What the Bolsheviks shot Kolchak


The officers of Denikin and Wrangel were lambs compared with the punishers of the admiral

16 November marked the 135 anniversary of the birth of one of the leaders of the White movement, Russia's Supreme Governor Alexander Kolchak. Contrary to popular myth, the evil Bolsheviks arrested the admiral and, almost immediately shot, Kolchak interrogations went 17 days - from January 21 to February 6 1920.

Kolchak is perhaps one of the most controversial figures of the Civil War. One of the largest explorers of the Arctic, a traveler, an unsurpassed master of mine business during the First World War, a staunch monarchist. This is one side of the coin.

But there is a second one. The White movement had many leaders: Kornilov, Denikin, Yudenich, Wrangel, May-Mayevsky, Shkuro, Semenov, Kaledin, Slashchev, Alekseev, Krasnov ... But it was Kolchak's troops who were remembered for their particular cruelty.

When the admiral took power in Siberia, the majority of the population took it quite favorably. But Alexander Vasilyevich was not a very good politician or overly trusted his officers, who, fighting against partisans and others who disagreed with the power of the Supreme Ruler, did not stop at nothing. Then, during interrogation, Kolchak said that he did not know anything about the atrocities that some of his officers were doing. But the fact remains that even the Cossacks from the Wolf Hundred, Ataman Shkuro, who fought in the ranks of the Volunteer Army of Denikin, and then submitted to Wrangel, were lambs compared to the military sergeant Krasilnikov and other punishers of Admiral Kolchak.

In short, the collapse of the Kolchak army, in many respects, is a consequence of the short-sighted and not always intelligent policy of a straightforward, though admiral who loves Russia. Contrary to the myths, according to which the evil Bolsheviks captured Kolchak and immediately put him to death, the admiral planned to hold a trial. Moreover, not in Omsk and not in Irkutsk, but in Moscow. But the situation was different.

Here are excerpts from the last interrogation of Admiral Kolchak.

6 February 1920 year.

Alekseevsky. To find out your attitude to the coup, you need to set some additional points. By the way, it would be interesting for the Commission to know - before the coup, during and after it did you meet in Siberia, or in the east, with Prince Lvov, who then traveled to Siberia through Siberia?

Kolchak. No, I did not see Prince Lvov, we left. I only met with another Lvov - Vladimir Mikhailovich.

Alekseevsky. Did you have a letter or instruction from Prince Lvov?

Kolchak. It seems that some letter from Paris was during my stay in Omsk, but this was later, approximately in the summer. This letter did not contain anything important and related mainly to the activities of the political organization that was in Paris and which was headed by Lviv. Before that, I had no personal relations with Lvov, and I did not receive any instructions transmitted through him from anyone. The letter about which I spoke was transmitted through the consular mission in Paris in July ...

... Alekseevsky. Tell your attitude to General Kappel, as one of the largest figures of the Volunteer Army.

Kolchak. I did not know Kappel before or met with him, but the orders that Kappel gave gave rise to my deep sympathy and respect for this leader. Then, when I met Kappel in February or March, when his units were withdrawn to the reserve, and he came to me, I talked with him for a long time on these topics, and made sure that he was one of the most outstanding young bosses ...

... Popov. The Commission has a copy of the telegram with the inscription: “To produce the arrest of the members of the Constituent Assembly through the Supreme Ruler”.

Kolchak. As far as I remember, this was my decision when I received this telegram with the threat of opening the front against me. Maybe Vologda, having simultaneously received a copy of the telegram, made a resolution, but in any case Vologda did not take any part in this decision. Members of the Constituent Assembly were arrested around 20, and among them there were no persons who signed the telegram, except, it seems, Devyatov. After reviewing the lists, I called the officer who escorted them, Kruglovsky, and said that I knew these people completely; and that they apparently did not take part in the telegram, and did not even seem to be persons belonging to the composition of the committee of members of the Constituent Assembly, such as, for example, Fomin. I asked why they were arrested; I was told that it was an order from the local command, in view of the fact that they acted against the command and against the Supreme ruler, that the local command was ordered to arrest them and poison them in Omsk ...

... Popov. How was their fate and under whose pressure? But you know that most of them were shot.

Kolchak. They were shot 8 or 9 people. They were shot during the uprising in the twentieth of December ...

