The new pistol of the Vektor family has passed preliminary tests.
Dmitry Semizorov, General Director of the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (TsNIITochmash), spoke about the recent successes of the new pistol development project in mid-August. In an interview with the TASS news agency, published on 16 in August, the general director of the institute said that by now the preliminary tests of the pistol, carried out in the interests of the Ministry of Defense, had been completed. Completion of this stage of inspections allows you to start new tests, the results of which will determine the fate of the new development.
Early Release CP-1 Pistol. Photo World.guns.ru
According to D. Semizorov, state tests of the new pistol should begin in the fall. Complete them by the end of this year. After that, the military department will have to study the results of all the tests carried out and make its decision. In the case of receiving approval and the appearance of the order, the company is ready to manufacture and transfer to the army the first batch of new pistols next year.
As specified by other domestic media and the press service of the state-owned corporation Rostec, this is a new self-loading pistol CP-1MP, which is another modification of the well-known product CP-1 "Vector". The basic design appeared quite a long time ago, and over time, it has undergone noticeable changes, which led to the development of several different modifications. In addition, there have been several orders for the supply of serial weapons to various customers.
The development of the pistol, later known under the designation CP-1, was launched in the early nineties. Initially, the work was carried out in the framework of the army competition "Grach", the purpose of which was to create advanced weapons for the armed forces, differing from the existing models with enhanced characteristics. Employees of TsNIITochmash PI Serdyukov and I.V. Belyaev developed a draft of the new pistol complex consisting of the pistol itself and the new design cartridge A. B. Yuriev. The proposed design of the gun did not suit the customer, because of which the project dropped out of the competition.
However, soon the new development was interested in the leadership of other security agencies. So, in 1993, the processing of an existing project began in accordance with a new technical task issued by the Federal Security Service. It was at this stage of development that the project received the designation "Vector". The interest of the special services in the project, first of all, was due to the main characteristics of the fire. The parameters of the newest cartridge proposed by the authors of the project made it possible to hit the enemy using personal protective equipment. Weapons with such capabilities were of great interest for special units.
In 1995, the developers of the Vektor pistol complex received a patent number RU2049977. In addition, several prototypes of weapons needed for testing were manufactured. Also several pre-production batches were released. According to reports, prototypes of the gun "Vector" were designated as РГ055. In 1996, the first public demonstration of the new development took place. In this case, the gun was positioned as a product for export deliveries under the name "Gurza". By this time, on the basis of the original cartridge 9х21 mm РГ052 a new ammunition РГ054 was created with different characteristics.
The scheme of the gun from the patent 1995.
At the end of 1996, the Vector pistol was adopted by the special forces of the FSB and FSO. The product received a new designation CP-1 ("Special development, the first"). Together with the gun, they adopted the cartridge РГ054 / SP-10 (“Special cartridge, tenth”). In the future, based on the cartridge 9х21 mm SP-10 were created several other ammunition, differing in the main features of the design and purpose. The shooter had the opportunity to make ammunition from ammunition with an armor-piercing, shell low-bowing, expansive or armor-piercing tracer bullet.
In 2003, a government decree appeared, according to which the Vector gun was put into service by special units of the armed forces. In this case, the weapon received another designation - ATP ("Serdyukov self-loading pistol"). At the same time, production of an upgraded pistol for special services under the designation CP-1M was launched. The start of the production of new weapons did not stop the design work. In the future, specialists of the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering created new versions of weapons.
Despite all the changes introduced in the new modernization projects, pistols of the “Vector” family retain common structural elements and principles of operation. Automation of this weapon uses recoil barrel with a short stroke. From the point of view of the overall layout, the Vektor product is a typical modern pistol. The frame with fastenings for all main units, and also mobile a trunk and a casing of a lock is used. The store is traditionally located inside the handle. In order to facilitate the construction of the frame of the gun is made of metal and plastic. Metal parts are used at the top of the product, subjected to high loads. Other units can be made of plastic.
The gun is equipped with a barrel caliber 9 mm long 120 mm (13 calibers), with the possibility of reciprocating movement to implement recharging. Locking of the trunk is done with the help of a larva swinging in a vertical plane. During the operation of the automation, the larva must interact with the guides of the frame and move in the right direction, ensuring the connection of the stem and the gate, as well as their uncoupling. Recent actions in the recharge cycle are provided by a return spring placed on the barrel. Due to the use of a rolling barrel, a special stop for the rear end of the spring had to be introduced into the weapon design. This decision was subsequently patented.
Cartridges 9x21 mm SP-10. Photo Dokwar.ru
The gun is equipped with a trigger type trigger with an open placement of the trigger. The double action mechanism allows firing both with and without a preliminary platoon. In this case, the self-input is possible only with a preliminary statement of the trigger on the so-called. safety intermediate platoon.
