    It seems like they have repeatedly discussed about high technology. In a modern full-scale war, the army with the personnel capable of working with compasses and using slide rulers, the ability to navigate the terrain using the “white bundle”, as well as adjust shooting using notches on the peak of the cap will ultimately win. Need to explain why?
  29. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 28 September 2013 14: 07 New
    -1
    And it seems to me that this system is somewhat outdated. She is extremely vulnerable due to her low mobility.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 28 September 2013 15: 30 New
      +2
      So it was invented for the firing of nuclear weapons, and now it is used in asymmetric conflicts without a counter battery fight.
      Wouldn't that be useful to you?
      For example, in Lebanon, especially if they already exist and do not need to be purchased?
      A mine with the same inertial guidance will cost less SD, and in general, the application will be cheaper than SD + aircraft.
      Pieces so 18-24 for the whole IDF? laughing
    2. Dimka off
      Dimka off 28 September 2013 20: 26 New
      +1
      under cover of air defense - a powerful system
  30. deathwalker-and
    deathwalker-and 28 September 2013 15: 11 New
    +1
    Quote: Aaron Zawi
    And it seems to me that this system is somewhat outdated. She is extremely vulnerable due to her low mobility.

    their 8 pcs. total used. let them live)
  31. Civilian
    Civilian 24 October 2013 00: 48 New
    +1
    Dm-There yawning, and in the Am-flock of the enemy
    E-us drum Am-BAN !!!
    E-beats mortar, beats mortar,
    E-beats mortar Tulle / Am-pan !!!
  32. samoletil18
    samoletil18 5 November 2013 16: 46 New
    0
    I like to read about flowers. In this case, about a bunch flying for 19 km.
  33. Technician
    Technician 18 June 2014 13: 32 New
    +1
    Such an installation must be installed on trucks and disguised as civilian trucks. Let the militias have their own artillery. Several installations from different places using a centralized control system for GPS or GLONAS coordinates can simultaneously strike at one target. Equipment mines: shrapnel, liquid explosives (thermal vacuum), cartridges for installing remote minefields. As much as possible to automate and minimize the time of transfer from traveling to combat and back. The crew is a maximum of two people. Fire control - remote. The crew's task is to stop among buildings or trees for camouflage and take a walk aside. This will be a logical continuation of the alteration of civilian equipment for partisan tasks after the KPVT and NSVT on pickups.