... Alekseevsky. No special instructions you gave him about this?

Kolchak. No, everything was done automatically. In the event of an alarm, the schedule of troops was drawn up once and for all, where to which units to be. The city was divided into districts, everything was taken into account. There could be no surprises, and I did not have to give instructions. On the eve of the speech in the evening I was informed by Lebedev on the phone, or rather, the next morning, that the headquarters of the Bolsheviks, including 20 people, had been arrested the day before - it was a day before the speech. Lebedev said: "I consider all this to be sufficient for everything to be exhausted, and there will be no performance."

Popov. What did he report on the fate of the arrested staff?

Kolchak. He only said that they were arrested.

Popov. Did he not inform that there were executions at the place of arrest?

Kolchak. They were shot on the second day after the trial ...

... Popov. Executions in Kulomzin were carried out on whose initiative?

Kolchak. The field court, which was appointed after the occupation of Kulomzin.

Popov. The situation of this court is known to you. Did you know that essentially there was no court?

Kolchak. I knew that it was a field court appointed by the head of the uprising suppression.

Popov. So, this: gathered three officers and shot. Was any paperwork done?

Kolchak. There was a field court.

Popov. The field court also requires formal production. Did you know that this production was conducted, or you yourself, as the Supreme ruler, were not interested in this? You, as the Supreme Ruler, should have known that in fact there were no ships happening, that two or three officers were seated, cited by 50 people, and they were shot. Of course, you didn't have this information?

Kolchak. I had no such information. I thought that the field court acted as the field court generally operates during the uprisings ...

... Popov. And how many people were shot in Kulomzin?

Kolchak. Human 70 or 80.

Denik. And if you did not know that in Kulomzin practiced mass flogging?

Kolchak. I knew nothing about spanking, and in general I always forbade any kind of corporal punishment — consequently, I could not even mean that a spanking could exist somewhere. And where it became known to me, I brought to trial, dismissed, that is, acted in a punitive manner.

Popov. Did you know that people who were arrested in connection with the December uprising were subsequently tortured by counterintelligence, and what was the nature of these tortures? What did the military authorities and you, the supreme ruler, do against these tortures?

Kolchak. Nobody reported this to me, and I believe that there were none.

Popov. I myself saw people detached to the Alexandrovsky prison, who were literally completely covered with wounds and tormented by ramrods - do you know that?

Kolchak. No, I was never reported. If such things were made known, then the perpetrators were punished.

Popov. Did you know that this was done at the rate of Supreme Commander Admiral Kolchak, in counterintelligence at the rate?

Kolchak. No, I could not know this, because the bet could not do that.

Popov. This was done with counterintelligence in the rate.

Kolchak. Obviously, the people who did this could not report to me, because they knew that I stood on legal ground all the time. If such crimes were made, I could not know about them. You say that when you bet it was done?

Popov. I say: in counterintelligence at the rate. Returning to the issue of the production of the military court in Kulomzin.

Kolchak. I believe that the production was the same, which is supposed to be in the military field court.

Popov. In Kulomzin, about 500 people were actually shot, they were shot in whole groups of 50 - 60 people. In addition, in fact, there was no fight in Kulomzin, for only armed workers began to go out - they were already seized and shot, - that was the uprising in Kulomzin.

Kolchak. This viewpoint is new to me, because there were wounded and killed in my troops, and even the Czechs were killed, to whose families I gave out benefits. How do you say that there was no fight? ...

Assured Deputy Chairman of the Irkutsk Gub.Ch.K. K.Popov

During interrogations, Kolchak, according to the recollections of the Chekists, kept calm and confident. That's just the last interrogation took place in a more nervous situation. Ataman Semenov demanded the issuance of Kolchak, Irkutsk could capture parts of General Kappel. Therefore, it was decided to shoot the admiral.

The sentence was carried out on the night of 6 on 7 in February of 1920. As Popov later wrote, Admiral Kolchak and at the execution he behaved extremely dignified and calm. As befits a Russian officer ... But the Supreme Ruler of a brilliant naval officer never turned out ...