Unlike other modern pistols, the products of the Vector family do not have manual fuses. The safety of handling weapons is controlled by automatics. The gun has two automatic fuses that monitor the correct grip of the weapon and the pressure on the trigger. The first automatic fuse is made in the form of a key, which is brought to the rear surface of the handle. His task is to lock the sear: when you press a key, it is released. The second fuse is an additional lever on the trigger, which does not allow to make a shot when the last button is pressed incorrectly. The design of the fuses is such that it allows to execute a shot only by simultaneously pressing both devices.
The gun is equipped with a fairly simple sights in the form of an open rear sight and front sight, placed on the upper surface of the casing of the shutter. Sighting range declared at the level of 100 m.
Incomplete disassembly of the CP-1 pistol. Photo Dokwar.ru
For ammunition of weapons was developed detachable box store, placed in the receiving shaft of the handle. In the two-row store managed to place 18 cartridges. Submission is carried out by means of a spring. Fixing the shop in its place is provided with a latch, placed at the base of the trigger hook. Interestingly, the design of this site is different for different versions of the gun. Thus, the CP-1 product had latch buttons on both sides, while the ATP has only one button on the right surface.
In the early versions, the Vector gun had a total length of 195 mm and weighed 0,9 kg without cartridges. A magazine with 9X21 cartridges mm added to the total weight of about 300 g. Depending on the type of cartridge used, the gun could show the initial speed of the bullet at 400-425 m / s. Muzzle energy reached 635 j.
Since the mid-nineties, TsNIITochmash specialists have developed several modifications of the “Vector” pistol, which have some differences from each other. First of all, the changes concerned the ergonomics of products. Given the operating experience and feedback shooters who used such weapons, some changes were made to the design of individual units. At the same time, however, the overall architecture and principles of action of the weapon remained the same.
The first version of the pistol family "Vector" are prototypes and pre-production products РГ055. Their characteristic feature is the rounded edges of the casing of the shutter, subsequently replaced by straight lines. On the basis of РГ055, an export version of Gurza was created. From the original sample, this version of the weapon was distinguished by a more accurate “exhibition” finish, as well as an engraving on the side of the casing, depicting an attacking snake.
The CP-1 pistol, which was mass-produced and intended for the FSB and FSO, was given a casing with pronounced straight edges and a handle of a modified appearance. In addition, to improve ergonomics, the trigger bracket was modified, the front part of which received support for the finger of the second hand. It is known about the existence of the product GGNUMX "Gyurza", which was the export version of CP-060. The differences between the base and export versions were only in the exterior. According to reports, the production of pistols for special services was conducted from 1 to 1996, after which it was stopped due to the fulfillment of all existing orders.
In 2000, the release of ATP Army pistols began. From the previously manufactured CP-1, these products differed in the newly modified handle shape and one-way magazine latch button. Sights were also subject to some changes. Production of ATP pistols in the interests of army special forces continued for several years.
By the mid-2000s, the production of CP-1M pistols, representing an improved version of existing weapons, was mastered. Taking into account the operating experience of pistols by all former customers, a new modification was created, which was distinguished by some design features. The CP-1M received a frame from the ATP with the corresponding shop handle and latch, as well as an updated sight. In addition, for the first time in the “Vector” family, a slide delay appeared. Its design is such that the filing of the cartridge when replacing the store is done automatically.
CP-1MP pistol with a silent shooting device. Photo World.guns.ru
More recently, another modification of the gun called the CP-1MP was presented. All the basic mechanisms of this product remain the same, and the innovations of the project affect only external units. On the front of the frame, it is now proposed to install a special block, on the bottom surface of which there is a Picatinny rail for mounting various additional equipment, such as lamps of the corresponding dimensions, sights or laser target indicators. Also, the upgraded pistol can be used with the original silent shooting device. The silencer has a special design that provides quick installation and disassembly, as well as compatible with the movable barrel of the gun.
According to the latest domestic media reports, the CP-1MP self-loading pistol has not yet been adopted, but has already made significant steps in this direction. Not so long ago, these weapons passed preliminary tests for the Ministry of Defense. This fall, the development organization and the potential customer represented by the military department intend to conduct state tests necessary for making a final decision. In accordance with the existing estimates, which are distinguished by a certain optimism, the mass production of a new pistol and the delivery of finished products to the troops can begin as early as next year. To achieve such success, the perspective CP-1MP pistol needs to pass the final test phase and interest the customer in the person of the Ministry of Defense.
On the materials of the sites:
Patent number RU2049977:
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