Alexander V. Kolchak

Alexander Vasilievich Kolchak was born 4 (16) in November 1874, in the village of Aleksandrovskoye, St. Petersburg district of the Petersburg province. His father is Vasily Ivanovich Kolchak, the hero of the defense of Sevastopol during the Crimean War. Mother - Olga Ilyinichna, nee Posokhova, from Don Cossacks and Kherson nobles

In 1894, A.V. Kolchak graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps second in seniority and academic performance with the Admiral Rikord Prize. In addition to military affairs, he was fond of exact sciences and factory work. He learned locksmithing in the workshops of the Obukhovsky plant; he mastered the navigation business at the Kronstadt Marine Observatory. In 1894, he was promoted to midshipmen. In 1895, the lieutenants.

In 1895-1896, the midshipman moved to Vladivostok and served on the ships of the Pacific Ocean Squadron. He visited China, Korea, Japan and other countries, became fascinated with Eastern philosophy, studied Chinese, independently engaged in in-depth study of oceanography and hydrology. In “Notes on Hydrography” he published the first scientific work. 1895 to 1899 Kolchak visited the voyages around the world three times. The Russian Geographical Society presented it to the award of a large golden Konstantinovsky medal (N. Nordenskiöld and F. Nansen received it before), in 1906 they elected as their full member.

5 March 1904 Alexandr V. Kolchak and Sofia Omirova married in Irkutsk, from where they left in a few days.

In March, 1905, with the start of the Russo-Japanese War, Kolchak was sent to Port Arthur to serve under Admiral Makarov. After the tragic death of Makarov, Kolchak commanded the destroyer "Angry", who committed a series of bold attacks on the strongest squadron of the enemy. During these combat operations, several Japanese ships were damaged and the Japanese cruiser Tacosago was sunk. For this, he was awarded the Order of St. Anne IV degree with the inscription "For courage." In the last month of the siege of Port Arthur's 2,5, Kolchak successfully commanded a battery of naval guns, which caused the greatest losses to the Japanese. For the defense of Port Arthur Kolchak was awarded the Golden weapons with the inscription "For Bravery" and the Order of St. Stanislav II degree with swords. Respecting his courage and talent, the Japanese command to one of the few left Kolchak a weapon in captivity, and then, not waiting for the end of the war, gave him freedom.

In April-June 1905, Kolchak returned to Petersburg through America. In 1906, with the formation of the Naval General Staff, Kolchak became the head of its Statistics Division. Then he headed the unit for the development of operational and strategic plans in the event of a war in the Baltic. Appointed by a naval expert in the 3rd State Duma, Kolchak, together with his colleagues, developed the Big and Small shipbuilding programs for reconstructing the Naval fleet after the Russo-Japanese War. In the framework of this project, Alexander Vasilievich Kolchak in 1906–1908. personally oversaw the construction of four battleships.

In 1907, Kolchak translated the work of M. Lobef from the French “The present and the future of scuba diving”, prepared the article “Modern battleships” and others. In a report to the naval circle “What Russia needs a fleet,” the sailor stated: “Russia needs real sea power on which the inviolability of its maritime borders can be based and on which an independent policy worthy of a great power could be based, that is, which, if necessary, receives confirmation in the form of a successful war. This real power lies in the linear fleet, and only in it, at least for the time being, we cannot talk about anything else. If Russia is destined to play the role of a great power, it will have a linear fleet as an indispensable condition for this provision. ”

In 1907, he was promoted to captain-lieutenant, in 1908 - to captain 2 rank. In April, 1909, Kolchak wrote his main scientific work “The Ice of the Kara and Siberian Seas”, published in the 1909 year.

At 1912, Kolchak was invited by Rear Admiral von Essen to serve in the Baltic Fleet Headquarters. Kolchak took command of the destroyer “Ussuriets”. In December, 1913, for excellent service, he was promoted to captain of the 1 rank. Von Essen appoints Kolchak to the position of flag captain of the operational part of the Headquarters and together with him develops plans for preparing for a possible war with Germany at sea. In the first hours of World War I, on the orders of Admiral von Essen and under the direct supervision of Kolchak, the mine division deployed 6 000 mines in the Gulf of Finland, which completely paralyzed the actions of the German fleet on the outskirts of the Capital.

In the autumn of 1914, with the personal participation of Kolchak, the mine blockade operation of the German Naval bases unparalleled in the world was developed. Several Russian destroyers made their way to Kiel and Danzig and set out on the approaches to them (under the nose of the Germans) several fields of minefields.

In February, 1915 was already captain of the 1 rank, Kolchak, as the commander of a special assignment half-unit, personally undertook a repetitive and daring raid. Four destroyers again approached Danzig and set 180 minutes. As a result, 4 German cruisers, 8 destroyers and 11 transports exploded on minefields (exposed by Kolchak). Later, historians call this operation of the Russian fleet the most successful in the entire First World War.

In the summer of 1915, on the initiative of Kolchak, the battleship “Slava” was introduced into the Gulf of Riga to cover mine settings off the coast. These performances deprived the advancing German forces of the fleet. Temporarily commanding the Mine Division from September 1915, from December he was at the same time the head of the defense of the Gulf of Riga. Using the artillery of the ships, the sailor helped the army of General D.R. Radko-Dmitriev repel the onslaught of the enemy at Kemmern. The landing force played in the rear of the enemy troops, landed in accordance with the tactical plan of Kolchak.

For successful attacks on the caravans of German ships that brought ore from Sweden, Kolchak was presented with the Order of St. George 4 degree. 10 April 1916 made him a rear admiral, and 28 June was appointed commander of the Black Sea Fleet with the production of "for the difference in service" in the vice admirals. He became the youngest admiral of Russia.

In early July, a squadron of Russian ships 1916 during the operation developed by Kolchak, overtakes and during the battle heavily damages the German cruiser Breslau, which had previously fired on Russian ports with impunity and drowned transports on the Black Sea. Kolchak successfully organizes military operations on the mine blockade of the coal region of Eregli-Zongulak, Varna and other Turkish enemy ports. By the end of 1916, the Turkish and German ships were completely locked in their ports.
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    1. Red Guard
      5 March 2013 08: 53
      That cupcake was still
    2. smershspy
      April 26 2013 16: 27
      For me it was a worthy man! I feel sorry for Russia! Bolsheviks .... and 80 years of devastation!
      1. +2
        7 October 2016 12: 41
        Learn about his life during his trip to England and the reasons for it. And also who led and sponsored it during the Entente period.
        1. 0
          10 October 2016 11: 57
          Yes, yes, and how he sold secrets to the British ... (Now there are a lot of publications), in captivity you believe ...
    3. Bobrovsky
      21 July 2013 22: 10
      Well yes. Created an industry. Survived in a difficult war and swept the whole of Europe. They created a vigorous bomb and the first to go into space. Devastation s.
      1. +2
        7 January 2016 18: 42
        Destroyed the industry of the Russian empire. The war was won by losing 20 million and a third of the economy. The bomb was stolen from the Americans and the rocket from the Germans.
        Without the Communists, there would have been no war, and space would have been used even earlier.
        1. +1
          7 October 2016 12: 47
          "It was a great happiness for Russia that during the years of the hardest trials the country was led by the genius and unshakable commander Stalin. He was the most outstanding person, impressed by our changeable and cruel times of the period in which his whole life passed. Stalin was a man of extraordinary energy and unbending will , harsh, cruel, merciless in conversation, which even I, brought up here in the British Parliament, could not oppose anything. Stalin first of all had a great sense of humor and sarcasm and the ability to accurately perceive thoughts. This force was so great in Stalin that he seemed unique among the leaders of states of all times and peoples. Stalin made the greatest impression on us. He possessed a deep, without any panic, logically meaningful wisdom. He was an invincible master of finding ways out of the most hopeless situation in difficult moments. In addition, Stalin in the most desperate situations. critical moments, as well as moments of celebration was the same o restrained and never succumbed to illusions. He was an unusually complex person. He created and subjugated a huge empire. This was a man who destroyed his enemy with his own enemy. Stalin was the greatest unparalleled dictator in the world who took Russia with a plow and left it with nuclear weapons. Well, history, people do not forget such people, - "Churchill
          1. +1
            10 October 2016 13: 33
            Quote: Still

            Churchill had never written and could not write anything like this in his life. Just because he had a head on his shoulders. And the brains in this head.
            Relay someone else's nonsense.
            1. +1
              10 October 2016 13: 41
              Roosevelt and Stalin at a conference in Tehran in late 1943. "This person knows how to act. He always has a goal in front of his eyes. Working with him is a pleasure. No roundabouts. He has a deep, deep voice, he speaks slowly, seems very confident, unhurried - in general, makes a strong impression", - quotes Roosevelt's opinion by his son Elliot in the book "Through His Eyes".

              A little later, in his speech on December 24, 1943, quoted in the book Conversations by the Fireplace, Roosevelt confirmed his first impression of meeting the Soviet leader: “In simple terms, I got along well with Marshal Stalin. This man combines a huge, unyielding will and a healthy sense of humor; I think the soul and heart of Russia have their true representative in it. I believe that we will continue to get along well with him and with the entire Russian people. "
              Charles de Gaulle (France)
              “Stalin had a tremendous authority, and not only in Russia. He knew how to“ tame ”his enemies, not to panic at losing and not to enjoy victories. And he had more victories than defeats.

              Stalinist Russia is not the former Russia that perished along with the monarchy. But a Stalinist state without successors worthy of Stalin is doomed ...

              ... Stalin spoke there (in Tehran.) As a person who has the right to demand a report. Without revealing to the other two participants in the conference Russian plans, he made sure that they set out their plans for him and amended them according to his requirements. Roosevelt joined him to reject Churchill’s idea of ​​a widespread Western offensive through Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece to Vienna, Prague and Budapest. On the other hand, the Americans, in agreement with the Soviets, rejected, despite the insistence of the British, the proposal to consider at the conference political issues concerning Central Europe, and especially the question of Poland, where the Russian armies were about to enter.

              Benes informed me of his negotiations in Moscow. He described Stalin as a man who was restrained in speeches, but firm in intentions, who had his own thought, hidden, but quite definite with respect to each of the European problems.

              Wendel Wilkie made it clear that Churchill and Harriman returned from their trip to Moscow dissatisfied. They were confronted by the mysterious Stalin, his mask remained impenetrable for them "

              (DE Goll Sharl. Military memoirs. Prince II. M., 1960, pp. 235–236, 239, 430).

              Averell Harriman, US Ambassador to the USSR.
              "AND. V. Stalin has a profound knowledge, a fantastic ability to delve into the details, a lively mind and an amazingly subtle understanding of human nature. I found him better informed than Roosevelt, more realistic than Churchill, and, in a certain sense, the most effective of military leaders. ”

              And who is rjxtufh, against the opinion of these personalities who have gone down in history?
              1. +1
                10 October 2016 13: 46
                In the 6th volume, Churchill’s speech of September 8, 1942 to the House of Commons entitled “On the military situation” is given. In this speech, in addition to other detailed military-political issues, Prime Minister Churchill talks about his trip to Moscow with Averell Harriman, the personal representative of the US President, and shares his impressions of his first meeting with Stalin in Moscow:

                “Of great interest was my meeting with Prime Minister Stalin. The main purpose of my visit was to establish the same relations of complete confidence and complete openness that I had built with President Roosevelt. I think that, despite the accident with the Tower of Babel, which remains a very serious obstacle in many areas of life, I have achieved great success. Great luck for Russia in its agony was to be under the leadership of this great, seasoned warlord. This man is an impressive, outstanding personality, corresponding to those earnest and turbulent times in which his life passed; a man of inexhaustible courage and willpower and a straightforward and even unceremonious person in the manner of communication, which didn’t bother me at all in the House of Commons, especially when I also had something to say. Most importantly, this is a person with that saving sense of humor, which is so important for all people and all nations, but especially for great people and great nations. Stalin also impressed me with his deep and cold-blooded wisdom and the complete absence of any illusions. I think that I let him feel that in this war we are good and faithful comrades - but in the end it’s such a thing that is proved not by words but by deeds. ”

                Below I quote this quote in the original language:

                “It was an experience of great interest to me to meet Premier Stalin. The main object of my visit was to establish the same relations of easy confidence and of perfect openness which I have built up with President Roosevelt. I think that, in spite of the accident of the Tower of Babel which persists as a very serious barrier in numerous spheres, I have succeeded to a significant extent. It is very fortunate for Russia in her agony to have this great rugged war chief at her head. He is a man of massive outstanding personality, suited to the somber and stormy times in which his life has been cast; a man of inexhaustible courage and will-power, and a man direct and even blunt in speech, which, having been brought up in the House of Commons, I do not mind at all, especially when I have something to say of my own. Above all, he is a man with that saving sense of humor which is of high importance to all men and all nations, but particularly to great men and great nations. Stalin also left upon me the impression of a deep, cool wisdom and a complete absence of illusions of any kind. I believe I made him feel that we were good and faithful comrades in this war - but that, after all, is a matter which deeds, not words, will prove ”. (House of Commons speech“ War Situation ”, 8 September 1942. WINSTON S. CHURCHILL: HIS COMPLETE SPEECHES 1897-1963, Robert Rhodes James, editor, NY: Bowker, 1974, vol. 6., p.6674)
        2. +1
          10 October 2016 13: 25
          In December 1919, the so-called democratic opposition (which includes almost the entire spectrum of political forces opposing both Kolchak and the Bolsheviks) created the Political Center in Irkutsk. Its task was to overthrow the Kolchak regime and negotiate with the Bolsheviks to end the Civil War and create a "buffer" democratic state in Eastern Siberia. The political center prepared the uprising in Irkutsk, which lasted from December 24, 1919 to January 5, 1920. On January 19, an agreement was reached between the Bolshevik Sibrevkom and the Political Center on the creation of a "buffer" state. On January 15, the train arrived at the Innokentyevskaya station. They stood for a long time: Janin communicated with the leadership of the Political Center, which agreed to let the Czechoslovak train full of "expropriated" property and weapons pass, and the trains that followed it loaded with "war trophies" in exchange for Kolchak. The negotiations ended with the assistant to the Czech commandant of the train entering the carriage and announcing that the Supreme Ruler was "transferred to the Irkutsk authorities." It seemed that Kolchak was not even surprised, nodding: "So the allies are betraying me." The admiral was taken to the station commandant's office, where he was "offered" to surrender his weapons. The transfer of the Supreme Ruler to the Socialist-Revolutionary-Menshevik Political Center meant arrest. [
          quote = Cap.Morgan] Without the Communists, there would have been no war and would have gone into space even earlier. [/ quote]
          You would not have been, as indeed Russia the same, torn between England, France, the USA and Japan.
          Into space ... Yeah, on a cart, with a dung engine.
    4. +1
      21 July 2013 22: 36
      - The officers of Denikin and Wrangel were lambs compared to the punitive admiral.
      Especially Skin.
      -Popov. So, this: three officers gathered and shot. Was any paperwork done?
      So he is also the author of the "judicial" troika.
      - "But the Supreme Ruler did not turn out to be a brilliant naval officer ..."
      He’s not a cook ...
      1. +1
        10 October 2016 13: 28
        Kolchak made a strategic miscalculation by betting on Western aid.
        The Allies were not at all interested in the independence of Russia, much less in its unity and indivisibility.
        The national question turned out to be the most difficult for the Supreme Ruler: defending the idea of ​​a united and indivisible Russia, Kolchak pushed away from himself all the leaders of the states that had formed after the collapse of the empire.
        The Western allies supported this "parade of sovereignties."
        Now the characteristic of this figure, his companion.
        Baron Budberg described the admiral as follows: “It's hard to look at his spinelessness and lack of his own opinion ... By his inner essence, by ignorance of reality and by weakness of character, he is very reminiscent of the late Emperor ... It becomes scary for the future, for the outcome of the struggle in which he is at stake saving the homeland and taking it to a new road ... It's amazing how Tsarskoye Selo is repeated in miniature in Omsk (the imperial family stayed in Tsarskoye Selo from 1915 to 1917 - Yu.K.): the same blindness above, the same impenetrable there is a wall around, obscuring light and truth, people doing their business. "
    5. sds
      28 June 2014 20: 19
      What muck. Otmazyvatsya like Vlasov in front of the tribunal. I did not know, I did not see ...
    6. +3
      9 October 2016 12: 32
      It is a pity to someone here. My great-great-great-grandfather and several other villagers were not even judged. They just took the first ones, threw them into a ravine behind the village and trampled horses. It seemed to hang for a long time, chopping down with a saber - you can get dirty, patrons - regretted. So he left the memory of himself more precarious. What is characteristic, our Siberian partisans for the most part had nothing to do with the Bolsheviks. Just Admiral managed to get even fists to the liver.
      1. 0
        10 October 2016 13: 37
        Quote: Molot1979
        What is characteristic, our Siberian partisans for the most part had nothing to do with the Bolsheviks. Just Admiral managed to get even fists to the liver.

        This is a very interesting phrase.
    7. +1
      10 October 2016 13: 15
      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      Destroyed the industry of the Russian Empire.

      Oh, but there was something to destroy? laughing

      Despite the fact that RI imported almost all the high-tech products, many times more than what it produced for itself, and exported a typical assortment of a backward agricultural country - grain, raw materials and fabrics?

      During the first two five-year plans, the industry of the USSR, "destroyed" by the Bolsheviks, was already several times superior to the industry of Ingushetia in quantity, and by a level or two in quality.
      1. +1
        10 October 2016 13: 20
        Who was Kolchak's entourage? The officers, who for the most part treated the peasants as serfs, triggered the age-old mental "inertia". A significant part of the population of Siberia hated Kolchak more than the Bolsheviks. The partisan movement arose spontaneously - as a reaction to the cane discipline of whites, insane repression and requisition. "The boys think that due to the fact that they killed and tortured several hundred and thousands of Bolsheviks and mutilated a number of commissars, they did a great deed, dealt a decisive blow to Bolshevism and brought the restoration of the old order of things closer ... the boys do not understand that if they indiscriminately and withholding raping, whipping, robbing, torturing and killing, by doing this they inculcate such hatred for the authorities they represent that Moscow boorishmen can only rejoice in the presence of such diligent, valuable and beneficent employees for them, "the Minister of War of the Kolchak government bitterly stated Baron Alexey Budberg.
        The Bolsheviks were then considered the lesser evil. They chose the "reds" because they already knew the "whites" well.
    8. +1
      10 October 2016 13: 19
      Quote: smershspy
      For me it was a worthy man!

      Decent one, yeah. He lied in reports and reports, as he breathed - he appropriated other people's successes, or invented those that did not exist at all. During the RJAV, he hastily found rheumatism in himself, so that before the planned breakthrough, he was written off to the shore, and after the war he immediately "forgot" about this rheumatism. Well, he took his comrade's wife away, also an act worthy of a tsarist military officer. In everything, such an angel is an angel ... laughing
    9. +1
      10 October 2016 13: 24
      Kolchak is perhaps one of the most controversial figures of the Civil War. One of the largest explorers of the Arctic, a traveler, an unsurpassed master of mine business during the First World War, a staunch monarchist. This is one side of the coin.

      This is nonsense, mainly based on Kolchak’s swagger.

      As a researcher of the Arctic, he was well known and appreciated by a truly renowned explorer, adm. Makarov. When Kolchak arrived under Makarov's command, before Makarov's death he was "pushed" into the thirtieth roles, since Makarov knew very well the real "merits" of Kolchak.

      The "convinced monarchist" in February 1917 was among the very first to betray his oath. All of its other virtues mentioned here have the same price.
    10. +1
      10 October 2016 13: 29
      What the Bolsheviks shot Kolchak

      The question is not correct. Correctly not "why", but "why".
      And the answer is, but because they were Bolsheviks. And in general, the mass of the people "threw in" (a word which obscene invented).
      1. +1
        10 October 2016 13: 35
        For crimes. Shot. For documented crimes.
        So they slapped him and Pepelyaev correctly.
    11. +1
      10 October 2016 13: 48
      In early July 1916, a squadron of Russian ships in the course of an operation developed by Kolchak overtakes and during the battle heavily damages the German cruiser Breslau.


      In reality, all this looked very, very shameful for us. For a light cruiser, moreover, worn out and developing about 3/4 of its nominal speed, just above 20 knots, a whole battleship and four destroyers were chasing for several hours, which had a real speed one and a half times higher than that of the cruiser, and artillery in total outnumbered the enemy even without taking into account the "battleship".

      The normal behavior in this situation looked like this: the destroyers, using their significant superiority in speed, had to cut off the path to retreat for the cruiser and tie it in battle, after which the soon arrived "battleship" would sink the cruiser at once, like Gerasim Mumu. If the destroyers had not done this earlier, because they had excellent chances of doing this without support.

      In reality, the "noviks" behaved in an openly cowardly manner, keeping a safe distance from the cruiser and avoiding close fire contact. As a result, after 4 hours of this kind of chase, the Breslau broke away from the battleship, after another 3 hours the destroyers also lagged behind, the Germans did not receive any damage or losses in this “as if-to-fight”.

      Another similar, as it were, battle was in 1917 with exactly the same result.

      But in the reports, Kolchak attributed to himself the complete incapacitation of "Goeben" and "Breslau" in 1916, which was an absolute lie.
    12. 0
      10 October 2016 15: 39
      Another episode of the activities of the "brilliant naval commander" looked, in the description of the crystal bakers, as follows: "the Russian fleet attacked the German squadron and sank the enemy cruiser."

      This is written, naturally, on the basis of Kolchak's report. In general, Russian reports in the REV and WWI often show enchanting fantasies in attempts to justify the inglorious reality. But even against this background, Kolchak’s reports shine especially brightly - laughing well *brilliant* naval commander! lol

      In reality, the British embassy in Sweden twice gave Russian allied colleagues a tip to caravans of iron ore from Sweden to Germany.
      The first time, the caravan was simply lost from under the nose. That is justified by "insufficiently planned operation".
      This, please note, sat in a puddle out of the blue, "a brilliant naval commander", commanding the "world's best destroyers" and crews from the "world's best sailors". Although neither one nor the other was really the best, but there would have been enough with an excess of what we have: it was an extremely easy and trivial operation against available production.

      The second time was an equally epic failure. Contrary to the developed plan, Kolchak on a group of "noviks", followed by the lagging "volunteers" and hopelessly lagging cruisers, rushed far ahead, overtook the convoy in Norrkoping Bay, near the border of Swedish waters, and ... fired a warning shot. After which the opponents did not surrender to the mercy of such a great hero, but gave a fight. Except for one auxiliary cruiser, which covered the retreat.

      If anyone does not know, the auxiliary cruiser refers to a real cruiser, much like a paper boat to a real ship. This is the same transport, on the deck of which several guns were put to scare away the weakest opponents.
      Displacement so-called auxiliary cruiser Hermann Kolchak by eye estimated at 4 thousand tons - twice as much as in reality, but against the background of his other inventions, this is such a trifle.
      One "Novik", just with Kolchak, fired two torpedoes at such an excellent target. Both are wasted. Another fired three torpedoes, hitting and firing one. There, the "Volunteers" also arrived in time, in general, they sank the transport with cannons with the whole crowd, by that time the rest of the caravan had already fled into Swedish waters.

      True, Kolchak assures that from his long-range salvo fire a bunch of enemy transports exploded and sank. Neither the Germans nor the Swedes suspected this.
      How can you even believe that a large ship can sink from single hits of such a small caliber, or 100% hit in battle, on the move for moving targets - with 5% achieved in exercises in a calm environment on a fixed target from a fixed ship - to the mind incomprehensibly.
      However, the mind had nothing to do with it: desperately needed peermogs and heroes in the general inglorious course of the war, and here any bast in line. And now, to praise the mythical RCMP, any crap will fit.

      After this incident, the British gave the data on the convoys to non-Russians, ahem, * unsuccessful and unsuccessful performers *and immediately to their submariners, who thrashed many transports in the Baltic for the WWII than the entire Baltic Fleet, and achieved the same performance in large warships as the Baltic Fleet.

      But Kolchak once again managed to set his own epic failure as his equally epic victory.
    13. 0
      10 October 2016 15: 44
      Another "brilliant achievement" of the "brilliant naval commander" is participation in the preparation of the so-called. plan of the so-called. landing on the Bosphorus, the failure of which now suffer in chorus.

      I am familiar with the presentation of this great plan. This ingenious plan is truly enchanting for the ignorance and arrogance of the drafters. Fortunately, it was not possible to realize it - otherwise its performers would eclipse the glory of Tsushima as the most terrible and shameful defeat of the Russian fleet.
    14. 0
      10 October 2016 15: 56
      Quote: murriou
      Another similar, as it were, battle was in 1917 with exactly the same result.

      I forgot to point out one interesting difference: in the "chase" of 1917, the destroyers even managed to lag behind (! Yo!) From the "battleship"! laughing
      And only on a direct command did they reach a speed above the economical speed, having developed by the end of the chase as much as 29 (!) Knots out of their 32-34, obtained in the most recently passed tests. But by that time, “Breslau” had already gone to the Bosphorus, as usual - without loss or damage.

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